ISSN / EISSN : 1978-0982 / 2614-5162
Published by: Jayapangus Press (10.25078)
Total articles ≅ 48
Latest articles in this journal
VYAVAHARA DUTA, Volume 15, pp 8-18; https://doi.org/10.25078/vd.v15i1.1409
Marriage is a phase that binds a couple called husband and wife in a marriage bond. The purpose of marriage one of course is to have offspring as a family successor. But not all couples can have offspring naturally due to interference with reproduction in one partner or both partners, so they are considered as unproductive couples. However, as advances in the health sector began to be found assisted reproductive technology methods, which allow unproductive couples to have offspring through the method of fertilization outside the womb, henceforth this program is often known as the IVF program. However, this program cannot be immediately accepted in the community, causing controversy in its journey.In this paper, the IVF method is seen from the perspective of the legality ofnational law and Hindu religious law, which method of IVF is something that can be done with its terms and conditions. In national law it is regulated that IVF is legal as long as the sperm and egg cells that will be fertilized through this program are from a legitimate married couple. Likewise Hindu teaching in lontar bhuana mahbah views this positively, because having offspring is a good thing and can help ancestors in terms of experiencing the process of reincarnation, but in the process of implementing IVF there are some formulations of the requirements that must be done by Hindu couples in undergoing a baby program This tube, which is a masturbation carried out in order to obtain offspring is not a masturbation aimed at achieving sexual satisfaction (masturbation) but purely for health, and if an abortion occurs, the fetus who died must receive a ceremony of panglungahan
VYAVAHARA DUTA, Volume 15, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.25078/vd.v15i1.1408
The purpose of this paper is to see the extent to which the Election Law is able to address gender equality in politics and democracy and how Balinese women apply this provision as an opportunity to advance and align themselves in the political field by looking at the results of the elections in Bali. So based on that research method used is normative research that refers to the provisions of applicable regulations and is supported by sources of literature and supporting data.It is known that the Election Law requires a 30% quota requirement for women's representation in the electoral process of each political party. This will be an opportunity for women to be able to align themselves and dilute the backwardness of men who used to dominate, although it is known that this cannot be said to be equal or balanced, but at least women are guaranteed their opportunity to be certain in politics through opportunities chosen rights they have.Balinese women from the results of the implementation of the 2004 legislative elections to 2019 for women's representation in the Bali Provincial DPRD, were able to show a significant increase in representation, so it can be said that Balinese women from time to time are able to take advantage of opportunities and opportunities to participate in the political and democratic equalization.
VYAVAHARA DUTA, Volume 15, pp 51-61; https://doi.org/10.25078/vd.v15i1.1439
In Indonesia discussing sex is a taboo subject to talk about. Many families, educational institutions, even the government is very minimal or even does notprovide education about sex in early age to childrens and adolescents, so it cannot be denied that the lack of sex education causes many cases of women who become pregnant out of wedlock and also more people who contract sexually transmitted diseases.So in this writing the author examines the procurement of condom vending machines in the college environment that not only releases condoms but also some issues articles of various laws and regulations related to the aim of providing education about healthy and safe sex and giving reminders to young people about the consequences that will be faced if someone has sex outside of marriage. The method used in this writing is empirical juridical where the writer sees the reality and the facts that exist and integrates with the applicable legal norms. The results of this study that there are still many young people who ignore the importance of using condoms to prevent sexually transmitted diseases and consider sex education as a taboo even in educational institutions
VYAVAHARA DUTA, Volume 15, pp 30-42; https://doi.org/10.25078/vd.v15i1.1437
Keanekaragaman Hayati Indonesia merupakan kekayaan alam Negara Indonesia sekaligus menjadi identitas nasional bangsa Indonesia. Sumber daya hayati meliputi sumber daya satwa maupun tumbuhan, yang secara fakta terhadap beberapa jenis spesies telah menunjukan kondisi terancam punah. Sehingga pemerintah Indonesia mengatur perlindungan serta pelestarian satwa maupun tumbuhan tersebut. Melalui peraturan perundang-undangan. Bahkan dilakukan pula upaya preventif maupun represif sebagaimana tertuang dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 5 Tahun 1990 tentang Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Hayati danEkosistemnya. Upaya represif salah satunya melalui penerapan sanksi pidana terhadap pelaku pelanggar ketentuan hukum dalam Undang-Undang aquo. Penerapan upaya represif berupa sanksi pidana tentunya tidak melepaskan peran hakim dan pengadilan dalam memutus perkara. Kajian terhadap putusan pengadilan Nomor 799/Pid.Sus/LH/2019/PN Dps ini diharapkan menjadi bahasan komperhensif terhadap pertimbangan hakim dalam memutus perkara pidana khusus di bidang lingkungan hidup. Penegakan hukum berorientasi pada keadilan tentu menjadi salah satu upaya represif yang baik dalam perlindungan dan pengelolaan lingkungan hidup, dalam konteks ini adalah satwa liar yang termasuk daftar hewan yang dilindungi oleh negara.
