Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2709-0140 / 2709-152X
Current Publisher: Baynoon Centre for Studies and Development (10.47631)
Total articles ≅ 31

Latest articles in this journal

Rana Muhammad Basharat Saeed
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 136-161; doi:10.47631/mejress.v2i2.245

Purpose: The study aimed to determine the strengths and weaknesses of the English language used in social media and its impact on English language learners at the undergraduate level in Sargodha. Approach/Methodology/Design: Five private colleges in Sargodha were selected through convenient sampling. A total of 82 learners participated in the study and the individual perception of each learner was recorded using a questionnaire as a data collection tool. Due to the nature of the study tool, descriptive and inferential statistical design was adopted to analyze the collected data using SPSS, version 20.0. The reliability of the questionnaire was substantiated using reliability statistics (Cronbach’s alpha). Findings: The results indicated that social media plays a vital role in advancing the language learnability of English language learners. It proved instrumental in enhancing vocabulary and improving the overall reading, writing, listening and speaking skills of the learners. It was also found that the overwhelming use of shortened forms, slang, and incorrect sentences on social media adversely affects the academic writings of the learners. However, the overall perception of the learners signified that social media positively impacts the learnability of the English language learners. Moreover, though practicing social media is imperative in learning the English language, the use of informal English language may prove a future risk to Standard English. Practical Implication: This research contributes to understanding the role of social media in language learning. The findings of the study present practical implications for teachers as well as learners to direct the teaching/learning process in a better way, adopting appropriate ways of writing English on social media. Originality/value: This study is different from other similar existing studies as it focuses the perception of the learners towards English language learning through social media in the Pakistani context, and empirically examines the impact of the English language used in social media on English language learners at undergraduate Level in Sargodha.
Syamsidar Hs, Samsinar S
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 85-109; doi:10.47631/mejress.v2i2.227

Purpose: This study aims to examine the application of scientific approaches in learning in Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, classify the forms of learning activities of learners in Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, and analyze the significant influence between scientific approaches to student learning activities in Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, Indonesia. Approach/Methodology/Design: In this study, a mixed method is employed. The instruments in this study are observation guidelines, interview guidelines, questionnaire guidelines, and document analysis. Data were collected through observation, questionnaires, documentation, and reference tracing. Data processing and analysis techniques are carried out in two ways, namely processing and analyzing data qualitatively and quantitatively, including descriptive analysis, and simple linear regression analysis. Findings: The results of this study show that in general Madrasah Ibtidaiyah teachers have applied a scientific approach in science learning in accordance with the procedures contained in the thematic learning of 2013 curriculum. In terms of students' learning activities, science teachers have improved students' learning activities through visual, oral, listening, writing, drawing, motoric, mental, and emotional activities. The scientific approach employed has positively influenced learning activities with the regression value obtained at 0.436. Practical Implication: The implication of this research is that systemic and systematic measures are needed in developing a scientific approach from the authorities with the provision of adequate facilities in order to implement it more optimally. Employing scientific approaches improve students’ learning process not only in Madrasah, but contributes to the development of scientific thinking can be done by parents in the family environment. Originality/value: This research is useful for teachers in developing pedagogic and professional competencies.
Fekadu Dabesa, Shireye Fekadu Cheramlak
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 58-84; doi:10.47631/mejress.v2i2.162

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to assess practices, opportunity and challenges of SIP in selected primary schools of Elu Gelan Woreda. Methodology/Approach/Design: A descriptive survey method was employed. The population of the study was 90 teachers, 14 principals, 7 primary school supervisors, 1Woreda Education Office heads, 3 Woreda Education Office process owners and 31 SIP committee. The data obtained from the questionnaires were analyzed using simple statistical tools such as frequent count and percentages, while the data obtained through interviews, Focus Group discussions, Observation checklist and Document review were analyzed qualitatively to substantiate the result of quantitative analysis. Findings: The findings of the study showed that there is a shortage of financial support and a lack of awareness among stakeholders. The results also indicate that there is a lack of learning facilities and poor community participation. The study revealed poor management, poor community mobilization, and poor collaboration in SIP implementation. Practical Implications: Based on the results of the study, it is proposed that an adequate awareness creation program should be implemented to ensure the practical involvement of all stakeholders; organizing and allocating the necessary resources, providing proper technical support and practical training to support the implementation of SIP. The findings of the study may help schools and other educational authorities at different administrative levels in providing valuable information for planners and policymakers to set strategies for better school improvement. Originality/Value: SIP in the study area was not implemented as indicated in the framework of SIP.
Amal Farhat, Nawal Farhat, Wassim Abou Yassine, Rasha Halat, Sami El Khatib
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 37-57; doi:10.47631/mejress.v2i2.243

