European Journal of Dental and Oral Health

Journal Information
EISSN : 2684-4443
Published by: Europa Publishing (10.24018)
Total articles ≅ 46
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Isha Goyal, Nishi Tanwar, Shikha Tewari, Rajinder Kumar Sharma, Satish Chander Narula
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 7-12; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.5.90

Abstract:
Background: Aesthetics has become a major concern nowadays. Loss of interdental papilla in the anterior region of the oral cavity accounts for a major compromise in aesthetics. Thus, techniques to correct this defect has emerged as a new area of research in dentistry. The present study aims to compare reconstruction of the interdental papilla using subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG)and platelet rich fibrin (PRF). Material and Methods: The present randomised clinical trial included 36 patients equally divided into test (platelet rich fibrin) and control groups (subepithelial connective tissue graft). Papilla reconstruction was done and clinical parameters- contact point to interdental papilla distance (CPID), width of keratinized gingiva (WKG), plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), papillary bleeding index (PBI), pocket depth (PPD) were recorded at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Healing index (HI) was recorded at 1, 2 and 3 weeks. Results: At the end of 6 months, it was found that interdental papillae fill in terms of decrease in distance from the contact point to the interdental papilla tip and gain in WKG was statistically significant in both the groups (p value ≤0.05). On intergroup comparison, however, it was found that the improvement in the abovementioned parameters was significantly greater in the control group (39.32%) as compared to the test group (14.79%). The difference in other clinical parameters at various time intervals were found to be nonsignificant.
Hira Abbasi, , Ammara Shamim Jaffrani
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 19-25; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.5.99

Abstract:
Aims: This study aims to assess knowledge and attitude of guardians in management of dental avulsion of the children. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Altamash Institute of Dental Medicine, Pakistan, from April to May 2021. A total of 400 parents were recruited. An online self-administered questionnaire was circulated to the parents after taking the informed consent. 17 questions regarding demographics, knowledge and attitude were included. Chi-square test was used for association between demographics and responses of the participants. Results: Of the 400 participants, there were 140 (35%) males and 260 (65%) females. Most of the 180 (45%) participants belonged to 18-30 years age bracket. About 63% of the children did not have past dental trauma history. Predominantly, 80% chose dentists being most appropriate of emergency treatment. 33% believed to visit the dentist within 30minutes for treatment. About 50% participants agreed avulsed teeth can be placed back into its original position. More than half knew different transport mediums, with milk (21%) and Hanks Balanced Salt Solution (19%) being commonly selected. Younger age group and females were more knowledgeable regarding emergency management. Conclusion: Dental avulsion is a common finding in childhood, which mandates proper knowledge for the guardians. There is still a gap present in adequate knowledge for management of such emergencies which mandates organizations of education and awareness programs for both children and adults.
Komal Ghiya
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.5.88

Abstract:
Congenital Cleft lip and palate is a craniofacial defect which results into difficulty in feeding because of the communication between the oral and nasal cavities. Feeding plate restores the gap between the oral and nasal cavities and helps in feeding and reduces the chances of airway problems, regurgitations. This clinical report describes a design and method of fabricating a feeding plate in an 8-day old neonate with a cleft lip and palate.
Mayana Narde Souza, Dara Vitória Pereira Lopes Silva, Fernanda De Carvalho Reis, Taylline DAS Mercês Gonçalves, Maria Luiza Oliveira Silva, Francisco Xavier Coêlho Paranhos Simões, Rita De Cássia Dias Viana Andrade, Maria Da Conceição Andrade De Freitas
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 4-8; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.5.91

Abstract:
This paper discusses the orofacial manifestations of children diagnosed with severe microcephaly according to the World Health Organization. Microcephaly is a clinical condition made at or after birth that characterizes a significant reduction in head circumference, which may present craniofacial, neurological, and oral alterations as a result of this malformation. As skull growth is linked to facial growth, can patients with microcephaly have structural and functional impairments? Will these possible changes be expressed before skeletal maturity? These issues are discussed through the presentation of two relevant clinical reports of children diagnosed with severe microcephaly with similar clinical facial and occlusion patterns.. Studies along these lines should be conducted with a view to future attempts to minimize possible effects of this malformation on the craniofacial complex with preventive and interceptive therapeuticals in these individuals.
M. S. Turton, I. Reddy, L. P. Turton
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 12-17; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.5.96

Abstract:
Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is one of the most common neoplasms diagnosed in HIV- seropositive subjects. KS is an angioproliferative disorder of endothelial origin and is a locally aggressive multicentric mucocutaneous malignant neoplasm. Aggressive HIV-KS is associated with increased HHV8 viral load, disseminated lesions, and intraoral exophytic lesions, and may also present with facial lymphoedema which may be life-threatening or mild. A 26 -year-old, male, presented with severe oral pain and facial swelling. He had multiple oral lesions and an incisional biopsy confirmed Kaposi sarcoma. A multiple site incisional biopsy and immunohistochemistry for HHV8 was done and based on the clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical results a diagnosis of HIV associated oral and cutaneous KS with severe lymphoedema was confirmed. This aim of this case presentation is to describe a case of immunodeficiency virus-related lymphadenitis, oral and cutaneous KS associated with the complication severe lymphoedema in a HIV infected patient who was not on HAART therapy for three years after being diagnosed with HIV.
Miral Agarwal, Ayush Jain, Shradha Jain
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 7-10; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.5.93

