Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology

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ISSN / EISSN : 2708-7573 / 2708-7581
Published by: LLC OVS (10.17309)
Total articles ≅ 20
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Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 2, pp 60-67; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2021.2.02

Abstract:
Since the implementation of online learning in various countries in the world, all educational institutions have made new learning adjustments. Universities are educational institutions that have also changed the online learning system. but online learning has an impact on academic ethical behavior. Purpose. the aims of this study is to determine the behavior of academic dishonesty when online learning is applied, besides that it also examines the strategies of nursing students majoring in academic dishonesty. Materials and methods. 150 college students participated in filling out an online academic dishonesty questionnaire and we randomly selected 5 nursing students to participate in a focus group discussion to discuss their dishonest behavior during online learning. Results. Our research shows that academic dishonesty behavior in the form of collaboration is common in online learning. In the process, student learning has strategies for committing academic fraud in various ways, including by downloading a friend’s answer file in the online system by logging in using a standard username and password that is not changed by students. In addition, the student chose to behave dishonestly by imitating his friend’s work by simply changing the name rather than trying to answer the question. and take advantage of the whatsapp group application to collaborate in cheating. Conclusions. Collaboration in academic dishonesty predominates: one way is by collaborating in online groups to cooperate with each other illegally. We describe several other forms in detail and discuss them.
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 2, pp 53-59; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2021.2.01

Abstract:
Purpose: identification of the effectiveness of physical education by means of remote technologies for the development of students’ value attitude to their own health in the conditions of quarantine restrictions. Materials and methods. The study involved 3,726 first-year students of the Lviv Polytechnic National University of all educational-and-scientific institutes. Research methods at theoretical and empirical levels were used to solve the tasks. At the theoretical level, general scientific methods were used (analysis, systematization, generalization). At the empirical level of the study, a questionnaire was used. Results. According to a one-year ascertaining experiment, 30% of students consider improving and strengthening of their health as a medical problem that is limited to treatment only. Nevertheless, 70% of respondents believe that it is possible to positively affect their health in the following ways: prevention of diseases by means of physical education (21%), promoting a healthy lifestyle (21%), setting up for “healthy” behavior by means of physical education (24%). When asked whether distanced physical education classes contribute to the development of value attitudes towards their health, the vast majority of students (81% of respondents) claimed that in this way they received new information that they consider useful for maintaining and improving their health. Conclusions. According to the results of the study, it was established that physical education by means of distance technologies contributes to the development of students’ understanding of the need for physical culture, especially in the context of the introduction of quarantine restrictions in higher education institutions. According to the results obtained, the vast majority of students believe that physical education, by means of distance technologies is effective in developing a valued attitude to their own health.
, , Denys Chupikhin
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 2, pp 75-81; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2021.2.04

Abstract:
The aim of the study was to determine the impact of the number of repetitions on the effectiveness of teaching boys aged 7 throwing a small ball. Materials and methods. The study participants were 27 boys aged 7, who were randomly divided into three groups of 9 people each. The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The study examined the impact of the number of repetitions on the effectiveness of teaching boys aged 7 throwing a small ball at a target. A pedagogical experiment studied the impact of 6, 12, and 18 repetitions with a 60-second rest interval on the increase in the level of proficiency in exercises of boys aged 7. In the first group, the boys repeated the task 6 times with a rest interval of 60 s, in the second group – 12 times with a rest interval of 60 s, in the third group 18 times with a rest interval of 60 s. When teaching throwing exercises during the class, the study assessed the level of proficiency by the alternative method (“performed”, “failed”) and calculated the probability of exercise performance (p = n/m, where n is the number of successful attempts, m is the total number of attempts). In teaching boys aged 7, the method of algorithmic instructions was used. The next exercise started after three successful attempts. Throwing a ball at a vertical target was taught. The study materials were processed by the IBM SPSS 20 statistical analysis software. During discriminant analysis, a prognostic model for group membership was created. Results. Discriminant analysis made it possible to determine the impact of the number of repetitions on the effectiveness of developing the skills of throwing a small ball at a target; to answer the question as to how significantly the modes of repetition differ by the effectiveness of motor skills development, to which class the object belongs based on the values of discriminant variables. Conclusions. Based on the analysis of group centroids, it was found that 12 repetitions of the exercise (6 sets 2 time each with a rest interval of 60 s) significantly influence the increase in the level of proficiency in physical education classes. The results of group classification show that 94.4% of the original grouped observations were classified correctly.
Svitlana Marchenko,
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 2, pp 68-74; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2021.2.03

