Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2709-0140 / 2709-152X
Total articles ≅ 41
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Bassem Kandil
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 15-24; https://doi.org/10.47631/mejress.v2i3.268

Abstract:
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of integrated Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education on academic achievement in the science classroom. Methodology: This study is a quasi-experimental using non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Fifty-one Grade 8 students, taught by the same teacher, constituted the participants of this study. The study consisted of an experimental group that followed a STEM approach to education and a control group that was taught the usual way. Results: The findings showed an encouraging improvement in the science achievement of the experimental group as compared to that of the control one. Students belonging to the experimental group demonstrated conceptual understanding of the topics covered by the assigned problems. Practical Implications: An initial implication is that STEM education is a promising approach that, if properly implemented, facilitates meaningful learning. Originality/Value: The problem/project-based way of teaching and learning allows students to appreciate the relevance of their school work to their own lives and the world around them. Besides the positive impact of STEM education on science achievement, the findings of this study revealed that a STEM approach is a promising approach in terms of developing conceptual understanding and promoting transfer of learning.
Adela Talbi Hassani
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.47631/mejress.v2i3.286

Abstract:
Purpose: The present study investigated the extent to which background knowledge of the French language could influence English vocabulary learning among EFL university students in Algeria. More specifically, the possible cross-linguistic influence in this context was researched in relation to the growth pattern of the receptive written vocabulary size across the three years of the undergraduate course. Methodology: A cross-sectional research design was used for a total number of 184 EFL Algerian university students. The written receptive vocabulary size was measured using Nation's Vocabulary Size Test (2007) which contained many words with similar orthographic forms as their French equivalents. A comparison between the results of the whole population made it possible to establish the progressive growth pattern from Year 1 to Year 3 of the degree course. Results: Besides a moderate increase of vocabulary size from one proficiency level to the other, and an expected decrease pattern of knowledge from the most frequent English words to the least frequent ones, the positive cross-linguistic influence of French cognates was highly significant as it led to the knowledge of words that were beyond the expected level of most participants. Conclusion/Implication: The facilitative effect of French cognates for EFL learners in Algerian universities is, therefore, an area that instructors and syllabus designers can make use of to maximize the vocabulary learning process.
Dauda Moses, Mujittapha Idris Wawo, Isaac John Ibanga, Isah Muhammad Musa
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 111-121; https://doi.org/10.47631/mejress.v2i3.282

Abstract:
Purpose: The main purpose of this study is to assess the impact of ICT integration on Electrical Installation and Maintenance work trade teachers in technical colleges in Kano state, Nigeria. Approach/Methodology/Design: Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was 57 which consisted of 26 experienced 31 inexperienced teachers of Electrical Installation and Maintenance Works Trade. No sampling technique was employed as the entire population was used. The instrument used for data collection was a structured questionnaire titled: Impact of ICT Integration on Electrical Installation and Maintenance Work Trade Questionnaire (IICTIEIMWTQ) developed by the researchers. The instrument was validated by three experts and a reliability coefficient of 0.89 was obtained using Cronbach’s Alpha reliability method. Mean and standard deviation was used to answer the research questions, while z-test was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings: The finding of the study revealed that the level of ICT integration in teaching electrical installation and maintenance trade is low; the impact of ICT on the performance of electrical installation and maintenance trade teachers indicated negative impact. Practical Implications: The study has practical implications for teachers. Based on the findings, Electrical Installation and Maintenance Work Trade Teachers should engage themselves in group discussion and idea sharing among them on improving ICT integration in teaching electrical installation and maintenance trade among others. Originality/value: The performance of ICT users will improve as there are several platforms available for the ICT.
Mujittapha Idris Wawo, Dauda Moses, Nasiru Bello Mohammed, Rabiu Falama Akila
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 86-96; https://doi.org/10.47631/mejress.v2i3.279

