Journal of Clinical Research and Reports

Journal Information
EISSN : 2690-1919
Published by: Auctores (10.31579)
Total articles ≅ 210
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Chukwubuike Kevin Emeka, Anijunsi Livinus Patrick, Onah Livinus Nnanyereugo
Published: 28 February 2022
Journal of Clinical Research and Reports, Volume 10, pp 01-03; https://doi.org/10.31579/2690-1919/233

Abstract:
Background: Although uncommon, incisional hernia is a well-known complication of abdominal surgery in children and data on incisional hernia in the pediatric age group are sparse. The aim of this study was to evaluate a single center’s experience with regards to the incidence and outcome of incisional hernia in children. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of children aged 15 years and younger who developed incisional hernia following abdominal surgery, between January 2013 and December 2017, at the pediatric surgery unit of a tertiary hospital in Enugu, Nigeria. Results: During the study period, a total of 1004 pediatric abdominal surgeries were performed. Out of this number, 31 patients developed incisional hernia: This accounted for an incidence rate of 3.1%. There was male predominance and the mean age at diagnosis of incisional hernia was 24 months. All the patients presented with a protrusion at or around the site of a previous surgical scar. Non-operative treatment (serial bandaging) was effective in most of the patients. There was no mortality. Conclusion: Incisional hernia is a well-known complication of abdominal surgery. This study recorded the incisional hernia incidence rate of 3.1%. Non-operative treatment was successful in majority of the patients. Future studies should emphasis on the specific risk factors (surgeon/patient) that may predispose to incisional hernia.
Ebrahim Khodadady, Sholeh Bagheri
Published: 28 February 2022
Journal of Clinical Research and Reports, Volume 10, pp 01-12; https://doi.org/10.31579/2690-1919/230

Abstract:
Background: Divorce has become an individualistic as well as collective problem in all societies requiring a sound theory and statistics to address it explanatorily and empirically. Objective: Almost all studies in various fields of knowledge have addressed divorce categorically. The present study was, however, designed to explore it as a cognitive domain by resorting to psychiatry, psychology, and religion and schema theory. Methodology: Several male and female individuals who were divorcing or divorced were interviewed to develop the 30-item divorcing the self-incompatible scale (DSIS). The scale was then administered to 548 divorcing and/or divorced selves (DDS) and their responses were subjected to Principal Axis Factoring and Promax with Kaiser Normalization to specify what factors underlie the scale. Results: The 30 items comprising the DSIS loaded acceptably on eight factors representing the cognitive families of Having Various Conflicts, Prioritizing Personal Interests, Having No Principles, Having No Decency, Having Different Tastes, Social Media Addiction, No Marital Education, and Misunderstanding Married Life. The families correlated significantly not only with each other but also with the DSIS representing the domain of divorce. Conclusion: Divorce is a cognitive domain through which the DDS reveal their self-theistic, polytheistic or practicing monotheistic selves.
Volkan Sarper Erikci
Published: 28 February 2022
Journal of Clinical Research and Reports, Volume 10, pp 01-02; https://doi.org/10.31579/2690-1919/232

Abstract:
Crohn’s disease (CD) is an inflammatory bowel disease with chronic transmural inflammation of the intestinal wall. It can be observed from oral cavity to anus and it typically involves the ileum, ileocecumor portions of the entire colon. With an increasing rate of CD in children, surgery still has a role in the management of this entity in children when medical treatment is unsuccessful. In this review article it is aimed to review the surgical treatment of CD under the light of relevant literature. During the management of children with CD, risks and benefits of surgical options should be carefully assessed and an appropriate surgical intervention should be performed promptly in order to avoid future complications and to gain future growth of the child with an acceptable quality of life.
Francisco Javier Torres Gómez
Published: 28 February 2022
Journal of Clinical Research and Reports, Volume 10, pp 01-01; https://doi.org/10.31579/2690-1919/231

Abstract:
I would like to propose a game to you. Let´s go to a hospital, no matter which one you have chosen. Visit the different services or units. Observe and write down how many and what kind of books populate the libraries of the different specialists. Make a summary and classify the findings in relation to the number of copies and theme. With few exceptions, you will find a very curious fact.
Ashish Gujrathi
Published: 28 February 2022
Journal of Clinical Research and Reports, Volume 10, pp 01-03; https://doi.org/10.31579/2690-1919/234