Abstract:
The objective of the study was to examine the level of strength fitness indicators of 10-year-old girls and experimentally test the effectiveness of the impact of play techniques with elements of martial arts on the dynamics of strength development. Materials and methods. The study participants were 20 10-year-old girls who do Kyokushin Karate. The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The following research methods were used to achieve the objective set: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, and methods of mathematical statistics for processing research results. Results. There were the biggest changes in the results of the tests “Lying pull-ups” by 51.1% (p < 0.05), “Push-ups” by 34.1% (p <0.05), and “Bent arm hang” by 26.5% (p < 0.05). Somewhat smaller changes were observed in the tests “Right hand grip test” by 10.8% (p < 0.05), “Left hand grip test” by 10.5% (p <0.05), and “Sit-ups in 1 min” by 13.3% (p < 0.05). The lowest increase in the results was observed in the test “Triple jump on the right and left leg” by 6.6% (p < 0.05). Conclusions. The level of the girls’ strength fitness at the initial stage of the pedagogical experiment conforms to age norms. Most of them are at the average – 40% and above average – 23.6% levels. The remainder of indicators was distributed between the high – 13.6%, below average – 14.3%, and low – 8.6% levels. A comprehensive control of the 10-year-old girls’ strength fitness after the formative experiment showed statistically significant changes in almost all indicators in the experimental group, which used play techniques with elements of martial arts in the following load mode: 5 games, 2 repetitions with rest intervals of 40 s (p < 0.001).
Svitlana Marchenko, Ярослав Вердиш
Published: 28 February 2021
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 2, pp 21-28; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2021.1.03

Abstract:
Мета дослідження – розробка програми тестування координаційної підготовленості школярів на початковому етапі тренування з використанням інформативних тестів, які доступні для застосування в умовах загальноосвітньої школи. Матеріали і методи. У дослідженні взяли участь 20 хлопців 8 років. Діти та їхні батьки були інформовані про всі особливості дослідження і дали згоду на участь в експерименті. Для вирішення поставлених завдань були застосовані такі методи дослідження: аналіз науково-методичної літератури, педагогічне тестування та методи математичної статистики обробки результатів дослідження. Результати. Запропонована батарея тестів усебічно характеризує розвиток координації хлопчиків 8 років. У результаті аналізу кореляційної залежності між тестовими завданнями встановлено їх високу валідність (rxy = 0,575-0,931 при p < 0,01). Обрані нами тести мають добру та відмінну ретестову надійність (rtt = 0,92-0,989). Комбінований тест, який включає в себе як загальні рухові дії, так і елементи карате, має високий ступінь достовірності вимірювання та може замінювати цілу батарею тестів (rtt = 0,979). Висновки. Отримані дані дають підставу стверджувати, що обране комплексне тестування рівня розвитку проявів координаційних здібностей хлопчиків 8 років під час занять карате є доступним, інформативним та надійним, що дає можливість їх рекомендувати для подальшого дослідження в процесі вдосконалення рухової координації.
Published: 28 February 2021
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 2, pp 29-32; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2021.1.04

Abstract:
Мета дослідження – визначити вплив амплітуди руху на результати жиму лежачи у спортсменів, які займаються пауерліфтингом. Матеріали і методи. У дослідженні брали участь дві групи по 10 спортсменів, які займаються пауерліфтингом – юнаки віком 19-20 років. У роботі використано такі методи: спостереження, методи теоретичного аналізу та узагальнення, педагогічний експеримент, педагогічне тестування, методи математичної статистики. Дослідження тривали упродовж п’яти місяців (з 02.11.2019 по 28.03.2020) у ДЮСШ ХТЗ. Комплекси вправ були впровадженні в тренувальний процес спортсменів експериментальної групи. Результати. Результати свідчать про статистично достовірні зміни тренувальних ефектів комплексів вправ на гнучкість хребта у спортсменів експериментальної групи (р < 0,001). Спортсмени даної групи в середньому зменшили амплітуду руху штанги на 4,1 см, що дало їм змогу збільшити силові показники жиму лежачи. Висновки. Після виконання комплексів вправ на гнучкість амплітуда руху штанги у спортсменів експериментальної групи статистично достовірно зменшилася, що позитивно вплинуло на показники жиму лежачи.
, Андрій Демічковський
Published: 28 February 2021
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 2, pp 12-20; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2021.1.02

Abstract:
Мета дослідження – встановити особливості техніко-тактичної підготовки кваліфікованих стрільців з пневматичної гвинтівки на етапі спеціалізованої базової підготовки. Матеріали та методи. Для вирішення поставлених завдань було використано наступні методи дослідження: аналіз та узагальнення науково-методичної літератури, педагогічні спостереження. Аналіз науково-методичної літератури дав змогу встановити, що кількість індивідуальних програм з підготовки стрільців з пневматичної гвинтівки не задовольняє сучасні потреби стрілецького спорту. Педагогічні спостереження використано для вивчення особливостей техніко-тактичного виконання змагальних вправ кваліфікованих спортсменів, а також їх рухових здібностей. Результати. Аналіз змагальної діяльності дозволив визначити, що фази виконання пострілу «прицілювання», «виконання пострілу – активний постріл», «налаштування на постріл» є інформативними показниками техніко-тактичних дій кваліфікованих спортсменів у стрільбі з пневматичної гвинтівки. Було проаналізовано ряд навчально-методичних документів: навчальна програма з підготовки стрільців з кульової стрільби для дитячо-юнацьких спортивних шкіл, спеціалізованих дитячо-юнацьких шкіл олімпійського резерву, шкіл вищої спортивної майстерності та навчальних закладів спортивного профілю; спеціалізована література з підготовки стрільців. У процесі аналізу визначено, що співвідношення наведених сторін підготовки не дає можливості проведення ефективного процесу підготовки спортсменів для досягнення високих спортивних результатів в межах діючих правил змагальної діяльності. Висновки. Детальний аналіз спеціалізованої навчально-методичної літератури для стрільців з пневматичної гвинтівки дозволив встановити, що в групах спеціалізованої базової підготовки спортсменів усі види підготовки виглядають наступним чином: теоретична підготовка зменшується з 3,44 % до 2,6 %, загальна фізична зменшується з 15,0 % до 13,2 %, спеціальна фізична підготовка зменшується з 17,21 % до 15 %, технічна підготовка зростає з 53,5 % до 54,7 %, участь у змаганнях збільшується з 9,05 % до11,7 %, інструкторська та суддівська практика зростає з 1,8 % до 2,8 %.
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 2, pp 5-11; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2021.1.01

