Randwick International of Social Science Journal

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2722-5666 / 2722-5674
Total articles ≅ 177
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Richmond Amgbo Blay, Felicia Annin
Randwick International of Social Science Journal, Volume 3, pp 333-342; https://doi.org/10.47175/rissj.v3i2.440

Abstract:
This paper focuses on Buchi Emecheta’s depiction of the female character in her novel, The Joys of Motherhood. In particular, this paper examines how Emecheta directs attention at restoring the image of the “fallen” woman in the novel where the patriarchs dominate affairs.  The novel achieves this aim through the narrative technique employed in the complex role of the woman figure who defiles all odds to achieve her heart desires at the end of the story. The findings reveal that Emecheta presents both positive and negative archetypal images of the African woman in the novel. It is however worthy of note that Emecheta’s negative depiction of the African woman far outweighs the positive ones. To an extent, Emecheta’s portrayal of the figure of a woman is an affront to the way a female writer ought to present the woman with exalting images rather than images of disgust.
Meutia Nauly, Saat Purba, Ibrahim Gultom
Randwick International of Social Science Journal, Volume 3, pp 388-406; https://doi.org/10.47175/rissj.v3i2.442

Abstract:
This study aims to obtain an OCB model for teachers in private and public schools. The model was developed based on a literature review on what factors can predict OCB. Based on the studies that have been carried out (attitude and personal factors, in this study mindfulness was used (personal with full attention). This research is a quantitative approach with a causal correlational type of research. This type of study is also described as a survey design, with data collection using a scale or research instrument through an online survey using the G Form from Google. The results showed that; (1) OCB could be effected directly by mindfulness and working condition, but not for the collective values; (2) Mindfulness has a direct effect on Transformational Leadership and working conditions; (3) Collective values don’t have effect on working conditions. So, it can be stated that mindfulness affects OCB through transformational leadership variables and working conditions. Similarly, it can be stated that collective values influence OCB through transformational leadership and working conditions. The implication of this study is to improve OCB in schools, it is necessary to pay attention to the various conditions that are prepared, in this case the strengthening of mindfulness, through training and practice of mindfulness implementation, and strengthening of working conditions, which also means that structural empowerment of teachers becomes necessary.
Nael Sayedahmed, Adnan Tahir, Nidhi Oswal
Randwick International of Social Science Journal, Volume 3, pp 271-280; https://doi.org/10.47175/rissj.v3i2.434

Abstract:
During the past few years, there have been extensive research that investigated the Audit Expectation Gap (AEG) from different perspectives. One of the most common areas of discussion was the importance of narrowing down the gap and harmonizing different opinions of involved parties in this problem. The current research starts by explaining AEG, its reasons, its impacts on both auditors and users of financial statements, and finally how the gap could be eliminated. This is done through extensive review of literature about the topic in both developed and developing countries, where a theoretical construct is presented for AEG and most effective procedures for elimination of AEG are later presented and for different environments.
Eleni Filippidou, Georgia Paraskevi Gerogianni
Randwick International of Social Science Journal, Volume 3, pp 262-270; https://doi.org/10.47175/rissj.v3i2.433

Abstract:
The research field of this paper is the community of Limni, which is located on the island of Evia in Greece. Τhe aim of this research paper is to study the symbolic dimension of the Kamarachti dance from the Limni of the island of Evia in Greece. In particular, the paper attempts to highlight the symbolic characteristics of the dance under study, in order to determine the reason for its performance during the Easter period, throughout which many rituals related to the regeneration of nature are performed, that is this paper attempts to determine its function. Data was gathered through ethnographic method as this is applied to the study of dance, while its elaboration with the comparative method. The Kamarachti was recorded and analyzed using the Laban notation system and the morphological method. Finally, the symbolic function of Kamarachti was interpreted on the basis of the Pythagorean philosophical tradition. From the data analysis was found that the Kamarachti dance in the community of Limni on the island of Evia, on the basis of its symbolism, emerges as the protector of a magical process that aims at the rebirth of nature. This dance, with its magical and laxative properties and powers, avoids any demonic imposition, in order to ensure the euphoria of the earth.
Inyang Martins Nyen, Umari Frances Ejue
Randwick International of Social Science Journal, Volume 3, pp 322-332; https://doi.org/10.47175/rissj.v3i2.439