Abstract:
Plasma therapy is one of the major chapters in medicines. Convalescent plasma therapy, another term for plasma therapy involves the use of blood from a person who has recovered from a particular illness to help others who are suffering from the same disease. The plasma of this blood is likely to contain antibodies that can help other patients fight the same illness, especially if viruses or pathogens are compromising the immunity system. Plasma therapy speeds up the recovery and helps manage symptoms. Moreover, it is used in wound healing, face rejuvenation, and androgenetic alopecia. It can help patients suffering from Covid-19, which increased its demand since the Covid-19 outbreak.
Azab Elsayed Azab
Journal of Clinical Research and Reports, Volume 10, pp 01-07; https://doi.org/10.31579/2690-1919/228

Abstract:
Background: The dysfunction in sexual ability has effects on the quality of life in men. Oxytocin plays a role in sexual and social behaviors. Hyperprolactemic males had erectile dysfunction. Endogenous estrogens in men, are not only important for health integrity but can additionally cause the promotion of many diseases. Objectives: The current review aimed to high light on the role of oxytocin, prolactin, and estrogen in male sexual functions. Oxytocin neurons have been heavily implicated in mediating sexual behavior in both humans and animals. Oxytocin hormone regulates social behaviors such as mating, maternal/paternal care, and bonding. Oxytocin levels rise during mating in females and males in humans and animals and may mediate anxiolytic/calming effects of sexual activity and antidepressant effects.Oxytocin’s role in regulating erection and ejaculation has been studied in mice and rats. Oxytocinergic projections from the paraventricular nucleus to the hippocampus, medulla oblongata, and spinal cord facilitate penile erection. Prolactin (PRL) serves a dual function both as a circulatory hormone and as a cytokine. PRL is known to be involved in the control of male copulatory behavior in humans, mice, rats, and other rodent models. It release during copulation in males and has a positive modulation for various aspects of testicular functions which hinting at the crucial role of prolactin in male reproduction. The lower concentration of prolactin was associated with reduced seminal vesicle volume and ejaculate in the infertile human male. Hypoprolactinemia has been associated with premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction. Hyperprolactinemia can be caused by tumors, drugs, or idiopathic, leading to alterations in sexual behavior as loss of libido and erectile dysfunction. It is also reported that it can cause endocrine disturbances leading to abnormal levels of testosterone, FSH, and LH. Chronic hyperprolactinaemia suppresses copulatory behaviour in animal models and yields sexual dysfunction and other side effects in men. In men, testosterone acting via its action on androgen receptors may be dependent on the action of aromatase enzyme on of testosterone and converting it to estradiol (E2). Estrogens act through ERα and ERβ at the plasma membrane and in the nucleus to regulate functions of many organs in men. The role of estradiol action on libido is seen at various levels of regulation, starting with direct effects in the brain. Not only does estradiol modulate sexual behavior in the adult male, it also appears to organize the early brain to program sexual behavior. The exact role of estradiol in each area of male sexual function including libido, spermatogenesis, and erectile function is difficult to determine. A complex balance of testosterone, estradiol, aromatase, and estrogen receptors in brain, testes, and penis, confirmed the indispensable and highly regulated hormonal interaction of estrogen in the male. Conclusion: It can be concluded that oxytocin hormone regulates social behaviors such as mating, maternal/paternal care, and bonding. PRL is involved in the control of male copulatory behavior in humans, rats, mice, and other rodent models. Hypoprolactinemia has been associated with reduced seminal vesicle volume, premature ejaculation, and erectile dysfunction. Hyperprolactinemia can be caused by tumors, drugs, or idiopathic, leading to alterations in sexual behavior as loss of libido and erectile dysfunction. Also, hyperprolactemic males had erectile dysfunction. Estradiol modulates sexual behavior in the adult male, and appears to organize the early brain to program sexual behavior.
Fé Fernández Hernández, Efraín Sánchez González
Journal of Clinical Research and Reports, Volume 10, pp 01-05; https://doi.org/10.31579/2690-1919/227