Abstract:
Purpose. To identify the state of teaching “Physical Education” by means of distance technologies at the university. Materials and methods. The study involved 3,726 first-year students of the Lviv Polytechnic National University of all educational-and-scientific institutes. The organization of the study was aimed at studying the opinion of students on various issues regarding the quality of distance education in physical education. At the empirical level of the study, a questionnaire was used. Results. The study analyzed the state of physical education at the university by means of distance learning. According to the results of the survey, it was found that the vast majority of surveyed students (81.3%) believe that physical education classes by means of distance learning are necessary in the conditions of introduction of quarantine safety measures. 51.6% of students noted that methodical skills gained during the classes significantly helped them in organizing independent physical training sessions during the suspension of educational activities in auditoriums. 71% support the possibility of physical education classes by means of distance technologies in order to counteract the forced restriction of motor activity. Conclusions. Ensuring the effectiveness of physical education of students in the position of quarantine measures requires new approaches and methods of interaction with students, adequate choice of goals and objectives, organizational forms, methods and means of physical education maintain the proper level of their motor activity and prevent social maladaptation. From the study, we can conclude that physical education by means of distance technologies is in a state of development, but not at such a rapid pace. Instead, on the basis of the study summarizes that the use of distance learning means in physical education of students ensures the formation of values of a healthy lifestyle and maintaining their health at the appropriate level.
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 1, pp 64-69; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.2.03

Abstract:
The purpose of the study was to determine the priority of motor skills in the motor fitness structure of 8-year-old girls. Materials and methods. The study participants were 40 8-year-old girls. The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The study used the following research methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observations, testing of motor fitness, probabilistic approach to assessing the learning process, methods of mathematical statistics. In the experiment, the study controlled the level of proficiency in the following exercises: “Shoulder stand”, “Bridge from supine position”, “One leg swing upward circle”. Results. The level of fitness of the 8-year-old girls is homogeneous by the development of “agility”, “movement coordination”, “speed strength”, and “endurance”; inhomogeneous – by the development of flexibility, arm strength, vestibular stability, and the level of proficiency. The most informative indicators that determine the level of the 8-year-old girls’ motor fitness are: No. 14 “One leg swing upward circle, level of proficiency” (r = 0.890); No. 7 “Mixed hang rope pull-ups, times” (r = 0.889); No. 13 “Bridge from supine position, level of proficiency” (r = 0.842). Conclusions. Based on factor analysis, it was found that the level of proficiency in exercises influences the variation of testing results, and the development of motor skills is a priority in the educational process at primary school. The level of proficiency in the exercises “Shoulder stand” and “One leg swing upward circle” shows that the exercises are difficult for 8-year-old girls to perform. Based on the data analysis, it can be argued that the comprehensive development of motor abilities ensures the formation of motor skills, and the improvement of the level of development of 8-year-old girls’ arm flexors and vestibular stability will positively influence the educational process effectiveness.
Svitlana Marchenko,
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 1, pp 82-88; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2020.2.06

Abstract:
The purpose of the study was to provide a qualitative assessment of coordination abilities development in 7-year-old boys based on the results of comprehensive control. Materials and methods. The study involved 30 7-year-old boys. The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The following research methods were used to solve the tasks set: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, and methods of mathematical statistics for research results processing. Results. To assess the closeness of interrelation between the parameters, the Pearson correlation coefficient was calculated. The Spearman – Brown formula was used to determine the overall reliability (homogeneity) of the test. The study tried out tests that take into account the specific qualities necessary for karate. Their informativity and reliability were revealed. They can be recommended for control of various relatively independent types of coordination abilities of 7-year-old boys who do karate. Nine-point scales for assessing test results were developed. Conclusions. The tests we have tried out, which take into account the specific qualities necessary for karate, are logically and empirically informative and reliable. They can be included in the “Kyokushin Karate” programs for 7-year-old boys at the initial training stage.
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