Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2088-3129 / 2460-8467
Published by: Universitas Ahmad Dahlan (10.12928)
Total articles ≅ 131
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Isik Zeliha Ulubas, Kaj Björkqvist, Patrik Söderberg
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 318-338; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20029

Abstract:
The study investigates the effect of immigrant background and sex on perceived ethnic discrimination and school connectedness in Finland. An online questionnaire was completed by 1,827 adolescents (12-19 years of age) from both Finnish and Swedish speaking schools in Western Finland. Adolescents’ family background was categorized as either native, multicultural, or immigrant. Perceived ethnic discrimination was examined according to its source, whether it acted out by peers, by teachers, or by someone else. Adolescents with an immigrant background were found to have higher scores of perceived ethnic discrimination regardless of its source, and lower school connectedness than other groups. Boys had higher scores of perceived ethnic discrimination by peers and by someone else, and they also reported higher school connectedness than girls. There was also a significant interaction effect between immigrant background and student sex, so that girls with a multicultural background experienced higher levels of discrimination by peers and discrimination by someone else than boys with a multicultural background.
Erika Setyanti Kusumaputri, Sitta Puteri Kumalasari, Sabiqotul Husna
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 290-317; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.19947

Abstract:
Millennial generation employees were expected to have the ability to create and innovate. This ability will lead to creative behaviour particularly when companies support employee welfare which was strengthened by organizational citizenship behaviour (OCB). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between organizational citizenship behaviour as a mediator of perceived organizational support (POS) for creative behaviour. The number of research participants was 157 millennial generation employees from Indonesian start-up companies. Data were collected using the creative behaviour scale (α = 0.887), the POS scale (α = 0.945), and the OCB scale (α = 0.951). The results of the study based on the path analysis method showed that the indirect effect had a coefficient of 0.339 (p <0.05), which means that there was a positive relationship between POS and creative behaviour through OCB. The positive sign on the correlation coefficient showed the direction of a positive relationship, which means that the higher the POS employees have, the higher the employee's creative behaviour through OCB. OCB as a mediator contributed 46.4% to POS towards creative behaviour.Keywords: millennial generation, organizational citizenship behaviour, perceived organizational support, creative behaviour
Ghea Mangkuliguna, Mahaputra Mahaputra, Veronika Maria Sidharta, Linawati Hananta
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 175-196; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.19969

Abstract:
During the COVID-19 pandemic, medical students might be vulnerable to excessive screen time exposure to cope with distance learning-induced distress. This study aimed to evaluate the distress and screen time before and after distance learning was initiated. Data were collected from 215 subjects. Statistical significance was accepted at P<0.05. The prevalence of distress among medical students was 25.61% and 27.06% before and after distance learning was executed, respectively. Academic-related stressor (ARS) was reported by 49.28% and 63.29% of students during the first and second surveys. The proportion of students with daily screen time ≥7 hours was 51.21% and 63.77% for the first and second surveys, respectively. ARS, interpersonal and intrapersonal-related stressor (IRS), social-related stressor (SRS), and average daily screen time significantly rose in 3-month-time (P<0.0001, P=0.0014, P=0.0261, P=0.0022). There was a significant association between distress and screen time (P=0.0313). ARS was the leading cause of distress. The majority of respondents had a daily screen time ≥7 hours. Both distress and screen time levels significantly increased as distance learning kept progressing.Keywords: COVID-19; distance learning; mental distress; medical students; screen time.
Widya Wijaya Kusuma Putri, Yusti Probowati, Ayuni Arunima
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 375-383; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20649

Abstract:
Referring to the theory of planned behavior, behavior appear because of behavior intention, where personality was one of behavior intention’s factor. The aims of this study was to examine the correlation between dark triad personality and corrupt intention in government employees. Data were collected using accidental sampling with cross-sectional survey quantitative research design on 75 government employees from four different sub-district. The result showed that there was a significant positive correlation between dark triad personality and corrupt intention (r=0,415; p=0,001). Additional analysis showed that corruption is a crime caused of weak regulation system and supervision (PBC r=0,665). Last but not least, dark triad personality’s aspect narcissism was the most influenced of corrupt intention (r=0,413). The theoretical implication found in this study was, dark triad personality is nit direct predictor of corrupt intention, but an indirect predictor through attitude towards behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavior control.
Wiwik Sulistiani, Dewi Retno Suminar, Wiwin Hendriani, Suryanto Suryanto
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 249-274; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.19967

Abstract:
Career adaptation is important for individuals, especially for individuals who are preparing for a future career. The purpose of this study is to describe the career adaptation of marine cadets and discuss the factors supporting the adaptation of marine cadet careers. Research respondents were marine education cadets in Surabaya, Indonesia. Data analysis used content analysis. Marine cadets that show the four dimensions of career adaptation are 58%. In addition, the results of the study showed that the highest supporting factors for career adaptation were parents, and the biggest inhibiting was the cadets themselves. Cadets feel irritable, bored, and feel don't have enough time to study. Cadets also feel the demands of high duties during education. Further research is needed related to internal and external factors that affect career adaptability.
Surya Cahyadi, Miryam Wedyaswari, Erna Susiati, Rasni Adha Yuanita
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 351-375; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.19912

