ISSN / EISSN : 2337-6333 / 2355-4363
Current Publisher: Institut Pertanian Bogor (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 79
Latest articles in this journal
AL-MUZARA'AH, Volume 8; doi:10.29244/jam.8.2.95-108
The development of lifestyle generation Y is inseparable from technological development. That changes the behavior of gen Y Muslims in making zakat, infaq, shodaqoh (ZIS) payments from conventional to digital. The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics of Muslim gen Y related to digital ZIS payments, then to analyze what influences the behavior intention of gen Y Muslims in the use of digital payment technology for ZIS payments. The results of this study qualitatively indicate that the characteristics of digital payment technology users for ZIS payments are dominated by female gen Y Muslims. The most commonly used digital payment method is transfer via mobile banking and via e-wallet. Digital service partners that are widely used to channel digital ZIS payments to OPZ are banking institutions. The quantitative research results show that the overall variables studied, namely performance expectancy (PE), effort expectancy (EE), social influence (SI), facilitating conditions (FC), hedonic motivation (HM), price value (PV), habit (HT), and perceived security (PS) have a significant influence on the behavioral intention (BI) of gen Y Muslims in the use of digital payment technology for ZIS payments, where the greatest factor influences the intention of gen Y Muslims behavior is perceived security.
AL-MUZARA'AH, Volume 8; doi:10.29244/jam.8.2.153-171
Market share on Islamic Insurance is still very small compared to conventional insurance. Islamic insurance companies must be able to compete with conventional insurance in order to increase their market share. Efficiency and Productivity are factors that must be improved so that Islamic insurance can compete with conventional insurance. This study aims to analyze the level of efficiency and productivity of Islamic insurance during the 2016-2018 period. The study was conducted on 48 Islamic insurance companies consisting of 26 Islamic life insurance companies and 22 Islamic general insurance companies. Efficiency analysis use the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach and productivity analysis use the Malmquist Productivity Index (MPI). The novelty of this study, among others, involves Islamic general insurance in the productivity analysis which has not been studied so far. The results of the analysis shows that the majority of Islamic life insurance and Islamic general insurance are inefficient during the 2016-2018 period. The size of the company which represents the total assets is the factor that have a positive and significant effect on the efficiency value. The results of the productivity analysis shows that the productivity level of both sharia life insurance and general sharia insurance during the 2016-2018 period is influenced by technological change factors.
AL-MUZARA'AH, Volume 8; doi:10.29244/jam.8.2.141-151
The increasing interest of the Muslim community in Indonesia in the consumption of goods and services labeled halal has certainly made all things with a halal perspective appear. Fintech (financial technology) as a form of digitization of the rapid development of technology is also used in the financial sector. The focus discussed in this study is the obligation of students to have books and how the website innovation system works using the murabaha contract. This study uses a phenomenological approach by conducting interviews with 40 students of the Muhammadiyah University of Sidoarjo who have used and made transactions on the IjabQabul.id website. The data obtained from the interviews were reprocessed using the Atlas.ti software. The results showed that from the IjabQabul.id website, students were quite helped by the facilities provided, such as payment methods that could be made online or collectively as well as payment methods that could be made in installments. Additions and feature enhancements are also expected by users to be added to the website.
AL-MUZARA'AH, Volume 8; doi:10.29244/jam.8.2.109-127
Halal certification is one of the company’s strategy that aims to retain their consumers and become a difference with competitors and to give added value for product. Most of the researchers have proved that halal certificates affect big companies’ total revenue. However, there are not many studies that have proved that halal certificate would affect the total revenue of micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs), especially in Bogor City. This research aims to determine the characteristics of MSMEs’ owners and their business, analyze the changes of MSME’s total revenue before and after owning a halal certificate, and the factors that affect MSMEs’ total revenue after owning a halal certificate. The questionnaire data were collected through an interview with 40 food and beverage MSMEs’ owners who have halal certificates in Bogor City. This research uses descriptive analysis, paired sample t-test, and multiple linear regression analysis as the analysis methods. Results based on this research showed that there was a difference in the total revenue of MSMEs before and after owning a halal certificate. The factors that have positive and significant effects of MSMEs’ total revenue influences are capital, work hours, length of business, and a dummy of promotion.
AL-MUZARA'AH, Volume 8, pp 129-140; doi:10.29244/jam.8.2.129-140
Islamic banking takes part in the Indonesian economic and financial system which contributes to the dynamics of eeconomic growth. The number of Islamic banks in Indonesia, through its market share, is still quite small, namely 5.95% in 2019 of the total national banking market share. One of the main activities of Islamic banking is channeling financing through financing based on the type of use and business category. This study aims to determine the short-term and long-term contribution of Islamic banking to Indonesia's economic growth using the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) method. The data used in this study are quarterly secondary data of real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and financing based on the use and category of Indonesian Islamic banking business types, which consist of working capital financing, investment financing and consumption financing. The results showed that in the short and long term, the variable consumption financing had a significant negative effect on Indonesia's economic growth.
