ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies

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ISSN / EISSN : 2085-4102 / 2338-7343
Total articles ≅ 100
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DOAJ
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Nissa Kusariana, Praba Ginandjar, Vivi Septi Ariyani, Moh Arie Wurjanto
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies, Volume 13, pp 47-54; https://doi.org/10.22435/asp.v13i1.4161

Abstract:
Program eliminasi filariasis belum menunjukkan hasil maksimal di Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Perubahan perilaku vektor nyamuk terutama waktu aktif menghisap darah sangat mempengaruhi penularan penyakit filariasis. Salah satu perubahan perilaku vektor tersebut adalah aktivitas nyamuk Aedes spp. yang aktif di pagi hari menjadi aktif di malam hari. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan aktivitas nokturnal nyamuk Aedes spp. di daerah endemis filariasis di Jawa Tengah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain cross-sectional yang dilakukan di dua desa endemis filariasis yaitu Desa Tegal Dowo, Kecamatan Tirto, Kabupaten Pekalongan dan Desa Ujung-Ujung, Kecamatan Pabelan, Kabupaten Semarang. Penangkapan nyamuk dilakukan selama 2 malam di rumah penderita filariasis atau rumah di sekitar rumah kasus (Jarak ± 200 meter) dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Penangkapan nyamuk berlangsung pada pukul 18.00 - 24.00 WIB dengan jumlah penangkap nyamuk 3 orang di dalam dan 3 orang di luar rumah. Pengumpulan nyamuk dilakukan dengan metode Human Landing Collection (HLC) dan resting collection. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan peningkatan aktivitas nokturnal Aedes aegypti dan Aedes albopictus di daerah endemis filariasis di Jawa Tengah. Total nyamuk Aedes spp. yang ditemukan yaitu sebanyak 124 nyamuk, dengan 121 Ae. aegypti ditemukan di dalam rumah dan 2 nyamuk diluar rumah. Di dua wilayah penelitian ditemukan waktu aktif Ae. aegypti berada pada pukul 18.00-19.00 WIB. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan adanya aktivitas nokturnal dari Aedes spp. di wilayah endemis Filariasis di Provinsi Jawa Tengah
Tri Wahono, Endang Puji Astuti, , , Muhammad Umar Riandi
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies, Volume 13, pp 55-68; https://doi.org/10.22435/asp.v13i1.4683

Abstract:
The government targets malaria elimination in Java and Bali by 2023. But until 2020, Pangandaran and Pandeglang Regency haven’t received malaria-free certification. This qualitative study was conducted to provide an overview of Pangandaran and Pandeglang malaria control implementation by comparing it to Activity Indicators based on the Indonesian Minister of Health Decree on malaria elimination. In-depth interviews, using thematically interview guidelines, were conducted to 48 key informants such as policyholders and people in charge of health programs and cross-sectoral at the provincial, district, sub-district, and village levels. Thematic analysis was used in the theme of policy implementation, budget, facilities and infrastructures, human resources, and cross-sector cooperation. The result shows that malaria control is implemented according to the decree, but some activities haven’t been done. The analysis on policy implementation theme shows that both districts have carried out according to the guidelines, with innovation in the form of establishing Posmaldes (village malaria post) in Ujung Kulon National Park in Pandeglang. APBD, APBN, and Global Fund are used as budget sources. Both districts stated that facilities and infrastructures are sufficiently available, but there is a lack in human resources’ quantity and varying degrees of competencies. There is also a lack of cross-sector cooperation because malaria control hasn’t become a priority in those sectors and they are only acting as supports to the health sector. Efforts to control malaria are considered less optimal due to the absence of malaria elimination regulations, varied human resource capabilities, and the limitation in the duties and functions of cross-sectors.
Yuniarti Suryatinah, , Sri Sulasmi, Windy Tri Yuana, Dian Eka Setyaningtyas
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies, Volume 13, pp 9-22; https://doi.org/10.22435/asp.v13i1.4651

