Lex Librum : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum

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ISSN / EISSN : 2407-3849 / 2621-9867
Total articles ≅ 23
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Mahesa Rannie
Lex Librum : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 7; doi:10.46839/lljih.v7i2.384

Abstract:
Abstrak Kedudukan Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) dalam sistem ketatanegaraan Indonesia memang seringkali diperdebatkan, hal ini terbukti dengan Putusan-Putusan MK yang berubah-ubah. Mahkamah Konstitusi dalam putusannya pernah beberapa kali memutuskan berbeda tentang kedudukan KPK ini dalam sistem ketatanegaraan Indonesia. Mahkamah Konstitusi pernah memutuskan KPK merupakan lembaga negara independen di luar ranah kekuasaan eksekutif, legislatif, dan yudikatif. Pernah pula memutuskan bahwa KPK merupakan eksekutif dilihat dari kewenangannya. Putusan-putusan MK ini tentu saja membawa pengaruh terhadap undang-undang KPK. Revisi undang-undang KPK terbaru, yaitu Undang-Undang Nomor 19 Tahun 2019 menyatakan KPK masuk dalam ranah kekuasaan eksekutif sehingga dengan demikian KPK dapat menjadi objek hak angket Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR). Hal demikian tentu saja menambah panjang perdebatan di kalangan ahli hukum dengan argumentasinya masing-masing. Dari argumentasi-argumentasi tersebut penulis menganggap KPK adalah lembaga negara independen di luar struktur organ negara yang utama. Hal ini sejalan dengan theory the new separation of power sebagai konsekuensi dari teori negara kesejahteraan (welfare state) di era abad modern ini. Sebagai lembaga negara independen yang kedudukannya tidak sekuat lembaga negara utama dalam ranah kekuasaan eksekutif, legislatif, dan yudikatif tentu saja KPK bisa dibubarkan jika lembaga yang selama ini sebetulnya mempunyai wewenang kuat untuk melaksanakan penegakan hukum dalam rangka pemberantasan tindak pidana korupsi (Kepolisian dan Kejaksaan) mampu berbenah diri. Selama belum mampu berbenah maka wewenang tersebut bisa dilaksanakan oleh KPK yang keberadaannya sampai saat ini masih tetap diperlukan dalam rangka pemberantasan tindak pidana korupsi di Indonesia. Kata kunci: Kedudukan KPK, Sistem Ketatanegaraan, Indonesia Abstract The position of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) in the constitutional system of Indonesia is often debated. This is evidenced by the inconsistent decisions of the Constitutional Court. The Constitutional Court has ever made different decisions several times regarding the position of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) in the constitutional system of Indonesia. The Constitutional Court once decided that the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) was an independent state institution outside the realm of executive, legislative and judicial powers. It has also decided that the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) is an executive body in terms of its authority. These inconsistent decisions of the Constitutional Court, of course, have an influence on the law of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK). The latest revision of the law of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), namely the Law Number 19 of 2019 states that the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) is classified to be in the realm of executive power so that the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) can become the object of the right to inquiry by the House of Representatives (DPR). This situation, of course, adds to the length of debate among legal experts with their respective arguments. Based on these arguments, the writer considers that the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) is an independent state institution outside the main state organ structure. This is in line with the theory of the new separation of power as a consequence of the theory of the welfare state in this modern era. As an independent state institution whose position is not as strong as the main state institutions in the realm of executive, legislative and judicial powers, of course, the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) can be dissolved if the institutions that actually have strong authority to carry out law enforcement in the context of eradicating criminal acts of corruption (Police and Prosecutors) are able to empower themselves to execute their authority. However, if those institutions have not been able to execute their authority, this authority can be exercised by the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), whose existence is still needed in the context of eradicating criminal acts of corruption in Indonesia.
Yudhistira Ardana, Dian Herlambang, Yoga Catur Wicaksono, Muhammad Ridho Wijaya
Lex Librum : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 7; doi:10.46839/lljih.v7i2.214

Abstract:
Economic actors in the framework of developing a business as owner or patent holder can access credit from financial institutions with patents as objects of fiduciary institution. So that patents are based on the law, but were born because they had to be advance in advance between the fiduciary guarantee institution as the creditor and the inventor as the debtor The problem in this study is why patents can be used as fiduciary collateral objects and how the legal consequences for debtors who commit defaults. This research is a normative legal research. In this study, what is examined is the positive legal provisions regarding patent rights, namely Law Number 13 of 2016 concerning Patents and Law Number 42 of 1999 concerning Fiduciary Guarantees. This type of research used is descriptive with a problem approach that will be conducted normatively juridical. Patents can be used as collateral for debt by using fiduciary security institutions because patents are part of intellectual property rights where patents have economic principles that will provide economic benefits to the patent owner. Patents are classified as immovable property. The legal consequences of debtors who commit default will lead to fiduciary guarantee execution activities. Execution of fiduciary collateral is confiscation and sale of objects which are subject to fiduciary collateral. As a result of the sale of this fiduciary object in the form of a patent, the creditors lose their debts to the debtor, which means the debtor's debt has been paid off, then from the debtor's loss of patent rights he previously had such as.
Evi Oktarina, Liza Deshaini, Bambang Sugianto
Lex Librum : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 7; doi:10.46839/lljih.v7i2.440

