European Journal of Dental and Oral Health

Journal Information
EISSN : 2684-4443
Current Publisher: European Open Science Publishing (10.24018)
Total articles ≅ 31
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A. Al-Khaled, H. Abutayyem
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 1-8; doi:10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.3.50

Abstract:
This literature review aims to discuss augmented reality systems and provide an update on the most recent technological developments and applications in the dental field. The studies that met the inclusion criteria in the last 20 years, from 2000 to 5 May 2020, in the PubMed database were included. The search resulted in n=72 articles, in which n=40 included and n=32 excluded. AR systems are still being tested as there are still some limitations that limit the adoption of this technology in the dental sector. Several studies have resulted in a device appropriate for clinical use, yet no regular clinical application was recorded.
Ahmed Zafer Alshabab, Monsour Heba Almakrami, Faisal Hassan Almilaq, Ibrahim Saleh Alhareth, Zahid Hossain, Khaled Mashoor Hyderah, Abdulrahman Ahmed Aseri, Sultan Mohammed Alanazi, Mohammad Abdo Abdulrazzaq
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 1-10; doi:10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.3.54

Abstract:
Background: The common periodontal diseases are of public health concern, with 20-50 percent of the global population affected by gingivitis and or periodontitis. Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the common periodontal diseases occurring among the patients who attended the College of Dentistry hospital of Najran University. And also, to determine the correlation among the age groups, nationalities and risk factors related to periodontal diseases. Methods: A retrospective hospital-based descriptive type study was performed, providing 352 records of male patients suffering from various types of periodontal diseases. The Centers for Disease Control and the American Academy of Periodontology (CDC-AAP) classification was used for periodontal diagnosis. Patients were grouped by age as group A (6-20 years), group B (21-40 years), group C (41-60 years) and group D (above 60 years). Chi-square test and multinomial logistic regression model were adapted for data analyses. Results: Out of 352 patients, 217 (61%) and 135 (39%) patients suffered from gingivitis and periodontitis, respectively. Mean age of the patients was 32.81 ± 15.96 (range 6-97) years. Sixty-nine (19.6%), 200 (56.8%), 60 (17.0%) and 23 (6.5%) patients of Group A, B, C and D suffered from different forms of periodontal diseases, respectively. Eighty three percent patients were of Saudis and Yemenis and the rest were of Egyptian, Bangladeshi, Pakistani, Indian, Sudanese, Jordanian, Syrian, Chadian, Ghanaian and Tunisian nationalities. Highest number of patients suffered from moderate generalized gingivitis 142 (40.3%) and moderate localized periodontitis 57 (16.2%). Majority had plaque & calculus 290 (82.4%) and the rests had diabetes mellitus, smoking and tobacco chewing habit, asthma, hypertension and heart disease. Correlations among periodontal disease, age group and risk factor were found significant (p <0.05) though between the nationality and risk factor was found not significant (p 0.999). Conclusions: Significant relationships were observed among periodontal diseases and age, nationality and risk factors. This small study of Najran may reflect the periodontal status in a population of Saudi Arabia. Further broad scale study would be conclusive establishing such relationship in Saudi Arabian population.
Dafni Eleftherou, Aristidis Arhakis, Sotiria Davidopoulou
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 9-17; doi:10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.3.53

Abstract:
Aim: This literature review aims to update the evidence for orofacial manifestations and current treatment recommendations for children and adolescents with sickle cell disease. Background: Sickle cell disease is a frequent hemoglobinopathy and a life-threatening genetic disorder. The lifelong condition is characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia and vaso-occlusive crisis that may occur in a variable range of clinical presentations in different regions of the body, including the oral cavity. Review results: This review explored the most common orofacial alterations of pediatric patients with SCD. Dental caries is a common finding in SCD pediatric patients, especially in those who are socio-economically vulnerable. Moreover, malocclusions occur in high prevalence in SCD pediatric patients. Other oral health complications seen in SCD patients include periodontal inflammation, bone changes, infections, mental nerve neuropathy, facial overgrowth, delayed tooth eruption, dental anomalies, pulp necrosis, soft tissue alterations and salivary changes. Dental infections may trigger a vaso-occlusive crisis leading the patient to a higher probability on arriving in hospital emergency departments and in need for further hospital admission to deal with the correlated complications. Thus, preventive dental care and non-invasive dental procedures are the principal focus in SCD patients in order to avoid possible subsequent complications. Conclusion: The review showed that in pediatric patients with SCD the risk for orofacial manifestations and complications depends not only on the presence of SCD but also on other confounding factors such as oral hygiene, diet habits and social conditions. Moreover, more well-designed epidemiological studies are necessary to assess the real link between SCD disease and its impact on stomatognathic health.
Ali Yakout Dogheim, Khaled Mohamed Noaman, Khadiga Youssef Kawana, Walaa Mohamed Al Samolly
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 11-16; doi:10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.3.55

Abstract:
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare histologically the repair response following direct pulp capping of mechanically exposed dogs' teeth with: Dycal, UltraBlend Plus and TheraCal LC: at different time intervals (1 week, 1 month and 3 months) Materials and methods: A total of 54 permanent teeth of six healthy male mongrel dogs were used, divided into three groups (n=18) according to pulp capping material used. Group I: Dycal, Group II: UltraBlend Plus and Group III: TheraCal LC. All cavities were restored with Riva LC Resine Modified Glass Ionomer. Each group was subdivided into three subgroups according to storage time (n=6). Control samples (3 teeth) were added representing normal untouched teeth. The specimens were fixed, decalcified, processed to paraffin blocks. Serial sections of 5 microns thickness were prepared and stained with H&E then examined under light microscope for histologic examination and were evaluated histologically for pulp tissue organization and reparative tissue formation following scoring system used by Nowicka et al. Results: As regards calcific barrier, all three materials, by the end of third month showed: continuity (score 3) with irregular dentin bridge formation, the morphology showed mostly irregular hard tissue and the tubules were mild in most specimens. Conclusion: Theracal is superior to Dycal and UBP for pulp capping of mechanically exposed human teeth, it can be used as an effective direct pulp capping material. There was no statistically significant difference between the three capping agents by end of third evaluation period as regards calcific barrier and odontoblastic layer.
Shashi Kant Agarwal
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 1-8; doi:10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.2.48

