Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2380-4327 / 2380-4335
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Former Publisher:
Total articles ≅ 332
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Latest articles in this journal

Andrew Beckwith
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 07, pp 559-571; doi:10.4236/jhepgc.2021.72032

We reduplicate the Book “Dark Energy” by M. Li, X.-D. Li, and Y. Wang, zero-point energy calculation with an unexpected “length” added to the “width” of a graviton wavefunction just prior to the entrance of “gravitons” to a small region of space-time prior to a nonsingular start to the universe. We compare this to a solution which worked out using Klauder Enhanced quantization, for the same given problem. The solution of the first Cosmological Constant problem relies upon the geometry of the multiverse generalization of CCC cosmology which is explained in this paper. The second solution used involves Klauder enhanced quantization. We look at energy given by our methods and compare and contrast it with the negative energy of the Rosen model for a mini sub-universe and estimate GW frequencies.
Jaykov Foukzon
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 07, pp 416-444; doi:10.4236/jhepgc.2021.72024

The notion of classical well localized trajectories of a single photon in Minkowski spacetime does not make any rigorous sense by the well-known existence of a proof that single photons cannot be well localized. This leads to principal difficultness when photodetection probability on relativistic non inertial frame of reference is considered. In order to resolve this tension, we extend canonical Minkowski geometry up to relevant point-free Minkowski geometry [Ann. Physics 423 (2020) 168329]. The photodetection probability density on uniformly rotating frame endrowed with point-free Lorentzian geometry is obtained. The result of S. A. Podosenov et al. [Ann. Physics 413 (2020) 168047] is obtained without any reference to unphysical notion of the classical trajectories of photon. The paper again shows the correctness of the remarkable result of Prof. C. Corda concerning the Mössbauer rotor experiment as new proof of general relativity, which has been awarded by the Gravity Research Foundation. In addition, the paper also shows various very elementary mistakes, misunderstandings and flaws by the self-called “YARK group”, which is a group of fringe researchers who attempts to promote wrong science, in particular, against the relativity theory.
Vladimir S. Netchitailo
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 07, pp 508-530; doi:10.4236/jhepgc.2021.72029

The main objective of this paper is to discuss the Evolution of a 3D Finite World (that is a Hypersphere of a 4D Nucleus of the World) from the Beginning up to the present Epoch in frames of World-Universe Model (WUM). WUM is the only cosmological model in existence that is consistent with the Law of Conservation of Angular Momentum. To be consistent with this Fundamental Law, WUM introduces Dark Epoch (spanning from the Beginning of the World for 0.45 billion years) when only Dark Matter (DM) Macroobjects (MOs) existed, and Luminous Epoch (ever since for 13.77 billion years) when Luminous MOs emerged due to Rotational Fission of Overspinning DM Superclusters’ Cores and self-annihilation of Dark Matter Particles (DMPs). WUM envisions that DM is created by the Universe in the 4D Nucleus of the World. Dark Matter Particles (DMPs) carry new DM into the 3D Hypersphere World. Luminous Matter is a byproduct of DMPs self-annihilation. By analogy with 3D ball, which has two-dimensional sphere surface (that has surface energy), we can imagine that the 3D Hypersphere World has a “Surface Energy” of the 4D Nucleus. WUM solves a number of physical problems in contemporary Cosmology and Astrophysics through DMPs and their interactions: Angular Momentum problem in birth and subsequent evolution of Galaxies and Extrasolar systems—how do they obtain it; Fermi Bubbles—two large structures in gamma-rays and X-rays above and below Galactic center; Missing Baryon problem related to the fact that the observed amount of baryonic matter did not match theoretical predictions. WUM reveals Inter-Connectivity of Primary Cosmological Parameters and calculates their values, which are in good agreement with the latest results of their measurements. In 2013, WUM predicted the values of the following Cosmological parameters: gravitational, concentration of intergalactic plasma, and the minimum energy of photons, which were experimentally confirmed in 2015-2018. “The Discovery of a Supermassive Compact Object at the Centre of Our Galaxy” (Nobel Prize in Physics 2020) made by Prof. R. Genzel and A. Ghez is a confirmation of one of the most important predictions of WUM in 2013: “Macroobjects of the World have cores made up of the discussed DM particles. Other particles, including DM and baryonic matter, form shells surrounding the cores”.
A. Bianchi, G. Guido
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 07, pp 572-594; doi:10.4236/jhepgc.2021.72033

In this paper, using the AGM model (Aureum Geometric Model), where geometric structures of coupled quantum oscillators represent particles, we formulate a new hypothesis about the origin of the Dark Matter (DM). Highlighting its hadronic nature, we identify the representative particle’s particular geometric structure, the “dark pion”, and calculate its mass. Finally, we propose an experiment for the detection of this particle.
C. Sivaram, Kenath Arun, A. Prasad, Louise Rebecca
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 07, pp 680-686; doi:10.4236/jhepgc.2021.72039

While there is overwhelming evidence for dark matter (DM) in galaxies and galaxy clusters, all searches for DM particles have so far proved negative. It is not even clear whether only one particle is involved or a combination of particles, their masses not precisely predicted. This non-detectability raises the possible relevance of modified gravity theories: MOND, MONG, etc. Here we consider a specific modification of Newtonian gravity (MONG) which involves gravitational self-energy, leading to modified equations whose solutions imply flat rotation curves and limitations of sizes of clusters. The results are consistent with current observations including that involving large spirals. This modification could also explain the current Hubble tension. We also consider the effects of dark energy (DE) in terms of a cosmological constant.
C. Sivaram,
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 07, pp 698-714; doi:10.4236/jhepgc.2021.72041

