Identidad Bolivariana

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ISSN / EISSN : 2550-6749 / 2550-6749
Total articles ≅ 78
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Nohé Gilson Reaño, Universidad Nacional Experimental “Francisco de Miranda” Unefm
Identidad Bolivariano, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.37611/ib6ol276-92

Abstract:
Speaking of ethics and values implies citing the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (1999) in its article 2 when it states that "Venezuela is constituted as a place to strengthen human rights, ethics and political pluralism", from here part a matrix of understanding of ethics and values as a humanized encounter for Bolivarian universities. While ethics deals with what should be done, it is a discipline that studies human behavior from a normative point of view; values are points of reference that give meaning to our lives. This study corresponds to humanized community experiences in the educational project "Communicating Values" developed in social media at the regional and national levels as an intervention scenario for Bolivarian universities in Venezuela. The methodology assumed is positivist with a feasible project as a type of study, developing a diagnosis in communities of Pentane Abajo in 2013 and educational proposals of a communicational nature that have been replicated in various sectors whose fruits are based on the constancy of the program from the beginning. year 2013 to the present not only in community sectors but also in education
Franklin Cataño, Universidad Antonio Nariño, Rubén Vélez-Ramírez, Eutimio Mejía-Soto
Identidad Bolivariano, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.37611/ib6ol25-37

Abstract:
The emergence and acceptance of the proposal of the Physiocrats in the mid-eighteenth century prior to the French and industrial revolutions, was the result of abandonment and poverty in which the French peasantry found itself, subjected to unpayable taxes, in the face of an interventionist state policy that favored to the wealthy merchants, the clergy, the nobility and the Crown of the time. While the mercantilists affirm that wealth was the result of trade, the physiocrats defended agricultural production as a source of wealth; For this reason, they defended internal and external free trade, the freedom of action of social actors without state intervention, they understood the economy as a system of interdependence between the different sectors of the economy. The foundations that they traced in defense of economic freedom protected by Laissez-faire, laissez passer [letting do, letting go] have deserved the recognition of anarcho-capitalism, in its capacity as a critical current of state authoritarianism and apologists for the defense of life, freedom and property, only attainable through respect for the individual.
Mauricio Prado-Ortega, Universidad Técnica de Machala, Anyeline Gonzalez-Segarra
Identidad Bolivariano, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.37611/ib6ol2154-181

Abstract:
Using collaborative tools under the virtual modality through learning metrics or analytics allows the synchronous interaction of contents of the subject of design and management of learning environments in higher education students. The research was developed with the parameters of the quantitative methodology, of a non-experimental type with a descriptive level of depth such as the application of monitoring tools as an instrument to 28 university students on the use of collaborative tools under the virtual modality. Regarding the evaluation, the project has an innovative character to verify and contrast the aspects that lead the students to know their state of participation and involvement in the contents addressed in each of the 10 class sessions where the monitoring of activities and know through learning routes and analytics the synchronous connection time in the videoconferencing platform and the interaction with collaborative tools, identifying the types of connected devices, in addition to establishing the degree of compliance in the activities through the percentages executed according to the level learning of each participant. It is concluded that having built and designed collaborative learning routes by the teacher, they allowed to monitor the interaction of the students in the activities proposed synchronously based on the Virtual Environment of the Center for Higher Education and the monitoring metric or analytical tools virtual that turned out to be evaluable parameters to make decisions about the circumstances that some students present in their learning.
Josué Reinaldo Bonilla-Tenesaca, Isabel Batista-Medina, Marisela Jimenez-Alvarez
Identidad Bolivariano, Volume 6, pp 93-110; https://doi.org/10.37611/ib6ol293-110

Abstract:
The purpose of this article is to analyze a communicative didactic method and its methodological procedures to guide English teachers on the teaching of this language using the multi-intercultural approach with Ecuadorian students in language schools. A bibliographic study was developed. Analysis-synthesis and hermeneutic methods were used to evaluate the sources and highlight the most important aspects of teaching English in multi-ethnic contexts and make valuable interpretations around this process. A descriptive case study with a qualitative approach was developed using the observation technique and pedagogical tests. The results show that the students were able to practice oral and written aspects of the English language, being more aware of their traditions and customs, origins and cultural diversity with the support of technology. The methodological procedures and strategies applied improved the teaching-learning process of English and attention to multi-intercultural diversity in a language academy in Ecuador.
Mauricio Prado-Ortega, Universidad Técnica de Machala, ,
Identidad Bolivariano, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.37611/ib6ol256-75

Abstract:
Secondary education institutions currently have the option of using a wide range of techno-pedagogical resources existing in the technology market. The objective of this research study is to improve the learning of secondary school students regarding the incorporation of three-dimensional images in the subjects taught by the teacher using 3D Led-Fan Holographic Display as holographic input. The study was carried out through the research line of educational technology approach in classroom learning environments with a quantitative approach that was based on a case study, using as an analysis instrument the application of surveys to teachers and students of the Kléber Franco School Cross of the city of Machala, carried out before and after the inclusion of holography in the classroom for three months that students from the Pedagogy of Experimental Sciences Pedagogy of UTMACH carried out their pre-professional practices. The results obtained demonstrated an increase in interest and motivation in the students towards the class and greater dynamics of teaching by the teacher. Among the conclusions it is highlighted that LED technology is an option that should be incorporated in the classroom because it is a dynamic resource that awakens attention and improves student learning, which should be disseminated as a teaching alternative for the role that the current teacher plays in empowering himself with the use of ICT.
Bertha Miqueli-Rodríguez, Universidad de Artemisa, Andrés Rodríguez-Jiménez, Yosdey Dávila-Valdéz
Identidad Bolivariano, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.37611/ib6ol2136-153