Abstract:
Purpose: The main purpose of this study is to assess of information and communications technology skills possessed by technical teachers in technical colleges of Kano State, Nigeria. Approach/Methodology/Design: A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was 157 which consisted of 86 experienced and 71 inexperienced technical teachers of Technical Colleges in Kano State. The instrument used for data collection was a structured questionnaire titled: Assessment of Information and Communications Technology Skills Possession Question (AICTSPQ) developed by the researchers. The instrument was validated by three experts and a reliability coefficient of 0.78 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha reliability method. Mean and standard deviation was used to answer the research questions while z-test was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings: The finding of the study revealed that Technical teachers are unskillful in ICT operation such as MS excel, Photoshop, database, animation, forum and Corel draw; and have a low level of ICT utilization. Practical Implications: The findings of the study have implications for concerned authorities. The Government should provide ICT infrastructure in the State’s Technical Colleges in order to have conducive environment for teaching of the trade subjects and enforce integration by regular supervision among others. Originality/value: The technical teachers were unskilful in the following; MS excel, Photoshop, database, animation, forum and Corel draw, video conferencing, instructional game, interactive whiteboard and online teaching as the utilization of ICT facilities was low among technical teachers in Technical Colleges of Kano State.
Saleh Jebrael Saleh, Shahen Jamal Majeed
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 46-56; https://doi.org/10.47631/mejress.v2i3.294

Abstract:
Purpose: This study aimed to examine motivation toward learning the English Language among learners from different universities in Iraq. The study focused on identifying the type of, instrumental and integrative, and also the activities that learners prefer to use in the classroom. Methodology/Approach/Design: The study applied both qualitative and quantitative design. The instruments used in the study included questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. A sample of 200 participants were engaged in an online survey and filled the questionnaire questions. An interview through zoom was also conducted with the selected group of learners. Results: The findings of the study revealed that learners were motivated more instrumentally as compared to integratively. It was also evident that the students were interested in different learning activities. Practical Implication: This study will have a greater contribution to the pedagogy of English language learning. The findings of the study might be used by curriculum developers to make changes and implement the best techniques of teaching English in the Iraqi EFL curriculum. Originality/Value: The results of this study may make the university teachers and students aware of the significance of motivation in enhancing the English learning process. Also, the findings may make university teachers more creative in developing interactive learning activities that will be suitable for students.
Edwin Nuvianto Al Azis, Gita Yusanti
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 25-45; https://doi.org/10.47631/mejress.v2i3.277

Abstract:
Purpose: This research investigates the impact of being part-time-worker students towards their academic achievement. Methodology/Approach/Design: This research used qualitative descriptive research method which is appropriate for the design of this research. The data were collected from 44 higher students for the questionnaire and 10 students for the interview at English Department, IAIN Kediri by administering 32 questions for the questionnaire and 14 questions for the interview. Results: The finding of this research is discovering that there are two main motivations to be a part-time-worker student, financial factor and experience factor. However, the part-time-worker students are still able to achieve good grade point average (GPA) or even they can achieve better academic achievement caused by the experience they got by being part-time-worker student and it cannot be got from only being an ordinary academic student. Therefore, higher students can be a part-time worker students by paying attention on time management which plays a pivotal role and finding out a minimum duration for working but it can cover what their purposes are. Practical Implication: The findings of this study present various implications for concerned authorities to address the emerging issues of university students. Joining a part-time job has its merits and demerits. However, further exploration of this phenomenon has to be implemented. Originality/Value: The study examines a social issue that is continually aggravating. The results of the study offer an insider look into the students’ motifs and pressures exerted upon them to join part-time jobs.
Melody Matsvange, Jonah Mugomba, Silas Sithole, Address Murumbi
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 97-110; https://doi.org/10.47631/mejress.v2i3.301

