Electronic Journal of Education, Social Economics and Technology

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EISSN : 2723-6250
Published by: SAINTIS Publishing (10.33122)
Total articles ≅ 6
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Ben Sanga, Daphina Libent Mabagala, Theresia J. Shavega
Electronic Journal of Education, Social Economics and Technology, Volume 3, pp 15-23; https://doi.org/10.33122/ejeset.v3i1.49

Abstract:
Provision of fee-free education has facilitated children from poor socio-economic background to access secondary education. However, less has been known on whether the provision of fee-free education has influenced the availability of teaching and learning materials for students with disabilities in public secondary schools in Tanzania. This study, therefore, intended to examine the influence of fee-free education to the availability of teaching and learning materials for students with disabilities in public secondary schools in Morogoro municipality. The study used cross-sectional research design, whereby, questionnaires and interviews were employed to collect data. The study sample involved one (1) Educational Officer, five (5) heads of schools, and 24 students with disabilities, who were obtained through purposive sampling technique. Other study sample included 73 teachers and 98 students without disabilities, obtained by stratified sampling technique, making a total study sample of 201 respondents. Data was analysed through descriptive, factor, linear regression and correlational analyses. The study revealed that fee-free education had significant influence to the availability of teaching and learning materials for students with disabilities in public secondary schools. The study recommended to the government, the major funder of fee-free education in public secondary schools, to supply adequately all necessary teaching and learning facilities in public secondary schools to facilitate smooth learning for students with disabilities.
Gift Muyunda
Electronic Journal of Education, Social Economics and Technology, Volume 3, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.33122/ejeset.v3i1.47

Abstract:
Teacher professional development (TPD) is not only an ongoing process that contributes towards individual growth of teachers but also an integral element in school improvement. This paper reports the Zambian secondary school teachers’ perceptions of their continuous professional development in teacher engagement in CPD activities, perceived importance of different CPD programs/activities, needs to be focused on future training, and barriers using quantitative data. A self-created questionnaire was distributed to 700 conveniently selected secondary school teachers from four schools. The data was examined using descriptive statistics such as frequency of responses, mean scores, and standard deviation, as well as the t-test of independent samples for comparing the perspectives of respondents from different categories. From the findings, teachers were moderately engaged in TPD programs/activities and perceived developing teaching and learning materials as highly important. The impact of their perceptions was evident as there was no significant difference between female and male perceptions about their engagement in teacher CPD programs. Thus, the importance of recognizing and addressing teachers' perceptions of CPD is argued in this study because teachers play an important role in how they learn and how their perceptions impact the changes they make in their teaching practice.
Ahmad Heru Romadhon, Fachria Lapasere, Yuli Endah Wardantik
Electronic Journal of Education, Social Economics and Technology, Volume 3, pp 33-38; https://doi.org/10.33122/ejeset.v3i1.34

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to understand the essence of language action in legal construction as a means of communication that should rely on language grammar in interpreting the meaning of sentences. Such a method is an attempt to avoid the different interpretations of the multiple interpretations of the meaning of language. The simplification of legal language must be linked to the content of the rules, where there are two arguments regarding "intentions and extensions", before carrying out legal interpretation, then interpretation is generally understood as a process, action, series of interpreting and explaining the meaning of something that is less clear or opinion, view of the context in which it is interpreted. This study uses a normative juridical method that explains the interpretation of manuscripts, legal principles and principles, legal rules, theories and legal doctrines that apply as a tool to understand the meaning of legal language communication and to understand the substance of a statutory regulation. The research approach uses a conceptual approach to examine and examine the subject matter. The consequences of blurred inter-connections result in a disparity in the factual application of the law which is correlated with a “policy during decision-making” in a formulaic policy which is a “policy” context. Based on these aspects, especially in language action, it is essentially an "effort in realizing clarity of meaning in laws and regulations so that they are in accordance with current and future implementation and conditions.
Arlene Lluisma Espina, Rhea Joy Deligero Monte
Electronic Journal of Education, Social Economics and Technology, Volume 3, pp 8-14; https://doi.org/10.33122/ejeset.v3i1.48