Abstract:
The aim of this review article is to identify and present an overview on the effects of different palatal expansion device on periodontium. Orthodontic treatment is a popular option for adolescents and adult patients for achieving better alignment of teeth and better esthetics. Palatal expansion technique is useful in treatment of patients’ malocclusion. With newer palatal expansion devices, patient’s malocclusion can be treated in better way. It is important to understand that oral hygiene plays an important role in the maintenance of periodontal health during orthodontic treatment. In adult patients, regular monitoring regarding the periodontal health should be performed prior to and during orthodontic treatment.
Livianny S. B. Cunha, José F. F. Gomes, Rosiane F. N. Rosa
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.5.92

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to carry out a literature review covering conceptual and epidemiological aspects associated with dental caries disease in Northern Brazil. A survey of specialized literature was carried out in the SciELO, PubMed, Virtual Health Library, and Google Scholar databases, using the following descriptors: fluoride, fluoridation, dental caries, and epidemiology. Dental caries is a chronic and multifactorial disease, influenced by the human diet and by social, economic, cultural, and behavioral determinants. There is a disparity in oral health when comparing the poorest regions of Brazil, with a lack of fluoridation of water for human consumption.
Beenish Abbas, Sana Abbas, Aisha Rafique, Sana Aslam
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 13-18; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.5.94

Abstract:
Objective: To evaluate Covid-19 vaccine compliance amongst the general private practicing dentists’ population in comparison to tertiary hospital-based dentists in Pakistan post second wave of mass spread of the Covid-19 infection. Methodology: Multi-centered study conducted after taking ethical research committee approval. Total 300 participants enrolled via paper-based questionnaire. Participants included the general dentists and tertiary care dental hospital-based dentists. Exclusion criteria implied participants of pilot study, participants that were already vaccinated and those unwilling to participate in the study. Results: 32% of general dentists in Pakistan agreed to immunization if the Covid-19 vaccine is available in Pakistan (p<0.001). General private practicing dentists were also less likely to pay for the vaccination (p<0.001), less confident for a locally manufactured vaccine (p<0.001) as compared to hospital-based dentists. Conclusion: This study concluded that the general dentists’ population in Pakistan is still skeptical of Covid-19 vaccination and this attitude in-fact poses as a pandemic within pandemic.
Natalia Elson, Irene Brandes, Steven Resnick
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 4-6; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.5.86

Abstract:
Despite the many historical events during the year 2020, this period of time will forever be remembered as the year of COVID-19. Since its onset in November 2019, The Sars-CoV-2 has made an enormous impact across all aspects of society across the entire world. Globally as of July 5th, 2021, there have been 184000000 confirmed cases of COVID-19, which tragically include 3980000 deaths. Sars-CoV-2 is spread through the respiratory system with the primary modes of transmission being aerosol, respiratory droplets, and direct contact. It is of great importance to understand that one of the primary modes of transmission, the aerosol (bioaerosol) mode is a mode that is omnipresent in most dental settings. To prevent dissemination of disease in American dental offices, the CDC and the ADA have developed strict protocols for dental care providers to follow. Protocols include case selection, protective equipment (PPE), Covid testing, procedure risk stratification, and reduction of aerosols. Laser-assisted dentistry has been identified as a potential key modality in the reduction of bio aerosols.
C. Nagarathna, C. Rahul, T. Umapathy
European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, Volume 2, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejdent.2021.2.5.84

Abstract:
Aim: To determine the site and pattern of deep carious lesion & its consequences on coronal and radicular structures radiographically in primary molars & first permanent molars using IOPA radiographs. Materials and methods: It consisted of 200 IOPA of Deep carious of Maxillary & mandibular of primary (n=100) and permanent molars(n=100) X-rays are collected. IOPA radiographs of Deep carious lesion involving only dentin with radiolucency reaching the inner 1/3 of dentin, clinically cavitated that is RC5 Of the ICMMS criteria were taken. Blinded Radiographic evaluation was done by two persons to rule out inter examiner variability. Results: In primary molars IOPA there was statistically significant difference in Carious adjacent tooth whereas in permanent molars IOPA there was statistical difference in Diffused pattern and lost tooth structures. When compared primary and permanent molars diffused pattern and lost tooth structure showed statistically significant difference. Conclusion: The deep carious lesions definitely lead to loss of crown structure over a period of time and also capable of spread of caries to adjacent teeth due to food impaction & inadequate oral hygiene. Hence leading to loss of function and arch length.
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