IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2721-852X / 2721-7965
Current Publisher: Indonesia Approach Education (10.46245)
Total articles ≅ 35
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Daniel Hermawan
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 86-95; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.77

Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic which is occurring all over the world indeed has many negative impacts in various aspects. On the other hand, the COVID-19 pandemic aroused the use of e-learning which has been seen as a complementary medium in the education process in Indonesia. This research aims to explore the challenges and opportunities felt by students in private university by implementing e-learning as an innovative learning method in the future. Through the mixed method approach, it can be concluded that e-learning can be accepted as an educational solution in dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic, but it still requires improvements in terms of comfort, infrastructure, and absorption of knowledge so that e-learning does not merely move classrooms into digital classrooms, but also provides a holistic experience that makes it easier for students to learn and gain knowledge. Research provide student perspectives in undergoing e-learning which is expected to be a recommendation for universities to provide a good e-learning experience. In addition, there is an evaluative step for the lecturer in optimally optimizing e-learning design.
Mellyta Uliyandari, Emilia Candrawati, Anna Ayu Herawati, Nurlia Latipah
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 65-72; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.56

Abstract:
This reserach was conducted to improve conceptual understanding and critical thinking ability of fourth-semester students of the Science education study program, Bengkulu University by applying PBL. The research method used in this study is quasi experimental, which in its implementation uses single class or one group pretest-posttest design. The test question was the instrument used in this study. The findings showed that there was an improvement in students‘ conceptual understanding and critical thinking ability of students‘ since implementing problem-based learning models in environmental chemistry courses. This improvement can be seen from the results of the gain test for each class group on the test of conceptual understanding and critical thinking ability which are in the "medium" category, while the t-test results for concept understanding and critical thinking ability show a significant difference (0.000
M.J. Dewiyani Sunarto
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 54-64; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.70

Abstract:
This research aims to determine the readiness of lecturers in implementing online learning on both faculties at a University in Surabaya during the first semester of the pandemic, especially in terms of (1) the use of synchronous learning mode, (2) the use asynchronous learning mode with e-learning, (3) the strengths and weaknesses of online learning that have been implemented by lecturers. This research was conducted on 126 lecturers in both faculties with a total of 350 classes. The research instrument used an electronic log from the campus e-learning application, and was analyzed using a descriptive method. The results showed that (1) the use of synchronous learning mode was used by 72% and 64% of the total amount of learning performed at the Faculty of Information Technology and at the Faculty of Business Economics, respectively (2) the use of campus e-learning as the media for asynchronous learning for delivering materials by 94% and 50.01% (3). The strength of online learning for lecturers is the availability of supporting applications and teaching materials which can be used by learners, while the weakness is on the understanding of online philosophy. From the results of this research, it is recommended to increase the readiness of lecturers to perform online learning, in the form of understanding the online philosophy, and institutional support to provide interesting contents for online learning, so it can be carried out in accordance with its philosophy, as asset for future online learning, even though if there will be no Covid-19 Pandemic.
Yuli Sutoto Nugroho, Lilik Anifah, Edy Sulistiyo, Sari Cahyaningtias, Rifqi Firmansyah
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 96-110; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.81

Abstract:
Analysis of the quality of learning is crucial in the teaching and learning process, to ensure the quality of learning is well maintained. Learning quality assurance instruments are one of the tools to improve quality in education through evaluations produced by studies of students. This research was conducted to test the quality of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research aims to evaluate Internet-Based Distance Learning which was carried out during the Work From Home (WFH) period. The learning analysis step is carried out through 1) Formulation of the need for quality analysis of learning, 2) Compiling quality analysis instruments, 3) Distribution of questionnaires, 4) Data processing, 5) Data analysis and 6) Compilation of results. The data analysis technique used descriptive qualitative analysis. The data that has been processed will then be analyzed using descriptive qualitative methods to find conclusions about the quality of learning in the Department of Electrical Engineering (JTE) during the 2020 pandemic. From the analysis, results obtained information that the Quality of Learning with Internet-Based Distance Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic at JTE it can be said that it is good from a student's point of view, while from a lecturer's point of view, It can be concluded that online learning is very good. The implementation of this research is a consideration for JTE to improve the quality of Internet-Based Distance Learning
Hidayah Zuliana Puspitaningrum, Wasis, Tjipto Prastowo
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 16-28; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.76

Abstract:
This research aims to develop a multi-representation based test instrument that can be used to measure students' higher-order thinking skills, especially in Newton's law material. development procedures used the Plomp development model, the stages were design, construction/ realization, test, evaluation, revision, and implementation. The subjects in this study were 36 students of class X at one of High School in Surabaya. At the implementation stage, tests were given to students and analysed using Rasch analysis with help of Winstep software. The multi-representation test instrument in question was a question in the form of an essay with a representation model consisted of visual, verbal, and mathematical representations adapted to the cognitive domain of Bloom's taxonomy of higher-order thinking. Data collection techniques were validation of instruments and tests. The results of this study were 9 items of valid test instruments based on logical validity and empirical validity and a reliable instrument based on calculations using the Alpha Cronbach equation. Based on the results of this research can be concluded that multi-representation test can be train high order thinking skills students. Study with multi-representation test is expected to be able to make students are easier to develop high order thinking skill, in this research students can be categorized as having sufficient high-order thinking skills.
Muh Burhanudin Harahap, Maria Veronika Roesminingsih, Mudjito
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 29-41; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.69

