ВЕТЕРИНАРСКИ ЖУРНАЛ РЕПУБЛИКЕ СРПСКЕ

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ISSN / EISSN : 1840-2887 / 2303-4475
Total articles ≅ 203
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Lazar Kosovčević́
ВЕТЕРИНАРСКИ ЖУРНАЛ РЕПУБЛИКЕ СРПСКЕ, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.7251/vetjen2001235k

Abstract:
Bovine papillomatosis belongs to the group of chronic proliferative diseases of viral etiology. Young cattle up to 2 years of age are most often affected. Papillomatosis is caused by the papilloma virus, which forms benign tumors of fibroepithelial properties on the skin and mucous membranes. Usually, the skin form is characterized by the appearance of one or more papillomas, which usually affect the head, neck, shoulders, ears, around the eyes, in the area around the throat, mouth, and udder. As a result, frequent and permanent bleeding may occur.
Bojan Golić́, Vesna Kalabá, Tanja Ilić́
ВЕТЕРИНАРСКИ ЖУРНАЛ РЕПУБЛИКЕ СРПСКЕ, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.7251/vetjen2001066k

Abstract:
Health-safe water is the basis of a healthy life and is one of the priorities in primary health care. Water safety involves microbiological, physicochemical and radiologically clean water, a sufficient amount of water and continuous delivery. Due to the great epidemiological importance of water, whose impact is immediate and through which various infectious diseases can be transmitted harmful and dangerous chemicals can be introduced, it is necessary, in order to protect human health, to control the safety of drinking water. The aim of this study was to determine the microbiological safety of water used for watering animals, as well as in the food industry. Based on data collected from year 2015 to 2017, 26.20% water samples did not meet requirements defined by Regulation on hygienic quality of drinking water. The greatest number of samples was unsatisfactory due to an increased number of microorganisms at the temperatures of 22°C (63.40%) and 37°C (54.90%), and when it comes to pathogenic microorganisms due to the presence of intestinal enterococci (58.80%). The lowest risk of the presence of coliforms and E. coli is in the water from the water supplying network, while it's much higher presence is in wells and in the water from the wellspring. The presence of intestinal enterococci is significant in all three types of drinking water, while the presence of sulphite-reducing clostridia was observed only in the wellspring water.
Jovana Vidović́
ВЕТЕРИНАРСКИ ЖУРНАЛ РЕПУБЛИКЕ СРПСКЕ, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.7251/vetjen2001212v

Abstract:
Antimicrobial drugs are very important in the treatment of many infectious diseases in humans and animals. This article deals with the importance of antimicrobial resistance, as it is one of the most significant problems of modern medicine, but also with the role of doctors of veterinary medicine in this issue. Due to the frequent and irrational use of antimicrobial drugs, doctors of veterinary medicine have an undoubted contribution to the current (it can be said) high prevalence of bacterial resistance around the world. Therefore, numerous organizations, both in human and veterinary medicine in the world today, are trying to create national programs and strategies to fight against the development of antimicrobial resistance. The fight against resistance is long-lasting and requires the coordination and global participation of all parties - from doctors and veterinarians to legislators and politicians - under the umbrella of the "One Health" principle.
Jasmin Ferizbegović́, Elvira Hadžiahmetović Juridá, Marija Vučićević́, Sandra Đapó
ВЕТЕРИНАРСКИ ЖУРНАЛ РЕПУБЛИКЕ СРПСКЕ, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.7251/vetjen2001096h

