Journal of Surgical Case Reports
ISSN / EISSN : 2042-8812 / 2042-8812
Published by: Oxford University Press (OUP) (10.1093)
Total articles ≅ 2,270
Latest articles in this journal
Journal of Surgical Case Reports, Volume 2021; doi:10.1093/jscr/rjab289
We report an unfortunate case of rectal perforation and subsequent peritonitis in a 74-year-old lady who underwent haemorrhoidal artery ligation in order to treat complex large external and internal haemorrhoids. Serious complications following haemorrhoid surgery are rare and this is the first documented case of delayed intra-abdominal rectal perforation following a haemorrhoid artery ligation operation and converted Ligasure open haemorrhoidectomy.
Journal of Surgical Case Reports, Volume 2021; doi:10.1093/jscr/rjab286
A coronary artery fistula is a rare condition caused by abnormal coronary artery embryological development. Although most cases are asymptomatic, in some, the large shunt volume and the myocardial ischemia due to the steal phenomenon require surgical treatment. We present the case of a 40-year-old woman who presented with angina on exertion. Enhanced computed tomography showed a giant right coronary artery (RCA) aneurysm with an RCA-to-right atrium fistula. Because of the presence of symptoms and the presence of large fistulous tract, the patient was considered a surgical candidate. The procedure was performed under cardiopulmonary bypass. Ligation and closure of the fistula were performed in combination with dissection of the enlarged main trunk of the RCA and coronary artery bypass using the internal thoracic artery because of its potential for long-term patency. The postoperative course was uneventful.
Journal of Surgical Case Reports, Volume 2021; doi:10.1093/jscr/rjab278
Capsular bag distention syndrome (CBDS) or capsular block syndrome is a rare complication of cataract surgery. Neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser usually is effective treatment for CBDS. Rarely, surgical intervention is required in resistant cases (as in our case). Herein, we present the case of a 58-year-old male who presented to us with this condition.
Journal of Surgical Case Reports, Volume 2021; doi:10.1093/jscr/rjab261
Buried bumper syndrome (BBS) is a rare complication associated with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes. It develops when the internal bumper migrates through the gastric wall, lodging anywhere along the gastrostomy tract leading to overgrowth of gastric mucosa thereby encasing the tube. BBS can lead to bleeding, perforation, peritonitis and intra-abdominal sepsis. Our case is a 71-year-old female presenting with tenderness, erythema and purulent discharge at the PEG tube site 2-weeks post-insertion. Computer tomography scan demonstrated the PEG had dislodged with the internal bumper in the subcutaneous tissue and the distal tip lying within the tract beyond the stomach wall. The PEG was removed by simple external traction. The patient clinically improved and discharged home on day three. Although BBS usually occurs late post-PEG insertion, it can also occur acutely. Preventative measures should be adopted at ward-level and emphasized with appropriate PEG tube care information provided to patients to avoid and recognize such complication.
Journal of Surgical Case Reports, Volume 2021; doi:10.1093/jscr/rjab268
Intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs) are a popular treatment choice for contraception. We report a case of a woman in her forties who presented to a urology clinic with visible haematuria. Flexible cystoscopy revealed a bladder lesion, suspicious for a tumour. However, subsequent imaging determined that this was in fact the arm of an IUCD, sited 7 years previously, which had migrated into the bladder. The patient underwent an uneventful robotic-assisted laparoscopic removal of the device. IUCD-related complications are infrequent and can present atypically, warranting a broad diagnostic approach. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic removal of devices migrating into pelvic structures offers all the advantages of minimally invasive surgery, with the added benefits of three-dimensional views and endowrist movement facilitating tasks such as intracorporeal suturing. We report the first documented case of utilizing the da Vinci robotic system in safely assisting the removal of a migrated IUCD.
