Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary and Cultural Studies

Journal Information
EISSN : 2656-3967
Published by: Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya (10.30996)
Total articles ≅ 58
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Linusia Marsih, Christine Saragih
Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary and Cultural Studies, Volume 4, pp 162-169; https://doi.org/10.30996/anaphora.v4i2.6072

Abstract:
This study aims to reveal stigma toward sex worker depicted in two literary texts i. e. a short story entitled “Boule de Suif” by Guy de Maupassant, a French writer and a short story entitled “Catatan Seorang Pelacur” by Putu Arya Tirtawirya, an Indonesian writer. The two short stories are chosen for the reason that both works depect the life of a female sex worker. This study is designed as a descriptive qualitative study with sociological approach. The sociological approach is applied because this study looks at society’s views on female sex workers tht is reflected in the short stories. Moreover, theories of stigma are reviewed to support the analysis. The Analysis is focused on the sex worker stigma, the manifestation of stigmatization against sex workers, how the female sex worker in each short story responds to the stigmatization, and whether authors of the short stories affirm or criticize their society.
Monica Alivia Hani Pratiwi
Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary and Cultural Studies, Volume 4, pp 140-146; https://doi.org/10.30996/anaphora.v4i2.6076

Abstract:
This study entitled “Power Relation In Jacques Lob’s Snowpiercer” is about social issues between passengers in front sections to tail sections, depicted through the story and characters in this novel. In this study, there are two questions to be answered: The forms of power relationships shown in Jacques Lob's novel Snowpiercer and the individuals involved. The purpose of this study is to look at the many forms of power relationships and the persons that are involved in them using numerous characters from the novel. The author applies Michel Foucault's (1977) theory to illustrate how passengers in front and back sections interact in terms of power. The descriptive technique is used in this study, and extrinsic approaches are used. The findings reveal that there are two distinct forms of power relationships. To begin with, sovereign power is a sort of authority that has total control over all persons in a community. Second, disciplinary authority seeks to establish discipline bodies. The outcome also exposes that certain characters have manipulated information and truth via the use of power relationships.
Danu Wahyono
Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary and Cultural Studies, Volume 4, pp 170-188; https://doi.org/10.30996/anaphora.v4i2.6075

Abstract:
The study explores the patriarchal oppression on women reflected in Malala Youefzai and Christina Lamb’s I am Malala. The study aims to identify the forms, the cause, and the impact of the patriarchal oppression on women especially on the Pashtun women of the Swat Valley, Pakistan. The research designed used is a qualitative research. Meanwhile, the approach employed is psychological approach. The study shows that there are some forms of patriarchal oppression on women: cultural dominance, powerlessness, exploitation, violence and marginalization. The women are discriminated and mistreated in many ways. The patriarchal oppression on women is the result of the regime of General Zia’s government and also the rules set by the Taliban group. Pashtun women are marginalized. It is an excuse of keeping the Chasity and dignity that the civilization had changed. Culture and tradition play a role as the cause of patriarchal oppression on the Pashtun women where many families dictate a strong preference of sons over daughters. Meanwhile, there are two impact of patriarchal oppression on Pashtun women, physically and emotionally. Many women become illiterate, have no skills except doing housework and end up depending on men for their survival. They also suffer of excessive fear and anxiety and the worst impact is being killed.
Zainul Arifin
Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary and Cultural Studies, Volume 4, pp 147-161; https://doi.org/10.30996/anaphora.v4i2.6073

Abstract:
This study looks at symbolic violence in Alex Urban's novel The Kingfisher Secret. In Alex Urban's work The Kingfisher Secret, the author investigates the emergence of symbolic violence and analyzes Bourdieu's capital and habitus. To assist the understanding of symbolic violence, this research employs Pierre Bourdieu's symbolic violence idea, as well as habitus, field, and capital theory. This study employs Wellek and Warren's extrinsic method, in which literary material is examined from a social perspective. The author employs a descriptive qualitative technique to locate symbolic violence. The findings demonstrate that in Alex Urban's work The Kingfisher Secrets, symbolic violence is portrayed by offering a present (gift exchange), expressing compassion, delivering an order (indirect command), and respectfully declining. The habitus is brutally capitalistic, rationalizing any means and aspirations to improve one's life and circumstances. The agency uses symbolic violence to achieve its goals and gain dominance.
Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary and Cultural Studies, Volume 4, pp 139-161; https://doi.org/10.30996/anaphora.v4i2.5805

Abstract:
??? Yehang Chuan ‘Night Ferry’ is an encyclopaedic masterpiece and the chef-d’oeuvre of ?? Zhang Dai (circa 1597-1689), an illustrious historian, poet, dramatist, essayist, aesthete, musician and gastronomist in late Ming and early Qing China. Night Ferry cumulates more than four thousand entries and encompasses a veritable cornucopia of topics in an elephantine range. In this research, I investigate Chapter Twenty ?? Fang Shu ‘Alchemy and Sorcery’ of Night Ferry, which comprises Section ?? Fu Zhou ‘Amulets and Incantations’ and Section ?? Fang Fa ‘Prescriptions and Practices’. Both sections abound with depictions pertaining to occult acts and paranormal forces, the vast majority of which embody cultural allusions concerning religion, divination and patriarchy. Furthermore, Chapter ‘Alchemy and Sorcery’ is featured by humorousness, though Night Ferry is not a dedicated jestbook. The humorous effect in Night Ferry is not attained via sarcasm or homo-/hetero-erotism, as manifested by derisive and prurient jokes compiled in a renowned pre-modern jestbook entitled ????Xiao Lin Guang Ji ‘A Collection of Classic Chinese Jokes’.
Pininta Veronika Silalahi
Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary and Cultural Studies, Volume 4, pp 87-96; https://doi.org/10.30996/anaphora.v4i2.5880