AL-MUZARA'AH, Volume 8, pp 73-93; doi:10.29244/jam.8.1.73-93
Financing is channeling funds carried out by Islamic banks, such as Islamic rural banks (BPRS). Risk arising from financing is default risk assessed by the ratio of Non Performing Financing (NPF). BPRS in the area of Kabupaten Bogor have NPF values above the safe limit set by Bank Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to identify the causes and solutions of default financing and formulate strategies for preventing default financing of BPRS in Kabupaten Bogor. The method used in this study is Analytic Network Process (ANP). The total respondents in this study are five. The result showed that external cause is the most influential factor towards the occurrence of default financing. The most influential external cause is customer's bad intention. External solution is the priority solution that need special attention. The priority external solution is strengthening the analysis. The most influential internal cause is adverse selection. Internal solution that is prioritized is training for finance officers. The priority of the default financing prevention strategy in this study is formulating financing risk mitigation.
AL-MUZARA'AH, Volume 8, pp 39-56; doi:10.29244/jam.8.1.39-56
This study tries to review the research around Islamic economics and finance on reputable journal. It uses descriptive statistical analysis based on selected 177 article publications or paper related to Islamic economics and finance, with international journal indexed by scopus Q1. The entire sample journal publications have published for five years from 2014 to 2018. The results show that Islamic economics and finance research is still dominated by Islamic banks issues (42%), followed by Islamic capital market issues (31%), then Islamic accounting (9%), Islamic business and marketing (7%), Islamic monetary (4%), and other Islamic economics and finance issues (7%), like takaful, microfinance, halal industry, waqf and economic of hajj. In addition, the average time of journal publication is between 9 and 10 months. There are at least 20 Q1 scopus journals that publish Islamic economics and finance articles and the most research with Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Journal of International Financial Market, Institution & Money, and Journal of Business Ethics. Furthermore, the comparison of quantitative research (84%) is still more than the qualitative approach (16%).
AL-MUZARA'AH, Volume 8, pp 1-16; doi:10.29244/jam.8.1.1-16
Rahn is financing for the community to borrow money using personal items as collateral. Public interest in rahn is still small, even though rahn knew as savings and loan services for property that is guaranteed by customers. The savings and loan services are paid every month along with the loan installments and do not use the interest system, only determining the nominal value of the rupiah determined by the pawning party. Thus, this study aims to determine the factors that influence customer preferences in choosing rahn products. The total of 120 respondents are taken, with a proportion of 60 as respondents representing rahn product respondents and 60 other respondents. The collected data is processed using logistic regression techniques. The results of the study show the factors that influence customer preferences for rahn products are factors of knowledge, promotion, service, education level, employment, income, expenditure and the number of dependents significantly influence customer decisions in choosing rahn products.
AL-MUZARA'AH, Volume 8, pp 57-72; doi:10.29244/jam.8.1.57-72
Indonesia is the largest Muslim country in the world. Every Muslim must consume halal products. The trend in Indonesian society that is developing now is the hijrah trend. People change lifestyles to become more aware and concerned with the halal of a product. The hijrah trend makes halal standardization develop on food and beverages, services and lifestyle (halal cosmetics). One of the halal cosmetics sold in Indonesia is Make Over Brand Cosmetics. Make Over has been registered in the Indonesian Ulema Council as halal cosmetics that can provide security for Muslim. The purpose of this study is to analyze the direct relationship between Islamic religiosity and halal knowledge variables on the attitude and purchase intention variables. Then analyze the indirect relationship between Islamic religiosity and halal knowledge variables on the purchase intention variable that is mediated by the attitude variable. The sampling technique is purposive sampling with 185 respondents. Data analysis techniques using quantitative analysis with analysis tools SmartPLS 3.0. The results of the analysis showed a significant positive direct relationship between Islamic religiosity variables and halal knowledge on the purchase intention and attitude variables. Then there is also an indirect relationship with partial mediation by the attitude variable.
AL-MUZARA'AH, Volume 8, pp 17-37; doi:10.29244/jam.8.1.17-37
Panin Dubai Syariah Bank (PDSB) conducted an initial public offering (IPO) in January 2014 and was also registered as the first Islamic bank (IB) to conduct an IPO. With an IPO, PDSB is required to provide information disclosure and increase the company's competitive advantage. This study aims to determine 1) financial performance pre and post implementation of the PDSB IPO; 2) the efficiency of the pre and post implementation of the PDSB IPO compared to the IB BUKU 2. The study used a quantitative descriptive approach. The type of data used is secondary data in the form of annual report IB BUKU 2 2010-2017 and IB publication reports. Data were analyzed using the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model to measure efficiency as a concept for evaluating PDSB performance. The results showed (1) CAR pre IPO better than post IPO. BOPO, NPF and FDR there are no significant differences between pre IPO and post IPO (2) PDSB efficiency scores in 2010-2017 are always more efficient when compared to IB BUKU 2. There are significant differences in the parameters of technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency, and scale efficiency on pre-IPO, while post-IPO significant differences only in the efficiency of technical efficiency and scale efficiency.