Abstract:
District of Hulu Sungai Utara conducted an additional 2 (two) rounds of Mass Drug Administration (MDA) for filariasis prevention in 2014 and 2015 that resulted in the success of the re-Transmission Assessment Survey Phase 1 (re-TAS 1) in 2016. This study was conducted to identify factors affecting the technical aspects of the aforementioned two additional rounds of MDA. This is a descriptive qualitative study, with a cross-sectional study design. The research was performed from September to November 2017. Data was collected through in-depth interviews with some executive stakeholders (health workers, cadres, community leaders, local women group) involved in the implementation of MDA for the filariasis elimination program. The result from indepth interviews shows the presence of technical factors at the execution level which supports the smooth implementation of the two additional rounds of MDA. Those factors include communication, resources, operational standard, bureaucracy, and pharmaceutical innovation. The success of the additional MDA roundswas marked by the absence of the re-TAS sample that was tested positive of Brugia Rapid™. The pharmaceutical innovation which transforms the dosage form of the medication into powdered form with some additional sweetener that was done in 2014-2015 can improve coverage of the treatment as well as the medication adherence for the early childhood population group. Changing pharmaceutical dosage forms require additional support in the form of human resources, infrastructure as well as financing
Anna Yuliana, Rusdi Aris Rinaldi, Nur Rahayuningsih, Firman Gustaman
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies, Volume 13, pp 69-78; https://doi.org/10.22435/asp.v13i1.4042

Abstract:
Musa x paradisiaca L. leaves are known to contain phenols, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, and other compounds that can be used as larvicides. This study aims to determine the effect of Musa x paradisiaca L leaves’ ethanol extract granules on the mortality of Aedes aegypti larvae. The Research was experimental in two stages of effectiveness testing, that are extract and granule formula effectiveness test. Data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test and the Mann-Whitney test. The extraction method used was maceration using 96% ethanol. The concentration of the extract dosage used were 0.2; 0.5; 1; 2; and 4%, with control (+) temephos and control (-). Repetitions were carried out 3 times with a sample total of 675 larvae. Observations were made for 12 and 24 hours. Preparation of granules using 2 formulas, formula 1 granules without extract and formula 2 granules with the extract. To fulfill the granule formulation criteria, the preparation was evaluated. The results showed that the concentration of 4% extract was the most effective at 98.7%, as stated by the Kruskal-Wallis test result,p-value <0.05, which means that there was an effect on the effectiveness of larvicide. The percentage of mortality of larvae given formula 2 is 100% and based on the Mann-Whitney test with value p<0.05, there is a difference between granule 1 and 2 formula. Criteria of granule including moisture content (1.72 %), angle of rest 240, flow velocity (50 gr/sec), and dispersion time (2.25 minutes). The granular formula of Musa x paradisiaca L leaves can make the application easier and hopefully can be used as effectively as synthetic larvicide in the community.
Sunaryo Sunaryo, Bina Ikawati, Tri Wijayanti
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies, Volume 13, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.22435/asp.v13i1.4023

Abstract:
Malaria merupakan masalah kesehatan utama di Purworejo terutama pada daerah perbukitan yang berbatasan dengan Kabupaten Magelang, Provinsi Jawa Tengah dan Kabupaten Kulonprogo, Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Daerah perbukitan tersebut merupakan daerah reseptif malaria. Keberadaan dari habitat perkembangbiakan vektor malaria yang berdekatan dengan pemukiman serta terjadi setiap musim, menyebabkan penularan malaria terjadi sepanjang tahun. Pemetaan spasial tempat perkembangbiakan vektor malaria dapat membantu penelusuran dan tindak lanjut intervensi terhadap pengendalian vektor malaria. Survei dan pemetaan tempat perkembangbiakan vektor malaria dilakukan menggunakan Global Positioning System (GPS) dan hasilnya diolah dengan ArcGIS. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan April-November 2018 di Purworejo. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tempat perkembangbiakan vektor malaria pada musim kemarau adalah genangan air di sepanjang aliran sungai dan mata air di sekitar pemukiman; dalam bentuk genangan-genangan kecil yang terisi sedikit air. Tempat perkembangbiakan dalam kondisi terlindung dengan adanya tanaman atau pepohonan. Tindakan intervensi yang tepat adalah dengan mengeringkan tempat perkembangbiakan vektor, membuat perlindungan mata air, larvasidasi pada musim kemarau serta penggunaan kelambu berinsektisida pada masyarakat di sekitar tempat perkembangbiakan vektor. Penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa identifikasi tempat perkembangbiakan vektor malaria pada musim kemarau di sepanjang aliran sungai dan mata air.
Nissa Noor Annashr, Fathi Muhamad Rahmadi
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies, Volume 13, pp 23-36; https://doi.org/10.22435/asp.v13i1.4621

