Jurnal Bina Praja

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ISSN / EISSN : 2085-4323 / 2503-3360
Total articles ≅ 244
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Bernadhita Herindri Samodera Utami, Dwi Herinanto, Miswan Gumanti, Bambang Purwanto
Jurnal Bina Praja, Volume 12, pp 125-136; doi:10.21787/jbp.12.2020.125-136

Abstract:
The meaning of "sovereignty is in the hands of people" namely that people have sovereignty, responsibilities, rights, and participatory political obligations to democratically elect a leader who can form a government to take care of and serve all levels of society, as well as electing people's representatives to oversee the running of the government. However, the phenomena that occur are democratic parties, presidential elections, elections, and legislative elections are always colored by systemic money politics. This research using the quantitative method. Primary data were obtained by survey. The writer then describes the public opinion about the Pringsewu District Legislative Council Members' election for the 2019-2024 period on political marketing and money politics. The results showed that 40.37% of voters gave support to legislative candidates for reasons of money.
Muhammad Ichsan Kabullah, Feri Amsari, Wein Arifin, Fauzan Misra
Jurnal Bina Praja, Volume 12, pp 225-236; doi:10.21787/jbp.12.2020.225-236

Abstract:
The regulations of campaign finance have highly problematic for local electios (Pilkada) in Indonesia. However, the campaign finance system changed gradually over the following years, many alleged campaign violations committed by candidates during local elections. In this study, the researcher wants to assess campaign finance regulations based on the accountability concept. The measurement of accountability in the campaign finance regulations has been divided into two perspectives, which are legal and finance. The study used a qualitative method with a case study approach in Jambi's three regions, which held local elections (Pilkada) in 2018. This study argues that the current regulations have not solved the whole problem of campaign funds. The level of corruption by candidates remains stubbornly high due to less authority and weak sanctions. At the same time, most campaign finance regulations have never been enforced. As a result, revising Acts on the election, enhancing law enforcement, and raising public awareness need to promote for ensuring the quality of local democracy.
Hendra Sudrajat
Jurnal Bina Praja, Volume 12, pp 261-272; doi:10.21787/jbp.12.2020.261-272

Abstract:
Since the reformation era in 1998 through amendments to the 1945 Constitution, which began in 1999 to 2002, it has impacted Indonesia's state administration system's structure. The direct election system's opening in the election of the President and Vice President and the legislature to the local elections (Pilkada). Local elections (Pilkada) candidates are a package for local leaders, which fascinating to examine. In Article 18, paragraph (4) to the 1945 Constitution does not mention the Deputy local leaders, thus causing problems. When the Deputy local leaders authority is limited by the constitution, which has an impact on conflicts of authority between the local leaders and Deputy local leaders, which results in disrupted government services. This study aims to provide a solution to this phenomenon so that it finds two options, namely, first to retain the position of Deputy local leaders in the local elections with the complaint mechanism method and precise judgment of taxation, and secondly to be consistent with the state constitution, the local elections (Pilkada) is held without a Deputy local leaders candidate with his position replaced. by the local secretary.
Nahot Tua Parlindungan Sihaloho, Herlan Herlan
Jurnal Bina Praja, Volume 12, pp 213-224; doi:10.21787/jbp.12.2020.213-224

Abstract:
According to a State Civil Apparatus Commission (KASN) report in 2019, more than 200 State Civil Apparatus (ASN) violated neutrality in the general elections and local elections during the 2015-2018 period. Based on a preliminary study, it found that several violations had occurred because of a dilemma for the State Civil Apparatus (ASN) concerned. State Civil Apparatus (ASN) must be neutral by the law mandate, but they cannot be impartial if they want their career as State Civil Apparatus (ASN) not to be damaged. This study uses a normative legal research method with a literature study research design. This study seeks to examine the effects of bureaucratic politicization and find win-win solutions to the problems experienced by the State Civil Apparatus (ASN). The results of this study emphasize the need to expand the authority of the State Civil Apparatus Commission (KASN) to impose sanctions on violators of neutrality. The implications of this research are the following six practical recommendations: first, the existing rules after the enactment of Law No. 5/2014 must be revised so that Civil Service Officer (PPK) was no longer given position to politicians, but rather the senior State Civil Apparatus (ASN); secondly, election criminal law enforcement does not need to involve the police, and the prosecutor's office (just General Election Supervisory Agency); third, localization of the State Civil Apparatus Commission (KASN) by establishing a State Civil Apparatus Commission (KASN) in the regions to increase the effectiveness of the oversight function of the State Civil Apparatus (ASN); fourth, the length of service for officials is only one term; fifth, the abolition of voting rights for State Civil Apparatus (ASN); sixth, changing the career guideline model of the State Civil Apparatus (ASN) from regional government autonomy to the central government by the rank or class.
Asrifai Asrifai
Jurnal Bina Praja, Volume 12, pp 167-179; doi:10.21787/jbp.12.2020.167-179

