Journal of Biomedical Research & Environmental Sciences

Journal Information
EISSN : 2766-2276
Current Publisher: SciRes Literature LLC (10.37871)
Total articles ≅ 67
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Alessandra Morana
Journal of Biomedical Research & Environmental Sciences, Volume 2, pp 286-287; doi:10.37871/jbres1226

Abstract:
Every year, the anthropic activities generate thousands of tonnes of agro-industrial residues, which create serious disposal problems and have a very important economic and environmental impact. At this time, the most popular way of their disposing is degradation by biological and/or biochemical and/or thermal treatments; however, they often contain significant percentages of useful compounds that can be extracted and used in several sectors, thus representing an opportunity to be exploited through the development of eco-compatible/sustainable technologies with low environmental impact.
Muhammad Ahmer Raza, Shireen Aziz, Shahid Masood Raza, Sana Shahzad
Journal of Biomedical Research & Environmental Sciences, Volume 2, pp 288-291; doi:10.37871/jbres1227

Abstract:
Pharmacists in health systems involved with immunizations have used their practice settings to become advocates for immunization and increase their responsibilities in the public health monarchy. Administering vaccines to patients and health care workers is enabling some health-system pharmacists to assume a prominent role in public health. Pharmacists have noticed that immunization needs were not being met and, through their advocacy, increased the numbers of patients and employees of health systems who have been vaccinated.
Ercan Yıldız
Journal of Biomedical Research & Environmental Sciences, Volume 2, pp 296-299; doi:10.37871/jbres1229

Abstract:
In this study, 121Sb (α, n) 124I reaction, which is one of the production reactions of the 124I radioisotope, which has an important use in nuclear medicine, was investigated. Experimental value EXFOR was obtained and theoretical data was obtained using TALYS 1.8 and NON-SMOKER half-experimental cross section values were calculated using theoretical data and experimental values. In addition, the Astrophysical S-factor was calculated. The obtained results were compared with EXFOR data.
Moshiur Rahman, Mainul Haque Sarker, Raziul Haque
Journal of Biomedical Research & Environmental Sciences, Volume 2, pp 125-125; doi:10.37871/jbres1200

Abstract:
Study objective: To learn how to avoid injury to the carotid artery during recurrent pituitary surgery. Design: Through transsphenoidal endonasal approach the steps of surgery with avoidance of complications were described in the video particularly the use of Minidoppler was to localise the carotids. Setting: Comfort Nursing Home, a private hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Subject/Audience: Neurosurgeons/Residents. Intervention: Demonstration of transsphenoidal endonasal approach for recurrent pituitary tumor and use of Minidoppler to avoid carotid artery injury. Results: Avoidance of complications like intraoperative accidental injury to carotids where symptomatic tumor is small and inter carotid distance is less. Taking this into account, we created this video to demonstrate the important steps specifically to use Minidoppler to avoid a devastation like carotid artery injury. Conclusion: The steps of recurrent pituitary surgery through endonasal approach is well established. To evaluate the details of anatomical structures specifically the inter carotid distance prior to surgery will prevent the unwanted complications in recurrent pituitary surgery and with high resolution monitoring and use of Minidoppler, carotid arteries can be localised.
Gugelmo G, Schiff S, Lovato E, Lenzini L, Boscari F, Francini-Pesenti F, Avogaro A, Vitturi N
Journal of Biomedical Research & Environmental Sciences, Volume 2, pp 100-103; doi:10.37871/jbres1197

Abstract:
When COVID-19 pandemic out broke in Italy, during the lockdown from March to May 2020, Inborn Errors of Metabolism (IEM) patients were at risk of not getting their dietary special products and routine visits. Moreover, during pandemic, psychological difficulties might have arose in these subjects, even more severe than in the general population due to the worries about acute decompensation caused by a possible COVID-19. In order to evaluate the patients’ perception of the outbreak situation and their related needs, three simple online anonymous surveys drawn up by Google Forms were sent to patients and families referring to our Adult IEM Center. Answers were collected between April and May 2020. Questionnaires investigated nutritional and lifestyle changes and psychological status using validated psychological tools. 19 patients with IEM filled out our survey (Median age 26-30 years). The most common nutritional therapy was low protein diet. During quarantine 12% patients failed to follow their usual medical diet, 65% reduced their physical activity and no one underwent an acute metabolic crisis. 57% of patients asked for more frequent access to the reference center. 33% of patients showed stress perceived of clinical relevance and general health perception were out of normal in 40% of patients. In conclusion, during quarantine some patients reported difficulty in following their medical diet or physical activity and were clinically stressed. Despite this, no one experienced a metabolic crisis, but asked for contacting the Metabolic Team in different ways than usual due to worries about their health condition. Telemedicine, the possibility of clinical follow-up at home patient (Including blood tests) and reservation of non-COVID-19 beds for hospital admission of IEM patients may have contributed to help IEM adult patients in better face this emergency time.
Jaewon Lee, Jennifer Allen
Journal of Biomedical Research & Environmental Sciences, Volume 2, pp 095-096; doi:10.37871/jbres1195

