International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation

Journal Information
EISSN : 2582-1040
Current Publisher: IOR Press (10.34256)
Total articles ≅ 44
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

Ansoumane Sakouvogui, Amadou Diarra, Faya Oulare, Elhadj Ousmane Camara, Saïdou Barry, Mamby Keita
International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation pp 10-16; doi:10.34256/irjmt2142

Abstract:
This present work was carried out at the Energy Department of the Higher Institute of Technology of Mamou and at the Applied Energy Education and Research Laboratory of the Faculty of Sciences of the Gamal Abdel Nasser University of Conakry, Guinea. Given the solar energy potential available to the continent, Hybrid Photovoltaic Power Systems and Generating Sets could constitute a suitable technological solution for the supply of electrical energy in isolated sites. This study led to the following results: average unfavorable solar irradiation in June (4.16 kWh/m2.d); the building's electrical load balance is 254760 Wh/d; the sizing of the photovoltaic field (the type of panels chosen Cip-60-270, the peak power of the PV field 59435.420 Wp, the number of panels 220 including 2 in series and 110 in parallel); the C4000-48 type inverter-chargers, 62 in number to achieve a power of 40 nickel-cadmium 1.2 V type accumulators in series in 140 batteries connected in parallel, the voltage drop in the cables is between 0.01 and 0.02. The electrical diagram of the installation is done.
Egwunyenga N.J, Onuabuchi V.C, , Nwankwo I.E
International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation pp 1-9; doi:10.34256/irjmt2141

Abstract:
Cobalt Selenide thin films were fabricated using Successive Ionic Layer Adsorption and Reaction (SILAR) deposition technique at different SILAR cycles. The precursors for Cobalt and Selenium ions were CoCl2.6H2O and Na2SeSO3 respectively. Optical properties and thickness of the deposited films were studied to determine the effect of number of SILAR cycles on these properties. The optical absorbance of the films was found to decrease as wavelength increases and increases as SILAR cycle increases. Transmittance of the CoSe thin films was found to increase as the wavelength increases but decreases as number of SILAR cycles increased. The extinction coefficient of CoSe thin films decreases as wavelength increases but increases as the SILAR cycles increases. The energy band gap of CoSe thin films deposited decreases from 2.47 eV to 2.20 eV as number of SILAR cycles increases and film thickness increases from 92.96 nm and 225.63 nm. Structural properties of deposited cobalt selenide thin films showed that they correspond to orthorhombic phase of CoSe2 crystal structure of cobalt selenide thin films with crystallite size ranging from 7.63 nm to 13.07 nm.
Wycliffe Tumwesigye, Bobe Bedadi, Johnson Atwiine
International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation pp 38-46; doi:10.34256/irjmt2136

Abstract:
Climate change and soil health are intertwined complex processes that affect each other. The aim of this review was to find out the impact of climate change on soil health, its implication on food security and human welfare across the globe. The study found out that soil health is affected by land use practices and several anthropogenic activities carried out on landscapes; climate change and variability. Soil health also contributes to soil water retention, crop productivity, households’ food and income security culminating into a large contribution towards achieving sustainable development goals across the globe. Soil components affect climate and climate affects soil health and human wellbeing. The review article concluded that climate change and soil health are complex and intertwined multidisciplinary processes that require multidisciplinary approaches for better understanding and improvement of crop production. Appropriate climate smart agricultural practices are recommended to enhance soil health and mitigate and adapt to the changing climate for the improved farmers’ income, food security and human wellbeing across the globe.
Mayakannan M, Vinoth E, Prabakar S
International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation pp 32-37; doi:10.34256/irjmt2135

Abstract:
The nanostructure cadmium doped cobalt oxide nanoparticles were prepared by microwave irradiation techniques. The prepared nanoparticles were further characterized using Powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The Powder X ray diffraction results shows good crystalline nature. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy conforms stretching and bending vibration of metal oxygen groups. UV-Vis spectroscopy results show absorption edges are 204 nm, 220nm prepared nanoparticles additionally optical parameter skin depth, extinction co-efficient, reflectance, refractive index is calculated.
Saad I Sarsam
International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation pp 23-31; doi:10.34256/irjmt2134

Abstract:
Roller compacted concrete mixture RCC is considered as a sustainable pavement construction material, it is a heavy-duty concrete mixture with zero slump. An attempt has been made in the present investigation to design the fresh RCC mixture using two types of coarse aggregates (crushed and rounded), two types of fine aggregates (silica and river sand) and two types of cement (ordinary Portland and sulphate resistance). Concrete mixtures with dense gradation were prepared and compacted according to modified proctor design procedure. A moisture-density test was used to determine the maximum density and optimum moisture content and of RCC mixtures for each mix. Five different percentages of cement (10-18) % are implemented and six different percentages of moisture (4 – 8) %) % are used to determine the dry density-moisture content relationships. It was observed that the maximum dry density of rounded aggregates mixture is higher than that of crushed aggregate mixture by (4.2, 8.3, 4.2, 4.2, and 5.1) % and (4.1, 1.4, 4.1, 2.0, and 2.7) % for (18, 16, 14, 12, and 10) % cement content respectively for mixtures constructed with silica and river sands respectively with ordinary Portland cement. However, the maximum dry density of rounded aggregate mixture is higher than that of crushed aggregate mixture by (3.5, 4, 7.1, 5.5, and 4.4) % and (2.7, 4.8, 2.3, 4.4, and 4.2) % for (18, 16, 14, 12, and 10) % cement content respectively for mixtures constructed with silica and river sands respectively with sulphate resistance cement. It was concluded that 12 % of Portland cement and (6 to 7) % of moisture are proper combination when silica or river sand were implemented, while (12 and 14) % of sulphate resistance cement and (6 to 7) % of moisture are proper combination when silica or river sand were implemented. abstract must be a precise and reflection of what is in your article.
Faya Oulare, Fodé Cisse, Ansoumane Sakouvogui, Amadou Sidibe, Mamby Keita
International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation, Volume 3, pp 1-6; doi:10.34256/irjmt2131

