Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan

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EISSN : 2655-7673
Published by: Universitas Tjut Nyak Dhien (10.36490)
Total articles ≅ 29
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Aqarab Husnain Gondal, Qammar Farooq, Irfan Hussain, Muhammad Danish Toor
Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 4, pp 106-121; https://doi.org/10.36490/agri.v4i2.158

Abstract:
Introduction: Microbes perform better functions for agricultural production by promoting various direct and indirect mechanisms in soil and plants. If agricultural development is to satisfy the needs of an increasing global population, a deeper understanding of soil microbiology is needed. Furthermore, microbial biota such as yeast, bacteria etc., plays a significant role in food preservation by various mechanisms. Review results: Despite their pathogenicity, microbes play a substantial role in dispensing an assortment of fermented drinks and foods in the food industry and home. Probiotics, fermented foods and alcoholic beverages are flattering extra popular due to their health benefits and flavour. Furthermore, they increase the yield and growth of plants by improving mineral availability to the plants and by another mechanism. Review implementation: This present review also discusses the various organisms used in the agricultural processing of beverages and food and the benefits of using the following microbes in the beverage and food industry.
, Bagus Fitra Azmi, Perdana Andriano Tamba, Ayu Widya Lestari, Kamaruddin Kamaruddin, Eka Lestari, Tommy Suranta Ginting
Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 4, pp 94-105; https://doi.org/10.36490/agri.v4i2.154

Abstract:
Introduction: The research was aimed to obtain information on the impact of omission one test fertilization as a determination limiting factors for the growth and biomass of maize in variety Bonanza F1. Materials and Methods: The research was located in the experimental field, Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Universitas Tjut Nyak Dhien, Medan from December 2020 until February 2021. The research was applied by Randomized Block Design in non-factorial through fertilization of omission one test that has been converted (urea : SP-36 : KCl = 0.75 : 0.50 : 0.125 g polybag-1). The treatment of this research include P0 = non-fertilization; P1= N+P+K; P2= P+K; P3= N+K; P4= N+P using three replications. The parameters include plant height, leaf growth, total fresh weight, total dry weight, and the percentage of relative yield then processed using ANOVA and continued with DMRT at 5% ± standard error with SPSS v.20 software. Results: Informed that the omission one test technique significantly improved all the characteristics of maize in the variety Bonanza F1. The highest increase in plant height was found in the N+P of 83.65%, meanwhile, the highest leaf and biomass growth characters were found in N+P+K, ranged of 50.00 to 177.81% and 487.60 to 507.37%, respectively. It was obtained that the limiting factor for the maize growth in variety Bonanza F1 was found in the un-fertilization of nitrogen.
Muhammad Fraz Ali, Ummar Ali, Muhammad Ahsan Jamil, Muhammad Awais, Muhammad Jazib Khan, Muhammad Waqas,
Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 4, pp 73-93; https://doi.org/10.36490/agri.v4i1.138

Abstract:
Introduction: Garlic is an important crop growing all around the globe for its nutritional and medicinal purpose. Due to climate change soil production of garlic is affected and thus lower in yield. For improving the yield and increasing the quality of vegetables a new technique was developed is called hydroponic technology. Review results: In hydroponic, garlic can be produced on condition basis by providing proper nutrition and growth environment including air, light, soilless mediums, and water requirements. Methods like deep water culture, nutrient film technique, drip irrigation, bubble ponics are very common under different soilless mediums which includes organic, inorganic and synthetic. A detailed overview on production technology, nutrition, medium and hydroponic techniques which are discussed in details are given below in this review.
Yunida Berliana, Juli Mutiara Sihombing, Khairani Khairani, Erfan Wahyudi
Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 4, pp 61-72; https://doi.org/10.36490/agri.v4i1.122