Abstract:
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of global morbidity and mortality. Recently, an increasing amount of preventive and therapeutic scrutiny has been directed towards lifestyles and their effect on CVDs. Maintaining good dental health is a lifestyle behavior that can help prevent periodontitis (PD), tooth caries, and tooth loss. Published scientific data is persuasive that dental infections, such as PD, have significant deleterious effects on the cardiovascular system. This paper briefly reviews the association of PD with CVDs.
Khadija El Assraoui, Kanza Mrhar, Rajae Zeroual, Khadija Kaoun, Samira Bellemkhannate
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 23-26; doi:10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.2.46

Abstract:
Patients with maxillectomy face problems with speech, swallowing, chewing and appearance. These defects are prosthetically rehabilitated with obturators that prevent oronasal communication, restoring function and social reintegration. An obturator must be light-weight, tight, easy to make and low cost. This article describes a simplified technique for fabrication of an acrylic hollow bulb obturator in two pieces using single flask. The prosthesis is made entirely of heat cure acrylic resin. The two parts of the obturator are sealed with the self-curing resin.
César Esquivel-Chirino, Vanessa Vargas-Romero, Gerardo Rodríguez-Torres, Verónica Villatoro-Ugalde, María Guadalupe Rivas-Fonseca, Delina G. Montes-Sánchez, Daniela Carmona Ruiz, Yolanda Valero Princet, Christian Márquez-Correa
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 18-22; doi:10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.2.45

Abstract:
Tooth extraction is a surgical procedure that is performed due to pulp and periapical pathology, periodontal disease, or teeth that are not deemed to be prosthetically or endodontically restorable. Following tooth extraction, bone resorption and vertical or horizontal defects occur. Traditionally, ridge preservation warrants the use of different agents such as autografts, allografts, xenografts, and mineral or ceramic materials. Autogenous dentin grafts are alternative to ridge preservation with osteoconductive, osteoinductive, and non-immunogenic properties to generate bone formation. The aim of the case report was to evaluate and compare clinical and histological outcomes using an autogenous dentin graft versus an allogeneic bone graft (DFDBA) as an alternative for ridge preservation.
Vivek Padmanabhan, Omar Khaled Ar Abo Mostafa, Lama M. Kamel Rahhal
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 5-8; doi:10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.2.44

Abstract:
Background/Purpose: Agenesis is found to be the most common dental anomaly affecting at least 25% of the population. Agenesis is an anomaly where the tooth germ fails to differentiate completely into dental tissues resulting in congenitally missing teeth. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of bilateral agenesis of mandibular second premolars. This study also reflects upon the treatment options available for the agenesis of mandibular second premolars. Materials and Methods: Bilateral agenesis was considered as agenesis and unilateral agenesis was excluded from the study. Orthopantamograms (OPGs) of 945 dental patients aged 6 years -30 years were examined for the agenesis of teeth. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the percentages and frequencies were calculated using chi square test and the level of significance was considered if p value was <0.05. Results: The prevalence of bilateral agenesis or congenitally missing mandibular second premolars were at 10.5%. Conclusions: The prevalence rates of bilateral agenesis or congenitally missing mandibular second premolars are more common in males than females. A well informed evidence based decision should be taken for the clinical management of the missing mandibular second premolars.
Azrul Hafiz, Noor Ellyyu Hafizah, Nur Nisrin Nabihah
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 15-17; doi:10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.2.47

Abstract:
Background: Patient undergoes orthodontic treatment with removable and fixed appliances will usually complaint of pain and discomfort. The level of pain and discomfort experience by patient will determined the cooperation and compliance towards the treatment. This study explores the perception of pain and type of discomfort experience by patients when undergoes orthodontic treatment. Material and method: This cross-sectional study involve a set of questionnaires regarding patient social demographic and factors contributing to pain and discomfort among patients with removable and fixed appliances. Result: This study shows that the most common discomfort experienced by patients with removable appliance are increased in saliva flow, interferes with mastication and altering speech. Apart from that, ulcers, pain in the mouth and appliance breakages are the most common pain experience by the patients with fixed appliances. Conclusion: In conclusion, majority of patients will experience some form of pain and discomfort during orthodontic treatments. Thus, information regarding pain and discomfort during orthodontic treatment should be clearly convey during the first initial appointment to prepare patient mental and physically.
Piyali Adhikari, Rudra Prasad Chatterjee, Swagata Gayen, Mousumi Paul, Mehebuba Sultana, Sk. A. Mahmud, Sanjeet Kumar Das
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 1-4; doi:10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.2.43

Abstract:
Odontoma, a mixed odontogenic tumor, is considered to be a hamartoma rather than a true neoplasm. Fully developed odontomas chiefly consist of enamel, dentin, pulp and occasionally cementum. They are subdivided into compound and complex types. The compound odontoma is composed of multiple, small tooth like structures, whereas the complex type consists of a conglomerated mass of enamel and dentin, having no anatomical resemblance to a tooth. They are usually asymptomatic, slow growing but cause bony expansion, which is often discovered during routine radiography. Here, we report a case of a complex odontoma in the posterior left mandibular region in an eight year old female child.
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