Journal of Community and Social Health Nursing

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EISSN : 2582-7308
Total articles ≅ 9
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Seema Yadav
Journal of Community and Social Health Nursing, Volume 4, pp 25-29; https://doi.org/10.46610/jcshn.2022.v04i02.006

Abstract:
A descriptive study was undertaken to assess the knowledge of adolescents regarding effects of consanguineous marriages at Gokul Junior College, Hyderabad' It was conducted by Dr Seema Yadav. Objectives of the Study: To assess the knowledge regarding effects of consanguineous marriages among junior college students. To determines the association between the knowledge with selected demographic variables like age, gender, education, occupation, and place of residence. Research Methodology: A non-experimental descriptive design was adopted for the study. An extensive and study of selected literature was done to develop structured knowledge questionnaire for assessing the knowledge and response of the students regarding consanguineous marriages. The study was limited to adolescents of junior college students 16-18 years, studying Junior College, Hyderabad. A total sample of 60 students was at the time of data collection. Data was collected with the help of structured questionnaire. Results: A study was conducted in Gokul Junior College between age group of 16-18 years including both males and females to assess the knowledge on effects of us marriages with the help of structured questionnaire with 22% Hindus, 37% Muslims. Mostly nuclear families with 35% and joint families with 25% were included. The results of the study were 10% of the students had below average knowledge, 68.3% students had average knowledge and 21.7% students had above average knowledge.
Mursalim Khan, Deepika Bajwan, S.P Subashini
Journal of Community and Social Health Nursing, Volume 4, pp 5-9; https://doi.org/10.46610/jcshn.2022.v04i02.002

Abstract:
Substance or illicit drug use is a not kidding general medical condition influencing normally teenagers and youthful grown-ups. It influences males and females both. It is the significant wellspring of violations in youth and wellbeing related issues in numerous networks. It hurts unborn infants and annihilates families. As shown by the demonstrative and measurable manual of mental issue “the fundamental component of substance abuse jumble is a group of mental, social and physiological side effects demonstrating the singular keeps on utilizing the substance in spite of critical substance related issues”. Substances that are mishandled are numerous and incorporate liquor, tobacco/nicotine, caffeine, marijuana, inhalants, narcotics, tranquilizers, hostile to nervousness and hypnotics, psychostimulants like cocaine, amphetamine, methamphethamine and stimulants.
Jyothi L Gowda, Veena V, Shwetha B L
Journal of Community and Social Health Nursing, Volume 3, pp 16-21; https://doi.org/10.46610/jcshn.2021.v03i02.005

Abstract:
Childhood Obesity is defined as excess or abnormal increase of fat accumulation in the body. Early, developed countries were facing this childhood obesity but now it has moved to developing countries. According to World Health Organization (WHO), 39 million children under the age of 5 are obese and overweight in 2020 and 340 million adolescents and children aged between 5-19 were obese and overweight in 2016. According to Center for Disease Control, prevalence of obesity in United States was 19.3% and affected about 14.4 million adolescents and children in 2018. Moreover, in the adult population morbidity and mortality is increased in individuals who were overweight in adolescence, even if they lose the extra weight during adulthood. Diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, gastro intestinal disturbance, respiratory problems, orthopedic disorders once considered as adult problems now has become major health issue in children’s. Timely action must be initiated to combat the rising epidemic of childhood obesity and its consequences. However, by periodic surveillance on nutrition and childhood obesity in community, using various strategies at home and providing needy based intervention by schools care services, formulating and implementing structured policies will reduce the impact of childhood obesity worldwide.
Jyothi L Gowda, Veena V, Shwetha B L
Journal of Community and Social Health Nursing pp 16-21; https://doi.org/10.46610/jcshn.2021.v03i02.004

