Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1907-3933 / 2087-9059
Published by: Journal of Consumer Sciences (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 103
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Nur Aliyah, Supriatna, A Azis Kurniawan
Published: 1 October 2022
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 14, pp 45-49; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v14i2.39087

Abstract:
Debris-flow hazards are a hydrometeorological disaster that often occurs in parts of Indonesia. The intensity of Debris-flow hazards increases Debris-flow hazards are a Debris-flow Debris-flow hazards are a hydrometeorological disaster that often occurs in parts of Indonesia. The intensity of Debris-flow hazards increases in various parts of Indonesia in line with climate change and environmental degradation. Sukabumi Regency has a diverse topography with a relatively high annual rainfall rate of 2,805 mm/year with 144 rainy days. In 2020, Sukabumi Regency was affected by Debris-flow hazards in three Districts. In a study by the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB), Sukabumi District is prone to land movements. There has been no study of Debris-flow hazards in the Sukabumi Regency area. This study aims to determine regions of the Sukabumi Regency that have the potential for Debris-flow hazards. It is hoped that the study results will also complement the disaster studies that BNPB has made. The method used is a weighted multi-criteria analysis. The parameters used are rainfall, location of the 2020 flood, slope, land cover, altitude, and soil type. The results showed that the level of vulnerability is very prone to be located in the northern part of Sukabumi.
Sherly Arisanti, Bambang Sulistyantara, Nizar Nasrullah
Published: 1 October 2022
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 14, pp 69-77; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v14i2.40196

Abstract:
The existence of trees in the landscape has an important role to create the comfort for users. The physical condition of the tree is something that needs to be considered in maintaining the comfort of road users. Poor tree conditions is possibly endanger road users if in the rainy season with high rainfall intensity and strong winds which possible cause tree branches to break and trees fall. The purpose of this study is to identify the physical damage of trees and to propose a recommendation for handling them on the green lane. The research was conducted on 3 green lanes, namely Khatib Sulaiman street, Rasuna Said street and Ujung Gurun street in Padang City. The method used refers to the FHM (USDA Forest Health Monitoring) method using the damage index that has been determined by the USDA Forest Service. Based on the results of the study, there were 1,108 trees that were damaged. The location of the most damage occurred on the lower stem of 32.9%, branching in the crown of 20.4% and buds and shoots of 19.8%. There were 11 types of damage that occurred with the most damage, namely open wounds by 32.4%, dead ends by 20.1% and broken or dead branches by 18.1%. The three type of damages are dominated by healthy and moderately damaged trees. Damage handling is done physically and chemically.
Syach Fahreza, Alfred Jansen Sutrisno
Published: 1 October 2022
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 14, pp 78-86; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v14i2.40903

Abstract:
The golf course landscape is one form of sports area that can be a buffer zone between urban and rural areas. The golf course landscape functions as an area to absorb CO2 in the atmosphere, a windbreaker as well as a habitat for birds. The purpose of this research is to produce an ecologically based golf course landscape plan and design. The planning process includes site inventory surveys, site data analysis, design concept creation, golf course design development, and design development. Stages of site analysis using descriptive methods on the biophysical and physical components of the site. Meanwhile, the data analysis used the stored carbon analysis method is a allometric equation. The results show that in planning the golf course landscape, the landscape is divided into three spaces, namely the game area, maintenance area and service area. Then, landscape planning also determines the proposed contour, proposed drainage, and vegetation selection.The results of the planning are used to design the landscape, where the planting design is determined based on the composition of the vegetation that produces the highest stored carbon, which consists of grass, herbs, shrubs and trees. Then, the selection of vegetation that can bring birds and vegetation that can break the wind. The forms of planning and designing the golf course landscape are in the form of proposed contour drawings, proposed drainage, spatial concepts and three-dimensional visualization of the golf course landscape.
Ruzeilawati Wasi'Atu Lathifah, Dewi Rezalini Anwar
Published: 1 October 2022
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 14, pp 50-59; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v14i2.39097