Abstract:
Blood test analysis, i.e. determination of the number of erythrocytes, leucocytes, thrombocytes and other blood elements is nowadays used quite frequently for diagnostic purposes. Hematological parameters and body mass are reliable indicators of the general condition of the organism, and serve as an indirect indicator of the environment of the living organism. Hematological parameters and body mass were examined in a total of 60 dogs of various breeds, including mixed breeds. The purebred dogs included 30 dogs while the mixed breed group included another 30 dogs from the territory of Tuzla Canton. The examined dogs differed in the manner of nutrition and their living environment, and therefore, the results show a variety of deviations that were considered later on and further analysed in order to determine their causes. All examinations were conducted, observed and processed in accordance with relevant ecological environmental factors in the period of autumn of 2016. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of environmental factors in the study period on the hematological parameters of both examined groups of dogs. After the analysis of the blood test with the use of the hemogram for owned dogs and asylum dogs, that have been treated and kept in various manners, and the statistical processing of data obtained, it was concluded that the dogs with increased number of eosionophils had a parasitic disease. A large number of owned dogs had parasitic diseases due to incorrect usage of antiparasitics and not so frequent visits to veterinarians. The dogs that were under constant medical supervision were completely healthy.
Goran Paraš́, Smiljana Paraš́, Bojan Lukač́, Ognjen Vitković́, Igor Čegaŕ
ВЕТЕРИНАРСКИ ЖУРНАЛ РЕПУБЛИКЕ СРПСКЕ, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.7251/vetjen2001190p

Abstract:
The techniques of stabilizing the fracture of the hock joint fractures in a dog are developed in order to ensure the reposition and stabilization of the limbs. In our case, after a clinical examination, RTG analysis of the broken joint and assessment of the general condition of the dog, a surgical procedure was selected. In the dissociative anesthesia, with minimal tissue damage, the reposition of dislocated joint surfaces was made. The traumatized joint was reponated and fixed with cortical screws interconnected by cerclage wire. Screws provide the required stability of the talotibial joint surfaces. In the postoperative period, analgesic and antibiotic therapy was used, and fixation of the treated fracture of the hock joint was done. Also, recommendations and advice for postoperative treatment of a dog in home conditions were given to the owner. After forty days a surgery was performed in order to extract the cortical screws and cerclage wires, according to the standard procedure. In our case, after a complete and successful repair of the fracture, the dog recovered after two months and did not have symptoms of lameness. The results of successful surgical treatment were the reason to show this case as study report, in order to provide an alternative solution or advice to colleagues who could encounter similar fracture in small animal practice.
Ruslan Aliev́, Milomir Kovač́, Drago Nedić́, Nevena Drakuĺ
ВЕТЕРИНАРСКИ ЖУРНАЛ РЕПУБЛИКЕ СРПСКЕ, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.7251/vetjen2001013k

Abstract:
The paper retrospectively presents diagnostics, conservative and surgical treatment of various small colon pathologies in 72 horses, which were admitted with abdominal pain (colic) to the Veterinary clinic "Novi Vek" of the Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology (named Skrabina). Examinations were performed from the year 2007 to 2019, when 1810 colic horses were received and examined, of which 72 horses, i.e. 3.97% of all cases, were diagnosed with a small colon pathology. The most frequent cause of a small colon pathology was constipation that was diagnosed in 49 cases. Out of 72 hospitalized and treated horses, 62 horses, i.e. 86.1%, were successfully cured.
Горан Параш́, Смиљана Параш́, Бојан Лукач́, Огњен Витковић́, Игор Чегар́
ВЕТЕРИНАРСКИ ЖУРНАЛ РЕПУБЛИКЕ СРПСКЕ, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.7251/vetjsr2001183p

Abstract:
Технике стабилизације прелома скочног зглоба пса развијају се у циљу да обезбиједе репозицију и стабилизацију екстремитета. У нашем случају након обављеног кликичког прегледа пса, анализе РТГ снимка преломљеног зглоба и процјене општег стања пса, одабрана је техника хируршког захвата. У дисоцијативној анестезији, уз минимално оштећење ткива урађена је репозиција дислоцираних зглобних површина. Трауматизован зглоб је репониран и фиксиран кортикалним вијцима међусобно спојеним серклаж жицом. Вијци обезбеђују потребну стабилност талотибијалних зглобних површина. У постоперативном току обезбеђена је аналгетска и антибиотска терапија пса, фиксација санираног прелома скочног зглоба бандажима и дата препорука и савети власнику за постоперативно лијечење у кућним условима. Након четрдесет дана псу је урађен хируршки захват у циљу вађења кортикалних вијака и серклажне жице, по стандардној процедури. У нашем случају након потпуне и успјешне санације прелома пас се послије два мјесеца опоравио и није имао симптоме хромости. Резултати успјешног хируршког третмана били су разлог за приказ случаја кроз рад у циљу давања алтернативног рјешења или савјета колегама када се у својој пракси сусретну са сличним преломом.
Bojan Golić́, Vesna Kalabá, Tanja Ilić́, Dragana Kalabá, Nina Zrnić́
ВЕТЕРИНАРСКИ ЖУРНАЛ РЕПУБЛИКЕ СРПСКЕ, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.7251/vetjsr2001163k