Purpose: The study aims at understanding to what extent university instructors are ready for the sudden shift from face-to-face teaching to online teaching and how they perceive the usefulness and feasibility of this new modality of teaching. Methodology/Approach/Design: Faculty members from the nine campuses of the largest private university in Lebanon were invited to participate in the completion of a survey, made available in English and Arabic. The survey was completed by 692 respondents. Descriptive analyses were performed by summarizing the count and percentage of responses within each category. Results: Analyses showed that university instructors possess the infrastructure for online teaching. Moreover, they reported positive perceptions about their readiness to teach online and about the feasibility and usefulness of online teaching. However, instructors reported that online teaching was deficient in assessment, teaching large classrooms, and delivering the practical components of the courses they taught. Practical Implications: Findings suggest that instructors require formal training on how to integrate pedagogy with technology. Originality/Value: Since online instruction is new in Lebanon, the study findings can help universities and other educational institutions direct their efforts in their endeavor to improve their online experience.
Fekadu Dabesa, Shireye Fekadu Cheramlak
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 1-26; doi:10.47631/mejress.v2i2.161

Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to assess the school leadership effectiveness and students’ academic achievement in government secondary schools’ of Guraghe Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia. Methodology/Approach/Design: Co-relational research design and a quantitative research method were employed. The sample size included 225 secondary school teachers, principals, head departments and 2298 students’ grade ten national examination results from 10 public secondary schools. Both primary and secondary data were used for this study. Results: The results showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between Leadership effectiveness and students’ academic achievement (r=.653*, p<.0.041). The participants indicated that setting a clear school vision, promoting professional practice, developing a mechanism for teachers to share their experience impact students’ academic achievement. Moreover, the results showed that the principal’s effectiveness involves the teaching staff and enhances student achievement. Furthermore, the study indicated that there were positive and significant relationships (r=.653*, p<.0.041) in the mean academic achievement among the sampled secondary school and the two years CGPA of 2009-2010E.C.`Q Practical Implications: The findings might have practical implications for concerned authorities. Schools and teachers should apply the recommendations of the study to bring improvement in students’ achievement. Originality/Value: There was an association with a significant relationship that existed between school leadership effectiveness and students’ academic achievement. Moreover, the focus should be on the development of qualified and experienced teachers with strong school leadership effectiveness abilities to improve learning and students’ achievement.
Atika Kumal Dewi, Nanda Saputra
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 126-135; doi:10.47631/mejress.v2i2.257

Purpose: This research investigates the problems faced by college students in writing English academic summary. Methodology/Approach/Design: The method used includes surface strategy taxonomy by Heidi Dulay and non-linguistic problem using personal interview. The data were collected from 35 original summary writing documents for the linguistic sources and Zoom meeting video recorder for the non-linguistic sources. The samples were 7 students in 5th semester of English Education Department, Islamic State Institute of Kediri. To gather data, the researchers employed a random sampling technique. The data analysis used descriptive qualitative methods. Results: The result of the data analysis shows that the students committed four types of surface strategy taxonomy: omission, addition, misformation, and miss ordering. Misformation is the type of common problem found in the students’ summary writing. In the personal interview, it was found that misunderstands about advanced-vocabulary is the common non-linguistic problem. These represent the problems faced by students. Practical Implications: This research study has implications for teachers and students. The results can be of use for improving students’ writing and designing alternative teaching skills for this important skill. Originality/Value: Summary writing process helps the students to expand their view about proper academic writing. This situation suggests that summary writing is a good strategy technique to be applied in college students. However, the ability in writing an academic summary using surface strategy taxonomy needs to be improved
Ayesha M.I.
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 27-36; doi:10.47631/mejress.v2i2.229

