Recent Trends in Data Mining and Business Forecasting

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T. Kumarasamy
Published: 14 September 2021
Abstract:
This project coins about The Indian investment market. Investment is actually an asset that's created to permit money to grow. The wealth created can be used for a variety of objectives such as situations. Investing would be different things to different people. While investing for a few people mean fixing money to realize a profit, for a few others it also can mean investing time or effort for a few future benefits like investing in one self’s skills or health. Investment helps to channel household savings to the corporate sector, which is utilized to develop the industrial and service sectors and their own use. Today, investors have several options of investment with different peculiarities matching their needs. The funds allocated by the investors to various investment avenues depend largely on the investment objectives perceived by them. Investment examination has become essential for any retail investor. The success of investments is totally dependent on the satisfaction of the investors during the post-investment period and investors’ confidence. The uncertainty of expected return may be a vital part of the investment option. The variations in returns from the expectations of the investors cause risk and therefore the subjective analysis of varied attributes helps for the avoidance of the danger. Theoretically, risk and return go hand in hand, i.e., the upper the danger, the more the return. However, the risk- return knowledge of the investors on different investments might be differing from each other. In this paper, an attempt is made to study the investors’ perception of risk-return of investment and to find the investor's investment pattern.
P. Chellasamy, K.V. Lige
Abstract:
Quarrying means cutting or digging of natural stone and related materials from an excavation site or pit and it usually leaves behind a large hole in the ground which in turn is used to produce building stone or dimension stone. The word quarry is derived from the Latin word ‘Quadria’ which describes a place. Materials produced by quarrying are essential to our daily lives. It is the major source of construction materials which is used in constructing roads, walls, buildings, bridges etc. Though it affects the environment we need quarrying industry to supply us with vital materials for our economy. Protection of environment and earning profit are the two eyes of business where he cannot lose one to gain the other. in the same way human resources are the most valuable resources in the world. Every effort taken to earn money will be useless unless the human is not surviving. The study focused on utilization of maximum quarrying resources without affecting population and environment with the intervention of government. Data’s are collected through primary and secondary sources.  
Abiodun Richard, Hassan Ibrahim Korede, Job Olatunji, Kehinde Asamu
Published: 17 September 2020
Abstract:
Local government is the tier of government that is closer to the people. Therefore, the expenses incurred towards rendering services to the people are important and these services cannot be rendered without finance. It is on this ground this study examined internally generated revenue and public expenditure in Nigeria. The study adopted an exploratory research design with the use of secondary data from 1993 to 2017 on IGR and public expenditure of the local governments in Nigeria. Content analysis was employed as data analysis method. It was found that IGR and public expenditure move in the same direction but public expenditure moves faster than the IGR. The study employed the use of second generation theory. The study recommended that local governments in Nigeria should expand their internally generated revenue by creating additional sources of revenue that is within what the Nigerian constitution stipulated and citizen friendly. Also, it recommended that appropriate measures should be put in place to checkmate IGR in all Local government. It concludes that there exist a positive relationship between local government IGR and public expenditure despite the later outgrowing the former at the end of years understudy.
Hassan K. Ibrahim, Bakare Muyideen Olawale, Ajulor Omoniyi Victor, Adedamola A. Mohammad
Published: 1 September 2020
Abstract:
Nigeria revenues have historically been low and still dependent on the oil sector for his income despite the present administration promotion of economic diversification. This study examines tax reforms as a panacea to effective fiscal policy in Nigeria. Data were derived from the review of journals, textbooks, newspapers and internet. Findings shows that there is a gradual shift from oil to non-oil sector, revenues generated from taxes have become part of the national budget; many organizations have been integrated into tax system of the government. This resulted to improvement in the provision of infrastructure in Nigeria. So far, attention of the government is on formal sector for his revenue generation and the informal sectors are neglected. Given the huge gap on our fiscal policy deficit, the discourse recommends that a broad-based comprehensive scheme should be designed to fully harness the potential revenue from the formal and the informal sector. Tax incentives should be internationally competitive and also to be restricted to such important sectors such as, export-oriented industries, industries located in rural areas and solid minerals development. The government must be honest and more transparent with regard to the way public funds are dispensed so that the citizens can be motivated to pay their taxes.
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