Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia
ISSN / EISSN : 1907-3933 / 2087-9059
Current Publisher: Institut Pertanian Bogor (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 46
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 13, pp 13-18; doi:10.29244/jli.v13i1.33321
The poor environmental conditions in Jakarta indicate that housing residents are not healthy, therefor the need for green open spaces that are close to housing is very important. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of green open space on the health perceptions of housing residents. The research method used is descriptive quantitative with primary data collection stages; limiting the distance of the research location area within a radius of 1-3 km; perform multiple linear regression analysis and cross-tabulation. The results of this study indicate that the negative coefficient is not unidirectional; the adolescent and elderly age group had a good healthy perception, reaches 42.7%; male gender showed a good healthy perception 35.4%; Housing residents who do not work have a healthy perception of 33.3%. The perception of health decreases with increasing distance and is increasingly visible in residents who live within 1-3 km of green open space. This research serves as input to related agencies that the minimum distance of green open space to housing is 300-1000 m because it is important to provide good health effects for housing residents.
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 13, pp 27-32; doi:10.29244/jli.v13i1.33323
Bali is a tourist destination that is very popular in the country of Indonesia with a wealth of natural and cultural potential that is presented on this island of a thousand temples. One of the tourist objects in Bali, especially in Denpasar City, is the Kertalangu Cultural Village Tourism Object, which is located in the village of Kesiman Kertalangu. This tourism object offers local cultural potential and visual potential in the form of rice fields which can be an alternative tourism in the middle of conventional tourism development in Denpasar. However, the lack of attractiveness in this tourist attraction area has made visitors less enthusiastic about coming on a tour, so research is needed regarding the assessment of visual quality in this area as an effort to increase the attractiveness of traveling by optimizing the visual quality of the site. The purpose of this study was to examine the visual quality that can be an attraction in the Kertalangu Cultural Village. The methods used are VRAP and field surveys. The results provide some recommendations to develop landscape designs for Kertalangu Cultural Village based on the use of visuals and local cultural values.
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 13; doi:10.29244/jli.v13i1.35154
Pengantar Redaksi Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol 13 Nomor 1 Tahun 2021
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 13, pp 19-26; doi:10.29244/jli.v13i1.33322
The problem of visual pollution in the Philippines has been increasingly evident, and people are becoming aware of it. But to create effective solutions, a deep understanding of the problem should first be established. This paper was aimed to identify, analyze, and measure the visual pollution present in Intramuros, a heritage city in the Philippines that encapsulates the Philippine colonial architecture in the 1890s. The site is known for its preservation of its city image but also modern landscape changes. To achieve the goal, the application of the Indirect and Direct Method of Landscape Evaluation was executed. These methods led to two results: (1) the identification of components— which are landscape attributes and indicators, that make up a visual landscape; and (2) the understanding of how it is perceived by the observer through a survey and interviews, which are quantified by ratings. To further understand the relationship of indicators and ratings with each other, a series of correlational studies was done. This resulted to the establishment of Disturbance, Stewardship, and Image Rating as the primary descriptors of visual pollution. A weighted average formula was then established, which quantified the visual pollution of Intramuros through indicator values and response ratings. It was concluded that visual pollution in Intramuros, through research-based methodology, can be identified, analyzed, and measured. Specific viewpoints in the district were identified as unacceptably visually-polluted. Magallanes St. cor. Victoria St. in Intramuros had the highest VP Score at -4.886. Elements that contributed to visual pollution were also identified.
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 13, pp 1-6; doi:10.29244/jli.v13i1.32696
Kampung Kusamba Village is a relatively small size village in the Bali Island with a majority Muslim population. The village area is surrounded by villages that are predominantly Hindu. The Kampung Kusamba is an example that tolerance in social life is actualized. This research emphasizes on documenting tolerance between Kampung Kusamba dwellers with the Balinese through architectural forms and folklores, myths, or any other oral histories. The research method used is qualitative. Data were collected using a purposive approach, utilizing an in-depth interview technique to resource persons and photographic surveyed for architectural forms. The analysis was carried out descriptively using an ethnographic domain analysis technique approach. Preliminary findings from this study were that physical architectural features that reflect the local culture are the same or almost the same as Balinese architecture. A form of tolerance was also found in the form of artifacts that reflected the diversity of the population of Kampung Kusamba in the past. Oral histories of the past as a manifestation of the intangible landscape also showed the attitude and tolerance of the people of Kampung Kusamba and the people who live in Bali respectively. Moreover, there was also a story that shows the position and special relationship of Kampung Kusamba with Klungkung Royal.
