Journal La Lifesci
ISSN / EISSN : 2721-1304 / 2721-1207
Current Publisher: Newinera Publisher (10.37899)
Total articles ≅ 14
Latest articles in this journal
Journal La Lifesci, Volume 1, pp 25-29; doi:10.37899/journallalifesci.v1i3.158
Prothrombin time is a test used to help detect and diagnose a bleeding disorder or excessive clotting disorder. It is important to know the prothrombin time because it checks to see if five different blood clotting factors are present. Lack of Vitamin K and having Liver problems are one of the factors that can decrease the prothrombin time of the blood. This research aims to investigate the potential ability of the Terminalia catappa (Talisay) leaf extract to increases prothrombin time of chicken’s blood. The research methods used by the researchers is experimental. A research design where the results are being observed and determined when the independent variable took effect on the dependent variable. . The materials used are ethanol, calcium chloride, leaves and chicken blood. The method that was used in the study is in-vitro, a process that is performed in a test tube, or elsewhere outside a living organism. The 0.5 ml plasma sample was separated into four tubes and the first group of plasma was tested first to determine the initial prothrombin time while the other three groups with the different volumes of plant extract (0.2, 0.4, 0.6 mg/ml) was added separately. The tubes were tilted at about 45° until the permanent clots was obtained. These are recorded as the prothrombin time. The research showed that the Terminalia Catappa leaf extract is effective on increasing the normal prothrombin time of the blood.
Journal La Lifesci, Volume 1, pp 15-24; doi:10.37899/journallalifesci.v1i3.121
The present research work has clearly denoted as initially estimation of physic-chemical properties of the experimental hydrocarbon contaminated soil. The texture of the soil plays a very important role in microbial and plant species establishment and development and also influences physical parameters of the soil. The current results are clearly showed experimental soil of the hydrocarbon contaminated soil possessed totally eight different autochthonus bacterial strains were provably identified viz., Acinetobacter, Mycobacterium sp., Bacillus sp., Pseudomonas sp., and Aeromonas sp., observed by Bergy’s Manual. When this experimental soil was remediated with two biological sources such as four allothonus bacterial strains named as Enterobacter sp., Flavobacter sp., Shigella sp., and Bacillus sp., along with agronomic wastes also addition with neem juice. From the present result showed that Enterobacter sp., subjected polluted soil was remediated maximum than other treated sources assessed by spectrometric data. While, the biofilm formation experiment also been definitely expressed biodegradation potential enriched allothonus bacterial strain was the following order Enterobacter sp., Flavobacter sp., Shigella sp., and Bacillus sp.,. Moreover, other interesting finding also had been profounded such as dominant Antagonistic activity potential possessed autochthonus bacterial strain from the hydrocarbon contaminated soil. It has been identified through the molecular identification those typical organism expressed the named as ‘’Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA96’’by 16sr RNA sequence analysis. Additionaly maximum and maximum antagonistic activity has been noticed on E.coli, more or less similar zone of inhibition showed on other bacterial species of Shijella sp., and K. pneumonia. Moreover, HPLC results were almost elucidated fractions of hydrocarbon compounds thoroughly replied total illustrated chemical compounds are gradually minimized, when the heavy contaminated soils subjected with other bacterial sources along with various agronomic wastes. It has been significantly reduced the spectrum of the total hydrocarbon derivatives when it compared with before treatment of the contaminated soils. Therefore, these allothonous bacterial organism Enterobacter sp., strains could be considered for future use for bioremediation of oil contaminated land. However, further studies are needed to evaluate the potential of the isolated strains to degrade hydrocarbons in situ, in natural environmental conditions. This could be equally applicable for any allothonously present or other bacterial strains ubiquitously available in nature, and the technology could be further developed for targeting of any pollutants present on earth creating enormous environmental and health hazards.
Journal La Lifesci, Volume 1, pp 1-7; doi:10.37899/journallalifesci.v1i3.105
Harumanis is type of mango in Indonesia that meets the needs of export or local markets. Harumanis mango have not been able to fully boost the rate of export of this Indonesian fresh fruit due to poor postharvest technology. This condition has an adverse impact as it increases postharvest loss. Thus, in these conditions there must be postharvet handling of harumanis mango, one of which is edible coating made from chitosan with the addition of starch. The difference in the value of amylose and amylopectin from starch resulted in differen results. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of addition of starch types in chitosan edible coating on the postharvest loss of harumanis mango based onthe physico-chemical tests. The experiment used completely randomized design with two factor. The parameters observed were physical test including weight loss, texture, and color. Chemical test including respiration rate, vitamin C, and total soluble solids. The result showed that the addition of starch on chitosan edible coating significantly affected postharvest loss to the results of physical and chemical tests. The best treatment was the addition of starh to edible coating with chitosan because it can provide physical and chemical defense during storage at room temperature.
Journal La Lifesci, Volume 1, pp 8-14; doi:10.37899/journallalifesci.v1i3.115
Tobacco is an important commodity in the economy in Indonesia. Tobacco stems are worthless waste. Tobacco stems contain 56.10% cellulose, making it high potential as a particle board raw material. The process of making particleboard that affects quality is the pressing process during printing. Greater pressure printing presses make bonds between particles stronger. Strong bonding between particles is intended so that the board does not change during storage. The purpose of this study is to determine the characteristics of particleboard in various variations of printing pressure load and storage time and to find out the best treatment as a recommendation in the manufacture of tobacco stem particleboard. The research method was factorial CRD with a combination of treatments between 2 factors namely printing load (4 kg and 8 kg) and storage time (0, 12, and 24 days). The results showed 1.13 - 1.25 g.cm-3 for the density value, water content 4.97 - 12.57%, and water absorption 240.03 - 208.00%. MOE and MOR values were 16000.13 - 36222.77 kgf. cm-2 and 824.47 - 1697.83 kgf.cm-2. The recommended treatment load is 8 kg printing pressure with 12 days of storage time.
