AGRINULA: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan

Journal Information
EISSN : 2655-7673
Current Publisher: Universitas Tjut Nyak Dhien (10.36490)
Total articles ≅ 12
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Erfan Wahyudi, Tengku Boumedine Hamid Zulkifli, Koko Tampubolon , Razali Razali, Martin Heryono Panggabean
AGRINULA: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 3, pp 1-16; doi:10.36490/agri.v3i2.99

Abstract:
Introduction: The research was aimed to obtain the dosage of NASA liquid organic fertilizer (LOF), goat manure (GM) and combinations are appropriate to support the growth and yield of wax apple. Materials and Methods: This research was conducted at Payaroba Street, Binjai City, North Sumatra Province from Juni to December 2018. This research used the randomized block design factorial within the first factor was NASA LOF (C0= 0 ml.l-1; C1= 1 ml.l-1; C2= 2 ml.l-1; C3= 3 ml.l-1 in water), and the second factor was GM (K0= 0 kg.polybag-1; K1= 0.5 kg.polybag-1; K2= 1.0 kg.polybag-1; K3= 1.5 kg.polybag-1) using three replications. Parameters were analyzed using the ANOVA and continued with the least significance different at rate of 5%. Results: GM significantly increased the plant height, stem diameter, number of flower, and fruit weight of wax apple along with increasing doses until 1.5 kg.polybag-1 of 11.76%; 16.70%; 12.90%; and 7.55% respectively, and accelerating the flowering of 2.98 days compared to un-treated. The application of NASA LOF significantly increased the plant height, stem diameter, and number of flower by wax apple along with increasing doses until 3 ml.l-1 water by 7.51%; 46.61%; and 11.04%, and accelerating the flowering of 5.16 days compared to un-treated. The combination of NASA LOF at 2 ml.l-1 water and GM at 1.5 kg.polybag-1 significantly increased the stem diameter by 52.89% compared to the control combination. However, it did not show a significant effect on plant height, flowering, number of flower, and fruit weight of wax apple.
Fransisca Natalia Sihombing, Koko Tampubolon , Triara Juniarsih
AGRINULA: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 3, pp 25-35; doi:10.36490/agri.v3i2.102

Abstract:
Introduction: This research was aimed to determine the relationship pattern of rainfall, humidity, and rainy day on the increase in pepper yield in North Sumatra. Materials and Methods: This research used the time-series data on factors of rainfall, humidity, rainy day, and yield of pepper for 14 years (2005 until 2018). Data analysis used the multiple linear regression analysis with the Eviews 10 software. Results: The rainfall, humidity, and rainy day simultaneous significantly increased the pepper yield of 55.767% in North Sumatra. A 1% increase in humidity can increase the pepper yield by 0.455 ton, but a 1 mm.year-1 increase in rainfall and a 1 rainy day can decrease the pepper yield in North Sumatra by 0.503 and 1.866 ton, respectively. The humidity had the value positive, meanwhile rainfall and rainy day had the value negative in pepper yield.
Billy Andreas Putra, Tengku Boumedine Hamid Zulkifli, Yunida Berliana, Octanina Sari Sijabat
AGRINULA: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 3, pp 48-60; doi:10.36490/agri.v3i2.103

Abstract:
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the dosage of inorganic fertilizers, soaking time of the inoculation of the legume bacteria strains which were suitable for the growth and yield of peanut in tidal lowland. Materials and Methods: This research was conducted at tidal lowland in Sei Ular Village, Secanggang sub-District, Langkat District, North Sumatra from September to December 2019. The research used randomized block design in factorial. The first factor is the dose of inorganic fertilizers consisting of P0 = un-fertilizer (control), P1= urea 50 kg.ha-1 + TSP 180 kg.ha-1 + KCl 50 kg.ha-1, P2= urea 75 kg.ha-1 + TSP 205 kg.ha-1 + KCl 75 kg.ha-1, P3= urea 100 kg.ha-1 + TSP 230 kg.ha-1 + KCl 100 kg.ha-1. The second factor was the soaking time of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum bacterial strain consisting of T0= un-soaking time, T1= soaking time for 3 minutes, T2= soaking time for 6 minutes, and T3= soaking time for 9 minutes. Parameters were analyzed using ANOVA and BNJ analysis 5%.· Results: The application of urea 50 kg.ha-1 + TSP 180 kg.ha-1 + KCl 50 kg.ha-1 significantly increased the plant height, number of leaves, and root volume and showed the highest number of active nodules, dry pods.plot-1 and seed weight.plot-1 compared to other doses. The seed soaking time with the Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain and their interactions showed insignificant differences in all parameters of peanut plants in tidal lowland.
Muhammad Firmansayah, Erfan Wahyudi, Irwan Agusnu Putra, Dedi Kurniawan
AGRINULA: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 3, pp 36-47; doi:10.36490/agri.v3i2.101

