Sovereign: International Journal of Law

Journal Information
EISSN : 2721-8252
Published by: CV. Social Politic Genius (SIGn) (10.37276)
Total articles ≅ 6
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Articles in this journal

Nur Afti Aulia, La Ode Husen, Agussalim A. Gadjong
Sovereign: International Journal of Law, Volume 3, pp 1-19; https://doi.org/10.37276/sijl.v3i1.34

Abstract:
Coalitions of political parties built within the presidential system, especially in Indonesia, are non-binding and permanent. If government policies or programs are not famous or inline, political parties tend to engage in opposition. This study aims to determine the implementation of the presidential system with a multiparty system and efforts to realize a stable and dynamic government based on the Indonesian constitutional system. This research uses a normative approach. Types and sources of legal materials consist of primary legal materials, secondary legal materials, and tertiary legal materials. The analysis technique used in this research is the hermeneutic analysis method. The study results concluded that with the implementation of the presidential system with a multiparty system, it is rare for a President to be elected and from the majority party. Furthermore, with the election of a minority President and a majority in Parliament, the President will strengthen his position by forming a coalition. However, building a stable coalition is difficult in a multiparty presidential democracy. In this regard, the institutional engineering agenda that needs to be designed includes simplifying the number of factions in Parliament by tightening the threshold requirements for fraction formation; parliamentary coalition regulations aimed at both political blocs (coalition and opposition); strengthening the institution and authority of the Regional Representative Council to balance the House of Representatives so that checks and balances not only occur between the President and the House of Representatives but also between the House of Representatives and the Regional Representative Council.
A. Dewi Vitasari, Hambali Thalib, Sufirman Rahman
Sovereign: International Journal of Law, Volume 2, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.37276/sijl.v2i3.32

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of implementing Law Number 23 of 2004 on Elimination of Violence in Household, as well as the factors that influence its enforcement. This type of research is empirical legal research with a quantitative descriptive in nature. This research was conducted in Makassar City to be precise at the Makassar City Police. The data collection techniques used in this study were questionnaires, documentation, and literature study. The data analysis technique used is quantitative data analysis techniques. The results showed that the implementation of Law No. 23 of 2004 in Makassar City is still considered less effective. Factors affecting the effectiveness of the implementation of Law No. 23 of 2004 in Makassar City consists of several factors, namely: legal factors; law enforcement factors; supporting facility factors; environmental factors; and cultural factors. in addition, environmental factors are the biggest factor affecting the effectiveness of the implementation of Law No. 23 of 2004. It is hoped that the police will further strengthen environmental factors in order to increase the effectiveness of the implementation of Law No. 23 of 2004 in the future.
Bunyamin Muhammad Yafid, Abd. Kahar Muzakkir
Sovereign: International Journal of Law, Volume 2, pp 40-56; https://doi.org/10.37276/sijl.v2i2.33

Abstract:
Judicial institutions, as law enforcement agencies in the Criminal Justice System, are a foundation of hopes for justice seekers, as based on Article 2 section (4) of Law No. 48 of 2009, regulates that “the Court is done simply, quickly, and at a low cost”. Therefore, this study aims to determine the implementation of the Supervision and Observation Judge's role and the obstacles that affect the Supervision and Observation Judge's performance in implementing Court Decisions in the Penitentiary. This study uses two types of research, namely normative legal research and empirical legal research. This research was conducted at the Makassar Class I Penitentiary and the Makassar Class IA District Court. The types of data used in this study include primary data and secondary data. The data that has been collected is then processed descriptively qualitatively. The results of the study concluded that the implementation of the role of the Supervision and Observation Judge in the implementation of the decision of the Makassar Class IA District Court at the Makassar Class I Penitentiary has not run optimally, because between The Supervision and Observation Judge and the Head of the Penitentiary rarely meet and discuss guidance issues for Inmates at the Penitentiary. The obstacles in implementing the role of the Supervision and Observation Judge at the Penitentiary include the problem of insufficient funds available for operational supervision and observation and the absence of special staff to assist the Supervision and Observation Judge in recording their Inmates. Therefore, more specific implementing regulations are needed to certify that the judgment is being properly executed and under the laws and regulations in Indonesia. Furthermore, there is a need for effective cooperation between the Supervision and Observation Judge and the Penitentiary Officers, who must always coordinate as one unit in an integrated Criminal Justice System.
Muhammad Kamran
Sovereign: International Journal of Law, Volume 2, pp 13-26; https://doi.org/10.37276/sijl.v2i2.29

