Technium Social Sciences Journal

Journal Information
EISSN : 2668-7798
Total articles ≅ 442
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Latest articles in this journal

Franck Edouard Gnahe, Fei-Ming Huang, Junaid Ashraf
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 18, pp 207-214; doi:10.47577/tssj.v18i1.3014

Using the pooled ordinary least square approach, this paper investigates the effect of Covid-19 on the regional financial exchange namely, Bourse Regionale des Valeur Mobileres (BRVM). In this note, we propose the hypothesis that COVID-19 has affected the regional financial exchange rate resistance to the shocks. We find that the regional financial exchange reacted proactively to the pandemic in the time of March 04, 2020 to April 20, 2020 after the occurrence. Our analysis also suggest negative regional market reaction was strong during the early days of the pandemic. However, this impact is transitory with implementation of official government policies, the stock returns maintain steady growth. We conclude that pandemic has changed the resistance of the regional financial exchange to shock. Therefore, the policy implications is to consider these asymmetries when determining the monetary policy and effectiveness of financial system rules to promote competitive emerging market structures and trade liberalization in the regional exchange market and developing countries.
Reima Al-Jarf
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 18, pp 660-666; doi:10.47577/tssj.v18i1.2982

The spread of Covid-19 worldwide has been associated with hate and racism speech on social media which sometimes encourages violence and bullying in the different communities. Some officials, public figures and even common people, including students, have been expressing hate, racism, negative, hostile, and intolerant attitudes towards certain groups of people based on their color, origin, race, religion or social/political stance. This study surveys students and instructors’ views of Covid-19 five months after the outbreak of the pandemic, and whether they consider it a punishment from God to certain countries or not. Based on the findings, it proposes the creation of an anti-hate Twitter page to teach students tolerance rather than negative sentiment associated with Covid-19.
Hartono Hartono
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 18, pp 433-443; doi:10.47577/tssj.v18i1.3026

The government continues to encourage the growth of entrepreneurship in Indonesia. Currently, university graduates are generally more interested in becoming workers or employees than in creating jobs. Indonesia still needs around 4.75 million entrepreneurs. Data from the Ministry of Education and Culture shows that in general, college graduates are more interested in becoming job seekers than job creators. Therefore, universities have the responsibility to change the students’ mindset from wanting to become job seekers to job creators. This research is a qualitative study using the phenomenological approach. Data collection was carried out by means of semi structured interviews by selecting 20 students from private universities in Jakarta. The results of this study indicate that students’ mindset from job seekers to job creators cannot change without improvement of entrepreneurship education at universities. The students’ mindset must be changed from a fixed mindset to a growth mindset. Curricula and learning methods that are too theoretical must be transformed into learning that emphasizes practical elements and entrepreneurial mental development
Widodo Widodo, Chandrawaty Chandrawaty
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 18, pp 21-30; doi:10.47577/tssj.v18i1.3040

This study explores the effect of principals’ visionary leadership (PVL) on school organizational culture (SOC) and teachers’ affective commitment. A questionnaire collected data through the survey methods toward 455 teachers of the public elementary school in Indonesia spread across seven provinces (Jakarta, Banten, West Java, Central Java, Riau Island, NTT, East Kalimantan). Data analysis uses path analysis supported by descriptive statistics and correlational. The results show that PVL had a significant effect on affective commitment mediating by SOC. Thus, the teacher’s affective commitment can improve through PVL and SOC. This finding can discuss as a reference among practitioners and researchers to develop better models of teacher’s affective commitment in the future and various filed and contexts.
Paraskevi Pegiou, Antonia Kountoura, Stavros Emmanouil, Efthymios Ziagkas
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 18, pp 619-624; doi:10.47577/tssj.v18i1.2964

Scientific Research is the main process of evolution of Science. Especially in the Healthcare Sector, the context in which the development of Scientific Research is possible marks both the Legal and the Ethical data of each era. For example, the limits of research, the interventions in Humans, the existence of standards and the continuous control of research data are some of the elements of the ongoing scientific study for the framework within which scientific research can be conducted. In the first part of the present paper, the current in the conduct of Scientific Research in the field of Health at the international level in the field of health are developed through a bibliographic review. The second part of the paper summarizes the rules of the European Union on Scientific Research in Health. Finally, the third part of the work mentions the Ethical issues that have been mentioned in the literature, regarding the conduct of Scientific Research in the Health Sector.
Afrim Loku, Nadire Loku, Naim Baftiu
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 18, pp 215-221; doi:10.47577/tssj.v18i1.3110