Abstract:
Introduction: This research was determined the growth response of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) in N-fertilizer and sugarcane bagasse compost. Materials and Methods: This research was conducted at agricultural area of ​​Sejati Street, Sari Rejo Village, Medan Polonia Sub-District, Medan. This research was conducted from August until December 2015. This research used therandomized block design in factorial. The first factor was N-fertilizer with 4 rates, 0 g.polybag-1 (P0), 2 g.polybag-1 (P1), 4 g.polybag-1 (P2),and 6 g.polybag-1 (P3). The second factor was the provision of sugarcane bagasse compost with 4 rates, 0 g.polybag-1 (K0), 2 g.polybag-1 (K1), 4 g.polybag-1 (K2) and 6 g.polybag-1 (K3). The observed data were analyzed by the F-test, and continued with the DMRT at level of 5%. Results: Composting bagase significantly affected the leaf area of cocoa seedling at 2 and 4 weeks after planting. The application of N-fertilizer had significant affected the number of leaves for cocoa seedling. The interaction of P2K2 (6 g.polybag-1 N and 4 g.polybag-1 of bagasse compost) showed the highest fresh- and dry-weight of cocoa seedling compared to other interactions, although the effect was not significant.
Muhammad Habibullah, Danes Suhendra
AGRINULA: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 3, pp 17-24; doi:10.36490/agri.v3i2.100

Abstract:
Introduction: Downy mildew control using pesticides has been used intensively and led to the onset of resistant strains. This research aims to find out the effect of bamboo vinegar administration on disease incidence, disease severity, disease progression, and growth of maize. Materials and Methods: This research was conducted from June to August 2020 in the laboratory and Screenhouse of the Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Tidar. The experiment was experimentally conducted using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 3 treatments with 6. are plants. In each polybag used there are 3 maize so there are 54 plants tested. The treatment tested is of bamboo vinegar and maydis (negative control), of bamboo vinegar with inoculation P. maydis (positive control), application bamboo vinegar 2 ml l-1 with inoculation P. maydis. Observations on the agronomic influence of maize covering height, , and dry weight were analyzed using ANOVA at a significance of 5% followed by LSD test at the same real level using software R v. 4.0.2. Results: Bamboo vinegar showed lignification in the treatment of stronger bamboo vinegar in corn leaf tissue, did not decrease in disease incidence, but decreased the disease severity by 22.18% and decreased disease the progression by 34.74% based on AUDPC value. The growth of maize, bamboo vinegar-treated shows values are not significant negative control.
Rezki Fauzi, Tengku Boumedine Hamid Zulkifli , Koko Tampubolon , Irwan Agusnu Putra, Yunida Berliana, Dedi Kurniawan, Razali Razali, Octanina Sari Sijabat
AGRINULA: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 3, pp 37-47; doi:10.36490/agri.v3i1.86