Abstract:
Assets and debts and other accumulated wealth should be considered to understand one’s mental health because they influence quality of life over time. Researchers acknowledge limitations of previous studies regarding mental health, which did not consider net worth [1]. Previous studies have mainly addressed Socioeconomic Status (SES) as an indicator influencing mental health [2,3], rather than considering net worth. As a result, the importance of net worth (Wealth and debt) has been growing, and these factors should be included to deeply understand mental health [1].
Cassio Marinho Campelo
Journal of Biomedical Research & Environmental Sciences, Volume 2, pp 216-217; doi:10.37871/jbres1214

Abstract:
The complement system is one of the host’s primary defence mechanisms against pathogens. Its activation involves proteolytic cascades of enzymatic reactions that result in products with effector functions and recognition of molecules on the surface of microorganisms [1,2].
Yahya Aishatu Muhammad
Journal of Biomedical Research & Environmental Sciences, Volume 2, pp 201-205; doi:10.37871/jbres1211

Abstract:
Introduction: In HIV infected children, skin disorders are important as they serve as clue to diagnosis of the HIV disease. The Skin is one of the early systems affected by HIV/AIDS, which can affect almost all organs and systems in the body. Prevalence of skin disorders among HIV infected children is up to 90% in some studies. Objective: To determine the prevalence of skin disorders among HIV infected children attending paediatric infectious disease clinic in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital Kano, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of skin manifestations among HIV infected children attending paediatric infectious disease clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. A total of 223 HIV infected participants aged 6weeks to14 years were recruited for this study. Results: The prevalence of skin disorders among HIV infected children was 78.0%. The leading categories were infections and infestations accounting for 55.1% then inflammatory skin disorders (20.6%) Dermatophytoses were the commonest specific skin disorders observed. Conclusion: Therefore, the prevalence of skin disorder among HIV infected children in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital is high (78%). Infections and infestations were the commonest category found followed by inflammatory skin disorders.
Kokolova Luidmila Michailovna, Gavrilieva Lyubov Yurievna, Stepanova Svetlana Maksimovna, Dulova Sargylana Vitalievna, Sivtseva Evgenia Vladimirovna
Journal of Biomedical Research & Environmental Sciences, Volume 2, pp 169-173; doi:10.37871/jbres1205

Abstract:
The article presents the results of studies on the epizootic and epidemiological situation in the territory of Yakutia for particularly dangerous invasive diseases-Diphyllobothriosis, Trichinosis, Echinococcosis and Teniarynchosis. The article reflects the results of the authors own research with such components as the infestation of fish, bears, wild and domestic animals and epidemiological surveillance of the disease of the population with these Helminthiasis. It is noted that the obtained data on the dynamics of the morbidity of the population in comparison with the indicators of Russia exceeds several times. Infection of animals and fish with pathogens of dangerous invasive diseases creates conditions for the formation of natural foci, and prevention issues remain relevant due to the high level of morbidity, infestations that transmit through fish, wild and domestic animals predominate.
Yakhya Cisse, Jean Michel Nzisabira, Abdoulaye Diop, Ansoumane Donzo, Louncény Fatoumata Barry, Rokhaya Diajhete, Nantenin Doumbia, Papa Ndiouga Lo, Aissatou Kebe, Fatou Sene, et al.
Journal of Biomedical Research & Environmental Sciences, Volume 2, pp 136-138; doi:10.37871/jbres1203

Abstract:
Cranioplasty is a neurosurgical technique that replaces a bone defect in the skull with hard replacement tissue. It is indicated in particular after a decompressive craniectomy performed in severe head trauma in order to control intracranial hypertension refractory to medical treatment. Cranioplasty is sometimes associated with a significant number of complications, including hydrocephalus. In this article, we report the case of a cranioplasty flap lifting on intracranial hypertension following postoperative hydrocephalus and discuss the clinical relevance with a review of the literature.
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