This study aims to broaden the understanding of the importance of SMEs (Small and Medium Enterprises) for the economy of Kosovo, especially in terms of economic development, labor market and innovation. The study was conducted through analysis of documentary sources such as relevant reports of national and international institutions as well as relevant scientific papers. The scientific contribution of this study is theoretical and aims to help researchers of the field for an expanded understanding of SMEs over national economies. This study provides a concise framework of important elements on the economic impact of SMEs on Kosovo's economy. Examination of available data has shown that the SME sector plays a crucial role for the Kosovo economy. The key role of SMEs was emphasized in terms of overall value generated and the labor market while innovation remains a challenge to be addressed by stakeholders
Fidelis Aggiornamento Saintio, Anang Sujoko, Wawan Sobari
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 18, pp 158-169; doi:10.47577/tssj.v18i1.2962

Viewed from the perspective of the third space of communication, colonialism is no longer a moment of the West’s domination over the East. The boundary between superiority and inferiority is removed by exchanges of influences. In addition, the third space of communication can also be used as a means of fusing different cultures and values. However, when applied in certain contexts, there are opportunities to enrich the idea of a third space of communication. The enrichment of this idea can be found in the state speech made by President Soekarno on June 1, 1945. Apart from formulating the foundation of the Indonesian state, the speech also aimed to unite the diverse Indonesian peoples into one national identity. Through a hermeneutics analysis, it was found that there was no need to fuse or remove diversity to form a third space of communication
Rainer Feldbacher
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 18, pp 648-659; doi:10.47577/tssj.v18i1.2988

The Eurasian trade route was more than 6,000 kilometers long and split into several sub-strands and has a long history. Now all of these routes have been revived. With a corresponding expansion of the infrastructure, certain circumstances are still challenging in the 21st century: nationalism, especially among the former Soviet states, security in times of global terror, and economic competition. The Central Asian region is a melting pot of different ethnic groups, in ancient, as well as more recent, history, sometimes with more harmonious coexistence, and sometimes with more conflicts that influence politics and social background. The author traveled through the individual states, examined the ecological-economic factors and conducted interviews to clarify socio-political views. This paper examines the implications regarding economy and politics, the cultural background, and to where it refers.
Jane Amunga
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 18, pp 40-55; doi:10.47577/tssj.v18i1.3044

Although technology in its various forms had already permeated peoples’ lives, the closure of educational institutions worldwide due to the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic thrust education sectors in many countries into fraught experimentation with online learning. Many educators had to adopt pedagogical practices that were in tandem with online instruction. The pandemic had a silver lining as it opened doors to new ideas and technologies that could be leveraged to enhance STEM education. This paper adopts the desk top research approach to establish the technologies that were leverageable for STEM education during the ongoing pandemic, and to determine pertinent concerns about moving STEM education online. The study found that most institutions leveraged basic synchronous and asynchronous technologies for STEM education during the pandemic. The study also established that a few institutions were embracing sophisticated technology like Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality in enhancing STEM education. There were also institutions already training VR and VR experts to meet anticipated STEM education manpower needs. It was established that while the use of technology enhanced STEM education during the Covid-19 pandemic, it raised concerns about access, equity, quality and student engagement. To address these concerns, the study recommends that governments should invest in the provision of power in rural settings and subsidize the cost of hardware for students. For equity considerations, the disadvantaged should be prioritized in the provision of technology enablers for online STEM education and measures that safeguard them should be inbuilt in the online transition plans. Finally, where possible remote labs should be established but this is not possible, students should be allowed to take series of scheduled physical lab sessions in turns and rules of social distancing enforced. Countries should look to superior technologies for online STEM education so that any similar future occurrences do not stall practical STEM education sessions.
Mengesha Robso Wodajo, Tănase Tasențe, Teshale Aklilu Gebretsadiq
Technium Social Sciences Journal, Volume 18, pp 639-647; doi:10.47577/tssj.v18i1.2440

The aim of this paper is to identify the major advantages and disadvantages of NGOs and Civil Societies in the post independent Africa. A note I want to give is the terms 'advantages' and 'disadvantages' should be understood in a sense that the paper is not evaluating the works of NGOs and Civil Society Organizations but pinpointing their benefits and side-effects to Africa. For that reason, the terms advantages and disadvantages can be interchangeably used by ‘benefits’ and ‘side-effects’ respectively. Another case I want to notify is the types of NGOs and Civil Society Organizations/Civil Societies that will be discussed throughout the paper are the entities found at the international level; not the national or local ones. This is due to the fact that the NGOs and CSOs(which were/are steered by the Western Europe and the USA) at the international level had/have the lion's share influences in the Third World in general and Africa in particular. Ultimately, although the topic of this paper is wide, it is presented in a short and precise volume, henceforth, all each of the advantages and disadvantages are not listed but few of them. So, I hope this small book will be used to produce a larger volume on the same topic.
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