Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2707-465X / 2707-4668
Published by: Universe Publishing Group - UniversePG (10.34104)
Total articles ≅ 54
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Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 94-105; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.0940105

Abstract:
In Bangladesh, the difficulties associated with waste management have taken on a major dimension during the past several decades. The high population growth rate and rise in economic activity in Bangladesh's metropolitan regions, along with a lack of waste management training, make attempts to enhance waste management services difficult. In Bangladesh, per capita, trash output in urban residential areas is much greater than in rural residential areas. The nations' capacity to collect, handle, dispose of, or recycle the trash in a cost-effective way is severely constrained. Bangladesh, like the rest of the globe, has seen a considerable increase in environmental threats. Attackers in the atmosphere represent an overwhelming danger to humans and other living things. Wetlands, aquatic bodies, coral reefs, and the seas are all threatened by the dumping of hazardous waste and pollution from land-based sources. There is also rising worry about the negative socioeconomic, public health, and environmental effects of e-waste toxicity. Standard technology, infrastructure, skilled staff, and budgetary constraints are significant problems for private business owners. They now require e-waste management standards and guidelines in order to do business in an environmentally sustainable manner. Whereas many developed and developing nations have established a scientific method for efficient garbage disposal, Bangladesh has yet to formulate a "Comprehensive National Strategy" to effectively manage the problem of trash disposal. Some laws and regulations, such as the Environment Conservation Act of 1995, contain measures for the reduction and control of waste emissions from diverse sources, as well as their disposal. The goal of this study is to look into and evaluate how useful Bangladesh's current laws are for managing waste.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 85-93; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.085093

Abstract:
The juxtaposition of Rohingya refugees and the host community will be explored in this article, where two parties are not only in a hostile situation but also create an amicable situation through their social interactions. This relationship will be examined using the theoretical concepts of conflict and cultural assimilation. Though the two groups did not originate from the same place, they today have a common socio-cultural heritage. That is why, to function in society, the host community and Rohingya refugees are involved in new social interactions over time and in flourishing mixed kinds of kin networks like marriage and patron-client relations. It is noted that the host community is becoming hostile, but at the beginning of the influx, they were not unsympathetic. Both groups (Rohingya refugees and host community) also have social communication with working aid agencies. On the other hand, through capitalizing on the current situation, a new economic class has emerged in the host community. It is also significant to recognize the ongoing social pattern. So, to understand the relationship profoundly between the host community and Rohingya refugees, those kinds of social interactions should count in similar social research.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 76-84; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.076084

Abstract:
22nd November 2016, a historic date on the horizon of the transportation system of Bangladesh. ‘Uber’ Bangladesh has launched its operation in Dhaka, the capital city. Uber is a growing - application-based ride-sharing service and popular transportation media, known worldwide as of late. Dhaka, Chattogram, and Sylhet, people living in these three big cities have been availing of this innovative ride-sharing service. This study attempts to interpret the context of consumer behavior of this service i.e., why people do prefer Uber services over other existing public transport and post evaluation of that service offered by Uber. A short-range questionnaire survey has been undertaken. Secondary sources of data were also collected for literature. For this study, 100 respondents were surveyed following the purposive sampling method in different areas of Dhaka city. The equal Male-Female ratio of data size has been maintained. Data were analyzed using the SPSS-16 version maintaining the standard of research ethics and validity. The perception of users has been found positive towards this ride-sharing service. 77% of respondents said they are happy availing service from Uber and 23% of them are unhappy with the Uber service. Data concludes that the sense of being unhappy derived from some service problems like high costing for short distances, accidents, and lack of commitment of Uber drivers. To attain the goal of ‘Sustainable Cities and Communities’ of SDG-11 further includes the target of ‘providing access to the affordable and sustainable transport system for all by 2030’, this sort of innovation in the transportation sector is sure of blessing for this ‘Mega City’ like Dhaka as well as for Bangladesh. It will help step forward on the ladder of Development for the country.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 68-75; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.068075

Abstract:
Startups have served as one of the Thai government’s mechanisms for promoting economic stability and growth. The health tech startup is a global trend toward new innovative industries. In Thailand, there are many health tech startups born each year. However, the healthcare business characteristic and business model differing from other businesses urge the need to understand the relevant factors of success. This knowledge can help you lower your chances of failing and enhance your chances of succeeding. The success elements that influence success, as well as the ones that are most crucial for health tech firms, were investigated in this study. This research used quantitative methodologies to create a systemic approach. The researchers used data from 240 samples to assess basic statistics and confirmatory second-order factor analysis based on the idea of latent variables in Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). It was found that health tech startups in Thailand can be successful because of 6 elements, which are government policy, startup support, human capital, market, finance, and culture. Culture is the most influential factor, followed by startup support, human capital, market, government policy, and finance. It's worth noting that tax relief and low-interest financing aren't high on the priority list. Internal elements such as entrepreneurial inspiration or knowledge, experience, and product prominence, on the other hand, take precedence.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 58-67; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.058067

