Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2380-4327 / 2380-4335
Published by: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 411
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Latest articles in this journal

Barbaro Quintero-Leyva
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 08, pp 372-391; https://doi.org/10.4236/jhepgc.2022.82029

Abstract:
An extended Newtonian gravitation (ENG) model was developed to explain the rotation curves in galaxies and galaxy clusters. ENG requires the knowledge of a parameter that is a function of the mass of the gravitational source. An approximate eq. for that parameter was obtained (for disk galaxies) that yields asymptotic speeds close to binned measured data. ENG yielded larger circular speeds for galaxy clusters when compared with the MOND results. A classical gravito-electromagnetic model (which neither is based on Einstein GR, nor on gravito-magnetism only) was developed which yielded asymptotic circular speeds very small compared to experimental results. However when ENG was used to develop an extended gravito-electromagnetic model, it yielded results compatible with MOND results for simulated galaxies and larger than MOND results for a simulated galaxy cluster. This model showed measurable increase in the circular speed when compared to ENG alone in the galaxy cluster. The need for modifying the Einstein field equation to address the dark matter problem in the framework of the ENG model was illustrated.
J. C. Botke
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 08, pp 345-371; https://doi.org/10.4236/jhepgc.2022.82028

Abstract:
In Part 1 of this work, we showed that our new model of cosmology can account for the origin of all cosmic structures ranging in size from stars up to superclusters. In this model, at the time of nucleosynthesis, an imprint embedded in the vacuum regulated the creation of the protons (and electrons) that later made up the structures. Immediately after nucleosynthesis and for a considerable period afterward, the evolution was completely determined by the expansion of the universe. Gradually, however, gravitational influences became more important until finally, the expansion of the structures-to-be ceased at their zero velocity points. Stars, galaxies, and galaxy clusters all reached their zero velocity points more or less simultaneously at the usually accepted time of the beginning of galaxy formation. From that point onward, the evolution gravitation came to dominate the evolution although the expansion still exerted its influence. In this paper, we examine the subsequent cluster evolution in some detail. We establish the conditions required to prevent a free-fall collapse of the clusters and then show that galaxies with quasar-like active nuclei located within the cluster were the sources of the necessary radiation. We also show that the required galactic supermassive black holes were a consequence of the initial free-fall collapse of all galaxies.
Jan Helm
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 08, pp 457-485; https://doi.org/10.4236/jhepgc.2022.82034

Abstract:
We discuss the Oppenheimer-Snyder-Datt (OSD) solution from a new perspective, introduce a completely new formulation of the problem exclusively in external Schwarzschild space-time (ESM) and present a new treatment of the singularities in this new formulation. We also give a new Newtonian approximation of the problem. Furthermore, we present new numerical solutions of the modified OSD-model and of the ball-to-ball-collapse with 4 different numerical methods.
Mohamed Assaad Abdel-Raouf, Abdelfattah T. Elgendy, Amr Abd Al-Rahman Youssef
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 08, pp 14-24; https://doi.org/10.4236/jhepgc.2022.81002

Abstract:
The main objective of the present work is to investigate the properties of plasmas created by injecting a thermalized beam of antiprotons in two types of media. The first is hydrogen, deuterium, or tritium atoms localized in palladium crystals. The second medium is composed of protons, deuterons, or tritons localized in a magnetic cavity. Particularly, it is demonstrated that huge amounts of energy are released in both cases which could be used as fuels for space shuttle engines. A novel mathematical scheme is employed to calculate the energy yields in real space at different incident energies of the antiprotons.
Edwin Eugene Klingman
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 08, pp 285-302; https://doi.org/10.4236/jhepgc.2022.82023

Abstract:
The genesis of physical particles is essentially a mystery. Quantum field theory creation operators provide an abstract mechanism by which particles come into existence, but quantum fields do not possess energy density. I reference several recent treatments of this problem and develop ideas based on self-stabilizing field structures with focus on higher order self-induced self-stabilizing field structures. I extend this treatment in this paper to related issues of topological charge.
Firmin J. Oliveira
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 08, pp 317-329; https://doi.org/10.4236/jhepgc.2022.82026

Abstract:
The action of gravitons in a binary star system is modelled as the locus of points on an ellipse synchronous to the elliptic orbit of the binary star. In their interaction between the masses in the system the rotational energy of the gravitons is reduced by gravitational redshift, which accounts for the decay of the binary star orbital period. This model is able to fit a broad range of eccentricities of binary pulsar orbits and orbital period decay comparable to the General Relativistic gravitational wave model.
Weihong Qian
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 08, pp 417-431; https://doi.org/10.4236/jhepgc.2022.82032

Abstract:
The unification of gravity and electricity since the early 20th century and the unification of four fundamental forces since the 1970s have become a mainstream of physical study by using different theories and methods. This paper introduces a dynamical approach to respectively reveal the physical natures of gravity and electricity as well as strong and weak forces. The results showed that the nature of gravity is a dynamical product of mass-energy linear distributions between two adjacent objects and the nature of electricity is a dynamical product of mass-energy linear distributions between two adjacent unlike charges. Potential nuclear energies are mathematically shown by the products of mass-energy linear distributions between proton-neutron particles as well as hadron-lepton particles, which are also initially generated through external perpendicular forces with the maximum efficiency. Thus, four kinds of potential mass-energy space-time distribution rather than four long- and short-range forces showed a common mathematical expression or similarity among them by using this approach.
Arnaud Edouard Yamadjako, Alain Adomou, Yélomè J. F. Kpomahou, Jonas Edou, Siaka Massou
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 08, pp 164-177; https://doi.org/10.4236/jhepgc.2022.81012

Abstract:
This research work is related to soliton solutions considered as models that can describe the complex configuration of elementary particles from the study of the interactions of their fields. It is interested in the interaction of fields between two different elementary particles by expressing their physical properties. For that, we have obtained, exact static plane symmetric soliton-like solutions to the nonlinear equations of interacting electromagnetic and scalar fields taking into account the own gravitational field of elementary particles using the calibrated invariance function P(I). It has been proved that all solutions of the Einstein, nonlinear electromagnetic and scalar field equations are regular with the localized energy density. Moreover, the total charge of particles is finite and the total energy of the interaction fields is bounded. It have been emphasized the importance to the own gravitational field of elementary particles and the role of the nonlinearity of fields in the determination of these solutions. In flat space-time, soliton-like solutions exist but the total energy of the interaction fields is equal to zero. We have also shown that in the linear case, soliton-like solutions are absent.
Xiaoyun Li, Suoang Longzhou, La Ba Sakya Genzon
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 08, pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.4236/jhepgc.2022.81001

Abstract:
This paper introduces three cosmic expansion models with constant, decelerating and accelerating speed of expansion respectively. Then characters of these cosmic expansion models are compared. Based on these cosmic expansion models, the thresholds of observable universe are calculated via simulations, where the earliest observable cosmic radius R(tearliest) is always 0.368R (R is cosmic radius at current universe time) for any cosmic expansion models.
John R. Klauder
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 08, pp 237-242; https://doi.org/10.4236/jhepgc.2022.81017

Abstract:
Affine quantization, a parallel procedure to canonical quantization, needs to use its principal quantum operators, specifically D = (PQ+QP)/2 and Q ≠ 0, to represent appropriate kinetic factors, such as P2, which involves only one canonical quantum operator. The need for this requirement stems from path integral quantizations of selected problems that affine quantization can solve but canonical quantization fails to solve. This task is resolved for simple examples, as well as examples that involve scalar, and vector, quantum field theories.
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