VYAVAHARA DUTA, Volume 15, pp 62-71; https://doi.org/10.25078/vd.v15i1.1440
Cyber Notary is a concept by using the development of existing technological sophistication, by using the power of notary technology can carry out its duties and authority. With a teleconference if violations occur at the General Meeting ofShareholders (GMS), such as violations, legalization of electronic deeds, digitizing documents, and other similar matters. That way the existence of Cyber Notary requires that notaries not only be clever in the field of notary but also can master the technology in the application of Cyber Notary. Facilitating the occurrence of long distance transactions between the parties is the concept of Cyber Notary was born. Thus, the background as above is discussed regarding, Using Teleconference for General Meeting of Shareholders. What legal protection measures will be used for the parties who are holding a general meeting of shareholders with the teleconference media.This study uses normative law and several approaches, namely the legislative approach and the case approach. This study uses the analysis of legal materials using the techniques of description, evaluation and argumentation. This study found results, namely: 1. The implementation of the General Meeting of Shareholders with Cyber Notary in Law No. 40 of 2007 which describes the Limited Liability Company in carrying out a GMS by teleconfession.In the implementation of the GMS conducted by Cyber Notary in Law No. 40 of 2007 concerning Limited Liability Companies does not explicitly explain the substance of the GMS that can be carried out by teleconference. The making of aGMS deed carried out by teleconference by a Notary Public is valid as long as it meets the requirements of the GMS implementation. 2. The GMS consists of various parties including the Company Organs and Notaries. Legal protection for notaries is regulated in the provisions of article 66 of Law No. 2 of 2014 concerning the position of notary public (UUJN). Meanwhile, legal protection for the company's organs in connection with the making of the GMS Deed carried out by teleconference if a dispute arises in the future includes two matters, namely through a civil suit and Reporting or giving a complaint to the notary area supervisory assembly.
VYAVAHARA DUTA, Volume 15, pp 19-29; https://doi.org/10.25078/vd.v15i1.1436
Ceremonies in Hinduism are carried out by people in their daily lives or certaindays. This gives an opportunity for Balinese women to play a role in the preparation of ceremonies as a means of offering at the ceremony. In this era of globalization because many Balinese women work in the public sector as employees, lecturers, medical staff, and others, causing them to have less time in preparing the ceremony. This gives an opportunity for Balinese women who love and pursue upakara to do so. There are those who make offerings as a home industry and some who work on a shop that prepares services based on orders. Hindu women who work in the banten industry, one of them is in the Desa Pakraman Penatih Denpasar Bali as the center of the banten industry is driven by two factors, namely the presence of internal and external factors. The internal factor is to increase family income and the desire to be independent. As for the external factors because of the opportunities and opportunities also because of the husband. These factors make Hindu women who work in the banten industry earn their own income that can be used for their needs independently and also for family needs.
VYAVAHARA DUTA, Volume 15, pp 72-84; https://doi.org/10.25078/vd.v15i1.1441
Recognition of the exixtence of bendega as a traditional instituion in the Province of Bali is getting stroger after the issuance of Peraturan Daerah Provinsi Bali Nomor 11 tahun 2017 tentang Bendega. Even though i tis located as a traditional institution, bendega still given space to innovate in economic activities without ignoring the value of local wisdom. In Desa Adat Tuban, i tis found that there are groups of local people who are still pursuing the fishing profession. In addtion, this community group is also innovating in economic activities by utilizing the coastal areas which are Forest Park Conservation area Tahura.The objectives of this study are (1) the find out and analyze the legal position of fishing groups in Desa Adat Tuban after issuance of Peraturan Daerah Provinsi Bali No 11 Tahun 2017 tentang Bendega; (2) knowing and analyzing the state’s recognition of fishermen groups in Desa Adat Tuban as the legal subject in charge of management of coastal areas.This research is an empirical legal research. Using primary data obtained hrough observation an interview techniques. The secondary data is the collectedthorugh a literature study. All data collected is the analyzed qualitatively. The output of this research is a secintific journal with ISSN. In connection with the TKT research, the target that can be achieved in this study is TKT 3 in accordance with the indicators that have been determined.
