Technium: Romanian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology

Journal Information
EISSN : 2668-778X
Total articles ≅ 110
Current Coverage

Latest articles in this journal

Jargal Dorj
Technium: Romanian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, Volume 3, pp 88-103; doi:10.47577/technium.v3i1.2557

In this paper, we will prove the Buddhist teaching that good deeds/actionlead to happiness and bad deeds lead to suffering has a scientific verification by using an optimal control theory branch of mathematics.TheBuddhist teaching considers thatBuddha is a good mind/soul with information about good deeds or good karma. Here we will prove this view has scientific evidence as a theorem.
Ali Said Musallam Jaboob, Mohammed Said Jaboob
Technium: Romanian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, Volume 3, pp 156-166; doi:10.47577/technium.v3i1.2743

Strategy formulation is an old practice that cuts through business and politics. The earlier human species have been regarded as the proprietors of strategy formulation as a part of existence. Therefore, the paper aims to evaluate strategy as a management discipline. In doing so, a qualitative research approach will be employed to analyze a variety of concepts in strategic management. The historical perspective of strategy formulation, as well as the importance of strategy in the modern-day business context, is discussed. Moreover, the emergence of strategy, strategic management, and planning in the business perspectives will be analyzed. Ultimately, this paper aims to demonstrate the importance of strategic management as a skill that would guide job-seeking graduates to work in organizations best suited for them.
Wooju Lim
Technium: Romanian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, Volume 2, pp 336-343; doi:10.47577/technium.v2i7.2164

Specular reflections create artifacts in endoscopic images, which may lead to misdiagnosis. In this paper, we propose a method for robust removal of specular reflections by using a thresholding technique in each of the RGB channels to segment the specular reflections from images. We further use dilation to ensure full local segmentation and inpainting to replace the areas of reflections with non-specular regions. Our method also provides a visibility enhancement feature to improve the decreased brightness due to the reflection removal by using the gamma-correction, histogram shift, and histogram equalization. On the Iparkmall Clinic dataset, our method has achieved average Peak-to-Signal-Noise Ratio (PSNR) of 42.62dB with a standard deviation of 5.80 dB and a minimum value of 23.3 dB. The average processing time was 219ms, enabling average 4 5 frames per second (FPS) processing speed on an Intel i7 processor.
Uzma Aamir Jilani, , Syed Aamir Jilani
Technium: Romanian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, Volume 2, pp 118-127; doi:10.47577/technium.v2i7.1776

Although the number of active COVID-19 cases have been fallen in some countries, the threat of the pandemic is still impending in many parts of the world and the pace of recovery is still uncertain. SARS-CoV-2 outbreak has expanded very quickly since the beginning of 2020 and has now taken approximately a million lives all around the globe. Sadly, there is yet to be an approved treatment for COVID-19 as it may take a few years to establish a definitive treatment and a vaccine against SARS-CoV-2. This study aims to review the preventive and curative measures currently under investigation for COVID-19 and the targeted pathogenic features of the SARS-CoV-2. To manage the clinical implications of COVID-19, and to alleviate SARS-CoV-2, the main focus is on supportive therapy, symptom control, antiviral drugs, and immunomodulation. Intense research activities for therapeutic interventions are in progress worldwide to evaluate the benefit of such drugs.
Alexandra Elena Craciun
Technium: Romanian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, Volume 2, pp 303-309; doi:10.47577/technium.v2i7.2180

The design assessment of an industrial product implies the objective approach of the product from both technical and aesthetic perspective, considering the market segment and its relation to the product through ergonomic and also signification associations, all of this taking into account functionality and the perceived quality of a product. The presented paper represents a review on quality in its relation to product design by analysing in turn the relations between quality, product, design and user and establishing the common concepts associated to quality related to each design dimension. The research contributes to the understanding of quality when is addressed from the point of view of industrial design assessment.
Mahije Mustafi, Sulbije Memeti Karemani
Technium: Romanian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, Volume 2, pp 240-245; doi:10.47577/technium.v2i7.2020