Purpose: This training programme aimed to improve the public speaking and presentation skills of the rural students. This experimental study sought to enhance the speaking skills and learning outcome of the students by bringing training modules, students and technology together. This paper highlights the challenges and findings of training rural students on “Public Speaking and Presentation Skills” and suggests some better ways for effective language teaching on online platform. Methodology/Approach/Design: The study is of an experimental design. The sample for the experimental study was chosen based on the requirements and interests of the learners. Entry level proficiency test and exit test were conducted for the participants of the training programme. The performances of the target students were video recorded and analysed. Comparison was made to assess the level of improvement found in the target group. Results: When students were taught the twenty strategies for public speaking, each learner came forward to present their speech but few students faced network issue which made their presentation not to sound good. During the exit test it is seen that there is a slight increase in the performance of the learners. In order to assure quality in E- learning platform there is a need for flexibility on the side of both learner and teacher. Practical Implications: The study presents practical implications for teachers. The results of the study might be of use for handling speaking lessons for students of rural areas. Originality/Value: From the trainers’ perspective, remote learning or virtual learning has become the current educational ultimatum. Teachers should be flexible to adapt virtual classroom than clinging on to the outdated methods used in a physical or traditional classroom.
Jasmin Angilan
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 110-125; doi:10.47631/mejress.v2i2.230

Purpose: This study aims to determine the effects of Differentiated Instruction on Catigbian National High School Grade 10 students’ literary competence. Approach/Methodology/Design: To attain that purpose, the researcher adopted the experimental design involving two groups of participants. The experimental group was exposed to Differentiated Instruction while the control group was exposed to the traditional method of teaching. The researcher used the Cognitive Domain Test to assess the students’ intelligence and researcher-made questions to measure their literary competence. The results were statistically analyzed using the T-test means for independent samples Findings: The findings of the study revealed that there were statistically significant differences between the mean scores achieved by the experimental group and those attained by the control group in the literary test. It is concluded that the use of DI is effective considering the higher scores of the experimental group compared to the control group. Practical Implication: The study will contribute to the effectiveness of teaching literature by integrating Differentiated Instruction; hence, it will develop students’ literary competence. In addition, additional research is ought to be conducted to explore the effect of the use of Differentiated Instruction on the different language skills. Originality/value: This study innovates by experimenting with the effect of integrating Differentiated Instruction in teaching literature in Catigbian National High School, Bohol. Moreover, an action plan is proposed to enhance students’ literary competence.
Hamissou Ousseini
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 160-171; doi:10.47631/mejress.v2i1.201

Purpose: This paper presents some empirical insights about the effect of the LMD system (Bologna Process) on practices at an English as a foreign language (EFL) program in a Sub-Saharan African (SSA) country. The study aimed at examining the dominant pedagogical practices and changes caused by the new system. Methodology: Based on a qualitative case study methodology and a theoretical framework that draws from Stenhouse (1967; 1975), classroom observation data, interviews, and documents were collected and analyzed thematically. Results: The analysis has revealed the predominance of lecturing through dictation and practices of summative assessment. These practices are contrary to the principles of the LMD system. This has been interpreted as a resistance from educators to use the new modes of teaching and assessment favored by the socio-constructivist and student-centered approach brought by the LMD system. Practical Implications: Considering the theoretical perspectives underpinning the study, the findings suggest the predominance of practices that are not favorable to English language learning. The study has certain implications for the implementation of LMD, stressing the need to redesign LMD practices based on empirical procedures that strives to understand the foundation of educators’ resistance to change. Originality/Value: The study makes a contribution about the application of Western educational tools to other contexts and raises the need for understanding the contextual teaching cultures prior to reform endeavors.
Wu Jidong, Kaniz Fatema, Joyce Yeboah
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 80-98; doi:10.47631/mejress.v2i1.129

Purpose: This study assessed the effects on the Listening Comprehension of Different Non-native English Accents on Chinese Learners of English. The study aimed to determine, first of all, the reaction of Chinese learners of English to different non-native English accents. Second, it sought to investigate the differences in the difficulties that Chinese learners of English face while listening to English spoken with accents native (Chinese English accent) or non-native. Third, the study attempted to find out the relationship between English spoken with the native Chinese accent and/or non-native English accents and listening comprehension. Methodology/Approach/Design: The sample included 16 participants majoring in International Education of Chinese Language. They were selected randomly for the study. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches were employed to collect and analyze data. Results: The findings revealed that non-native English accent plays a more important role than the native English accents in listening and comprehension. The findings also revealed a listening comprehension advantage for test-takers who are familiar with accents, in this case, the Chinese non-native English accent. Practical Implications: For a better understanding of the teaching and learning process of English as a foreign language, learners or listeners need to assess the influence of non-native accents on their listening comprehension to find better ways in improving their listening skills. This study contributes significantly to this field. Originality/Value: This study employed multi non-native accent including African English accents. It attempted to contribute significant value in this field as most of the teachers who teach English globally are non-native English Speakers and they, in essence, have considerable influence on the learners’ listening comprehension.
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