Journal of Advances in Bio- pharmaceutics and Pharmacovigilance

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Ashima Wany, Priyanka Pandey, Wasim Raja
Published: 30 September 2022
Abstract:
The most popular Indian spice is the seed of Foeniculum vulgare. It is extensively grown in temperate and tropical areas of the world for its flavorful fruits, which are used in cooking. It is a good source of calcium, vitamins, iron, magnesium, dietary fibre, proteins, and other nutrients. Additionally, it has antibacterial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. The objective of this study was to evaluate the phytoconstituents of Foeniculum vulgare seed extract in various solvents and to ascertain the antibacterial activity of the hydro-methanolic extract of Foeniculum vulgare seed against gram-positive bacteria, including Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Enterococcus, as well as gram negative bacteria, including P. aeruginosa, K. pneumoniae, and E. coli. The antibacterial activity was assessed using agar disc diffusion methods, and phytochemical tests were based on visual observation of the change in colour or precipitate development with the addition of particular reagents. According to the findings, gram positive and gram negative bacteria are both susceptible to the antibacterial effects of a methanolic extract of Foeniculum vulgare seed. We came to the conclusion that the Foeniculum vulgare seed extract has potent antibacterial activity against food-borne pathogens, making it useful for everyday use in the food and pharmaceutical industries as well as for everyday life.  
Asish Dev, Dhanashree Santosh Kadam
Abstract:
Herbal medicines comprise of herbs, its materials, preparations, and finished products, that contains main constituents which are parts of plants, plant materials, their combinations. In Ayurveda's medical armamentarium, Ashwagandha remains renowned for improving health and well-being, and has proved to be beneficial in the treatment of many ailments. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) [L. Dunal, Family: Solanaceae] is one of the leading and appreciated therapeutic plant of the Indian Ayurvedic medicine system. Ashwagandha is also called as poisonous gooseberry, winter cherry, and Indian ginseng. Inclination to develop new products with Ashwagandha bioactive molecules continues. Ashwagandha is a potential medicinal plant that can produce international business in India. Scientific studies on this plant need to be expanded with more immediate comparisons in order to effectively limit patent technology based on this plant and to utilize a few of its therapeutic uses at the highest level.
Kishor Otari, Vishal Galave, Kajal Nadaf, Shubhashree Mahadik, Shital Narale, Pallavi Narale
Abstract:
The word 'Ayurveda' is made out of two areas Ayur (Life) and Veda (data). Ayurved has a long and strong inheritance of usage of poly home developed meds and plans to treat diverse ailments. Ayurveda includes various kinds of prescriptions including the matured structures explicitly arishtas (developed decoctions) and asavas (matured blends). The primary distinction among Asava and Arishta is inclusion of the warmth. For the most part, Asava definitions are set up without making decoctions and Arishta plans are readied making decoctions. In any case, it's anything but a general guideline and there are a couple of special cases. The asava and arishta keep up valuable for any timeframe and actually the helpful estimation of the game plan is said to augment with time. Boundaries influencing readiness of Asava and Arista incorporate temperature and maturation. Arishta is better than asava as the past is light an immediate aftereffect of foaming. Their properties are settled dependent on the property of meds used. Gathering of arishta and asava items could wind up with 79 items, of which 37 falls into the class of asava, 38 into arishta and the staying 4 arishta are named as amirtha (Viswamritha, Balamritha and Swasamrutha, Vyoshamritha). There are arishta and asava inferred for the treatment of various issues in pediatrics, tactile framework, blood and circulatory system, respiratory structure, stomach related and excretory structure, urinary structure, conceptive structure, safe structure, skin issues, worm pollutions, general affliction and powerful diseases, etc. All arrangements of asava and arishta were assessed by Determination of alcoholic substance, Assurance of pH, Conclusions of complete solid substance, Determination of thickness, Determination consistency, Assurance surface strain.
Hemant Kumar, Girish Tripathi, Abhisek Pathak, Deependra Singh
Abstract:
The system is one in each of our most advanced biological systems at intervals the body. Immunization is additionally active or passive. The active immunization involves stimulation with Associate in Nursing matter to develop medicine defenses against a future exposure and passive immunization involves administration of preformed Associate in Nursing bodies to a personal World Health Organization is already exposed to be exposed to an matter. Immunomodulatory agents originate from every plant and animal which will increase the immune responsiveness of the body against pathogens by activating the non specific system. The system dysfunction is to blame for varied diseases like allergy, asthma, arthritis, cancer and different infectious diseases. Thus modulation of immune responses an excessive amount of needed to controlling the varied infectious diseases. The texts of ancient Indian medication literature carries with it variety of plants acknowledged to promote physical and psychological state, improve defense mechanisms of the body and enhance longevity, lesser range of aspect effects against artificial immunomodulatory agent.
Hemant Kumar, Abhishek Pathak, Deependra Bundela
Abstract:
Ficus Bengalis is also called banyan tree it is used as medicinal tree since antique times. The discriminative names of banyan tree are given by British scientist a lot of people & traders used to assemble for the purpose of business Fichus tree is recognized as National Tree. The meaning of Ficus is fig and bengalensis means belonging to or is of Bengal. To the lot of Indians it is motivating and embodies most of three Gods of Hindus. The bark of banyan tree embody Lord Vishnu, the roots of this tree represent lord of Brahma and Siva the branches. Since Vedic times its small branches are used in Yajiia (a sacrificial rite) and known for its giant structure. Which was hig enough to shelter his whole army of 7,000 men? As per Some Veda banyan tree checks the environmental pollution and one of the source of Lfiksfi (Lac). Its medicinal importance as well as documented in Ayurvedic literature. In the various researches needs for understanding the medicinal value of Banyan tree.
Ganesh Phadtare, Vishal Galave, Kajal Nadaf, Tushar Shelke, Shital Narale
Abstract:
JE (Japanese encephalitis) virus is a ‘Flavivirus’ associated with West Nile and St. Louis encephalitis viruses. This virus is transmitted by bites of infected or grimy culex type of mosquitos. Mostly in rural agricultural areas this virus is occurring. Their incubation period on an average 5–15 days in that period symptoms get occurs such as psychological status changes, neurological symptoms, weakness, headache, vomiting. Preventing for this virus, avoid mosquito bites by using insect repellant which is EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) registered, for babies and children wear full sleeves clothing, indoors and outdoors are covered by net for care yourself and your family from mosquito bite and also by spraying insect repellant .Follow the instructions which are labelled on product. There is no exact treatment only supportive care. It can be prevented by JE vaccine which is available in United States manufactured as IXIARO
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