Abstract:
Introduction: Grasses is one part of the forage, that it is necessary to support the production of grass management. The research was to determine the effect of cutting age and the use of liquid organic fertilizers (LOF) for king grass in overcoming the problem of forage feed availability. Materials and Methods: This research was conducted at the experimental field in Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Universitas Tjut Nyak Dhien, Medan Tuntungan Subdistrict, North Sumatra. This research used a split plot design with two factors. The main-plot was the cutting age, include T1= 35 days; T2= 45 days; T3= 55 days. The sub-plot was the different dosage of LOF, such as P0= un-fertilization; P1= 50 l.ha-1; P2= 75 l.ha-1; P3= 100 l.ha-1. The parameters were analyzed the F-test and continued with the LSD at level of 5%. Results: The cutting age significantly increased the tillers, yield of fresh matter, yield of dry matter, and storage capacity, but it had insignificant effect on the height of king grass with the highest increase was at the age of 55 days. The LOF doses significantly increased the height of king grass, tillers, and yield of fresh matter with the highest increase at the dose of 100 l.ha-1, but it had insignificant effect on yield of dry matter and storage capacity. Interaction between the cutting age with LOF significantly increase the highest of king grass height at 100 l.ha-1 of LOF + 55 days of 220.67 cm.
Fazal Ur Rehman, , Maria Kalsoom, Nageen Naz, Muhammad Ghayoor Husnain, Haroon Ilahi, Muhammad Asif Ilyas, Gulfam Yousaf, Rohoma Tahir, Usama Ahmad
Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 4, pp 43-60; https://doi.org/10.36490/agri.v4i1.123

Abstract:
Introduction: Maize (Zea mays) is one of the most important cereal crops. It is ranked as 3rd after wheat and rice. Due to its wide adaptability, diversified uses, and low production costs, it has great potential as a cereal crop. In the case of yield losses, various factors are involved. The fungal diseases of maize play a significant role in the reduction of both quantity as well as the quality of maize. Review Results: At the seedling stage, maize suffers from numerous diseases and many of them are seed-borne diseases. Anthracnose stalk rot (Colletotrichum graminicola), Charcoal rot of maize (Macrophomina phaseolina), Crazy top downy mildew disease (Sclerophthora macrospora), Corn grey leaf spot disease (Cercospora zeae-maydis), Aspergillus ear and kernel rot (Aspergillus flavus), Corn smut (Ustilago maydis), Southern corn leaf blight disease (Bipolaris maydis) etc. are important among these diseases.Chemical control of seed-borne pathogens of maize is rather difficult to achieve as a reasonably good. Due to the hazardous environmental effects of chemicals, the Integrated Management of the seed-borne fungal pathogens of corn is mostly preferred. The distribution, disease cycle, symptoms of the damage, effects of environmental factors, economical importance of disease, and integrated disease management options of major seed-borne fungal pathogens of maize have been reviewed in this review article from various currently available sources.
Zul Ilmi Hasibuan, Kartika Manalu, Efrida Pima Sari Tambunan
Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 4, pp 27-42; https://doi.org/10.36490/agri.v4i1.110

Abstract:
Introduction: The research was aimed to identify the types of macroscopic mushrooms and habit characteristics of macroscopic mushrooms in Taman Hutan Raya Bukit Barisan Karo Regency North Sumatra. Materials and Methods: The research was conducted in Taman Hutan Raya Bukit Barisan, Karo Regency, North Sumatra from August until October 2019. The research method used in sampling was the Exploration Method. Results: showed 23 species of macroscopic mushrooms. The highest family is Ganodermatacea with 4 species and the lowest family is Strophariaceae, Hydnangiaceae, Mycenaceae, Fomitopsidaceae, Crepidateceae, Agariceae, Inocybaceae, Russulaceae, Streaceae, and Tricholomateceae with 1 species. Habitat characteristics that are mostly found in weathered wood are found in 13 types of fungi, and at least found in live wood, only 1 species of macroscopic fungi are found.
Hazen Arrazie Kurniawan, Fitria Fitria
Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 4, pp 22-26; https://doi.org/10.36490/agri.v4i1.108

Abstract:
Introduction: Bemisia tabaci is one of the important pests that cause direct damage by sucking plant fluids. The purpose of this study was to provide information on the life balance of the pest Bemisia tabaci in chili plant. Materials and Methods: This research was conducted at the Laboratory in the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara, Medan from January to February 2020. The plants used in this test were three-month-old chili plant of Keriting Bogor The life balance test on plants was initiated by inserting 15 individuals of B. tabaci (5 males and 10 females) into a plastic tube. Results: The whitefly stuck in the hood from chili plant and has a long morphology of 0.2 to 0.3 mm. Eggs are inserted into plant tissue. Eggs under the leaves at the temperature of 26 to 32oC the incubation period lasts for 4 to 6 days, meanwhile at the temperature of 18 to 22oC increased to 10 until 16 days.
Elisabeth Sri Pujiastuti, Ferlist Rio Siahaan, Yanto Raya Tampubolon, Juli Ritha Tarigan, Susana Tabah Trina Sumihar
Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 4, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.36490/agri.v4i1.107