Abstract:
Writing an undergraduate thesis is a formidable task, especially in Indonesia where writing is not engrained in its culture. Therefore, this study aims to explore the internal and external factors in writing an undergraduate thesis. A qualitative research design was used. Phase 1 used an online questionnaire (n= 143) to find encouraging and obstructing factors. Phase 2 used an in-depth interview (n = 48) to validate findings from Phase 1. A general inductive approach was used to analyze data. Phase 1’s findings were students’ perceptions about undergraduate thesis and categories of encouraging and obstructing factors in writing a thesis. Writing undergraduate thesis was more driven by external factors (e.g.deadlines, others' expectations) than by internal factors. Neglect of writing the thesis, however, was caused more by internal factors (e.g. lack of knowledge and skills, doing other activities). Phase 2’s findings validated phase 1’s findings which consist of 11 encouraging and 8 obstructing factors.Keywords: Undergraduate thesis performance, undergraduate research, writing a thesis, university students, qualitative exploratory study
Triantoro Safaria, Khoiruddin Bashori
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 197-208; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20602

Abstract:
Several previous studies have explained that cyberbullying has a negative impact on the victim. Currently, there are no research findings that examine the relationship between religiosity and spiritual meaning with cyberbullying. The current study is conducted to answer the gap of existing knowledge. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between religiosity and spiritual meaning with cyberbullying behavior. The research sample the students from a private university in Yogyakarta totaling 152 people (74 (49.3%) male; 76 (50.7%) female) who were taken by purposive sampling technique. Three questionnaires were used to collect the data. Regression analysis was implemented. The results of this study indicated that there is a very significant relationship between religiosity and spiritual meaningfulness with cyberbullying behavior. The implication of this research is to emphasize the role of religiosity and spiritual meaning for adolescents to prevent cyberbullying behavior.Keywords: Religiosity, spiritual meaning, and cyberbullying behavior
Amirah Widia Adiarti, Dimyati Dimyati
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 155-174; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20326

Abstract:
Although the job demands-resources model (JD-R) is getting much attention in the literature, there is limited, if any, empirical research in Indonesia. This study used the JD-R model to predict job satisfaction in Indonesia with a sample of 17,177 employees. Using data from the 5th wave of the Indonesian Family Life Survey, Exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and structural equation modeling (SEM) were performed for data analysis. The main findings revealed a positive relationship between job resources and job satisfaction, and a negative relationship between challenging job demands and job satisfaction beyond the contribution of gender, age, education, marital status, and job type. The findings of this study suggest that managers should provide employees with more resources and engage them in crafting behaviors.Keywords: job demands, job resources, job satisfaction, JD-R model, Indonesia
Dimas Aryo Wicaksono, Adiyo Roebianto,
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 229-248; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20260

Abstract:
This study's purpose is to analyze the psychometric properties of the Indonesian version of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental WellBeing Scale (WEMWBS) using the Rasch model measurement analysis to test its reliability of measurements, item fit statistics, rating scale functions, and differential item functioning. A total of 855 Indonesian samples completed 14-items in the Indonesian version of WEMWBS. The Rasch analysis indicates that the data fit the model, the item-person reliability is above 0.8, and the item-person separation is above the minimum requirement. All items in the instrument have met the statistic criteria indices in terms of outfit mean square as all item-measure correlation is above 0.4. The Likert rating scale analyses found the scale functioning properly and free from disordered thresholds. Lastly, DIF by gender was detected in three items. Further testing and refinement need to be conducted to ensure the reliability of the Indonesian version of WEMWBS.Keywords: Mental Well-Being, WEMWBS, Validation, Rasch model, DIF.
Ika Febrian Kristiana, Erin Ratna Kustanti,
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 209-228; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20647

Abstract:
Gratitude can motivate everyone to be pro-socially behaved, create a positive social relation, and build the sense of togetherness in the school community. This research examines to measure the effect of gratitude training on teacher’s prosocial behavior in inclusive school with special need student (SEN). This is the quasi experimental research. There were 120 subjects divided into two groups, control and experiment. The treatment given to the experiment group was gratitude training. Data collected by using the sixteen items of the prosocialness scale for adults by Caprara et.al (2005) that has an excellent reliability (ω=0.980, 95%CI=0.972,0988) and distributed twice on pre and post-test. Statistical analysis showed (rB=0.339, p=.001, Hodges’ g=-3.000, 95% CI=-5.00, -1.00) that is means gratitude training have had an effect that tends to be moderate to the teacher’s prosocialness. However, this research’s findings display that gratitude is one of important psychological strength to motivate teachers’ prosocialness in inclusive school. This finding can serve as recommendations for prosocialness improvement programs for inclusive teachers in Indonesia with all its realities.
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