Journal La Lifesci, Volume 1, pp 1-6; doi:10.37899/journallalifesci.v1i2.99
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of climate change and the adaptation forms of the Bajo tribe that are felt in the coastal regions of Wawonii Indonesia. This research method is the type of data used in this study is the type of qualitative data and surveys, data collection techniques used in this study were interviews, discussion, questionnaire distribution, and field observations. The results showed that the impact of climate change in the Langara Laut village can be felt by increasing the cost of residential renewal activities by a percentage of 52.5% of respondents with 21 people, then shifting livelihoods to a percentage of 22.5% with respondents 9 lives, and the risk of activities at sea in the Bajo tribe community increased as a percentage 25.0% with respondents 10 people. As for the form of adaptation carried out by the Bajo Tribe community in Langara Laut by making stronger residential measures (Protective) a percentage of 52.5% with respondents 21 people, then diversifying livelihoods/diversification is part of a form of relocation action percentage of 22.5% with respondents 9 people, and the use of transportation (ships) and fishing gear that is more effective in other words a form of accommodation measures 25.0% with respondents 10 people.
Journal La Lifesci, Volume 1, pp 17-22; doi:10.37899/journallalifesci.v1i2.100
This study aims to determine the impact of the Meleura Beach attraction for the economic life of the Lakarinta Coastal community, Lohia District, Muna Regency. This research was conducted using qualitative methods or purposive sampling techniques. The results showed that the local community felt a positive impact on the existence of this beach area, especially those directly involved with the development of Meleura beach tourism objects both economically. The development of Maleura Beach also has an economic impact, in the form of changes or shifts in the livelihoods of most Lakarinta villagers, from farmers to traders and service providers. Changes and/or transitions like this are followed by changes in community income which also shows an increasing trend. If before the beach was developed, the majority of residents who had jobs as farmers were only able to receive between Rp 1,000,000-5,000,000 per year, now on average they are able to receive more than Rp 10,000,000 per year, even some of them can receive more than Rp 100,000,000 per year. The need for solid government funding and community institutions to help improve the economic life of the community and help provide solutions that benefit the community.
Journal La Lifesci, Volume 1, pp 23-31; doi:10.37899/journallalifesci.v1i2.101
The purpose of this study was to determine the Agricultural Social Capital, especially the elements of trust and reciprocity in Tanah Towa Village, Bulukumba Regency. The research method used is qualitative with interviews and discussion data collection techniques. The results of this study indicate that social capital in Tanah Towa villagers can be seen from the trust, cooperation and networks, collective action, reciprocal relationships (reciprocity), which occur in the community. And based on the overall results obtained by the trust of the village community quite well, cooperation such as farmer groups and farmer groups combined and reciprocal relationships with the community not only occur in close relatives but on all communities depending on the level of closeness between individuals social capital is a big thing in the development and progress of human resources for the development of a nation.
Journal La Lifesci, Volume 1, pp 7-16; doi:10.37899/journallalifesci.v1i2.97
The amount of mango production in Indonesia is quite high, but the quality of postharvest mangoes is still quite low. The quality of the fruit will decline due to contamination; one of the contaminants is fungi. The way to reduce the damage of postharvest products is by coating applications. The purpose of this study was to study the physical, chemical and antifungal activities of harumanis mangoes’s quality which had been given coating during storage that could cause postharvest losses of harumanis mangoes. There are 3 treatments, each of them are respectively the provision of corn based coating 6% tobacco extract, 8% tobacco extract and 10% tobacco extract. The physical and chemical properties of the antifungal coating of tobacco extract made from corn coating for post-harvest damage on harumanis mangoes were obtained by weight loss, texture, colour, respiration rate, vitamin C and total dissolved solid. Preventing coating can prevent damage after harvest and protect the harumanis mango; therefore the quality of the mangoes can be maintained. The best results from the priority with the largest diameter inhibition zone were given corn starch 10% tobacco extract. Then the higher the concentration of extract used, the greater the diameter of the inhibition zone obtained. Based on all the tests performed (physical, chemical, and antifungal) the best treatment from the treatment was obtained that consisted of mangoes with antifungal layers of corn starch 10% tobacco extract. Because the P3 obtained the best results in maintaining physical, chemical content and fungi for 15 days.
Journal La Lifesci, Volume 1, pp 32-36; doi:10.37899/journallalifesci.v1i2.102
Waste management that is not good will also have a negative impact on the environment, public health, and this certainly has wider implications such as environmental pollution. This article outlines environmental governance in the waste management process and a model of good urban waste management. Environmental governance is important in understanding the issue of waste management which is a complex environmental issue in urban areas. A good model for waste management is with the unit paying attention to sewage, leachate water treatment, and combustion of methane / flare gas access. The model described as integrated management is widely applied in big cities. The integrated waste management process is carried out by implementing preventive measures and reuse efforts with the aim that the waste does not form.
Journal La Lifesci, Volume 1, pp 24-27; doi:10.37899/journallalifesci.v1i1.44
Lack of fish catch is one of the problems faced by coastal communities. From the fish farming activities in the sea, the community can obtain enormous economic benefits and support the economic growth of the family through the sale of fish from aquaculture. The government has given the opportunity and responsibility to the community in managing its resources, where the community itself has a need, goals, and aspirations and the community also makes decisions for their welfare. Socialization is needed regarding the importance of keeping coral reefs because the benefits are very good for coastal communities. The challenge faced is because coastal communities are increasing the ability and knowledge of the community about the importance of protecting ecosystems and capturing fisheries that are safe for the environment.