Technium Social Sciences Journal
EISSN : 2668-7798
Current Publisher: Technium Science (10.47577)
Total articles ≅ 395
Latest articles in this journal
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 15, pp 587-601; doi:10.47577/tssj.v15i1.1822
In recent times, with the increasing population in urban areas, the adverse events happening due to explosion and dispersion of toxic chemicals has increased. Events like toxic gas dispersion can cause severe environmental issues that endanger human safety and health. Consequence hazard modeling and vulnerable population assessment are critical to predict and minimize the losses. Chlorine is not only utilized in water treatment plants as a disinfectant, but it ca n also lead to some serious concerns to human health. In this paper, the modeling of chlorine release has been investigated for chlorine storage plant by using Heavy gas dispersion model. The modeling results showed that the cloud of chlorine is about 1.9 miles across just downwind of the release for accidental release of chlorine in the summer; however, the probability of fatality is 100 % in a whole year in a distance of 0.36 miles from the Storage Place. As a significant result, the land around the chlorination unit covering a range of approximately 1.9 miles is vulnerable in all wind directions and in the case of South-West direction of the wind, vulnerable population is highly dense, risk prevention in that region should be accounted for. Affected Population and areas at risk are calculated, which illustrates the toxically impacted areas and the population in need of immediate help and evacuation. Such studies can serve as a useful tool for decision-makers to prepare an emergency plan in case of accidental releases.
Technium Social Sciences Journal; doi:10.47577/tssj
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 15, pp 516-525; doi:10.47577/tssj.v15i1.2367
Under the contemporary social and economic conditions, no culture can stay “sterile”. Growth of Internet communication and globalization processes facilitates borrowing of new realia including festivities and festive traditions and their circulation in the global culture environment. One of such realia that has become extremely widespread in Europe and the whole world is St. Valentine’s Day. Recent research literature regards it in various aspects (psychological, feminist, commercial, etc.); researchers are also interested in the experience of celebrating St. Valentine’s Day in diverse regions and countries. The present paper aims at characterizing the specificity of perceiving St. Valentine’s Day in Latvia on the basis of newspaper, magazine, almanac articles available to readers in the course of 70 years (since the 1950s till nowadays). On the basis of article content analysis, the paper marks the trends characteristic of Latvian society in treatment of St. Valentine’s Day under different historical, political, and economic conditions, Latvians being in their homeland and/or in exile. The compiled materials show that St. Valentine’s Day entered Latvian culture space and got rooted there only after regaining state independence – in the 1990s and especially in the 21st century. Nowadays it is represented in various spheres of public life, yet the residents’ reaction to this phenomenon that is still foreign to many is rather ambiguous. St. Valentine’s Day is not only associated with love and romance but is treated as a tool that yields commercial profit for traders, whereas for others it causes needless expenses, depression, and disappointment.
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 15, pp 559-566; doi:10.47577/tssj.v15i1.2262
This study aims to analyzing the implementation of a cement manufacturer’s CSR programs to improve effectiveness and satisfaction of people in general. The research conducted using survey method to 86 respondents, who are members of Joint Business Group in Cilacap Regency and beneficiaries of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programs. The data were collected through observation, questionnaires, interviews and discussions, then used descriptive statistical analysis and qualitative narrative. The research results have found that the company’s direct involvement model in a CSR program gives several advantages. Nevertheless, the limited quantity and quality of this cement manufacturer’s CSR administrators result in less effective planning, assistance and evaluation processes. People are satisfied with how the CSR is executed by the cement manufacturer, yet the program they carry out has not completely matched what these people need and cannot correctly identify the CSR program beneficiary targets. In relation to this, the implementation of CSR using direct involvement model needs some improvement to make it more effective and intensive. The modification of direct involvement model by use of information technology becomes an important alternative to deal with the limited quantitaty and quality of human resources of CSR program administrators.
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 15, pp 469-477; doi:10.47577/tssj.v15i1.2366
Tourism as an economic activity is a multidimensional phenomenon and is characterized by a pronounced mass in the global school. Modern working conditions in a field and tourist characteristic are characterized by a strong competition. Using tracking and research, we should not achieve a more effective analysis and assessment of natural potentials, anthropogenic resources, infrastructure and investments in the areas of Opolje and Gora, and beyond. With this paper we want to highlight the potentials and achievements of rural tourism in the municipality of Dragash, as well as in the use of policies and the use of concrete initiatives to make a unit. In this way it is necessary to know the tourism and rural economic market, as well as the opportunities for placing goods and the tourist offer of goods in that market, and thus provide reasonable examples for other municipalities in Kosovo.
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 15, pp 567-572; doi:10.47577/tssj.v15i1.2274
This article presents the use of well-known instant messaging apps in conventional conference interpreting situations, as a tool to enhance real-time communication between a team of interpreters, thereby improving coordination before, during and after an assignment, and enabling the interpreters to present a highly professional image to event organizers and delegates.