Abstract:
The wave of crimes involving the female gender globally and locally is unprecedented in recent times. This has left scholars to worry more about the sanctity of womanhood. The phenomenon poses a tough challenge to the moral rectitude of the family institution; this is against the backdrop of long-held notion that unarguably, the woman cross-culturally is the major custodian of the all-important society’s fibre. The objective of this study is to investigate the determinants and consequences of female involvement in crime and its impact on the wellbeing of society. The study was a survey, relying on secondary data. The study was anchored on General Strain theory of crime. Besides poverty, unemployment and feminist movement as causal determinants, it was also revealed that the phenomenon of female criminality has a huge dent on the moral fibre of society. Findings also show a causal relationship between family disintegration and female criminality. It was thus recommended that stakeholders and policy makers should find ways to strengthen the family institution thereby curbing criminality in the society.
Hugo Warami
Randwick International of Social Science Journal, Volume 3, pp 365-376; https://doi.org/10.47175/rissj.v3i2.419

Abstract:
Religion should not be used as a legitimacy tool, particularly just as a justification for achieving goals that are full of the nuances of power politics, and the like. This study aims to reveal a tradition of Papuan Muslims in their attempts to create tolerance and harmony in the lives of religious people, which have been practiced and inherited for a long time, from generation to generation. This tradition is practiced by the Papuan Muslims in the Fakfak Regency, known as the “One Furnace, Three Stones” metaphor. This metaphor is used by the community in Fakfak as a moral consensus in the process of integration and social balance. The two approaches applied in this study are a theoretical approach and a methodological approach. The theoretical approach is an exploration of anthropolinguistic and metaphor theory; while the methodological approach is a descriptive approach with an explanative dimension. Based on the perspective of anthropolinguistic and metaphor, this study seeks to apply scientific principles to socio-cultural data, and adapts the steps of scientific studies in other fields of science. This study follows several procedures, including providing data, analyzing data, and presenting the results of data analysis. The results of this study holistically identify the issues of pluralism in Islam and Papuan culture, Islamic migration, metaphorical Papuan Muslim relations, and ideology. This study implies that it could be used as a basic reference in the practice of religious development which upholds tolerance and harmony between religious communities.
Rasul A. Gulo
Randwick International of Social Science Journal, Volume 3, pp 355-364; https://doi.org/10.47175/rissj.v3i2.389

Abstract:
This study targets to explain the roots of violent extremism in Philippines particularly in Mindanao wherein various terrorist attacks were being conducted. The researcher also looks on education interventions that have been implemented in fragile communities and/or those that have targeted high risk groups, as a way of discouraging violent extremism. The study employed the descriptive – evaluative method of research, with the researcher made survey questionnaire as the principal instrument for data gathering. The setting of the study is the City of Cotabato which is composed of various Islamic schools and institutions that offers Religion and Theology courses. Cotabato City is formerly part and the regional center of Region XII. But due to the ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law, it is now part of BARMM and served as the regional center. Being an independent component city, it's not a subject to regulation from the Provincial Government of Maguindanao where it is geographically located. The respondents of this study were the Islamic teachers (Mudarrisun) of selected Islamic schools (Madaris) and Professors (Asatidz) of Islamic Studies in selected institutions in Cotabato City that offer Religion and Theology courses. Only fifty (50) respondents were finally chosen to constitute the sample of the study which is complete enumeration of the target sample population. As a descriptive – evaluative study, the data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools, mean, standard deviation, frequency distribution and percentage. Frequency distribution was used to facilitate computation of summary values, such as the mean and standard deviation. Percentage was used to describe and compare relative proportion of categories. The mean and standard deviation were used to describe the typical perception and the variability of the perceptions of the respondents, respectively.
Saidin Nainggolan, Yanuar Fitri, Vijai Hutasoit
Randwick International of Social Science Journal, Volume 3, pp 427-434; https://doi.org/10.47175/rissj.v3i2.444

