Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2708-7573 / 2708-7581
Published by: LLC OVS (10.17309)
Total articles ≅ 36
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Published: 28 February 2022
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 3, pp 18-24; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2022.1.03

Abstract:
Purpose. To determine the impact of exercise modes on the effectiveness of teaching boys aged 15 the press headstand and handstand. Materials and methods. The study participants were 20 boys aged 15. The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, discriminant analysis. Results. The assumption was made about a significant influence of the modes of alternating exercise repetitions and the rest interval on the effectiveness of teaching boys aged 15 the press headstand and handstand. The study found that statistically significant differences in the number of repetitions are observed in performing all training tasks. The boys aged 15 who use the second mode (6 sets 2 times each with a rest interval of 60 s) need fewer repetitions to master series of motor tasks 1, 3, 4, 5, and 6. The boys aged 15 who use the first mode (6 sets 1 time each with a rest interval of 60 s) need fewer repetitions to master the second series of training tasks (exercises to master starting and ending positions). Conclusions. The analysis of standardized, structure coefficients, and group centroids revealed that exercise modes significantly influence the process of teaching boys aged 15 the press headstand and handstand during physical education classes. The results of classification of the groups show that 100 % of the original grouped cases were classified correctly. The study found that the mode of 6 sets 2 times each with a rest interval of 60 s is more effective than the mode of 6 sets 1time with a rest interval of 60 s when teaching series of motor tasks 1, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
Eduard Doroshenko, Oleksandr Solovei, Mykhaylo Melnyk
Published: 28 February 2022
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 3, pp 34-40; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2022.1.05

Abstract:
Purpose. To scientifically substantiate the method of teaching game techniques at the stage of initial training to increase the level of technical fitness of young volleyball players. Materials and methods. The experimental research involved 36 young volleyball players born in 2011 – 18 athletes from the CI “Zaporizhzhia Regional Children and Youth Sports School” of the Zaporizhzhia Regional Council (main group) and 18 athletes from the CI “Vilniansk City Children and Youth Sports School ‘Kolos’” (comparison group) during the 2020-2021 academic year. Results. In the course of experimental research, the indicators of physical fitness of young volleyball players of the main group significantly increased in 80% of tests. The analysis of technical fitness indicators of young volleyball players of the main group shows that the introduction of the author’s method affects their positive dynamics in the tests: consecutive wall passes from a 3 m distance in 30 s; consecutive overhead passes in 30 s; consecutive forearm passes in 30 s; tennis ball toss over the net to the front line; tennis ball toss over the net to the back line (statistically significant differences, if p < 0.05). Conclusions. The author’s method of teaching game techniques in volleyball is effective and contains the algorithm of teaching, the levels of mastering game techniques, the stages of teaching game techniques, the sequence of teaching game techniques, the classification, occurrence and prevention of young volleyball players’ errors in the process of teaching game techniques, differentiation of exercises.
Published: 28 February 2022
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 3, pp 11-17; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2022.1.02

Abstract:
Purpose. To determine the impact of exercise modes on the effectiveness of teaching boys aged 14 the press headstand and handstand. Materials and methods. The study participants were 20 boys aged 14. The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, discriminant analysis. Results. The assumption was made about a significant influence of the modes of alternating exercise repetitions and the rest interval on the effectiveness of teaching boys aged 14 the press headstand and handstand. The study found that the mode of 6 sets 1 time each with a rest interval of 60 s is more effective than the mode of 6 sets 2 times each with a rest interval of 60 s when teaching series of training tasks 2, 4, 5, and 6. Conclusions. The analysis of standardized, structure coefficients, and group centroids revealed that exercise modes significantly influence the process of teaching boys aged 14 the press headstand and handstand during physical education classes. The results of classification of the groups show that 100 % of the original grouped cases were classified correctly
Published: 28 February 2022
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 3, pp 25-33; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2022.1.04