Abstract:
Lymphatic filariasis is a chronic infectious disease caused by parasitic nematodes. The worm can damage the human lymphatic system gradually then causing enlargement of the limbs, breasts and genitalia. Kuningan is an endemic regency for filariasis in West Java Province. Cilimus District was in the 2nd position as a district with the highest filariasis cases in Kuningan in 2017. This research was conducted in Cilimus District from May to June 2018 using a cross-sectional design. The population was all households in the Cilimus District with a sample size of 106 people who were taken using a simple random sampling technique. The independent variables studied were knowledge and attitudes regarding the prevention of filariasis, the dependent variable was the filariasis prevention practices. Data collection was carried out by interview using a questionnaire. Data analysis was performed by univariate and bivariate (chi-square test). The results showed that some respondents had good knowledge and positive attitudes about the prevention of filariasis (50%). The description of respondent practices showed that 82.1% of respondents took filariasis drug, 62.3% of respondents had the habit of using mosquito repellent, only 4.7% of respondents used mosquito nets, 49.1% of respondents put gauze wire, 47.2% of respondents did not have a habit of hanging clothes. The results of categorizing behavioral variables were found that more than half of the respondents (52.8%) had implemented good prevention practices. The results of the bivariate analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between knowledge and attitude with filariasis prevention practices (p <0.05).
Nathania Disa Ariesta Andriani, Hebert Adrianto, Arief Gunawan Darmanto
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies, Volume 13, pp 37-46; https://doi.org/10.22435/asp.v13i1.3854

Abstract:
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a vector-borne disease that still happens every year in Indonesia. This disease is caused by the dengue virus and transmitted by the Aedes aegypti as its vector. One of the biological vector controls that can be implemented is using fish as a predator of mosquito larvae, such as using Electric Yellow Cichlid fish (Labidochromis caeruleus) and Tinfoil Barb fish (Barbonymus schwanenfeldii). This study aimed to determine the difference in predation capacities of Electric Yellow Cichlid and Tinfoil Barb on Ae. aegypti larvae. This research is quasiexperimental with a completely randomized design (CRD) with Post Test Only research design. One aquarium with three liters of water containing one fish is given 25 Ae. aegypti larvae. Testing of each fish species is carried out in five replications. Fish predation was observed every 30 seconds until all larvae were eaten. The result showed that Electric Yellow Cichlid could prey on 25 larvae in an averagetime of 5.7 minutes, while Tinfoil Barb spent 11.6 minutes. The results of the Friedman test showed that there was a significant time difference in preying time of Electric Yellow Cichlid and Tinfoil Barb. It’s concluded that Electric Yellow Cichlid was more effective as an Ae. aegypti larvae predator.
Arda Dinata, Endang Puji Astuti, Suwarno Hadisusanto
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies, Volume 12, pp 105-114; https://doi.org/10.22435/asp.v12i2.2270