Abstract:
The detriment of rape even with the upsurge is received by the general mass with shock and the trauma enveloping the inflicted is incomprehensible. In a developing country like Bangladesh, the chastity of a woman is her ultimate pride and possession and when such is violated, considering the social predicament, the victim is usually humiliated in lieu of availing the much-required moral support to disposal. Falsely implicating an innocent is also evident in the trend. In the recent amendment, incarceration for life was substituted by the death penalty. Such incorporation endeavors toward the deterrent aspect of the penalty warning future perpetrators to avert from committing such mischief. This article aspires to illuminate the unexpanded idea of consent, extract the constitutional and legal justification of the recent amendment, the ends of statutory justice provided to the protected and sabotage of the very protective law, i.e., misapplication of it falsely incriminating an innocent.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 51-57; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.051057

Abstract:
This paper attempts to focus on Kamala Das’s vision of her secure and happy childhood and her frustrating adulthood exploring her poems critically. Her innocent past is juxtaposed with her sexually experienced present life in many of her poems. Her nostalgia is enrooted in her exhaustion from the current situation of life. Her loneliness and dissatisfaction compel her to fall back on her childhood memories which provide her with momentary relief but at the same time make her present predicament more pathetic. It seems that her nostalgia for childhood is the outcome of her realization of the lovelessness of this cruel world of adulthood. In a very confessional tone, Mrs. Das describes the autobiographical elements of her personal life in her poems. Her ancestral house, Nalapat House, and her grandmother are one of the central themes of her poems. She compares the selfless unconditional true love of her grandmother to the sexual selfish lust of her life partner in her poems. The vivid picture of her childhood incidents in her nostalgic poem is actually a retreat for her which helps her to get some relief from her present tortured self.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 39-50; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.039050

Abstract:
Adversarial System of Courts within the legal realm of the Common Law such as in Bangladesh designates lawyers to high social prominence as professionals of law are the primary interpreters of various laws of the land. Lawyers being social engineers principally act as the consciousness and voice of the citizens of the state. These two characteristics are naturally inherited as energizers by lawyers in the early stages of student-hood. However, how long does that very enthusiasm last, and are there any catalysts to further it? Is the question to reckon with? The profession of law like any other occupation circumnavigates a set of etiquettes that dictates the natural course of the profession. The prime rationale of this paper is to contemplate the etiquettes of the profession, the uncompromisable duties of a practitioner, the grounds that coherently result in either suspension or revocation of practitioners’ licenses along with justifying to its readers the social necessity for ethical lawyers.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 32-38; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.032038

Abstract:
Employees’ job performance is explicitly influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is defined as behavior motivated by internal rewards while extrinsic motivation is defined as a desire to engage in an activity in order to achieve an external goal, such as receiving praise and acceptance. The principal objective of this study is to explore how intrinsic and extrinsic motivation influence the job performance of newly appointed employees. In so doing, the study undergoes an extensive review of the literature. The study finds that intrinsic incentives have a significant impact on higher job performance. It further claims, that intrinsically motivated employees provide superior organizational output compared to their extrinsically motivated counterparts.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 24-31; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.024031

Abstract:
The prime purpose of this article is to study religion from different paradigms or perspectives from a sociological viewpoint. Religion is defined as a social institution while economic reality, ideological support, and everyday interactions of people are also undertaken as core concepts. In fact, this article is an overview of the religion of three theoretical perspectives of sociology focusing on the work of Emile Durkheim, Robert K. Merton (the functionalist), Karl Marx, Max Weber, Friedrich Engels (the conflict), and Peter Berger (the interactionist). A brief discussion of each perspective is articulated clearly, followed by secondary sources including published books, book sections, blogs, research articles, and WebPages highlighting the foundations of the relevant theory. Afterward, the author reviews the discourses of the theorists regarding religion with its application to human society. Finally, the article provides a summary of these perspectives continuing to develop the field.
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies pp 18-23; https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.018023

Abstract:
Pakistan and India were bloomed as independent countries in 1947 on the basis of two nation theory of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He promulgated two nation theories in light of religious dogmatism. Pakistan had been divided into two parts namely East and West Pakistan considering the distance of 1200 km between two territories. There was no resemblance between these two parts except religious similarities. Later, Bengali nationalism had gradually been developed in West Pakistan through various events i.e., language movement in 1952, United Front election in 1954, 6-point movement in 1966, and the election of 1970. The duration of united Pakistan was the history of exploitation, oppression, and deprivation of the East by the West. The present paper attempts to explore how fanatical nationalism had been decaying during the regime of Pakistan. Additionally, the study tries to search out the core consequences of the election of 1970 towards the liberation movement. This paper also provides the evaluation of present politics viewing the historical events as well. Finally, this present study gives some remedial recommendations against the Socio-political problem relevant to the findings.
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