Abstract:
Alkoholna tinktura propolisa je najčešće korišten proizvod od propolisa na tržištu za liječenje slabijih infekcija u usnoj šupljini, angine, nekih kožnih oboljenja i slično. Zbog toga što je propolis još uvijek neoficijalan lek u apotekama, ispitali smo njegovu antimikrobnu aktivnost primjenom disk-difuzionog testa na šest referentnih bakterijskih sojeva Salmonella Enteritidis WDCM 00030, Salmonella Typhimurium WDCM 00031, Listeria monocytogenes WDCM 00020, Staphylococcus aureus WDCM 00032, Escherichia coli WDCM 00013 i Pseudomonas aeruginosa WDCM 00024. Cilj ovoga rada je bio da se ispitaju antibakterijska svojstva alkoholnog rastvora propolisa na referentne bakterijske kulture, kao i da se odredi tip djelovanja. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata, može se zaključiti da su bakterijski sojevi Salmonella Enteritidis WDCM 00030, Salmonella Typhimurium WDCM 00031, Listeria monocytogenes WDCM 00020, Staphylococcus aureus WDCM 00032 i Pseudomonas aeruginosa WDCM 00024, jako osjetljivi na djelovanje alkoholne tinkture propolisa.
Бојан Голић́, Весна Калаба́, Тања Илић́
ВЕТЕРИНАРСКИ ЖУРНАЛ РЕПУБЛИКЕ СРПСКЕ, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.7251/vetjsr2001050k

Abstract:
Здравствено безбједна вода представља основу здравог живљења и један је од приоритета у примарној здравственој заштити. Безбједност подразумијева микробиолошки, физичкохемијски и радиолошки исправну воду, довољне количине воде и њену континуирану испоруку. Због великог епидемиолошког значаја воде, чији је утицај непосредан и путем које се могу добити разне заразне болести, или унијети штетне и опасне хемијске материје, неопходно је, у циљу заштите здравља људи, контролисати здравствену исправност воде за пиће. Циљ истраживања је утврђивање микрoбиолошке исправности воде која се користи за потребе прехрамбене индустрије, као и за напајање животиња. У периоду 2015-2017. године, 26,20% узорака воде није задовољило регулативу (Пропис, 2010; Пропис, 2015). Највећи број незадовољавајућих узорака био је због повећаног броја микроорганизама на 22°C (63,40%) и 37°C (54,90%), a када су у питању патогени микроорганизми, због присуства цријевних ентерокока (58,80%). Најмањи ризик од присуства колиформа и E. coli јe у води из водовода, док је он унатно већи у бунарској и изворској води. Присуство цријевних ентерокока значајно у све три врсте воде за пиће, a присуство сулфидоредукујућих клостридија утврђено је само у изворској води.
Ruslan Aliev́, Milomir Kovač́, Drago Nedić́, Nevena Drakuĺ
ВЕТЕРИНАРСКИ ЖУРНАЛ РЕПУБЛИКЕ СРПСКЕ, Volume 20; https://doi.org/10.7251/vetjsr2001005k

Abstract:
U radu su retrospektivno prezentovani dijagnostika, konzervativno i hirurško lečenje različnih patologija na malom kolonu kod 72 konja, koji su primljeni sa abdominalnim bolom (kolikom) na veterinarsku kliniku „Novi Vek“ Moskovske državne akademije za veterinarstvo i biotehnologiju (po imenu Skrabina). Pregledi su vršeni u periodu 20072019. godina kada je primljeno i pregledano 1810 količnih konja od kojih je kod 72 utvrđena patologija na malom kolonu što čini 3,97% svih slučajeva. Najveći uzrok patologije malog kolona bile su opstipacije fecesom u 49 slučajeva. Od ukupno 72 hospitalizovana i lečena konja njih 62 je uspešno izlečeno što čini 86,1%.
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