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the income  and welfare of rubber farmers. The research was conducted in the rubber production center of Sarolangun Regency with pauh subdistrict research locus, with sample villages of Karang Mendapo Village, Pauh Village and Semaran Village. The data usedn is primary data obtained by interview method using questionnaires.  Sample withdrawal  using  Simple Random Sampling  Metohd. The technique  of determining the sample size  uses the  Slovinmethod. The sample size is 57  farmers. The research period is July - August 2021. Data analysis uses descriptive analysis, contingency tables and  chi-square tests  (x^₂). The results  showed that most farmers have below average incomes. The main source of income for farmers comes from rubber farming. Rubber farmers' income groups are in the low to moderate category. The proportion of farmers' consumption expenditure is greater on food consumption (rice, side dishes), the proportion for non-food consumption is mostly for clothing. The welfare of farmers is in the low category.  Differences in farmers' incomes cause significant differences in farmers' well-being. The degree of contingency of income on the welfare of farmers is in the moderate category. While the degree of income relationship of farmers with the welfare of farmers is positive and significant.
Brenda Mumbua Nzioka Nzioka, Ong’Ang’A H. M. Ouko Ouko, Isanda Backy
Randwick International of Social Science Journal, Volume 3, pp 447-456; https://doi.org/10.47175/rissj.v3i2.427

Abstract:
The purpose of the study was to establish the challenges deaf trainees face in their social interactions. The study focused on St. Angela Mumias Vocational School for the Deaf, Kakamega County. The study was anchored on the Theory of Mind by David Premack (1978). A case study design was adopted. The study target was 103, including 95 deaf trainees, one principal, and 7 trainers. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 3 trainers and the principal, while simple random sampling was used to select 39 deaf trainees. This study adopted a mixed-methods data collection approach. Questionnaires comprising both open-ended and close-ended questions were used to collect data from the principal and deaf trainees. In contrast, semi-structured interview schedules were used to collect primary data from trainers. Quantitative data was coded and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 21). Descriptive data was represented in the form of mean, median, mode, correlation, frequency distribution tables, graphs, pie charts, and percentages. Qualitative data were coded systematically by hand, analyzed thematically and presented in narrative form. The findings revealed that only 27.8 % of deaf trainees interacted with the hearing trainees and they also do not share their problems and secrets. Based on the results, the study recommends that the government, through the Ministry of Education, decentralize sign language training to the villages and community settings to assist in enhancing communication between the Deaf and the hearing.
Ermania Chobelia Fitriana, Nabilla Farah Quraisyta
Randwick International of Social Science Journal, Volume 3, pp 420-426; https://doi.org/10.47175/rissj.v3i2.443

Abstract:
In Indonesia, there are people who feel that the fulfillment of public facilities provided by the government has not been fully fulfilled. This has an impact on the disappointment of the people who feel that their rights have only been violated or not fulfilled by the government.  The community then files a lawsuit to the Court using the Citizen lawsuit method Lawsuits. Many of these lawsuits were rejected by the courts because they were deemed not to meet the elements of the Citizen Lawsuit . Citizen Lawsuit is a citizen's right to sue which is intended to protect citizens from various losses due to actions, policies or decisions made by the Government. Although b many lawsuits are filed using the Citizen Lawsuit method but there are no laws and regulations governing the lawsuit that . This study aims to describe and analyze questions about what elements must be met so that a lawsuit is categorized as a lawsuit Citizen Lawsuit and Position Citizen Lawsuit in civil procedural law in Indonesia . The research method used was collected using normative research techniques and then analyzed qualitatively , namely an analysis that describes the data obtained in the form of sentence descriptions. Then a conclusion is drawn which is the answer to the problem. It is hoped that in the future there will be a definite rule regarding the model of the Citizen Lawsuit lawsuit in Indonesia, as well as the rules regarding Class Action and Legal Standing
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