Abstract:
This study intended to explore and understand the academic experiences of senior high school students studying English in a distance modular approach. The researchers investigated the academic experiences, the challenges encountered, the techniques in facing challenges, and the suggestions in addressing the challenges. The four Grade 12 SHS learners of General Santos City National High School, one representing each track: Academic, TVL, Sports, and Arts and design, were the participants of this study who were selected through purposive sampling. The current qualitative inquiry is phenomenological in nature. The data were interpreted through coding, categorizing, and conceptualizing. It revealed that the academic experiences of the senior high school students are categorized into two themes; 1. Learners’ Learning Preferences and Time Management and 2. Learners’ Difficulty in Learning English. The learners experienced difficulty in understanding and comprehending lessons in English subjects. The findings also showed the learners’ learning preferences and the techniques employed in time management like the time blocking method. The challenges were the learners’ intrinsic and extrinsic motivation specifically rooted from being unmotivated and lacking parental support in tackling their learning difficulty; learners' learning preferences and time management specifically identifying their lack of time management technique; learning environment at home that shows unstable network connection and inability to allocate specific time for school work and chores; and learners' difficulty in learning English that shows the difficulty in understanding and comprehending lessons in English subjects.
Alois Matorevhu
Electronic Journal of Education, Social Economics and Technology, Volume 3, pp 24-32; https://doi.org/10.33122/ejeset.v3i1.50

Abstract:
Research publications show that they are many different theories which explain how adults learn, but none of them individually fully explains what happens when adults learn, hence cannot be applied universally. Each theory has its own merits and demerits, therefore to maximise learning, a combination of theories should be used. Adult teacher educators’ familiarity with this knowledge base of adult learning improves effectiveness in meeting adult learner needs, since implementation of the most effective ways for adult learning is made possible. The current study sought to find out the nature of experiences of secondary school teachers recruited to be teacher educators at a secondary teachers’ college, had during the transition from teaching children (pedagogy) to teaching adults (pre-service mathematics and science teachers). Interviews were done, with the view to enable teacher educators to compare their experiences during training (as adult learners) in various teacher education institutions, teaching children at secondary school level, and teaching adults at the teachers’ college in the current study. Interview responses were coded to come up with themes which were analysed. Findings show that learning and application of adult learning theories is a missing link in teacher preparation institutions in Zimbabwe. In order to align teacher preparation with the current Zimbabwean curriculum, training institutions must prepare prospective teachers for both pedagogy and adult learning theories, so that they adapt as the situation requires. This resonates with metagogy, a hybrid of pedagogy and adult learning theories. Preparing teachers this way is in line with best practices, which engender competitiveness to deal with diverse teaching and learning situations, in the 21st century.
Eunice Olayinka Adepoju, Ogunmodede Aderemi Sunday
Electronic Journal of Education, Social Economics and Technology, Volume 3, pp 39-44; https://doi.org/10.33122/ejeset.v3i1.51

Abstract:
The study examined the awareness of students and use of e-library in tertiary institutions in Ekiti State. Descriptive design of the survey was employed. The population comprised all 100 level and 200 level students in tertiary institutions in Ekiti State while the sample consisted of 150 students drawn from three tertiary institutions in Ekiti State using proportionate sampling techniques. A self-constructed questionnaire titled “Students’ awareness and use of e-library” was used to collect relevant data for the study. The instrument was validated by experienced library expert. A reliability co-efficient of 0.75 was obtained through test re-test method. Data collected were analysed using frequency count and simple percentage. The study revealed that students in tertiary institutions were aware of e-library but with low patronage on the use of electronic database. The major source of awareness of electronic library among the students are through friends and sensitization. The finding revealed that students use youtube page more than online database and e-journal, e-book and google. Based on the findings, the students should be encouraged to use e-library. Emphasis must be made in the class during the lecture on the use of e-library.
Hayatun Nufus, M Mursalin
Electronic Journal of Education, Social Economics and Technology, Volume 1, pp 43-48; https://doi.org/10.33122/ejeset.v1i1.8