Abstract:
Researchers' interest in studying the quality of democracy in Indonesia has been developed since the reform era. Although there was a pessimistic view on Indonesian democracy's achievement, the quality of Indonesian democracy has experienced significant development in a proper political perspective. The dynamics of the first wave of regional head elections in 2015 feature the face of Indonesian democracy nationally. Democratization at the national level is awakened by strengthening democracy at the local level. This paper aims to determine the impact of the Direct Regional Head Election (Pemilihan Langung Kepala Daerah - Pilkada) concurrent in Central Sulawesi to achieve Indonesia's democratic consolidation. This research was conducted by a qualitative method with a descriptive-analytical approach that explained, described, and analyzed the implementation of the election of Governors and Deputy Governors of Central Sulawesi in 2015 to achieve democratic consolidation. The results showed that simultaneous elections have achieved strengthening democratic consolidation. This condition is seen in several aspects. Namely the development of a free civil society, the development of an open political society; the right rule of law; government effectiveness; and democratic culture development.
Halilul Khairi
Jurnal Bina Praja, Volume 12, pp 249-260; doi:10.21787/jbp.12.2020.249-260

Abstract:
Local elections (Pilkada) still face problems, both technical and substantive. Efforts to improve have been made several times by revising the law regulating local elections (Pilkada). In the simultaneous local elections in 2020, money politics arose again. The issue of cukong democracy practices depicted capital owners' power to finance local leaders candidates to contest local elections (Pilkada). This study explores and structures the problems underlying money politics in local elections (Pilkada), which formulate alternative solutions based on logical reasoning. The exploration and formulation of issues and the preparation of alternative solutions are carried out using strong arguments to ensure the conclusions' plausibility. The practice of money politics can occur in two main areas, namely in ​​the nomination process in the form of political dowries paid by candidates to political parties. In the campaign area, the condition of buying and selling votes carried out by candidates with voters. The practice of political dowry occurs due to the limited alternatives that a person can use to run for regional head elections. The nomination mechanism is much more difficult and costly through individual channels, so paying political dowries to political parties is the easiest and more specific option. The practice of money politics occurs because of voters' mental attitudes who are not rational, and the system of sanctions still supports the way of buying and selling votes. Alternative solutions to money politics in these two areas are compiled by doing a simulative analysis that can eliminate the practice's root causes. Decreasing the threshold for candidate submission by political parties, adopting the maximum point for political party support, reducing the number of voter support requirements for individual candidates, eliminating political dowries in local leader nominations, and simultaneously reducing costs for individual candidates. Adopting criminal sanctions for givers in the practice of buying and selling votes is an alternative solution in preventing the way of buying and selling votes in local elections (Pilkada).
Silvester Sili Teka
Jurnal Bina Praja, Volume 12, pp 193-201; doi:10.21787/jbp.12.2020.193-201