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 15, pp 493-506; doi:10.47577/tssj.v15i1.2230
The expansion of public bureaucracy has been one of the most significant developments that has marked societies, particularly Western liberal democratic societies. Growing political apathy, citizen disgruntlement and the ensuing decline in electoral participation reflects the political nature of governance failures. Public bureaucracy, which has historically been saddled with derogatory and pejorative connotations, has encountered fierce assaults from multiple fronts. Out of these sharp criticisms of public bureaucracy that have emanated from both sides of the ideological spectrum, attempts have been made to popularize and advance citizen participation in both policy formulation and policy implementation processes as innovations to democratize public administration. Despite their virtue, empowering connotations and spirit-uplifting messages to the public, these proposed practices of democratic innovations not only have their own shortcomings and are conducive to exacerbating the conditions that they are directed to ameliorate but they also have the potential to undermine the traditional administrative and political accountability mechanisms.
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 15, pp 259-265; doi:10.47577/tssj.v15i1.2245
Indonesia with all of its diversities in which law and culture live side by side and become part of state law regularity. Centralistic view contends that the only institution which plays role in creating social regularity is the country through the law formed and determined by the country. In its reality, there are many ‘other forces’ that do not come from the state such as customary law, religion law, habits, trade agreement across country and so on. Those forces also have the ability to regulate the community actions bound in it even sometimes the member or the community in the society prefers to obey the rules formed by their group compared to the state law regulations. The research method used was sociological approach with moral, ethic, and religious approach. Traditional communities are groups of individuals who live from generation to generation in a certain geographical territory and are bind by cultural identities, strong relationships with their indigenous land, regions, and natural resources. Their value system determines their economic, political, and legal institutions. Indigenous peoples are groups of individuals who live from generation to generation in a certain geographical territory and are bind by cultural identities, strong relationships with their indigenous land, regions, and natural resources. Their value system determines their economic, political, and legal institutions arranged by customary institutions that have the authority to govern.
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 15, pp 266-275; doi:10.47577/tssj.v15i1.2344
Indonesia’s political system changed after the amandment of the state’s constitution. As a consequence, significant changes in the system are inevitable, one of which is the paradigm of its governing body. The amended constitution states that all governing bodies are level, not placing its people’s consultative assembly at the highest position of the people sovereignty manifestation at the fullest. The changes in the state’s governing bodie’s position causes transposition of their tasks and authorities. The previous assembly’s authority, bestowed by the constitution, limits itself into not having regular authority except inaugurating selected president and vice president according to the statutes of the General Election Commission once in five years. Nevertheless, a further discussion may lead to a finding that, in practice, the assembly’s authority is substantively fundamental for Indonesia’s political life. It has the right of amending and ordaining the constitution, for example, which is crucial for the politic since 1945 State Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia is the highest of all laws and regulations.
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 14; doi:10.47577/tssj.v14i1.2280
The approaches considered by the authorities, generally enforced, during the “Covid 19” pandemic regarding the state of national and international tourism have been characterised as excessive and controversial not only from an economical point of view but as well as from a cultural and functional one, and they must be analysed from a sociological perspective. The shortage of medical, organisational and human resources, the lack of mental preparation of medical workers but as well as that of the population in terms of preventing massive losses led to the rapid destruction of what we used to call tourism. From a sociological perspective the world-wide blockage was mainly caused by the superficiality of the prevention methods adopted and by their radicality that blocked the entire economy. By this article I try to approach from a from a sociological point of view the “pandemic” effects that that have influenced and are still influencing tourism. In extenso, the plethora of factors like public transportation, hospitals, workplace and so on have provoked the rapid spread of COVID-19 virus and the impact was ravaging for the hospitality industry due to the fact that the client in his role of tourist received only negative signal, signals of fear and uncertainty. The controversies regarding different fields of national and international tourism are various in number, but the present interest lies in COVID-19 virus and a consequence of this plague is the foreclosure as opposed to the fact that by imposing the right measurements and by protecting this field in a composed way without letting panic to reach the population it would have been possible to at least mentain a constant level of activity in tourism and as a consequence a steady national and international economy. Furthermore, I want to issue the assumption that if there would have been a propper crisis-management on a national level, even on international one, a partnership between the government and the private sector, meaningfull aid coming from government towards the people, employees, antreprenours, elders, lower-class families, private inverstors, not only that from an economical point of view tourism could be saved but also a “positive aura” could have been built in the psyche of the individuals and that would have helped them to have a diffrent type of confinment. For excample, a 10 days stay in a highly reviewed an alternative method - provocative, peacefull and safe- but to acomplish this the hoteliere should revise the concept on which a touritic package is built (by offering services as therapy, medical check-up and so on). The motto of the new concept could be the old saying “A healthy mind in a healthy body“ -”Mens sana in corpore sano” in this way the panic, fear and seclusion could be replaced with cultural work and the right to mental wellness with the help ground-braking touristic offers. From a sociological perspective, in order to have a healthy mind in a healthy body or in order to strengthen our immune system, we, the ones that form the contemporary society should exploit outdoor activities, relaxation time, travelling, living, all this leading to the reinforcement of tourism