Abstract:
Online learning is a substitute for learning in the classroom during a global pandemic. The problem that arises is that academic dishonesty behavior increases when online learning takes place. We assess how academic dishonesty occurs during online learning. Purpose. We examine how academic dishonesty occurs during online learning. We review unethical behavior based on growth mindset and Grit as mediator variables. Materials and methods. The questionnaire was filled out by 266 students (196 female; 70 male) from universities in Indonesia. Data collection uses three scales, namely the academic dishonesty scale (α = 0.862), the growth mindset scale (α = 0.826), and the grit scale (α = 0.760). The path analysis using the multiple linear regression techniques was utilized to analyze the data in this study. Results. This study demonstrates a negative correlation between growth mindset and academic dishonesty, indicating that the more growth mindset, the less academic dishonesty. Additionally, there is a considerable negative correlation between Grit and academic dishonesty, such that the greater a person’s Grit, the less academic dishonesty there is. Additionally, a positive correlation exists between the growth mindset and Grit. The greater one’s growth attitude, the greater one’s Grit. The primary finding is that Grit mediates the growth mindset’s attitude toward academic dishonesty, implying that the growth mindset affects academic dishonesty by Grit. Conclusions. The conclusion is that the growth mindset acts as a buffer against academic dishonesty. However, Grit’s position is ideal for mediating the association between growth mindset and academic dishonesty. Thus, a growth mindset can boost students’ Grit, which can help prevent academic dishonesty. We reviewed recommendations for decreasing unethical behavior in online education and its consequences for higher education.
Published: 28 February 2022
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 3, pp 41-45; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2022.1.06

Abstract:
The purpose of the study was to determine the age-related peculiarities of the functional state of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems of 1st-5th year female students of a higher education institution. Materials and methods. The study participants were 200 female students: 1st year (n = 44); 2nd year (n = 38); 3rd year (n = 42); 4th year (n = 44); 5th year (n = 32). To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: analysis of scientific-methodological and medical literature, pedagogical observation, index method, medical and biological methods, ascertaining experiment, and methods of mathematical statistics. Results. The study found that at the age of 19 there is a significant deterioration in the results of breathhold in the Stange test (49 s) and the Genchi test (38 s) (P < 0.05). At the age of 21, there is a decrease in the Ruffier index (12.4 – “satisfactory”) and the average heart rate after exercise (f1 = 34.7), while there is a decrease in heart rate (f2 = 25.8) after a standard recovery pause (P < 0.05). This indicates that during this period, there occur the most successful compensatory processes of cardiovascular activity. At 21-22 (4th-5th years of study), there is an increase in heart rate before exercise (f0), and the Stange test result improves. Conclusions. The results of comparative analysis show that with age the number of female students with a “satisfactory” result of the Ruffier index increases (59.4%), and a “good” heart result decreases (15.6%). At the age of 21, women have better heart rate, and at 22, they have better results in breath-holding under hypoxia.
Mykhailo Kharkovshchenko
Published: 28 February 2022
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 3, pp 5-10; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2022.1.01

Abstract:
The purpose of the study was to determine the peculiarities of programmed teaching of the cartwheel to girls aged 14. Material and methods. The study participants were 20 girls aged 14. The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, factor analysis, nearest neighbor analysis. Results. The analysis of the effectiveness of the program of teaching girls aged 14 the cartwheel, using different repetition modes (1 – mode of 6 sets 1 time each with a rest interval of 60 s; 2 – mode of 6 sets 2 times each with a rest interval of 60 s) showed that the girls of the first group need fewer repetitions to master the cartwheel than the girls of the second group (p < 0.05). Thus, repetition modes have statistically significantly different effects on the cartwheel motor skill development in girls aged 14. The analysis of similarities revealed that the program components are interrelated. Conclusions. Factor analysis showed that teaching programs organized by the method of algorithmic instructions are combined in nature. The analysis of similarities revealed that the program components are interrelated. Series of training tasks 2, 3, and 5 are most correlated with one another and provide conditions for teaching girls aged 14 the cartwheel. Optimization of the number of repetitions of the exercise depends on the speed of mastering the exercises of the third and fourth series of training tasks.
, Svitlana Marchenko
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 2, pp 111-118; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2021.3.02