Abstract:
Sabang City is the western boundary of Indonesia and is known as zero kilometer of Indonesia. Zero Km Monument Indonesia is geographical marker and tourist destination in Sabang City. However, landscape of this monument still has problems, such as less up to date monument, dirty and messy surroundings, deck is less secure, there are disturbance of wild monkeys, and lack of existing facilities. Furthermore, as tsunami affected area, local community demonstrated signs of emotional distress and depressive symptoms. This condition can affect human behaviour in utilizing outdoor space and needs to be considered for further development. The objectives of this study include (1) identifying, analyzing, creating synthesis potentials and constraints and (2) creating concept and redesigning landscape of 0 Km Monument Indonesia. The method used in this study is descriptive and spatial analysis method with field observation, questionnaire, interviews, and literature studies. The main concept of this study is to create a tourist destination that can be used as healing spot in Sabang City. This design concept is bungong jeumpa, a natural element that support healing concept and an iconic symbol that represents to Aceh. It is implemented to design pattern, decoration, and plant. The final result of this research is limited to landscape redesign with the final product that consists of site plan, planting plan, section, and 3D impression.
Fitri Rahmafitria, Purna Hindayani
Published: 1 October 2022
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 14, pp 60-68; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v14i2.39833

Abstract:
Ir. H. Djuanda Forest Park, is a natural tourism destination located in Bandung, West Java and in low land parts of Gunung Pulosari, passed by Cikapundung river stream. This research aimed to recommend the appropriate tourism planning to be implemented in the Ir. H. Djuanda Forest Park. Through landscape hazard analysis within slope gradient and soil element contained, we developed landscape sensitivity map. The result shows that 65,508% from the total area is a high sensitivity land. Beside that, only 4,335% from the total area is a low sensitivity lands and can be explored for active tourism attraction. The visual preference analysis was held to identify the potential attractiveness of many tourisms object in this area. The high potential object is dominanated with natural landscape objects and man-made object is the less potential. Almost all of the potential objects are located in high sensitivity land. Unfortunately, the uninterested object with unclear function is located in low sensitivity land which it is suitable for intensive recreation activities. The planner of this area should consider the role of limited activities and facilities development in low caring capacity land. For conservation purpose, planting endemic vegetation in sensitive landslide land should be carried out in order to maintain forest sustainability.
Erfin Kurniawan, Afra Donatha Nimia Makalew, Nizar Nasrullah
Published: 1 April 2022
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 14, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v14i1.36854

Abstract:
This research was conducted in several tourist areas in Patikarya Village, Bontosikuyu District. Each part of the area was identified. This research examines community participation in regional planning and landscape planning of tourist areas. The results of this study are in accordance with the tourism suitability ana;lysis, where the overlay results of all biophysical conditions presented in the Patikarya Village area are divided into three classes of land suitability for tourism, there is no unsuitable land (S4) so that in general Patikarya Village is suitable for tourism development. The tourism suitability class with the tourism suitability index is very suitable (S1) with an area of 674.82 ha or 39.12% and the appropriate class (S2) is 892.34 ha or 51.73%. For the unsuitable tourism suitability index (S3), the area of 157.84 ha or 9.15% is in a dry forest area so it should be maintained as a conservation area with a minimum development of tourism supporting facilities. In the analysis of community acceptability, based on the answers from the acceptability questionnaire to residents and visitors around Tamamelong as many as 30 respondents, they gave a positive response to the existence of Tamamelong if it develops into a sustainable tourist spot. The result of atudy is a plan that consists of a space plan, circulation, vegetation as well as activity and facility plan. In addition, there is also a plan for the carrying capacity of the area so that the sustainability of the area can be maintained.
Indah Nurrohimah, Indung Sitti Fatimah
Published: 1 April 2022
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 14, pp 8-15; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v14i1.37680

Abstract:
The covid-19 pandemic has resulted in changes in people's behavior, activities, and social space, thus triggering changes in the comfort level of visitors in the Merdeka Park area. This study aims to identify and analyze the comfort level of Merdeka Park as a social interaction space based on perceptions and preferences; and make recommendations for the design of Merdeka Park based on the results of the analysis of community perceptions and preferences. The analysis was used in this research are spatial analysis and descriptive analysis using quantitative and qualitative methods. Based on the results of the study, the comfort level of Merdeka Park is included in the very comfortable category as a social interaction space. The percentage of park comfort value is 84.1% which is generated from the average percentage of all parameters. The park's carrying capacity is 58 people per day with the addition of playing and sport rooms, as well as the addition of lawn facilities. The recommended design in this study is improving facilities, adding facilities, structuring vegetation, and adding vegetation.
Rieka Aprilia Tanuy, Herman Wilianto
Published: 1 April 2022
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 14, pp 36-44; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v14i1.38960