COVID-19 not only endangers human health but also hits hard on the economy. Isolation and paralysis of public life hits the economies of every country. Before analyzing the links between COVID-19 and the possible economic crisis, we can say that the crises in capitalism are inherent and the virus should be seen as a spark which accelerates the turbines that shake the system. However, while insufficient to predict the extent of the damage that COVID-19 could do to the economy, this starting point is sufficient to anticipate the chain effects. The immediate effect of all these restrictions is the decline in economic activity, which results in declining production and rising prices. We can say that there is a direct cause-and-effect correlation between the virus and the crisis. The economy of the Republic of Northern Macedonia has been hit hard by the Covid 19. pandemic. These six months have paralyzed almost all sectors of the economy in the country. Government aid packages were more social while those for business still remain unused. Companies in northern Macedonia have already been severely affected. The closure of many businesses is accompanied by the dismissal of many workers, which is also associated with a social crisis.Growth in the country for 2020 is projected to be between -1.4 and -3.2 percent - which provides a baseline and unfavorable scenario due to the high uncertainty brought about by the pandemic. In Northern Macedonia, improving governance and strengthening institutions are long-term policies that can address the main causes of continued emigration, in order to maintain a skilled workforce. This can be achieved by accelerating job creation, promoting the private sector, investing in higher education and increasing opportunities for women in the economy. The capital of the diaspora influences the maintenance of social stability and the reduction of poverty in Macedonia and in the future the state should take it more seriously the investments of the diaspora. Weak administrative capacity can cancel the implementation of reforms as well as large critical projects implemented with state guarantees. Political instability and insufficient reform progress could reduce investor confidence. Northern Macedonia's accession to NATO and the official invitation of the EU Council to open negotiations for EU membership should help accelerate the recovery.
Thomas Kitsantas, Athanasios Vazakidis, Constantinos Stefanou
Technium: Romanian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, Volume 2, pp 160-178; doi:10.47577/technium.v2i7.1882

In the age of a global competition environment, the accurate costing measurement is important for planning and decision-making. To achieve this goal, contemporary costing methods are tested and applied such as the Activity Based Costing (ABC) in conjunction with the use of modern Information Technology (IT). The review study attempts a comparative analysis of both ABC and Traditional Costing Accounting (TCA), examining the main themes emerging from academic research and practitioners concerning the challenges, benefits, and barriers of ABC, analyzing the impact of the integration between ERP and ABC systems and its effect on management performance. A review of the literature generated an initial pool of 322 studies. Upon extensive review, 38 studies were found to be relevant to this topic. It appears from the review and analysis of the academic literature and professional sources that a successful integration among ERP and ABC minimizes the operation costs, enhances competitiveness, improves the management of the enterprise, due to its abilities to provide more accurate costing information for a strategic decision. However, practical implications in adopting ABC under ERP could be very challenging, requires a huge amount of internal resources, commitment among employees, and top management. In closing, additional research studies employing both qualitative and quantitative methods as well as case studies are needed in order to provide insights into the impact of ERP and detailed implications of how the ABC accounting system is adapting to the ERP environment and its effect on firm performance.
Isabele-Maria Coman
Technium: Romanian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, Volume 2, pp 344-353; doi:10.47577/technium.v2i7.2243

This study presents an innovated idea that includes the development and implementation of an integrated system to improve visibility through the side windows of the motor vehicles. In our days, one important thing is the security of passengers and drivers, especially when their job is closely related to driving a motor vehicle. Therefore, the visibility thought these windows, in particular in adverse rain or snow conditions, is very important to ensure the safety of the driver and passengers. To ensure the increased visibility, the system must be also sealed and easy to operate to comply with all current rules and regulations.
Iryna Zakharova
Technium: Romanian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, Volume 2, pp 136-142; doi:10.47577/technium.v2i7.1824

In the global practice of application, more than 50% are metal coatings applied by the method of electric arc metallization, which has the following advantages: high productivity, simplicity of equipment, low power consumption, the ability to 6obtaining coatings with high-performance properties through the use of scarce and inexpensive wires of industrial production. But the main drawback is the process of oxidation of alloying elements during transportation of molten electrode particles by spraying airflow. A series of scientists' works are aimed at improving the design of spray heads of electric arc metallizers, which involves improving the design of the air nozzle through the use of inserts and devices providing a change in the spraying airflow, and leads to a significant increase in the price of the process. To reduce the oxidizing effect of the spraying airflow on the liquid metal of the electrodes the method of pulsating air injection into the electrode melting zone has been developed. This paper presents the influence of the pulsating spraying flow on the indicators of abrasive wear and reduction of oxidation of metal particles, at the arc metallization to obtain coatings with the specified properties and application of resource-saving.
Lucian Lupsa-Tataru
Technium: Romanian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, Volume 2, pp 179-189; doi:10.47577/technium.v2i7.1913

The present investigation refers an effective technique of shaping the audio fade-out profile in the current context of high demand for interactive multimedia. A rational function is employed in order to bring forth a highly versatile fade-out transition. To emphasize that the audio volume, i.e. the output of the selected rational function, is returned without noticeable delays during the fading process, a straightforward implementation in pure JavaScript is put forward in the paper, taking into account the most unfavorable case from the computational point of view.
Back to Top Top