Journal of Civil and Construction Engineering

Journal Information
EISSN : 2457-001X
Total articles ≅ 8

Articles in this journal

J. M. R. I. Shohag, K. K. Islam, M. N. I. Bhuiyan
Journal of Civil and Construction Engineering, Volume 8, pp 39-47;

Many researchers were endeavoring to up-heave the physical and mechanical properties of concrete sporadically. New methods and experiments are being successfully applied for revamping in the era of waste recyclable technology with proper application of the waste material in concrete as fiber material. These present studies have been undertaken to study the variation of concrete properties adding human hair as fiber reinforcement in concrete. At present male human hair is contemplated as no degradable substance as well as polluted materials for environment that are obtainable in plethora at cheap cost. Human hair used as fiber reinforcement reduces environmental pollution along with concrete’s weakness in tension. In this study, naturally available male human hair was collected, cleaned and added to plain concrete. Performance of plain concrete was investigated with addition of various percentages of human hair in concrete. For this purpose several normal concrete tubes as well as several number of concrete tubes with addition of 0%, 1%, 1.5% and 2% human hair as fiber reinforcement were experimented. It can be observed that compressive strength & split tensile strength of concrete was found maximum while addition of 2% & 1.5% male human hair respectively used in concrete considering as fiber material.
Prantik Chakraborty
Journal of Civil and Construction Engineering, Volume 8, pp 10-16;

Over the previous few decades, several investigations on various aspects of bamboo's structural use have been conducted. Some of these led to the development of various preservation methods to prevent the bamboo from bio deterioration and so improve its use, particularly in shelter housing. As a result, a variety of bamboo building materials have been developed. However, considerable research shortages exist in areas such as bamboo treatment methods and shelter construction styles. There has been a demand for a simple building standard for a long time. These concepts must be demonstrated before the full potential of bamboo as a building material can be realized. As a result, more research into bamboo treatment methods and shelter house construction patterns is required.
A. Vimala
Journal of Civil and Construction Engineering, Volume 7;

Structural configuration is one of the important parameters to control the performance of multi-storeyed structures subjected to lateral loads. On other hand, also the economy of multi-storeyed structures depends on the spacing of columns. The present investigation is aiming to find the effect of bay spacing on the performance of medium to high rise RC structures subjected to lateral loads. In this regard, a computer- based analysis is carried out for 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 storied bare frame structures. Each structure performance under lateral loads is investigated for 4 types of bay spacing i.e. 5m, 6m, 7.2m and 8.64m, with an increment of 20% bay space each time. For each structural model, the behaviour of the structure is examined in terms of storey displacement, storey drift and base shear. The quantitative parametric comparison is done between all the models mentioned and has identified the optimal size of the bay spacing to suit the aspect ratio of the structure is proposed.
Abdulkadir S., Mohammed S., Gambo I., Kunya S. U., Ashiru S.
Journal of Civil and Construction Engineering, Volume 6, pp 28-34;

Construction cost escalation is common problem in the construction industry in which the continuous increases in the project’s cost raised serious problems on the efficacy of works contracts and it performance in building projects. The study aimed to explore the degree of severity, mitigating measures as well as the challenges of stakeholders in curtailing factors influencing construction cost in North-eastern, Nigeria. The study adopts descriptive and explanatory design approach. Sixty questionnaires administered to the professionals within the study area. Data analyses using percentages, severity index, relative important index and inferential statistics. The finding shows the top factors that severely affects construction cost as instability of market conditions (SI = 0.751), fluctuation in material and labor prices (SI = 0.735), funding Problems (SI = 0.672). Moreover, the top effective measures in mitigating factors influencing construction cost are; thorough crosschecking of estimates (RII = 0.670), use of correct estimation methods (RII = 0.645), elimination of design/specification error (RII = 0.636). Furthermore, the top challenges of stakeholders identified as government attitude towards lack of stabilizing market price, inadequate awareness on degree effects of escalation cost in construction. The study concludes that, there is no significant difference among the respondents toward severity factors and the respondents strongly acknowledged that more 70% of the mitigating measures are effective against factors influencing cost of construction. The study recommends that, government and stakeholders should ensure the stability of market condition as well as price control in building materials and its implementation in practice to curtail the issue at hands.
Parth K. Patel, Amit A. Amin, Pinakin N. Patel
Journal of Civil and Construction Engineering, Volume 6, pp 8-18;

Merging section is the key point at the cloverleaf interchange for the purpose to merge the vehicle from Ramp to Freeway. This section is the potential for traffic crashes due to the composition of two traffic flow for the same space. This study proposes feasible of Ramp-meter at the merging section. Spot speed of different types of vehicles has been extracted from the videography data. Classified volume count at Ramp and freeway has been calculated for the traffic flow analysis. Speed-Flow-Density of the heterogeneous traffic can be modeled from the extracted data. The Speed-Flow-Density curve was plotted. This study proposes a linear regression model and simulation using PTV VISSIM at the merging section at the ramp. From the simulation, we can define the feasibility of the proposing of the Ramp-metering at the merging section. From this paper, we came to know about the recommendation for the feasibility criteria for the ramp and improvement for the existing merging section
Priyanka S. Shinde, R. V. Wanjhule, H. H. Shinde
Journal of Civil and Construction Engineering, Volume 6, pp 1-7;

Ground water is continuously monitor and observed for drinking purposes so that risk from contaminants can be reduced by appropriate treatment methods. In the study area 25 ground water were collected from upstream to downstream of Sukhna River in Aurangabad city to evaluate the heavy metal concentration during post monsoon season in December 2016 with help of Inductively Coupled Plasma- Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES). It is based on emission technique with high accuracy and precision for analyzing heavy metals to trace metals level concentration in water. Total 25 samples were subjected to analysis for eight heavy metals like Lead, Nickel, Zinc, Arsenic, Chromium, Copper, Manganese, iron using this technique. Expect Zinc and Nickel concentrations, levels of remaining heavy metals in all samples are higher than Bureau of Indian standard.
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