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Bentuk dari aspek hukum dalam pelaksanaan administrasi publik di Indonesia adalah kebijakan publik dapat ditinjau tidak hanya secara sosial, politik dan ekonomi tetapi juga yuridis (perundang-undangan). Tujuannya agar penyusunan kebijakan tidak sembarangan atau benar-benar mempertimbangkan dalam menyusun kebijakan akan tidak dianggap melakukan tindakan sewenang-wenang melanggar kewenangan atau mengacuhkan kepentingan publik. Fungsi pemerintah dalam membuat kebijakan dibidang hukum adminstrasi publik yaitu fungsi regeling, membuat produk hukum tertulis yang berisikan materi daya ikat terhadap sebagian atau seluruh penduduk wilayah Negara dan fungsi beschikking, produk hukum yang berupa penetapan yang dibuat oleh pejabat tata usaha Negara. Kata kunci: Aspek Hukum, Administrasi Publik, Pemerintahan. ABSTRACT The form of the legal aspect in the implementation of public administration in Indonesia is that public policy can be reviewed not only socially, politically and economically but also juridically (legislation). The aim is that the formulation of policies is not carelessly or truly considerate in formulating policies that will not be considered as having arbitrarily violated authority or ignored the public interest.The function of the government in making policies in the field of public administration law is the function of regeling, making written legal products containing material binding power to part or all of the population of the State territory and the beschikking function, legal products in the form of decisions made by state administrative officials.
Ning Herlina, Yanuar Syam Putra
Lex Librum : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 7; doi:10.46839/lljih.v7i2.227

Abstract:
Abstrak Hukum dalam perkembangannya, mendorong para ahli hukum untuk menghasilkan suatu definisi mengenai hukum. Dapat ditemukan bahwa definisi mengenai hukum yang dihasilkan oleh para ahli memiliki karakteristik yang berbeda satu dengan yang lain. Hal ini memiliki alasan bahwa dalam proses menghasilkan definisi tersebut para ahli memiliki sudut pandang yang berbeda. Jadi, Cita hukum ini harus memiliki bentuk, baik dalam tataran teoritis hingga pada tataran praktis. Pada tataran teoritis, cita hukum berawal pada tahap interpretasi yang berujung pada tataran Praktis, yaitu implementasi. Pada tahap interpretasi, cita hukum ini berawal dari konsep hukum itu sendiri. Adapun dalam penulisan penelitian ini, penulis menggunakan metode penelitian normatif-empiris melalui studi pustaka dari beberapa bahan buku dan media lainnya serta observasi lapangan di kota Palembang melalui wawancara. Kata Kunci : Hukum, Nilai Keadilan, Pemimpin. Abstract The law in its development, encourages legal experts to get a resolution on law. Can be found with the resolution of the law produced by experts have different characteristics with the others. This has a reason in the process of producing these experts have different points of view. So, this legal ideal must have a form, from the legal level to the practical level. At the level of transition, the purpose of law starts at interpretation which ends at the practical level, namely implementation. At the interpretation stage, this legal idea starts with the concept of law itself. Regarding this research, the author uses the normative-empirical research method through library research from several book materials and other media as well as field observations in the city of Palembang through interviews.
Kinaria Afriani, Derry Angling Kesuma
Lex Librum : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 7; doi:10.46839/lljih.v7i2.441

Abstract:
Abstrak Omnibus Law sebagai upaya Pemerintah dalam meningkatkan pembangunan ekonomi di Indonesia dan meningkatkan kesejahteraan seluruh rakyat Indonesia dalam perumusan maupun implementasinya harus berimbang dalam tataran efektivitas dan akuntabilitas dengan memperhatikan aspek yuridis, politik, sosiologi dan ekonomi. Kata kunci: Pembangunan Ekonomi, Politik Hukum , Omnibus Law Abstract Omnibus Law, the Government's efforts to improve economic development in Indonesia and improve the welfare of all Indonesian people in its formulation and implementation must be balanced in the level of effectiveness and accountability by taking into account juridical, political, sociological and economic aspects.
Yuli Asmara Triputra, Derry Angling Kesuma, Silvana Oktanisa, Wasitoh Meirani
Lex Librum : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum; doi:10.46839/lljih.v0i0.333