Abstract:
This study is intended to investigate the difficulties encountered by the students of English department in transcribing words in connected speech where assimilation occurs. The assimilation investigated is limited to alveolars /t, d, n) to the neighbouring sound palatal /j, k,g/. Pronouncing words in connected speech is one of the problems that show up in learning EFL. The way words are spoken in isolation and in connected speech may differ significantly. Dealt with the difference, there are two questions to answer in this study. Question one is how students transcribe words in connected speech where assimilation occurs; question two is to describe what sound is assimilated to what sound. To answer the question of the study, descriptive qualitative design is applied. Data were collected from 50 students by giving 7 sentences to transcribe where assimilation occurs in a part of the sentences. Students were asked to transcribe the whole sentences and describe what sound has been assimilated to what sound. The result shows that 18 students can transcribe correctly the phonetic transcription of the assimilated sounds and describe what sound is assimilated to what sound. There are 32 students who transcribe the sentences as isolated words and cannot show where assimilation occurs. Thus, there is no description of the assimilation by these students. It leads to say that knowledge of pronouncing words in connected speech is poor. This suggests improvement by giving more practices in pronouncing not only individual words but words in connected speech. Students also need listening exercises to crosscheck the transcription they make while listening.
Novia Lestari Suwoto, Anik Cahyaning Rahayu
Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary and Cultural Studies, Volume 4, pp 109-116; https://doi.org/10.30996/anaphora.v4i2.5578

Abstract:
This study is entitled Mrs. Wellington’s anxiety reflected in Gitty Daneshvari’s School of Fear: The Final Exam. This study aims at describing the symptoms, the causes, and the effects of anxiety which is suffered by Mrs. Wellington. This study applies psychoanalysis theory by Sigmund Freud to analyze Mrs. Wellington’s anxiety. The symptoms of anxiety that is suffered by Mrs. Wellington are such as feeling anxious, being unable to think about anything but something that makes her anxious, and experiencing trembling, melancholy, and the deepest sadness. There are some causes of Mrs. Wellington’s anxiety. First, Mrs. Wellington’s anxiety is caused by her stepson, Abernathy, who hates her since he suffers from novercaphobia or well-known as fear of stepmother. The second cause is Sylvie Montgomery, the nosy reporter who always uses her nose to get information or disgraceful secret of Mrs. Wellington and all her students to make an article in order to win the Snoopulitzer, a contest for reporter in Summerstone. The effects of Mrs. Wellington’s anxiety are very complete. She feels the behavioral effect, the emotional effect, and the cognitive effect of her anxiety. It can be seen from her negative feeling because something in her past, she experiences trouble of concentrating, and she feels afraid every time she thinks about her fears. Mrs. Wellington’s anxiety is categorized of neurotic anxiety. Neurotic anxiety comes from id which is in the form of unconscious feeling so she often loses her emotion such as being sad, angry, panic, and so on. From the analysis, it can be concluded that Mrs. Wellington suffers from anxiety because her uncontrollable emotion: being anxious and being worried. Her stepson and Sylvie, the reporter, become the causes of her anxiety. She also feels the behavioral, emotional, and cognitive effects. Mrs. Wellington suffers from a type of neurotic anxiety as reflected in its symptoms, causes, and effects.
Subroto Mihirchandra Roy
Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary and Cultural Studies, Volume 4, pp 1-16; https://doi.org/10.30996/anaphora.v4i1.5196

Abstract:
Narratives that we hear, connect dots to complete a civilisational story. Narrative strategies on Indian heritage of about 1000 years need to be revisited as newer counter narratives need to be factored in. If we examine our case of Sa?m Veda (ancient Veda singing date not known) and Dhrupad (probably from around 300 BC and still extant) through a natively ordered narrative framework. However, newer globalised narratives are ordered in such a manner that the story sounds strange to natives. The paper points out that this might often not be a clash of historical method and tradition, but focalisation or mere agenda. Also we often see narrators may not represent knowledge, being mistaken for the source of knowledge. For instance, a person trained in the Khaya?l singing tradition telling the story of Dhrupad or even Sa?ma Ga?na. This may involve focalisation.
Ari Windriani, Tri Pramesti
Anaphora: Journal of Language, Literary and Cultural Studies, Volume 4, pp 70-78; https://doi.org/10.30996/anaphora.v4i1.5250

Abstract:
This study discusses about Elio’s homosexuality in Andr? Aciman’s Call Me by Your Name. Elio is the main character in the novel. The study aims to answer three points: the cause of Elio’s homosexuality, the effect of Elio’s homosexuality and how homosexuality presented in the novel. The study uses qualitative research because it provides understanding into the problem and it derives meanings from the quotations. This study applies intrinsic and extrinsic approaches. The extrinsic approach used is psychological approach as the literary approach. The psychological approach is applied in causes and effects of homosexuality as a psychological issue. The data source of this study is Call Me by Your Name novel by Andr? Aciman. The study found that Elio’s homosexuality is caused by Elio’s hormone and Elio’s family life. Elio’s desire and lust brings him to the wild imagination and fantasy. Elio’s parents are open-minded. It can be concluded that from the causes of Elio’s homosexuality brings him to the taboo thing and not every people can accept that sexual orientation. The novelist, Andr? Aciman wants to presented about the true feeling of the taboo love.
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