Abstract:
This study is a continuation of the work of evaluation and valuation of the hydro power potential of Small hydropower plants in Guinea. With a total hydroelectric potential estimated at 6000 MW, Guinea generally suffers from a lack of electrical energy, especially in rural areas where nearly 70% of the populations live and less than 15% of this population is connected to the grid. Electricity of the country, which has the negative consequence of the misuse of wood as a source of energy. Hence the need for this study, which aims to assess the hydroelectric potential of the Tokounou waterfall in Kankan prefecture. The main results obtained relate to : the turbine flow rate, the net head, the useful power, the dimensions of the loading basin, the characteristics of the penstock and the choice of turbine. Proposals for the use of the estimated hydroelectric potential have been made, which could improve the energy needs of the locality.
Mahmoud A. Rabah
International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation, Volume 3, pp 12-22; doi:10.34256/irjmt2133

Abstract:
The concern of this study shows the effect of hot rolling on the properties of a composite sheet prepared from aluminium bonded to titanium metals sandwiching PTFE (Du Pont)/graphite emulsion in perfluoro kerosene. The metals were soaked in hot oxygenated water and dried at 80 °C for 5 - 10 minutes to create a thin film of oxide. The metals were bonded with cyanoacrylate blended to the polymer emulsion that applied to the oxidized surface of the clean metals. Two coated surfaces sandwich the polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)/graphite emulsion followed by ‎hot-rolling. The rolling process was matched at 500- 560 °C (≈ 150 °C, over the melting point of the PTFE) under a pressure of 150-200 KPa. The obtained composite sheet was annealed at 550 °C to remove any residual stresses. Results revealed that upon cooling, the mix microphase would separate with the OH radicals on the metal surface and the CF displaced away. The temperature and time of cyanoacrylate application enhanced the extent of adhesion to create a homogeneous composite metal sheet. The effect of the hot rolling conditions was ascribed to the PTFE underactivity and incompatibility. Rolling imparts squeezing of the metals and changes the intrinsic properties. Linear thermal expansion coefficient of the composite sheet confirms partial diffusion of the soft metal in the harder one across the adhesive. The applied technique deforms the PTFE particles without inhibiting the adhesion strength of the cyanoacrylate. The prepared sheet has physical properties that would be suitable for bailiwick and structural ‎application.
Bianca Pizzorno Backx
International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation, Volume 3, pp 7-11; doi:10.34256/irjmt2132

Abstract:
Materials science seeks the development of new materials with optimized characteristics. The union of various areas as chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, biology, and medicine catalyzes news materials. Smart materials react to external stimuli by modifying their chemical, mechanical, magnetic, optical, electrical, thermal properties. They have superior efficiency to the materials currently available and promise many advantages to their consumers. However, smart materials must be associated with sustainable technological progress. As a result of highly evolved technologies and intense laboratory research, their final characteristics must be connected with sustainable protocols. In addition to a significant difference associated with a wide application in various areas as textile industry, construction, medicine, drugs delivery, microorganisms’ detection, smart materials must not pollute from production to disposal, and more than that, they must seek compensation for the harmful effects of this evolution on nature. In this way, smart materials will be an excellent advantage for the future and the environment.
Karthick M, Sakthivel R.V, Mohanraj V, Velmurugan R
International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation, Volume 3, pp 54-63; doi:10.34256/irjmt2129

Abstract:
A study on givotia rottlerifomis griff shows that studies on a tremendous of pharmacological and physiological activities and other applications. Moreover, givotia rottlerifomis griff has diverse physiological effects. This tempted us to use the bark of givotia rottlerifomis griff for extraction of new compound from the extract. Attempt is made to develop an efficient method for isolation of compounds from the barks of givotia rottlerifomis griff. Our scheme of work is to separate a portion by treatment with pure methanol (CH3OH) using soxhlet apparatus at boiling temperature and the sample is crystallized to separate to the pure compound. The compound was identified further by chromatographic studies, melting point determination, and spectral analysis (IR, 1D and 2D NMR) etc. Furthermore, antimicrobial studies are tested various antibacterial and antifungal species and also molecular docking studies are checked with HIV protease with Schrodinger 9.5 software.
Panigrahi M.K
International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation, Volume 3, pp 49-53; doi:10.34256/irjmt2128

Abstract:
Various inorganic acid doped PMMA/PANI composite are prepared by in-situ polymerization technique. Morphology, room temperature (RT) conductivity and DC-conductivity with temperature variation (77-300 K) are analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and linear four probe technique, respectively. Fibril structures with different diameter are observed in doped PMMA/PANI composite, whereas smooth texture is found in PMMA polymer film. Room temperature DC conductivity is found 0.1497 × 10-2 S/cm for H2SO4-and 0.309 × 10-3 S/cm for H3PO4-, 0.244 × 10-3S/cm for HCl-doped conductive composite, respectively. Temperature dependent DC Conductivity is measured and it behaves like semiconductor.
Back to Top Top