Modern Instrumentation

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 21659257 / 21659273
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 36
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Latest articles in this journal

Hanna V. Dorozinska, Tatyana A. Turu, Olga M. Markina, Glib V. Dorozinsky, Volodymyr P. Maslov
Modern Instrumentation, Volume 7, pp 1-10; doi:10.4236/mi.2018.71001

Mukhtar Ahmed Rana
Modern Instrumentation, Volume 7, pp 35-41; doi:10.4236/mi.2018.73004

Jie Zhan, Jun Qin, Siwei Tan, Shugang Liu, Renlong Zhou, Ying Chen
Modern Instrumentation, Volume 7, pp 24-34; doi:10.4236/mi.2018.72003

Ahmed F. Elaksher, Tarig Ali
Modern Instrumentation, Volume 7, pp 11-23; doi:10.4236/mi.2018.72002

Francisco Sepúlveda, José Hernández, Andrés Manríquez
Modern Instrumentation, Volume 6, pp 15-27; doi:10.4236/mi.2017.62002

In this work, it was developed the construction of a potentiostat for the execution of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) experiments, using an Agilent 33220a signal generator, a RIGOL 1064b oscilloscope and a protoboard for the connection of operational amplifiers to an electrochemical cell. The coordination of the global operation, in addition to data acquisition, was performed using a code generated in the LabVIEW program. The system analyzed was the corrosion of an 1100 aluminum plate in water, in order to compare the results obtained by other authors. The data acquisition consisted in obtaining the values of amplitude, RMS voltage and phase angle between the generated power signals and the current output, in order to obtain the impedance of the system, for different signal frequencies. Finally, the values obtained were plotted on a Nyquist diagram. In this way, the objective of this article is to demonstrate that with conventional laboratory equipment it is possible to implement an experimental device, capable of delivering results similar to those obtained by commercial equipment.
Daniel K. Fisher, Yanbo Huang
Modern Instrumentation, Volume 6, pp 1-13; doi:10.4236/mi.2017.61001

Many agricultural applications, including improved crop production, precision agriculture, and phenotyping, rely on detailed field and crop information to detect and react to spatial variabilities. Mobile farm vehicles, such as tractors and sprayers, have the potential to operate as mobile sensing platforms, enabling the collection of large amounts of data while working. Open-source hardware and software components were integrated to develop a mobile plant-canopy sensing and monitoring system. The microcontroller-based system, which incorporated a Bluetooth radio, GPS receiver, infrared temperature and ultrasonic distance sensors, micro SD card storage, and voltage regulation components, was developed at a cost of US$292. The system was installed on an agricultural vehicle and tested in a soybean field. The monitoring system demonstrates an application of open-source hardware to agricultural research and provides a framework for similar or additional sensing applications.
S. Panko, A. Mishurov, V. Evstratko, A. Gorchakovsky
Modern Instrumentation, Volume 5, pp 1-4; doi:10.4236/mi.2016.51001

The broken rhythm of the heart activity of a person can lead to fatal consequences if it is not detected at an early stage. The article described a device for counting and indicating the number of violations of rhythm of cardiac activity. The device is intended for home use and does not require medical knowledge. If the patient will notice a trend towards the increasing number of arrhythmias, he must seek for cardiology advice.
M H Shah Bukhari, Zahoor H. Shah
Modern Instrumentation, Volume 5, pp 5-16; doi:10.4236/mi.2016.52002

The design and development of a cryogenic Ultra-Low-Noise Signal Amplification (ULNA) and detection system for spectroscopy of ultra-cold systems are reported here for the operation in the 0.5 - 4 GHz spectrum of frequencies (the “L” and “S” microwave bands). The design is suitable for weak RF signal detection and spectroscopy from ultra-cold systems confined in cryogenic RF cavities, as entailed in a number of physics, physical chemistry and analytical chemistry applications, such as NMR/NQR/EPR and microwave spectroscopy, Paul traps, Bose-Einstein Condensates (BEC’s) and cavity Quantum Electrodynamics (cQED). Using a generic Low-Noise Amplifier (LNA) architecture for a GaAs enhancement mode High-Electron Mobility FET device, our design has especially been devised for scientific applications where ultra-low-noise amplification systems are sought to amplify and detect weak RF signals under various conditions and environments, including cryogenic temperatures, with the least possible noise susceptibility. The amplifier offers a 16 dB gain and a 0.8 dB noise figure at 2.5 GHz, while operating at room temperature, which can improve significantly at low temperatures. Both dc and RF outputs are provided by the amplifier to integrate it in a closed-loop or continuous-wave spectroscopy system or connect it to a variety of instruments, a factor which is lacking in commercial LNA devices. Following the amplification stage, the RF signal detection is carried out with the help of a post-amplifier and detection system based upon a set of Zero-Bias Schottky Barrier Diodes (ZBD’s) and a high-precision ultra-low noise jFET operational amplifier. The scheme offers unique benefits of sensitive detection and very-low noise amplification for measuring extremely weak on-resonance signals with substantial low- noise response and excellent stability while eliminating complicated and expensive heterodyne schemes. The LNA stage is fully capable to be a part of low-temperature experiments while being operated in cryogenic conditions down to about 500 mK.
Jefferson F.D.F. Araujo, Joao M. B. Pereira
Modern Instrumentation, Volume 4, pp 43-53; doi:10.4236/mi.2015.44005

A versatile Hall magnetometer has been developed, manufactured, calibrated, and turned operational for measurements of the magnetic properties of bulk materials and magnetic micro- and nanoparticles. The magnetometer was constructed from the combination of various equipments, which was usually available in most laboratories, such as a Hall effect sensor, an electromagnet, a current source, and a linear actuator. The achieved sensitivity to the magnetic moment was approximately 10-8 Am2. The results were compared to measurements performed with commercial vibrating-sample magnetometers and superconductor quantum interference devices (SQUID) and showed errors of around 1.7% and a standard deviation of 1.2% in relation to measures themselves. The constructed Hall magnetometer records a magnetic hysteresis loop of up to 1.2 T at room temperature. This magnetometer is cost-effective, versatile, and suitable for research.
M. Poli Lener, Giovanni Corradi, Catalina Curceanu, Diego Tagnani, A. Romero Vidal, Johann Zmeskal
Modern Instrumentation, Volume 4, pp 32-41; doi:10.4236/mi.2015.43004

In this paper, we present the R & D activity on a new GEM-based Time Projection Chamber (GEM-TPC) detector for the inner region of the AMADEUS experiment, which is aiming to perform measurements of low-energy negative kaon interactions in nuclei at the DAΦNE e+ e- collider at LNF-INFN. A novel idea of using a GEM-TPC as a low mass target and detector at the same time comes motivated by the need of studying the low energy interactions of K- with nuclei in a complete way, tracking and identifying all of the produced particles. Even more, what makes the experimental proposal revolutionary is the possibility of using different gaseous targets without any other substantial intervention on the experimental setup, making it a flexible multipurpose device. This new detection technique applied to the nuclear physics requires the use of low-radiation length materials and very pure light gases such as Hydrogen, Deuterium, Helium-3, Helium-4, etc. In order to evaluate the GEM-TPC performances, a 10 × 10 cm2 prototype with a drift gap of 15 cm has been realized. The detector was tested at the πM1 beam facility of the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) with low momentum pions and protons. Detection efficiency and spatial resolution, as a function of gas mixture, gas gain and ionazing particle, are reported and discussed.
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