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 13, pp 7-12; doi:10.29244/jli.v13i1.33072
Facility planning will be successful if every process always consider the user and activities aspects. This aspects also applies to the agrotourism area, where tourist preference and segmentation can be used to understand visitor desires. This research aims to identify preferences and characteristics of the tourist segmentation in the visited agrotourism areas. This research used a grounded theory approach with qualitative exploratory methods. Data was collected online in an open–ended and close–ended questionnaire which was analyzed in 3 steps; open coding, axial coding, and selective coding. Based on the analysis results, tourists’ preference for visiting agrotourism area were to enjoy natural environment and do various recreational activities. The study also found the tourist characteristics was dominated by visitors who come in groups with close relationship of family and friends. The characteristics of these tourists can be used as a basis of harmonisation for determining the criteria of facilities in agrotourism where the implemented design can give attention to the sustainability (lifecycle) of tourist attraction from natural and economic aspect.
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 12, pp 63-72; doi:10.29244/jli.v12i2.32521
Horizontal Urban Expansions Model significantly contributes to land transformation and affects multiple problems including environtmental damage. Ideally it must be balanced by Urban Green Space supply for sustainability and liveabilty of a City. Society aspect become apart of sustainability’s domain and human factors will be considered through perception. In order to implement as mandatory of Law of Republic of Indonesia no 26/2007 Concerning Spatial Management, local government needs to basically establish local regulation on how to carry it out. The Depok City Government Public Space Regulation has already been arranged through Depok City’s Mission (2016-2021) which Increase the quality of the public services, and building infrastructure and open space including Mayor’s Promise to build urban park in 63 of Depok’s urban village. Since it was on first year, there were disagreement where the inhabitants refused park development around them. This study wants to find out the factors influencing inhabitant’s response to Pondok Jaya Urban Village Park Development. The research is using qualitative method with Case Study and an in-depth interview, analyzing qualitative data by open coding, axial coding and selective coding analysis. The research’s result revealed three category of inhabitant’s response who has different causal factors, they are Strongly Agree (precedent, physical & social benefit), Somewhat Agree (priviledges, maintenance & concept planning) and Strongly Disagree (Intervnetion, Development Process, Existing Condition & authority-function changes). This study may gain knowledge and understanding the way to better formulation of next Depok’s public green space regulation.
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 12, pp 73-78; doi:10.29244/jli.v12i2.32533
Landscape plants is one of horticultural plants, wich has a few functions, such as for esthetics plant, giving shade on the road, hedges and absorbing air pollution. Judging from its existence, landscape plants are often facing problem, such as clash with air pollution, as a result of the process of photosynthesis on the plants are disrupted. This research is conducted in two locations in the city of Sidoarjo, at the Alun-alun Sidoarjo area as the control location (L0) and Aloha area as the polluted location (L1). Method to determine tolerance level through calculation of APTI (Air Pollution Tolerance Index) with parameters of leaf pH, water content, ascorbic acid and chlorophyll.
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 12, pp 79-88; doi:10.29244/jli.v12i2.32690
Malang City has a number of tourism potentials that can attract tourists. The location of Malang City is very strategic because it is in a highland and has a comfortable temperature. The existence of Malang City is very strategic because access to and tourist attractions in Malang City is very easy, one of which is via train. Malang City has various potential natural, man-made, and indigenous landscapes. Natural resources and unique culture of the community need to be maintained and preserved. One of them is the Trunojoyo City park which is located in front of the entrance or the entrance gate for tourists from the New Station of Malang City. For that, it is necessary to evaluate the characteristics of the city of Malang so that it can support a positive destination image regarding the city of Malang as a tourist destination. The problems in the research location, apart from the unorganized condition of the park, also the lack of a strong character as a city identity, the lack of public appreciation of the existence of city parks. The main function of several parks is not yet clear and is not yet supported by landscape elements that are able to accommodate the activities of its users. This study aims to redesign Trunojoyo City Park, Malang City, so that it can be developed as an ideal and sustainable New City Park. The resulting output is in the form of site plans, cutout drawings, and detailed drawings. While the method used to analyze is descriptive qualitative by referring to the Judge design process (2018). The results of this study indicate that the Trunojoyo city park is not suitable and does not meet the existing standards on the carrying capacity of the park so that a park design recommendation must be provided.
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 12, pp 41-53; doi:10.29244/jli.v12i2.32383
The coastal areas are vulnerable areas to disaster threats, especially the geological hazards of earthquakes accompanied by tsunamis. Palu City, which is located on the west coast of Sulawesi, experienced a natural disaster of an earthquake, tsunami, and liquefaction on September 28, 2018. Based on the Map of Disaster Prone Index in Central Sulawesi Province, Palu City is a tsunami-prone area that is crossed by the Palu-Koro Fault. Tsunami disaster mitigation efforts in coastal areas can be done by planting mangrove ecosystems as a green barrier. The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of the coastal landscape in Palu City and plan the landscape of tsunami mitigation based on mangrove ecosystems in Palu City. The method used spatial analysis method and descriptive method, as well as the research stage, consists of preparation, data analysis, data synthesis, and landscape planning stage. The basic concept of tsunami mitigation landscape planning is to reduce or eliminate disaster risk in coastal areas based on mangrove ecosystems. The concept of spatial pattern concept consists of high hazard zones, medium hazard zones, and low hazard zones. The concept of vegetation refers to the diversity of mangrove and native plant species as green open spaces and green barriers.