Abstract:
Abstrak Guru adalah pendidik profesional yang tugas dan perannya telah diatur dalam peraturan perundang-undangan. Negara selaku pemangku kewajiban dalam melindungi warga negara terkhusus guru, dituntut peran aktifnya dalam melindungi guru dari tindakan kriminalisasi akibat melaksanakan tugas profesionalnya. Pada tataran peraturan, pemerintah telah melakukan tindakan aktif berupa pengundangan beberapa peraturan terkait tugas dan peran guru. Namun dalam taraf penegakan hukum, masih sering ditemui guru yang berhadapan dengan hukum akibat laporan dari orang tua murid atas tindakan guru yang mendisiplinkan murid. Mahkamah Agung selaku judex juris, melalui Putusan Nomor : 1554K/ Pid/ 2013 telah memvonis bebas guru di Majalengka yang bernama Aop Saopudin selaku terdakwa karena Mahkamah Agung menganggap apa yang dilakukannya sudah menjadi tugasnya dan bukan bukan merupakan suatu tindak pidana dan terdakwa tidak dapat dijatuhi pidana atas perbuatan/tindakannya tersebut karena bertujuan untuk mendidik agar menjadi murid yang baik dan berdisiplin. Putusan Mahkamah Agung merupakan wujud tanggungjawab negara melalui lembaga kekuasaan kehakiman memberikan perlindungan terhadap guru dalam melaksanakan tugas profesionalnya. Kata Kunci : Tanggungjawab negara, Perlindungan, Guru. Abstract Teachers are professional educators whose duties and roles have been regulated in the legislation. The state as a stakeholder in protecting citizens, especially teachers, is required to play an active role in protecting teachers from criminalization due to carrying out their professional duties. At the regulatory level, the government has taken active action in the form of the invite of several regulations related to the duties and roles of teachers. However, in law enforcement level, there are still often teachers who face the law due to reports from parents of students for the actions of teachers who discipline students. The Supreme Court as judex juris, through The Verdict Number: 1554K / Pid / 2013 has sentenced a free teacher in Majalengka named Aop Saopudin as a defendant because the Supreme Court considers what he did has become his duty and not a criminal act and the defendant can not be sentenced for his actions because it aims to educate to be a good student and disciplined. The Supreme Court's decision is a manifestation of the state's responsibility through the institution of judicial power to provide protection to teachers in carrying out their professional duties.
Bambang Sugianto, Dita Kurniawati, Zakaria Abbas
Lex Librum : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum pp 66-74; doi:10.46839/lljih.v0i0.286

Abstract:
Abstrak Tujuan Otonomi daerah memberikan kemudahan daerah dalam melaksanakan kewenangan, sehingga dalam menjalankan kewenangan membawak efek positif dalam berinvestasi. Investasi bertujuan untuk peningkatan ekonomi masyarakat daerah serta peningkatan Pendapatan Daerah, tetapi otonomi sering disalahgunakan oleh Pemerintah daerah terutama yang berhubungan dengan perizinan, sehingga Investor mengalami kesulitan dan hambatan. Tujuan otonomi daerah supaya ada dampak positif serta memberi pelayan publik lebih mudah dan cepat, penyederhanaan Pelayanan Kegiatan Investasi, dan penyederhanaan (regulasi) pelayanan kegiatan ekonomi membantu kelancaran usaha dari para pelaku ekonomi, karena deregulasi dipandang untuk meningkatkan efisiensi bagi pelaku ekonomi. Adanya kepastian proses adminitrasi dan kepastian hukum yang dapat menjamin keamanan dan stabilitas politik Daerah, singkronisasi regulasi antar pemerintah daerah dengan pemerintah pusat, Daerah harus membuka diri dan mempermudah perizinan sektor investasi terutama berhubungan rekruitmen tenaga kerja yang besar, terukurnya kemampuan keuangan daerah dalam era otonomi daerah dengan menggunakan kinerja fiscal sehingga tercapainya keberhasilan daerah dalam menjalani otonomi daerah. Kata Kunci: Otonomi Daerah, Investasi. Abstract In doing investment, there are often problems, one of which is regional autonomy, the challenges of implementing investment in Indonesia in the era of regional autonomy in Indonesia. In its regulation, there is a system of division of authority in facilitating the entry of investments with the investment arrangements at the regional level referring to investment regulations at the national level. Therefore, although the direction of Indonesian economy after Regional Autonomy refers to the economy in the region, it must be remembered that the authority of regional autonomy towards regional independence remains within the framework of the unitary state. The direction of the investment policy and the increase in business activities through investment policies are expected to create opportunities for the growth and development of the business world for every large, medium, and small scale of economic actor. Simplification of Investment Services, Simplification (deregulation) economic activity services helps accelerate the operation of economic actors, because deregulation is seen to increase efficiency for economic actors. The certainty of the administrative process and legal certainty that can guarantee the security and political stability of the region, synchronization of regulations between the local government and the central government, faster in licensing and the realization of certainty, the regional government must open up and facilitate licensing of the investment sector, especially related to the large recruitment of workers, measurable regional financial capacity in the era of regional autonomy by using performance so that the regional achievement can successfully undergone the regional autonomy.
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