Abstract:
Introduction: The labor productivity lose because of smoking can be separated by final result in absolute or relative. The absolute is the one that is associated to mortality and then is irreversible because implicate the death of consumer of cigarettes or tobacco in conditions able to work according to local law. This is the labor productivity lose that focus the attention of this research. Objective: To design a procedure to determine the social cost by absolute labor productivity lose attributable to smoking. Materials and Methods: The procedure was made taking account empirical methods as the descriptive statistic, solution of equation system and differential calculus. Results: The procedure designed is appliable for transversal research only. For logitudinal research, the procedure need be applied for each time period. Nevertheless, the CIT develop might contribute with an apk to standarizate the calculus. The application of the procedure at Cuban context in 2011 showed the feasibility from their aplicability. Conclusions: Was made a procedure to estimate the social cost by absolute labor productivity lose attributable to smoking. The procedure is useful in transversal research.
Rahman Panahi, Mania Khalilipour Darestani, Mohammad Anbari, Keyhan Javanmardi
Journal of Clinical Research and Reports, Volume 10, pp 01-06; https://doi.org/10.31579/2690-1919/225

Abstract:
Background and Objective (s): Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a group of physical, behavioral, and mood symptoms that appear about a week or two before menstruation begins. Given the prevalence of this syndrome among adolescents and young women, this study was performed with the aim of determining the predictors of adoption of preventive behaviors of PMS using the Health Belief Model (HBM) among female teenagers. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional-analytical study was conducted among 240 pre-university girl students of Tehran, Iran in 2016. The sampling was performed using multi-stage random sampling. The data collection tool was a demographic information, a valid and reliable questionnaire available including PMS preventive behaviors and all constructs of HBM. The data were collected and then entered into SPSS software version 16 and analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple regression tests and descriptive statistics. Results: The participated students obtained 38.5% of the score for the adoption of preventive behaviors of PMS. The three constructs of perceived barriers, perceived susceptibility and self-efficacy were predictors of adoption of preventive behaviors of PMS. Overall, these constructs were able to predict 32.6% of the behavioral changes. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, in the design and implementation of educational interventions should emphasize the constructs of perceived susceptibility, perceived barriers and self-efficacy as the most important predictors of adoption of preventive behaviors of PMS among Female Teenagers.
Nadir A. Aliyev, Teymur A. Qafarov, Agahasan R. Rasulov, Eldar R. Hagverdi, Zafar N. Aliyev
Journal of Clinical Research and Reports, Volume 10, pp 01-02; https://doi.org/10.31579/2690-1919/229

Abstract:
Objective: The purpose of this study was a retrospective study of the contingent of schizophrenia patients who were most infected with COVID-19. Materials and Methods: We study 350 patients schizophrenia who infected with COVID-19 impact on the clinical picture and therapy of the illness. The investigation ware carried out in psychiatric hospital Ministry of Health of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The hospital has a capacity of 2000 beds. Results: Patients with schizophrenia who infected with COVID-19 in these clinically observed following changes: the intensity of psychopathological symptoms decreases, psychosomatic balancing occurs, that is, during the COVID-19 illness, schizophrenic symptoms fade into the background, practically become invisible. Conclusion: Patients schizophrenia who infected with COVID-19 in these clinically observed shows an improvement in their mental health.
Sule Mb, Shamaki Amb, Umar Au, Gele Ih, Ribah Mm, Aliyu Az
Journal of Clinical Research and Reports, Volume 10, pp 01-05; https://doi.org/10.31579/2690-1919/223

Abstract:
Gallstones present as acute calculus cholecystitis in about 20% of individuals with symptomatic disease, having a wide range of symptom severity. The adult population is most often affected in about 10-15% within the developed countries. This is a 75-year-old man that was referred for a confirmatory ultrasonography from a peripheral health centre on account of an entertained ileocecal tumor following an abdominal ultrasound scan done in a local health care facility. The patient had an abdominal ultrasonography that showed an impacted calculus in the infundibulum of the gallbladder measuring about 30mm x 30mm in dimension with associated distended gall bladder; this shows thick and trabeculated wall, heterogenous content with circumferential hypoechoic halo of acute cholecystitis. The patient had percutaneous cholecystectomy in the peripheral care facility and was reported to have done considerably well for discharge. We report the ultrasonographic findings of acute calculus cholecystitis due to its peculiarity and presentations.
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