Abstract:
Childhood Obesity is defined as excess or abnormal increase of fat accumulation in the body. Early, developed countries were facing this childhood obesity but now it has moved to developing countries. According to World Health Organization (WHO), 39 million children under the age of 5 are obese and overweight in 2020 and 340 million adolescents and children aged between 5-19 were obese and overweight in 2016. According to Center for Disease Control, prevalence of obesity in United States was 19.3% and affected about 14.4 million adolescents and children in 2018. Moreover, in the adult population morbidity and mortality is increased in individuals who were overweight in adolescence, even if they lose the extra weight during adulthood. Diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, gastro intestinal disturbance, respiratory problems, orthopedic disorders once considered as adult problems now has become major health issue in children’s. Timely action must be initiated to combat the rising epidemic of childhood obesity and its consequences. However, by periodic surveillance on nutrition and childhood obesity in community, using various strategies at home and providing needy based intervention by schools care services, formulating and implementing structured policies will reduce the impact of childhood obesity worldwide.
R. Geetha
Journal of Community and Social Health Nursing, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.46610/jcshn.2021.v03i02.001

Abstract:
Sexual abuse also referred to as molestation. The term is also covering any behaviour by on adult or older adolescents towards a referred to as child sexual abuse or statutory rape. In the global, India is the largest number of children 375 million, covering forty percentage of its population, out of which sixty-nine percentage of Indian girls are victims of physical, emotional and sexual abuse. Apart from that 70% of cases are unreported or unshared even with family members Global Prevalence of Sexual Abuse. Child Sexual Abuse rate among the girls are consistently higher than in boys. Prevalence rates of Child sexual abuse range from 8% to 31% for females and 3% to 17% for males. Prevalence rates may be attributed to different operational definitions of Child Sexual Abuse, as well as differences in occurrence of Child Sexual Abuse among varied populations across geographical regions. Prevalence rates also affected gender predicting factors.
Hemavathi P, Kavya P, Senthamarai D, Neelavathi J, Vennila G, Manjubharathi M, Dayana Rambaud P, Punithavathi V, K Ravichandran
Journal of Community and Social Health Nursing, Volume 3, pp 30-39; https://doi.org/10.46610/jcshn.2021.v03i01.005

D. Priyadharshini, A Felicia Chitra
Journal of Community and Social Health Nursing, Volume 3, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.46610/jcshn.2021.v03i01.001

Abstract:
The RMNCH+A strategy formed in February 2013 by Government of India. It comprised of five components Reproductive, Maternal, New-born, child, and adolescent health. The aim is to give quality care and routine monitoring of health and appropriate interventions. And the goals of RMNCH+A is to reduce infant mortality rate, maternal mortality ratio, under-five mortality rate, neonatal mortality rate and total fertility rate. For effective implementation of schemes and programmes at gross root level the NRHM-National rural health mission introduces ASHA (Accredited Social health activist). Hear an overview of RMNCH+A strategy, approaches, indicators and Reproductive health, schemes, maternal indicators, maternal health schemes, new born health and schemes, child health, adolescent health and about ASHA and role of ASHA in RMNCH+A programme.
Chinmaya Choudhury, Nabanita Jena, Manju Bala Dash
Abstract:
Background: Occupational health hazards are leading cause of deaths and diseases among industrial worker worldwide. The health hazards affect the industrial worker in many ways – physical damage to death. Methods: A descriptive survey design with quantitative approach was undertaken to identify the risks among workers exposed to occupational health hazards in view of developing an information booklet on awareness and its prevention in a selected steel industry of Odisha, with the objectives to identify the risks of occupational health hazards and their association between the demographic variables among the workers. 215 workers were selected by purposive sampling technique and data was collected through structured interview schedule. Results: Findings of the study reveals that the highest percentage (74.88%) of workers were at high risk. 24.65% were in moderate risk and the rest 0.47% were low risk to occupational health hazards. Among the areas of occupational health hazards the highest 84% were exposed to psychological hazards and the lowest 61% were exposed to biological hazards and the rest 80.17%, 72.85%, 71.57%, and 68.2% were exposed to ergonomic hazards, mechanical hazards, physical hazards and chemical hazards respectively. From the above findings it was established that majority of workers are in high risk to occupational health hazards. There was significant association found between occupational health hazards and the demographic variables with professional or vocational education and monthly income (p = <0.05). But no significant association was found to other demographic variables i.e. age, gender, educational qualification, marital status, work experience and personal habits. Conclusion: Thus steel industrial workers need educational programs on awareness to prevent occupational health hazards. So the developed information booklet based on awareness and prevention on occupational health hazards by the researcher will be efficacious in risks reduction of the workers.
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