Abstract:
This research aims to analyze the implementation and impact of human resource development in improving the performance of students. This research used a qualitative approach with the type of multi-case study research at the Elementary School Muhammadiyah of 1 Jember and the Elementary School Al Baitul Amien of 1 Jember. Data collection was carried out by observation, interviews, and documentation in both schools. The data analysis process was carried out by condensing data, presenting data, drawing conclusions, and verification. Based on the research conducted, it was concluded that the implementation of human resources in Elementary School Muhammadiyah of 1 Jember and Elementary School Al Baitul Amien of 1 Jember, namely 1) The school has fully professional development of educators in the form of training programs and always strives to improve the quality of education through skills improvement programs. 2) The school activity program is always maximized, through habituation in improving the quality of learning through activities, teaching, during the learning process and up to the implementation of quality training so that it is optimal. 3) Programmed school activities program in a clear concept in planning the skills development of educators. 4) Regulations concerning the development of written and straightforward teaching staff and maximized for the program of enhancing the skills of educators which are compiled through the formulation and determination of collective teacher teamwork. Then the impact of the development of human resources in improving the performance of students has a good overall impact on every program implementation of the two schools.
Muh Saerozi
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 1-15; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.68

Abstract:
Islamization of Java becomes an actual topic of religious social research because the phenomena not only relate to religious discourse but also other aspects. This research focuses on the Islamization of the government center of Salatiga Central Java. The aims of this study are: to find the academic answer to why Islamization occurred in the government center of Salatiga in Central Java, to find out the Islamization process underway, to describe the dominant factors affecting Islamization, and to describe the impact of Islamization on religious life around the central government. The benefit of this research is to contribute the theories of Islamization of Government center of Java in the late of 20th century. This study is a descriptive research and causality analysis. The events were limited to those of 1985 to 2018. The data were sourced from the archives, inscription, news, interviews, and literature. The results of the study found that the Islamization of the Salatiga government center was carried out because the infrastructure was still European patterned. The actualization of Muslim religiosity was not well supported by this infrastructure. The symbol of Islamization is the transformation of the villa on the west of the city square into a mosque. The Islamization was successful because of the symbiotic factors between political parties, rulers, scholars, Islamic universities, and religious organizations. There was no significant impact yet on the improvement of spiritual and social lives around the government center. This study enriches theories about the symbiotic relations of religions, politics, and social changes in Java in the late 20th century.
Dyah Ayu Setyarini, Zainal Arifin Imam Supardi, Elok Sudibyo
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 42-53; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.74

Abstract:
This research aims to improve senior high school students’ physics problem-solving skills through learning used IBMR learning model. This research was a pre-an experimental study with a one-group pre-test and post-test design. The Methods of data collection used validation and test. The materials used to teach were valid category by two experts and can be used to practice physics problem-solving skills. The average post-test score physics problem-solving ability was 73.24 with an N-gain of 0.59 was classified as moderate. The success of IBMR learning model-based devices in practicing problem-solving abilities can be seen in the increase in the average score in each indicator of problem-solving abilities. The indicator of understanding the problem had the highest post-test average score of 94.58 with an N-gain of 0.89 in the high category. The problem-solving indicator had the lowest posttest average score was 58.22 with N-gain 0.39 and mean that it was the moderate category. Based on the results study, it can be concluded that the learning used by IBMR learning model can practice the ability to solve physics problems on heat material and its displacement. Learning with the IBMR learning model was expected to train students in solving physics problems. The stages in the IBMR learning model can help students
Dayat Hidayat, Ahmad Wachidul Kohar, Nina Rinda Prihartiwi, Husni Mubarok, Abebayehu Yohannes
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 111-120; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.75

Abstract:
Learning design is one of the factors that support the learning process in order to achieve learning objectives in all subjects including mathematics. Many approaches can be employed by a teacher in making learning design, one of which is rigorous mathematical thinking (RMT) approach. The RMT approach puts forward students actively in constructing their knowledge through the use of psychological tools and mediation. This article reports a set of learning activities designed through a developmental study using the RMT approach in the topic of application of derivatives. Participants of this research were twenty-six of 11th grade students from a private secondary school. Data were collected through written test and classroom observation. The research instruments were student worksheet and observation sheet. In the learning process, students use psychological tools to connect their previous knowledge to the material being studied. This makes students able to construct their own knowledge more thoroughly. On the other hand, with the mediation carried out by the teacher, students can focus more and understand each material well and bridge the conceptual errors. Based on the results of the study and some literature, Design of learning activities using Rigorous Mathematical Thinking (RMT) on application of derivative can be an alternative as effective learning.
Basuki Tri Harnoto, Rahyu Setiani, B Widuroyekti, Dwi Sambada, Dwikoranto, Lindsay N. Bergsma
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 73-85; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.78

Abstract:
The purpose of this research was to improve student learning outcomes, activities, and positive responses. Classroom action research carried out in 4 stages: planning, action and observation, reflection, and revision that carried out in three cycles. Data were collected through test, observation, questionnaire, and documentation. The participants of this research are class XI-3 students of State Senior High School 1 Krembung. Data were analyzed descriptively quantitative. Observation cycle 1, motivation by the teacher, learning objectives, explanation of working on worksheets, worksheet systematics, class control, seating settings, and intelligence use are lacking. The mean obtained is 55 with grade completeness of 38%. Observation cycle 2, delivery of learning objectives hastily, connecting material with daily phenomena is less clear, concluding that the material is not systematic. However, many students begin to maximize their intelligence to obtain a mean 63.75 with class completeness of 60%. Observation cycle 3 shows an improvement, and the process runs smoothly so that the mean is 74 with grade completeness 81%. Students' positive activity increased from cycle I to cycle III while learning achievement from cycle one to cycle three increased respectively by 38%, 60%, and 81%. The student’s response questionnaire showed that students had a positive attitude with 81.73% and 18.27% negative. In conclusion, student achievement and activity in learning had increased and received a positive response.
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