VYAVAHARA DUTA, Volume 15, pp 43-50; https://doi.org/10.25078/vd.v15i1.1438
Setiap warga Negara berhak untuk mendapatkan keadilan. Hal tersebut tercantum tidak hanya dalam sila kedua Pancasila namun juga tercantum secarajelas dalam Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia. Keadilan tersebutberlaku untuk semua gender dan jenis kelamin, baik laki-laki maupun perempuan. Hukum Indonesia berdasarkan Pancasila dan Undang-undang Dasar, telah menetapkan beberapa undang-undang untuk melindungi kaum perempuan dari diskriminasi yang cenderung menjadikan perempuan sebagai korban. Undangundang yang diatur untuk melindungi hak perempuan antara lain Undang-undang tentang HAM, Undang-undang Tentang Kekerasan dalam Rumah Tangga, Undangundang tentang Anti Pornografi dan Pornoaksi, kemudian juga terakhir perkembangannya adalah Rancangan UU Anti Kekerasan Seksual dan Rancangan UU Ketahanan Keluarga. Adapun usulan Rancangan UU Ketahanan Keluarga itu telah menimbulkan polemik di kalangan masyarakat Indonesia. Tulisan ini mencoba untuk menganalisis secara kritis beberapa pasal yang dirumuskan di dalam Rancangan Undang-undang Ketahanan Keluarga. RUU tersebut dinilai terlalu mencampuri urusan pribadi masyarakat yang berhubungan terhadap pembentukan keluarga, pembagian tanggung jawab serta penetapan peran serta fungsi dari masing-masing pasangan. Rancangan Undang-undang ini juga merupakan suatu tantangan terkait dengan perkembangan perlindungan hak perempuan di Indonesia.
VYAVAHARA DUTA, Volume 14, pp 84-98; https://doi.org/10.25078/vd.v14i2.1256
Pencatatan perkawinan memegang peranan yang sangat menentukan dalam suatu perkawinan karena pencatatan perkawinan merupakan suatu syarat diakui dan tidaknya perkawinan oleh negara. Bila suatu perkawinan tidak dicatat maka perkawinan tersebut tidak diakui oleh negara, begitu juga sebagai akibat yang timbul dari perkawinan tersebut. Berdasarkan Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 9Tahun 1975 ini, maka pencatatan perkawinan dilakukan oleh 2 (dua) instansi pemerintah, yaitu Kantor Urusan Agama (KUA) bagi mereka yang beragama Islam, dan Kantor Catatan Sipil (KCS) bagi mereka yang bukan beragama Islam. Pentingnya pencatatan perkawinan bagi keabsahan perkawinan, melindungi warga negara dalam membina keluarga, memberikan kepastian hukum dan kekuatan hukum bagi suami istri dan anak-anak, memberikan jaminan dan perlindungan terhadap hak-hak tertentu yang timbul karena perkawinan antara lain hak untuk mewaris dan sebagainya
VYAVAHARA DUTA, Volume 14, pp 37-41; https://doi.org/10.25078/vd.v14i2.1243
The court is obliged to uphold justice regardless of one’s social status. Resolving criminal cases is carried out through the courts with various types of examination processes. The examination process is referred to as a normal examination, a short examination, a quick examination in accordance with the Criminal Code. Therefore, it is necessary to know whether the implementation of the rapid inspection program has been carried out in accordance with theapplicable rules both in the Criminal Code and other legal rules. The implementation of the quick inspection program at the Bangli District Court can be carried out effectively and efficiently so that the achievement of legal objectives, namely justice and legal certainty for the entire community. It is inseparable from the factors that influence its implementation. So that in thisstudy the author discussed what are the factors that influence the implementation of the rapid inspection program in Bangli District Court and whether there are any factors that become obstacles in the implementation of the rapid examination program at Bangli District Court. The results of the study are as follows: Factors that influence the implementation of the rapid inspectionprogram at Bangli District Court namely; law enforcement, community, facilities and facilities as well as cultural factors.