Abstract:
This research aims to determine and understand what factors influence the effectiveness of post-divorce matrimonial property distribution in a case study of polygamy marriage in the Religious Court of Class 1A Makassar. This type of research is socio legal study research, and was conducted in Makassar City. The results showed that the effectiveness of post-divorce matrimonial property distribution in a case study of polygamy marriage in the Religious Courts of Class 1A Makassar can be seen based on five factors, including legal factors, law enforcement factors, facility factors, community factors, and cultural factors. Data obtained from all factors showed less effective results, including there, were 65% claims to legal factors, 72.5% claims to law enforcement factors, 60% claims to facility factors, 61.25% claims to community factors, and 62.5 % claims to cultural factors. Seriousness is needed, especially for law enforcement in carrying out their role, and it is hoped that all relevant stakeholders must socialize the rules regarding procedures for the post-divorce matrimonial property distribution.
Said Sampara, Nurul Qamar, Arri Abdi Syalman
Sovereign: International Journal of Law, Volume 2, pp 27-39; https://doi.org/10.37276/sijl.v2i2.30

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the function of the Directorate of Security Intelligence based on Organization Structure and Work Procedure of the South Sulawesi Regional Police. This research was conducted in South Sulawesi Province, with 92 respondents. Data analysis in this study uses a qualitative approach, which processes the output of the questionnaire, and is presented in the form of frequency tabulation (F) and percentage distribution (%). The results of this study show that the effectiveness of the function of the Directorate of Security Intelligence based on Organization Structure and Work Procedure of the South Sulawesi Regional Police, can be assessed from seven tasks, including: Directorate of Security Intelligence (Ditintelkam); Planning and Administration Subdivisions (Subbagrenmin); Analysis Divisions (Baganalisis); Administrative Services Section (Siyanmin); Intelligence Technology Section (Sitekintel); Coding Section (Sisandi); and Subdirectorate (Subdit). Research data from the overall function of the Directorate of Security Intelligence in South Sulawesi Regional Police shows less effective results. Seriousness is needed in increasing the effectiveness of the Directorate of Security Intelligence in South Sulawesi Regional Police to realize public order security.
La Ode Husen, Salle Salle, Arri Abdi Syalman, Abd. Kahar Muzakkir
Sovereign: International Journal of Law, Volume 2, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.37276/sijl.v2i2.28

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of safeguard of the Police Intelligence against court decisions regarding the object of the dispute in South Sulawesi Province. This research uses an empirical study method which is also called sociological legal research because it sees the application of law as a factual condition in the social environment and its relationship with legal norms. This research was conducted in South Sulawesi Province, with 92 respondents. Data analysis in this study uses a qualitative approach, which processes the output of the questionnaire, and is presented in the form of frequency tabulation (F) and percentage distribution (%). The results of this study show that the safeguard of South Sulawesi Regional Police Ditintelkam in the execution process regarding the object of the dispute in South Sulawesi Province based on Perkap BIN No. 2 of 2013, can be assessed from four aspects, as follows: Safeguarding Targets; Safeguarding Implementation; Coordination and Administration; and Supervision and Controlling. Data acquisition of all indicators based on safeguard aspects of the South Sulawesi Regional Police Ditintelkam still shows less effective results. Seriousness is needed in increasing the safeguard effectiveness at the South Sulawesi Regional Police Ditintelkam to ensure the process of executing court decisions regarding the object of the dispute can be more effective in the future.
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