Abstract:
It is assumed as the objective of the article to present a proposal for a continuous training strategy that enables teachers to raise the quality of the training process of undergraduate university students, in correspondence with the demands of the 21st century. Historical-logical, analytical-synthetic, inductive-deductive, systematization and systemic-structural-functional methods were used as theoretical level methods, which allowed the search for theoretical references on continuous training needs, the diagnosis of needs and the elaboration of the improvement strategy. Of the empirical ones, the survey was used and of the statisticians, descriptive statistics were used, which made it possible to quantify and compare the results obtained by the applied instruments. Percentage analysis was used as a procedure and the Related in opinions of experts, specialists, or experts. Likewise, inferential statistics were used to make inferences and generalize the results obtained. The continuous training strategy of the faculty of the University of Artemisia for the training of professionals is described, considering its features, premises for its implementation and actions for each of the stages assumed. As part of the diagnosis carried out, the results obtained in the surveys applied for the design of said strategy are collected, considering dimensions and indicators. The feasibility of the strategy is validated by expert judgment. As a fundamental result, it was possible to design the Continuous Training Strategy for the faculty of the University of Artemisia for the training of undergraduate professionals.
Grace Yagchirema-Toalombo, Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ángel Chico-Frias
Identidad Bolivariano, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.37611/ib6ol2111-135

Abstract:
Leadership is of great importance as it promotes a culture of innovation that generates a competitive advantage for organizations. Innovation can change the living standards of the entire population. The main objective of the study is to determine whether business leadership is an essential factor in promoting innovation in the manufacturing sector. In the methodological part, 323 companies were studied, also using the structure of the Ibero-American Model of Management Excellence to achieve excellence in management, innovation, and continuous improvement. The statistical tools used were Cronbach's Alpha and Chi-Square. Among the results manufacture of clothing and bodybuilding, there is a belief that it is not necessary to communicate the mission, vision, and values while in the manufacture of footwear, it is crucial. In the garment manufacturing sector, the study shows that it is necessary to keep track of raw material stock, product (stock management system), manage resources through strategic alliances with suppliers (web platforms for suppliers, purchase of supplies). In the case of bodies, have a social benefits plan (IESS affiliation, vacations, health), and that staff make their activities efficiently. And finally, in the footwear sector, organize space for work activities (layout), in addition to evaluating personnel through the human talent management tool (360 comprehensive evaluation) and complying with the footwear quality management system.Keywords: Business leadership, manufacturing sector, innovation, strategies, excellence in management.
Derly Barco-Moreno, Universidad De Investigación Y Desarrollo, , , Leidy Pedraza-Rodríguez
Identidad Bolivariano, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.37611/ib6ol238-55

Abstract:
In the business environment there are several variables that directly or indirectly affect the performance of organizations, such is the case of human resources, since individuals are responsible for continuously performing activities at the strategic, tactical, and operational levels, which are fully aligned with the indicators and goals set out in the strategic planning processes at different time levels. In this context, this study analyzes the job satisfaction of the employees of the points of sale of an important poultry company in the city of Bucaramanga, contemplating the high representativeness in the economic environment and in the labor market, by means of the questionnaire S20/23. The findings indicate that it is important to implement actions to improve labor recognition and participation in decisions, since it makes it possible to foresee elements referring to the comparative advantage in the market.
Alywin Chang Leon, Universidad De Especialidades Espíritu Santo
Identidad Bolivariano, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.37611/ib6ol21-4

Abstract:
En Ecuador, como en los demás países del mundo, la evolución y comportamiento de la morbimortalidad por la enfermedad de la COVID-19 ha mostrado vaivenes en las curvas epidemiológicas (picos y mesetas) debido a la influencia, entre otros factores, del grado de contagiosidad de las continuadas variantes del SARS-CoV-2
Augusta Jiménez-Sánchez, Universidad de Guayaquil, Diego-Alexander Cumbe-Gordillo, Michelle-Alejandra Herrera-Cortés, Linet Hernández-Gil, Elianne Rodríguez-Larraburu, Carla-María Gutiérrez-Quiroz, Sociedad Nacional de Galápagos (Songa C.A.), Galapesca, Instituto Superior Universitario Bolivariano de Tecnología
Identidad Bolivariano, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.37611/ib6ol184-103

Abstract:
Introduction: Polylactic acid is an alternative to petrochemical polymers. Objective: To determine the optimal conditions for the synthesis of polylactic acid by direct polycondensation for the production of biomaterials. Materials and methods: 32 PLA studies were analyzed and 8 to specify their medical applications. Results: Start with commercial or fermented lactic acid between 25-50 mm Hg under vacuum, SnCl2/p-TsOH at 0.1-0.6% for 15-45 min with 100-300 W at 50-150°C. Conclusions: Several factors such as raw material, synthesis processes and pH influence the yield and type of polymer. PLA can be used as a biomaterial in different applications, especially in the health area.
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