Abstract:
Introduction: This research was conducted to determine the effect of several types of local microorganism solutions and manures on the growth and yield of peanut and their impact on the physical properties of ultisols. Materials and Methods: The researches was conducted in Simalingkar B, Medan using Factorial Randomized Block Design within three replications. The first factor was types of microbe sources of local microbial solutions, include un-treated waste (M0), pineapple (M1), orange (M2), and tamarillo (M3) wastes. The second factor was manure types, inluce un-treated manure (P0), chicken (P1), cow (P2), and goat (P3) manures. The parameters were: soil physical characteristics (bulk density, water content and total of pore space), plant height, stem diameter, number of pods, and dry seeds yield. Results: The types of local microorganism solutions only affect to plant height of peanut, but has insignificant effect on the physical properties of ultisols, and stem diameter, the number of filled pods.plant-1, and the dry seeds yield.ha-1 of peanut. The types of manure had significantly effected on plant height and number of filled pods.plant-1, but had insignificant effect on stem diameter, dry seeds yield.ha-1 and the physical properties of ultisols. The interaction of MOL sources and manure did not significantly affect the growth and yield of peanut as well as the physical properties of ultisols. Orange MOL and chicken manure could be increase the plant height of peanut by 18.61% and 6.75%, respectively, compared to un-treated. Goat manure showed the highest number of pods.plant-1 by 6.32% compared to un-treated.
, , , Muhammad Sulaman Saeed, Muhammad Sikander Hayyat, Muhammad Imran, Rohoma Tahir, Jitendra Mehta
Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 4, pp 13-21; https://doi.org/10.36490/agri.v4i1.109

Abstract:
Introduction: Magnesium is very important nutrient and performs a significant part in development and formation of many sink organs like roots and seeds. Furthermore, its fertilization significantly affects yield and numerous physiological mechanisms in different horticulture crop species. Moreover, its deficiency caused germination and reduction in horticulture crop stand. Nevertheless, its adequate concentration by foliar application plays important role in biochemical and physiological processes of plants like proteins synthesis, metabolism of carbohydrates, enzymes activation and energy transferring. Worldwide, many of our horticulture crops are facing low yield and quality problem due to fertilizer application at inadequate rate. The current review focuses on the impact of foliar applied Mg on some important cultivated horticultural crops (sugar beet, tomato, banana, potato, spinach, cauliflower, cassava, garlic, green case, potus, cucumber and grapes). Review results: Our extensive review has demonstrated that magnesium is very important factor limiting horticulture crop production but its negative impacts can be reduced by foliar application of magnesium. Foliar application of Mg can be recommended for correcting deficiencies because foliar sprays have no long term residual effect and every time fresh applications must be given to each crop. Moreover, amount depends on the nutrient status of crop and soil.
Billy Andreas Putra, Tengku Boumedine Hamid Zulkifli, Yunida Berliana, Octanina Sari Sijabat
Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Volume 3, pp 48-60; https://doi.org/10.36490/agri.v3i2.103

Abstract:
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the dosage of inorganic fertilizers, soaking time of the inoculation of the legume bacteria strains which were suitable for the growth and yield of peanut in tidal lowland. Materials and Methods: This research was conducted at tidal lowland in Sei Ular Village, Secanggang sub-District, Langkat District, North Sumatra from September to December 2019. The research used randomized block design in factorial. The first factor is the dose of inorganic fertilizers consisting of P0 = un-fertilizer (control), P1= urea 50 kg.ha-1 + TSP 180 kg.ha-1 + KCl 50 kg.ha-1, P2= urea 75 kg.ha-1 + TSP 205 kg.ha-1 + KCl 75 kg.ha-1, P3= urea 100 kg.ha-1 + TSP 230 kg.ha-1 + KCl 100 kg.ha-1. The second factor was the soaking time of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum bacterial strain consisting of T0= un-soaking time, T1= soaking time for 3 minutes, T2= soaking time for 6 minutes, and T3= soaking time for 9 minutes. Parameters were analyzed using ANOVA and BNJ analysis 5%.· Results: The application of urea 50 kg.ha-1 + TSP 180 kg.ha-1 + KCl 50 kg.ha-1 significantly increased the plant height, number of leaves, and root volume and showed the highest number of active nodules, dry pods.plot-1 and seed weight.plot-1 compared to other doses. The seed soaking time with the Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain and their interactions showed insignificant differences in all parameters of peanut plants in tidal lowland.
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