Abstract:
Мета дослідження – експериментально встановити оптимальні умови навантаження для побудови серії навчальних завдань спрямованих на засвоєння вправи «Удар ногою в сторону «йоко гері кекомі» на середньому рівні «чудан». Матеріали і методи. У дослідженні взяли участь 32 хлопці 10 років. Діти та їхні батьки були інформовані про всі особливості дослідження і дали згоду на участь в експерименті. Для вирішення поставлених завдань були використані методи дослідження: вивчення та аналіз науково-методичної літератури, педагогічне спостереження, хронометраж навчальних завдань, педагогічний експеримент, методи математичної статистики, методи математичного планування експерименту. У процесі навчання використовувався метод алгоритмічних розпоряджень. Результати. Перевірка однорідності дисперсій за допомогою критерію Кохрена показала, що у всіх чотирьох вибірках розбіжність між дисперсіями вважається випадковою для обраного рівня значимості 0,05. В усіх серіях виконується умова Gр
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 2, pp 105-110; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2021.3.01

Abstract:
The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of the number of repetitions on the effectiveness of teaching boys aged 15 a cartwheel. Materials and methods. The study participants were 20 boys aged 15. The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of trainingtasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, discriminant analysis. Results. The assumption was made about a significant influence of the modes of alternating exercise repetitions and the rest interval on the effectiveness of motor skills development in boys aged 15. The study found that 6 sets 1 time each with a rest interval of 60 s are more effective than 6 sets 2 times each with a rest interval of 60 s when teaching the ability to assess movement performance by time (p < 0.001). And with the first exercise mode, fewer repetitions are needed to master the entire cartwheel. This is due to the fact that differentiation of time characteristics requires immediate information about the movement performance after each repetition. Conclusions. Based on the analysis of group centroids, it was found that 6 repetitions of the exercise (6 sets 1 time each with a rest interval of 60 s) significantly influence the cartwheel skill development in boys aged 15 during physical education classes. The results of group classification show that 95.0% of the original grouped observations were classified correctly.
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 2, pp 134-139; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2021.3.05

Abstract:
The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of exercise modes on the effectiveness of teaching girls aged 15 a cartwheel. Materials and methods. The study participants were 20 girls aged 15. The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, discriminant analysis. Results. The analysis of averages shows that statistically significant differences in the number of repetitions are observed in performing series of training tasks 1, 2, and 4 (p < 0.05). The girls aged 15 who use the first mode (6 sets 1 time each with a rest interval of 60 s) need fewer repetitions to master the movements of the first (exercises to develop motor abilities) and the second (exercises to master starting and ending positions) series of tasks. The girls who use the second mode (6 sets 2 times each with a rest interval of 60 s) need fewer repetitions to master the movements of the fourth series of tasks (ability to assess movements in space, by time and muscular effort) (p < 0.05). Conclusions. Discriminant analysis made it possible to determine the impact of the number of repetitions on the effectiveness of developing the cartwheel skill in girls aged 15. During motor skills development, both the first and the second variants of exercise modes and rest intervals can be used. For series of tasks 1 and 2, it is advisable to use 6 sets 1 time each with a rest interval of 60 s; for series of tasks 3, 5, and 6 – 6 sets 1 time each with a rest interval of 60 s or 6 sets 2 times each with a rest interval of 60 s; for series 4 – 6 sets 2 times each with a rest interval of 60 s.
Владислав Дрюков, Svitlana Marchenko
Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology, Volume 2, pp 119-127; https://doi.org/10.17309/jltm.2021.3.03

Abstract:
The purpose of the study was to determine the factor model of morphofunctional and motor fitness of 9-year-old girls at the stage of initial selection for the Kyokushin Karate sports section. Materials and methods. The study involved 34 girls 9 years old. The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and agreed to participate in the experiment. To solve the tasks were used research methods: theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical testing; methods of mathematical and statistical data processing. Results. The most informative for a comprehensive assessment of the prospects of children during the selection for training in the sports section of karate are the results of tests: from a sitting position (0,848). Tests that characterize anthropometric indicators were quite informative: “Chest circumference” (0.746), “Body weight” (0.807), “Body length” (0.739) and morphofunctional indicators “Vital capacity of the lungs” (0.747), “Dynamometry of the right hand” (0,804), “Dynamometry of the left hand” (0,754). Conclusions. Factor analysis made it possible to identify the factors with the highest contribution to the total variance of indicators. Based on the results of factor analysis, the optimal selection program is constructed, the priority place in which is occupied by anthropometric, morphofunctional indicators and processes of development of motor abilities.
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