Journal of Surgical Case Reports, Volume 2021; doi:10.1093/jscr/rjab283
We report a rare case of recurrent solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura with suspicious malignant transformation. A 78-year-old man had undergone prior surgical resection of the primary and recurrent SFT tumors at 11 and 2 years before the current presentation. Although his primary tumor had a round shape and did not show invasive growth, the current recurrent tumor extended through the neural foramen and had an osteoclastic progression into the thoracic spine. A computed tomography (CT) guided needle biopsy was performed and the pathological diagnosis of the tumor was confirmed as the recurrence of SFT. Immunohistochemically, the MIB-1 proliferation index (Ki-67) of the primary tumor and the current tumor was 1.74 and 30.00%, respectively. These clinical and immunohistochemical findings were strongly suspected the malignant transformation of SFT from benign. He was treated with radiotherapy, and a response was observed.
Journal of Surgical Case Reports, Volume 2021; doi:10.1093/jscr/rjab282
The exact incidence of small bowel obstruction (SBO) due to congenital adhesions remains unclear. Herein, we report a 59-year-old male who appeared in the emergency department with diffuse abdominal pain associated with vomiting. The patient reported no previous medical or surgical history. Clinical examination revealed a soft, distended abdomen and diffuse tenderness. Computed tomography indicated a close loop obstruction. A congenital band extending from mesentery to ileum and causing an internal hernia was identified via a midline incision. The band was ligated and divided. There is no difference in the clinical presentation, and the initial work-up of SBO on account of congenital adhesions was compared to other bowel obstruction causes. Surgical exploration is crucial for the diagnosis and treatment of congenital adhesions. Although laparotomy is considered the cornerstone of surgical management, laparoscopy has emerged as a feasible and safe alternative for the diagnosis and treatment of these congenital bands.
Journal of Surgical Case Reports, Volume 2021; doi:10.1093/jscr/rjab288
First operated by Claudius Amyand in 1735. Amyand’s hernia is a rare presentation and accounts for only 1% of all inguinal hernias. Amyand’s hernia is described when the appendix is trapped within an inguinal hernia. In most cases, Amyand’s hernia is an incidental finding intra-operatively due to variable clinical manifestations, and features. Amyand’s hernia has variable theories explaining its pathophysiology besides having multiple proposed surgical approaches either via laparoscopic or open repair and with the latter being in a debate of pro and against mesh repair. We present a case of a sliding Amyand’s hernia in which the vermiform appendix and part of the cecum were adherents to the wall of a right inguinal hernial sac. Amyand’s hernia is a rare form of inguinal hernias and its presentation is widely variable. However, in most cases, it is non-complicated and is found as an incidental intraoperative finding. Many studies debate among different diagnostic and management approaches to serve a better outcome with fewer operative complications.
Journal of Surgical Case Reports, Volume 2021; doi:10.1093/jscr/rjab311
Ankle fractures in the elderly are often complicated by osteoporosis and poor skin quality, resulting in poorer outcomes. This retrospective case-series describes a novel minimally invasive fixation method for managing unstable ankle fractures in the high-risk elderly patient. Six elderly patients who underwent dual tibiotalar cannulated screw fixation for unstable ankle fractures between January 2019 and 2020 were identified. Data on post-operative pain scores, mobility and complications were collected. Pre- and post-operative radiographs were analysed for fracture type and complications. Functional outcomes were excellent with 83.3% of patients pain free, and 100% ambulatory with walking-aids at 10.25 months follow-up. Four of the six patients (66.7%) had satisfactory post-operative radiographs, and there were no soft tissue injury or infections due to the surgery. Dual percutaneous tibiotalar cannulated screws can be used to manage unstable ankle fractures in the low demand elderly patient, resulting in excellent functional outcomes.
Journal of Surgical Case Reports, Volume 2021; doi:10.1093/jscr/rjab279
Amyloidosis was initially described by Nicolaes Fonteyn in 1639. It is caused by the deposition of soluble immunoglobulin light chains as insoluble fibrils and can affect any organ including the heart, nervous system, dermis and subcutaneous tissue, kidneys and liver. This is a rare case of cardiac amyloidosis occurring with multiple myeloma and pleural effusion. A 65-year-old Arab woman, nonsmoker, nonalcoholic, known to have hypothyroidism and multiple myeloma, presented to the hospital with dyspnea and basilar crackles. Workup was done to exclude leukemia. Cardiac echography showed features of amyloidosis. Cardiac amyloidosis occurring with multiple myeloma and pleural effusion is rare. However, it is stated that 10–15% of amyloidosis patients might develop multiple myeloma (MM).