Abstract:
The stresses of city living cause more people to become aware of and concerned about their health and well-being. People are beginning to look for places to take a holiday, and ecotourism is one of them. Returning to nature is said to be able to replenish the energy that has been expended. The overwhelming demand for open space that promotes a healthy lifestyle in the community has prompted a number of businesses to respond. The hotel's gardens are no longer just a green space. Several hotels have begun to build gardens based on a healthy lifestyle design concept. However, the gardens at these hotels are rarely designed in such a way that they can encourage a healthy lifestyle. As a result, this research looks at how a healthy garden might be used in a boutique resort hotel's environment to promote a healthy lifestyle. On the basis of connected issues, this qualitative research employs an exploratory descriptive approach on the two selected precedents, namely Klub Bunga Boutique Resort Batu, Malang and Park Royal on Pickering, Singapore. The community's demand for a location that can alleviate boredom and stress levels through an interaction with nature is intended to be met by this research. The study's result is a basic guideline for building healthy gardens in boutique resort hotels, while additional attention to the context of site is required.
Isna Nugraha Wibawa, Alfred Jansen Sutrisno
Published: 1 April 2022
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 14, pp 22-35; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v14i1.38752

Abstract:
Walkable Campus is a pedestrian track design concept that prioritizes connectivity, accessibility, security, comfort, and beauty. The UKSW pedestrian track needs to be evaluated so that it can meet the needs of users. The evaluation was carried out using the walkable campus concept, so this study aims to produce a pedestrian path design based on a walkable campus. The research method used is descriptive statistics and Scenic Beauty Estimation (SBE). Descriptive statistics were used to evaluate connectivity, accessibility, security, and convenience. While SBE is used to evaluate beauty. There are 5 spots out of 3 zones where zone 1 has 2 spots, zone 2 has 1 spot, and zone 3 has 2 spots. The results of the descriptive statistical test show that the connectivity, accessibility, security, and comfort of the 3 zones received poor ratings from users. Therefore, the results of the evaluation of user perceptions are used to make a design proposal. The proposed design is made to meet the aspects of connectivity, accessibility, security, and convenience. Meanwhile, the results of the SBE evaluation show that the aesthetic condition of the existing pedestrian paths from 5 spots has a low SBE value when compared to the 3 proposed designs. In addition, the SBE evaluation is used to determine the design recommendations. There are 5 designs that meet the walkable campus concept.
Bagas Utomo Putra, Anak Agung Keswari Krisnandika, I Made Agus Dharmadiatmika
Published: 1 April 2022
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia, Volume 14, pp 16-21; https://doi.org/10.29244/jli.v14i1.38646

Abstract:
Puputan Margarana as a city park is used as a public space that can accommodate outdoor activities for its users. Comfort is an important factor consider for users to conduct activity inside. User comfort level can be measured using the thermal humidity index formula based on the temperature and humidity variables. The temperature and humidity can be influenced by the presence of vegetation, especially trees. Differences in tree species composition will cause differences in the canopy density formed. This study aims to identify the effect of the combined tree canopy density on thermal comfort. This research method begins with determining the sample point based on the combination of canopy density to areas that are not shaded by the canopy. Then, the canopy was photographed at the sample point for analysis using Hemiview 2.1 software to obtain the leaf area index (LAI) value. Furthermore, independent samples T test, assessment of thermal comfort, correlation analysis and linear regression between variables. The results of the analysis show that there is a strong correlation between LAI with temperature, humidity, and THI. There were  significant differences between THI at sample points 1, 2, 4, and 5 with LAI 1.68-4.53 against THI without canopy shade. Meanwhile, THI at sample points 3 and 6 with LAI 0.96-1.36 was not significantly different from THI without canopy shade. This shows that the combination of tree canopy density in this study has an effect on thermal comfort. This shows that canopy density can be one of the considerations in selecting trees for landscape design for climate engineering purposes.
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