Abstract:
Purpose: The study aimed at finding out the extent to which Early Childhood Development (ECD) trainee teachers perceive the feasibility and challenges of online learning platforms and generate strategies for effective implementation. Approach/Methodology/Design: A case study design for which fifteen ECD trainee teachers from two Higher Learning Institutions in Harare were purposively selected in this qualitative study through online structured questionnaires and telephone interviews expressed in English. Data gathered was expanded in thick rich descriptions to form themes. Findings: Innumerable benefits of e-learning were established. E-learning facilitates the continuation of learning, motivates, improves student-to-student interaction, is a convenient way of submitting assignments, reduces commutation and material costs and is an easy way of storing documents. However various setbacks were elucidated. Erratic power cuts and internet failures, exorbitant costs of data bundles and lack of smart devices deter the full embracing of e-learning. Practical Implications: Zimbabwean HLIs have adjusted to the new normal and embraced online learning to ensure the continuation of learning in the midst of the pandemic. Online learning overcomes educational obstacles and students will not only follow courses using the traditional method. Originality/value: The findings suggest trainee teachers require the provision of cheap data bundles, free internet applications and extension of due dates. The use of blended approach/hybrid learning to assist those in remote communities, training workshops and seminars on effective use of e-learning platforms were deemed essential.
Wafa Touihri
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 76-85; https://doi.org/10.47631/mejress.v2i3.244

Abstract:
Purpose: The study aims to examine the integration of immigrant students from sub-Saharan Africa within the Tunisian system of higher education. Methodology/Approach/Design: This qualitative study was carried out among 100 students enrolled in the top three accessible multicultural private Tunisian universities. To analyse the relations between native immigrant students, we have devoted second criteria forming thus two case studies: there are two groups of students (a group of 50 Tunisian students and another group of 50 students with different sub-Saharan African nationalities. Results: The process of integrating subjects from different yet similar cultures, in this case, sub-Saharan African students, is an anthropological process seeking to put cultural diversity at the service of an inclusive environment with a new cultural code. The metaphor of the bridge between cultures is no longer valid; the focus is rather on the concept of the salad bowl integrating different cultures. University experience constitutes, with respect to the future of students, a key element to achieve professional insertion. Practical Implication: The study proposes an integration model that transcends the functionalist determinist approach. It is not assimilation that fuses all subjects into one neither single entity nor communitarianism that maintains ethnic barriers above mixture and unanimity. Originality/Value: In this study, an intercultural sociological reflection is adopted while emphasizing the multicultural nature of Tunisia.
Dan Manolescu
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 122-128; https://doi.org/10.47631/mejress.v2i3.293

Abstract:
The present review article aims to emphasize the importance of ESL as a relevant tool, not only in education, but in global communication as well. While different approaches to the teaching of ESL and its methodological implications still pose challenges to teachers and learners all over the world, educators should be made aware of the colossal power of this new tool that plays such an important role in teaching and learning about other cultures, in exchanging ideas and new concepts, and eventually in making the world a better place to live, learn, and grow. Four basic principles are introduced and discussed in detail, with a focus on the idea that lessons should be interesting, informative, communicative, and motivating. ESL, with its magic and mysteries, may very well be a formidable tool in learning not only about language, but also about the way we communicate with each other.
Shiela Marie Masaoay, Rodrigo Litao
Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, Volume 2, pp 57-75; https://doi.org/10.47631/mejress.v2i3.291

Abstract:
Purpose: The study aimed to determine the respondents’ beliefs and practices in the implementation of PETAs. Approach/Methodology/Design: This is a quantitative study wherein statistical treatments such as mean and Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) are utilized. A self-made questionnaire was used that underwent a validity and reliability test. The participants of this study were selected from the seven Senior High School with a tertiary level in the University belt area in the city of Manila. Findings: Results indicated that the commonly held beliefs of the respondents are consistent with the premises of PETAs described by Department of Education and by the literature reviewed in this study. This shows that teachers implement PETAs that are real-life applications of learning. Even though there are difficulties in implementing this type of assessment the respondents apply it in their classes not only because it is mandated by the Department of Education but because they have high beliefs in PETAs being a valid and meaningful way to assess learning. Practical Implications: The study can serve as a basis for the development of an enhancement program for proper implementation and management of PETAs for senior high school teachers. Originality/value: Much research may have been conducted regarding PETAs particularly in the foreign setting, but there is much dearth of literature on this topic in the Philippines particularly in the Senior High School setting. It is expected that most of the research efforts of the Department of Education will focus on studying the many aspects of the K to 12 programs such as the efficacy of the curriculum and instruction. Interestingly, the implementation of the PETAs could be one of those aspects that need empirical data for policymaking in the future.
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