Gravitational waves have been detected in the past few years from several transient events such as merging stellar mass black holes, binary neutron stars, etc. These waves have frequencies in a band ranging from a few hundred hertz to around a kilohertz to which LIGO type instruments are sensitive. LISA would be sensitive to much lower range of frequencies from SMBH mergers. Apart from these cataclysmic burst events, there are innumerable sources of radiation which are continuously emitting gravitational waves of all frequencies. These include a whole mass range of compact binary and isolated compact objects as well as close planetary stellar entities. In this work, quantitative estimates are made of the gravitational wave background produced in typical frequency ranges from such sources emitting over a Hubble time and the fluctuations in the h values measured in the usual devices. Also estimates are made of the high frequency thermal background gravitational radiation from hot stellar interiors and newly formed compact objects.
Christopher Pilot
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 07, pp 632-660; doi:10.4236/jhepgc.2021.72037

Assuming a Winterberg model for space where the vacuum consists of a very stiff two-component superfluid made up of positive and negative mass planckions, Q theory is the hypothesis, that Planck charge, qpl, was created at the same time as Planck mass. Moreover, the repulsive force that like-mass planckions experience is, in reality, due to the electrostatic force of repulsion between like charges. These forces also give rise to what appears to be a gravitational force of attraction between two like planckions, but this is an illusion. In reality, gravity is electrostatic in origin if our model is correct. We determine the spring constant associated with planckion masses, and find that, , where ζ(3) equals Apery’s constant, 1.202 …, and, n+(0)=n_(0), is the relaxed, i.e., , number density of the positive and negative mass planckions. In the present epoch, we estimate that, n+(0) equals, 7.848E54 m-3, and the relaxed distance of separation between nearest neighbor positive, or negative, planckion pairs is, l+(0)=l_(0)=5.032E-19 meters. These values were determined using box quantization for the positive and negative mass planckions, and considering transitions between energy states, much like as in the hydrogen atom. For the cosmos as a whole, given a net smeared macroscopic gravitational field of, , due to all the ordinary, and bound, matter contained within the observable universe, an average displacement from equilibrium for the planckion masses is a mere 7.566E-48 meters, within the vacuum made up of these particles. On the surface of the earth, where, g=9.81m/s2, the displacement amounts to, 7.824E-38 meters. All of these displacements are due to increased gravitational pressure within the vacuum, which in turn is caused by applied gravitational fields. The gravitational potential is also derived and directly related to gravitational pressure.
Ardeshir Irani
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 07, pp 172-190; doi:10.4236/jhepgc.2021.71009

Our third spatial dimension (3-D) is currently in the process of building the fourth spatial dimension. Dark Energy is being used to create higher dimensions of space from the first to the nth, and it is also responsible for the formation and the rotation of the fourth dimension from the point singularities of the vacuum space of the third dimension. To start the creation up to the nth dimension, n! zero dimensional singularities arise simultaneously from the n = 0 level of the void. Once the creation of an n dimensional ellipsoidal matter Universe has been completed, the outward Dark Energy force ends, and then the inward force of gravity takes over to crush the n dimensional Universe into the center of the nth dimensional singularity of the void. The system is now in a non-equilibrium state because the entropy of the system has attained its lowest possible value. To bring the system back to equilibrium there will arise out of the nth dimensional void an antimatter Universe which will reverse the process to deposit all the Dark Energy back into the original levels of the void so that the net change in entropy of the system becomes zero. Dark Matter is the matter that exists in the fourth spatial dimension as 4-D matter spewed there through the Black Hole singularities of our third dimension. Ellipsoidal matter and antimatter Multiverses rotating in opposite directions are a natural byproduct of this new theory of Physics which also solves certain particle Physics problems of the Standard Model.
Laure Gouba
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 07, pp 352-365; doi:10.4236/jhepgc.2021.71019

The similarity between classical and quantum physics is large enough to make an investigation of quantization methods a worthwhile endeavour. As history has shown, Dirac's canonical quantization method works reasonably well in the case of conventional quantum mechanics over Rn but it may fail in non-trivial phase spaces and also suffer from ordering problems. Affine quantization is an alternative method, similar to the canonical quantization, that may offer a positive result in situations for which canonical quantization fails. In this paper we revisit the affine quantization method on the half-line. We formulate and solve some simple models, the free particle and the harmonic oscillator.
Brijen A. Joshi
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Volume 07, pp 276-319; doi:10.4236/jhepgc.2021.71014

In continuation of article quagnetic field part (I), acknowledgement of quagnetic field is further exercised theoretically. Among the present theoretical methods, introduced generalized Coulomb and Newtonian four forces suggest existence of quagnetic field and other two new fields. The new fields are for both Electromagnetic and gravitoquagnetic systems named as super curvilinear vector fields. Other theoretical approach is based on energy momentum tensor components for macroscopic system. Extended Maxwell equations are discussed regarding gravitational and quagnetic fields and their quagnetization and gravitational inductions.
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