Abstract:
The vector-borne disease remains a health problem in Pandeglang District. Entomological data isimportant in the strategy of controlling the vector-borne disease. This study aimed to determine thedistribution of mosquito larvae based on specific habitat and ecosystem typea. This research is a secondarydata analysis of Rikhus Vektora 2016 in Pandeglang, Banten Province. This type of observational researchwith cross-sectional study design. The purposive sampling technique is used based on geographical andecosystem stratification. We found 12 types of environments of the six types of ecosystems (HDP, HJP, NHDP,NHJP, PDP, and PJP) that had larvae: forest (secondary, homogeneous, and coastal); lagoon; brackish waterswamp; bamboo clumps; rice fields; plantations; and residential areas. The most ecosystem types werelarvae in HJP (160 larvae) and the least larvae in NHDP (9 larvae). Species of larvae are 16 types: rice fields(Cx. vishui, Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, An. barbirostris); small hole in the ground (Anopheles sp., Culex sp.);coconut shell (Ae. albopictus, Ar. malayi, Ar. kuchingensis, Malaya sp, Culex sp.); armpit taro leaves andbanana leaves (Ae. albopictus, Malaya genurostris); freshwater swamp (Cx. vishnui, Cx. gelidus) andbrackish water (Anopheles sp.); riverside (Anopheles sp., Cx. quinquefasciatus); ditch (Culex sp.); pool (Cx.quinquefasciatus); lagoon (Anopheles sp., Culex sp.); bamboo stumps (Ae. albopictus); Limnocharis flavagarden (Culex sp.); and used bottles (Ae. albopictus). The characteristics of larvae habitat: temperature (25-33oC); pH 8-9 (67.3%); light intensity (115-32,000 lux); vegetation (12.7%); algae (3.6%); water istemporary (61.6%), inundated (78.2%) and clear (50,9%).Keywords: Habitat, Ecosystem, Larvae Vector, Pandeglang
Muhammad Nirwan, Upik Kesumawati Hadi, Susi Soviana, Surachmi Setyaningsih, Fadjar Satrija
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies, Volume 12, pp 93-104; https://doi.org/10.22435/asp.v12i2.2710

Abstract:
Filariasis is still a health problem in Bogor Regency. The discovery of filariasis sufferers hasgrowing during the year since 2004 until now with a total of 117 people. The mass prevention drugadministration program (POPM) has been implemented since 2015. This study aims to identify theepidemiological distribution of clinical filariasis sufferers and an overview of the achievement of filariasiselimination program in Bogor district. The research using descriptive design with a quantitative approach.The data in this study used secondary data from Bogor District Health Office and Bogor Central Bureau ofStatistics. Data were analyzed descriptively and identify differences and relationships between variablesused the chi-square test. The results of the study showed the epidemiological distribution of filariasis inBogor Regency with predominantly female patients (59.8%) and productive age (36-45 years). The resultsfrom chi-square test showed that there was a significant difference between the age groups and theincidence of filariasis from year to year with a P value (0.000) 0.05. The spread of filariasis tends to fluctuate and continues to increase (75%). The results of therelationship test showed that there was no significant relationship between the number of cases and the levelof family welfare with a P value (0.279)> 0.05. The implementation of POPM, both treatment outcomes andtreatment success rates, has exceeded the national target.Keywords: Epidemiology, Filariasis, POPM, Bogor, Indonesia
Zainul Ambiya, Martini Martini, Firda Yanuar Pradani
ASPIRATOR - Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies, Volume 12, pp 115-122; https://doi.org/10.22435/asp.v12i2.1440

Abstract:
Tembalang Village is one of the endemic areas of DHF in the city of Semarang (IR 479,6/100.000population). The discovery of chemical resistance cases in mosquitoes requires another alternative as an effortto control dengue that is environmentally friendly, cheap and effective, namely by using mosquito traps withattractants. This study aims to determine the differences in the types of effective attractant materials to beused in mosquito traps as an effort to control mosquitoes. This type of research is experimental with the Post-Test Only Control Group Design method. The sample of this study was 64 houses with repetitions of 6 times.Testing of attractants was carried out on 3 types of attractants, namely brown sugar yeast, sugar yeast, strawsoaking water and PAM water as a control. Environmental observations were carried out to determine thedensity of mosquitoes in Tembalang Village. The results showed that the type of attractant most favored bymosquitoes was brown sugar yeast (73,37%) and sugar yeast (26,62%). Meanwhile, the mosquito density inTembalang sub-district was low at 1.375 with the most found mosquito population being Culex (55.7%) andthe highest fishing place in the house (59%). Keywords: Tembalang Village, Vector Control, Attractant, Mosquito Density
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