Abstract:
The momentum of local elections is difficult to separate from primordial politics in the form of local culture in a region. The factors of ethnicity, ethnicity, religion, and cultural practices and rituals have a significant influence on the substance of holding local elections. This article discusses primordial political methods as part of local democracy in traditional Kedde techniques in West Sumba and the Ata (servant)/Maramba (Tuan) culture. A cultural technique has an impact on local elections. The Kedde culture is a space for politicians to gain electoral support. The Ata/Maramba culture threatens political rights and participation due to extreme patron-client relations because it covers all aspects of life, especially local elections of politics. With this reality, local democracy in the regional elections has further reduced the democratic values ​​put forward by David Beetham, namely public control and political equality. This research aims to open the horizons of local democracy in the context of local elections and is expected to contribute to the evaluation of the implementation of local elections. This research shows that aspects of local traditions and culture and the Ata/Maramba tradition are actually used as a means of gaining electoral support, which in reality is contrary to liberal-style democracy. So, it is suggested to change the format of asymmetric local elections based on socio-cultural which can prevent potential violations.
Agus Fatoni
Jurnal Bina Praja, Volume 12, pp 273-286; doi:10.21787/jbp.12.2020.273-286

Abstract:
The local elections (Pilkada) had been implemented since 2005 in Papua, are deemed incapable of resolving problems. On the other hand, the direct local elections' political costs are not small, both from the state's budget and from the candidates to the regions. Implementing direct local elections sometimes creates ineffective governance, especially in areas that do not yet have a mature democracy. The ongoing local democratic system is also often colored by conflict. This research focuses on the urgency of the asymmetric regional election in Papua. This research will explain how important asymmetric local elections (Pilkada) is applied in Papua. Moreover, this study uses a library method and a qualitative approach. The results of this study found several reasons for direct local elections, not yet satisfactory results. Democratization in Papua is still not well consolidated. This research concludes that the warning to hold asymmetric local elections in Papua needs to be considered. However, these choices are not final—contemporary decisions in preparing communities' political and social structures.
Enny Agustina
Jurnal Bina Praja, Volume 12, pp 181-192; doi:10.21787/jbp.12.2020.181-192

Abstract:
The relationship between the Local Leaders and Deputy Local Leaders often creates conflicts to disharmony. Reduced harmony between the Local Leaders and Deputy Local Leaders occurs in many regions in Indonesia. This study discusses the factors that Cause Disharmony between the Local Leaders and Deputy Local Leaders in the Government System and the Ideal Position of Deputy Local Leaders in the Decentralization System. The data collection method used in this study is library research. Literature research collects relevant data and information by books, magazines, articles, journals, writings, and legislation relating to the issues raised in this study. The research and discussion results in this study are the factors that cause disharmony between the Local Leaders and Deputy Local Leaders in the Local Government System are First, Political Maturity. Second, the unequal distribution of power and race to politicians. While the duties of Deputy Local Leaders regulated in Law No. 23 of 2014 concerning Local Government, where most of the first, assisting Regional Heads in Leading the implementation of local government affairs, Secondly, giving advice and consideration to Local Leaders in carrying out Local Government affairs. Third, carry out the Local Leaders’ daily tasks if the Local Leaders serve a period of detention or temporarily unavailable. Fourth, carry out other duties and authorities by statutory regulations.
Ratna Rosanti
Jurnal Bina Praja, Volume 12, pp 153-165; doi:10.21787/jbp.12.2020.153-165

Abstract:
Political pragmatics has become its dynamic in Local Elections. The existence of incumbent power and uneven coalition formation of parties in the election can directly reduce or eliminate the opportunity for other political parties to participate in the election. In addition to these problems, so far, candidates' nomination by political parties turns out to pay more attention to the incumbent electability or popularity of the candidates to be carried by them and without assuming to party ideology. This certainly makes the power imbalance so that candidates from political parties or coalitions of other political parties are reluctant to compete. Political parties hold a coalition to carry out the candidates for various reasons. This research article will explain political parties' pragmatics in forming a coalition and carrying a pair of candidates that gave rise to a single candidate's phenomenon. The research article begins with collecting data through a literature study and is supported by the General Elections Commission's data. To answer this phenomenon, the writer analyzes the documentation as long as the Local Elections is held simultaneously. The concept of political pragmatism is expected to explain these phenomena. This paper concludes that the pragmatic methods used by political parties in determining coalitions and candidates in the Regional Head Election are because the purpose of political parties to participate in the contestation is only a victory to gain power.
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