Abstract:
Pendahuluan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan dosis yang sesuai dari limbah kotoran sapi, kapur kalsium oksida maupun interaksinya dalam meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman kacang panjang. Metode Penelitian: Penelitian dilaksanakan di Desa Secanggang, Kecamatan Secanggang, Kabupaten Langkat pada Juni-September 2017. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok Faktorial, faktor pertama (limbah kotoran sapi) dosis L0 = 0 ton/ha; L1 = 10 ton/ha; dan L2 = 20 ton/ha. Faktor kedua (kapur kalsium oksida) dosis K0 = 0 ton/ha; K1 = 3 ton/ha; K2 = 6 ton/ha; dan K3 = 9 ton/ha. Data dianalisis uji F dan dilanjutkan uji DMRT 5% menggunakan software IBM SPSS Statistic v.20. Hasil Penelitian: Limbah kotoran sapi dosis 10-20 ton/ha signifikan meningkatkan tinggi tanaman umur 4 Minggu Setelah Tanam (MST) dan produksi tanaman/plot kacang panjang masing-masing berkisar 2,14-2,50% dan 13,00-15,98%, serta dosis 20 ton/ha signifikan meningkatkan produksi tanaman/sampel sebesar 17,44% dibandingkan kontrol. Aplikasi kapur kalsium oksida dosis 9 ton/ha signifikan meningkatkan tinggi tanaman kacang panjang pada umur 4 MST sebesar 2,46%, dan dosis 6-9 ton/ha siginifikan meningkatkan produksi tanaman/sampel dan produksi tanaman/plot, namun tertinggi terdapat pada dosis 6 ton/ha masing-masing sebesar 13,51% dan 20,16% dibandingkan kontrol. Interaksi limbah kotoran sapi dengan kapur kalsium oksida berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi kacang panjang.
Octanina Sari Sijabat , Yunida Berliana, Ahmad Nadhira
AGRINULA: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 3, pp 28-36; doi:10.36490/agri.v3i1.83

Abstract:
Pendahuluan: Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengidentifikasi jenis makrofauna tanah yang ada pada tanaman kakao yang menghasilkan dan tanaman kakao yang belum menghasilkan. Metode Penelitian: Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di kebun kakao rakyat, Kabupaten Langkat, dan dilanjutkan identifikasi serangga di Laboratorium Hama Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan dari bulan April sampai Mei 2019. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deksriptif kuantitatif. Hasil Penelitian: terdapat beberapa ordo Hymenoptera, Orthoptera, Coleoptera, Oligochaeta, dan Araneae dengan jumlah makrofauna yang berbeda.
Fitra Syawal Harahap , Hilwa Walida, Badrul Ainy Dalimunthe, Abdul Rauf, Simon Haholongan Sidabuke, Rosmidah Hasibuan
AGRINULA: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 3, pp 19-27; doi:10.36490/agri.v3i1.85

Abstract:
Pendahuluan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji alternatif pengelolaan lahan sawah melalui pemberian pupuk organik kompos sampah kota di Desa Aras Kabu, Kecamatan Beringin, Kabupaten Deli Serdang. Metode Penelitian: Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Desa Aras Kabu Kecamatan Beringin, Kabupaten Deli Serdang dengan ketinggian 11 meter diatas permukaan laut. Analisa tanah dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Fisika Tanah, Konservasi Tanah & Air, dan Laboratorium Riset Teknologi, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada Maret-Juli 2017. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok non-faktorial dengan dosis bahan organik (B) kompos sampah kota, yaitu B0 = kontrol, B1 = 1,5% (28,70 ton/ha), B2 = 3,0% (57,40 ton/ha), B3 = 4,5% (96,10 ton/ha), B4 = 6,0% (104,80 ton/ha). Hasil Penelitian: Pemberian kompos sampah kota sebanyak 96,10 - 104,80 ton/ha dapat memperbaiki sifat tanah di Desa Aras Kabu, Kecamatan Beringin hingga kandungan bahan organik tanah mencapai 3%.
Dedi Kurniawan
AGRINULA: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 3, pp 10-18; doi:10.36490/agri.v3i1.80

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Koko Tampubolon , Tengku Boumedine Hamid Zulkifli, Alridiwirsah Alridiwirsah
AGRINULA: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 3, pp 1-9; doi:10.36490/agri.v3i1.82

Abstract:
Pendahuluan: Gulma telah dilaporkan merugikan bagi pertanian, namun menguntungkan bai lingkungan. Laporan gulma Eleusine indica sebagai fitoremediasi logam berat pada lahan bekas tambang masih tergolong sedikit. Tujuan review artikel ini adalah mengkaji mekanisme gulma Eleusine indica dalam fitoremediasi beberapa logam berat. Hasil kajian: Gulma Eleusine indica tergolong tumbuhan hiperakumulator dikarenakan mampu meremediasi beberapa logam berat. Berdasarkan penelitian sebelumnya, bahwa gulma Eleusine indica memiliki mekanisme fitostabilisasi dan fitoekstraksi dalam meremediasi beberapa logam berat.
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