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the improvement of students' mathematical problem solving and communication skills using problem-based learning better than ordinary learning; to determine the interaction between learning and early mathematical abilities to increase students' mathematical problem solving and communication skills; to find out how the process of answers made by students in solving problems in problem-based learning and ordinary learning. This type of research is quasi-experimental. The population in this study were all grade VII students of SMP Lhokseumawe who were accredited and the samples were randomly selected, namely: SMPN 10 consisted of class VII-4 (experimental class) and class VII-2 (control class), SMPN 11 Lhokseumawe consisted of class VII- 3 (experimental class) and class VII-1 (control class). Data analysis was performed using two-way ANOVA. The results of this study indicate that there is an increase in the problem-solving ability and mathematical communication of students using problem-based learning better than students who receive regular learning; there is no interaction between learning and the level of students 'ability to increase students' problem-solving abilities and mathematical communication; the process of solving the problem of students' answers to learning using problem-based learning is better than ordinary learning.
Amjad Ali Rind, Shahid Hussain Mughal
Electronic Journal of Education, Social Economics and Technology, Volume 1, pp 39-42; https://doi.org/10.33122/ejeset.v1i1.4

Abstract:
The purpose of the study were to analyze the Curriculum document of National Curriculum of mathematics of secondary grades. The study employed qualitative research paradigm within it the discourse analysis technique was used to analyze the mathematics curriculum document. Discourse analysis helps in understanding the written, spoken and signs language used in any document analysis. The sample of the study were foreword, introduction, objectives, reviewer’s notes and list of reviewers, the sections of mathematics in the national curriculum of mathematics (2006) for secondary grades. The findings of the study revealed that the National Curriculum of mathematics (NCM) 2006 was focused on transfer of Knowledge. However, it neglected the conceptual understanding of essential subject matter. It has been also discovered that the content of the mathematics is not taught according to the prescribed curriculum. Moreover, standard were not implemented properly. The role learners were recipient of knowledge and that of teachers is transmitter .Thus, it neglected the participatory and constructive approach of teaching and learning mathematics. Moreover, the curriculum ideology was not considered while developing the mathematics curriculum. It is suggested that the curriculum developers should revisit the policy on social constructive approach so that curriculum can be taught conceptually rather than standard based. Moreover, formative assessment should be included throughout the year rather taking annual examinations. It is recommended that teachers should impart mathematics education by linking math to social context and encourage students to construct meanings socially.
Asnawi Asnawi, Irfan Irfan, M. Fathul Chairi Ramadhani
Electronic Journal of Education, Social Economics and Technology, Volume 1, pp 34-38; https://doi.org/10.33122/ejeset.v1i1.7

Abstract:
The study aims to determine the effect of Foreign Investment (FDI) and Domestic Investment (PMDN) on Cross-Province Economic Growth in Indonesia in 2014-2018. This study uses secondary data with Panel and Poled data consisting of 34 provinces in Indonesia, and use the 5 years time-series data during 2014-2018. The analytical method used is the panel regression analysis method with the Fixed Effect model and poled model. The results showed that foreign investment and domestic investment had a positive and significant effect on economic growth across provinces in Indonesia. Furthermore, the results of the study show that foreign investment and domestic investment have a significant and positive effect on economic growth in 8 provinces in Indonesia, and the foreign investment has a significant and positive influence on economic growth in 9 Provinces in Indonesia. However, only North Maluku, where foreign investment has a significant and negative effect on economic growth, and domestic investment significantly and positively affects economic growth in 6 provinces in Indonesia.
Suleyman Abdureman Omer, Nuradin Abdi Hassen
Electronic Journal of Education, Social Economics and Technology, Volume 1, pp 18-33; https://doi.org/10.33122/ejeset.v1i1.6

Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic is a recent outbreak in almost all parts of the world including Ethiopia influencing the socio-economy of people and mainly threatening the agriculture and food security of the least developed countries. The current desk review and opinion synthesis by a multi-disciplinary team of experts from Haramaya University aimed at assessing the probable impact of the virus on the Ethiopian agriculture and food security and suggesting the possible mitigation and adaptation strategies to all responsible. Experts’ opinion and desk review of existing information were employed for the analysis and conclusions drawn, due to the difficulty of data generation at this time of movement restriction and poor database availability on websites of relevant institutions. Accordingly, the information gathered were synthesised and described following the major stages of food supply chains as production, handling and storage, processing and packaging, distribution and marketing, and consumption are key messages drawn from the overall assessment.
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