Adesh University Journal of Medical Sciences & Research
EISSN : 2582-5860
Published by: Scientific Scholar (10.25259)
Total articles ≅ 59
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 23 May 2022
Adesh University Journal of Medical Sciences & Research pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.25259/aujmsr_11_2022
Diastematomyelia at two spinal levels is a rare disease. And also, a dorsal and lumbosacral spur along with cord tethering and spina bifida has been rarely reported in the literature. Diastematomyelia is a rare congenital anomaly that results in the “splitting” of the spinal cord in a longitudinal direction. It occurs in the presence of an osseous (bone), cartilaginous, or fibrous septum in the central portion of the spinal cord which then produces a complete or incomplete sagittal division of the spinal cord into two hemicords. When the split does not reunite distally to the spur, the condition is referred to as a diplomyelia, or true duplication of the spinal cord. In this study, we will report a 16 months’ old girl who was diagnosed with spina bifida during her intrauterine life and underwent division of bony spur at D10 to D11 and L4 to L5 and detethering of cord with intra-operative monitoring on day at 1 year and 6 months’ of age.
Published: 23 May 2022
Adesh University Journal of Medical Sciences & Research pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.25259/aujmsr_6_2022
Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge regarding COVID-19 among Students of Baptist High School; to assess the practices towards prevention of COVID-19 among Students of Baptist High School; and to find out the statistical significance between their level of knowledge regarding COVID-19 with their selected socio-demographic variables. Material and Methods: The research design used for the study was descriptive survey design; convenient sampling technique was used to select 50 Students of Baptist High School Lafia, Nigeria. Data were collected using self-structured questionnaire to assess the knowledge and practices toward prevention of COVID-19 among Students of Baptist High School Lafia, Nigeria. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with the aid of IBM SPSS Statistics for version 23.0. Results: The results showed that the age range of the majority of the respondents is between 12–14 years and 15– 17 years accounted for 18 (36%), out of 50 (100%) respondent majority 45 (90.0%) had adequate knowledge, 4 (8.0%) had moderate knowledge, but only 1 (2.0%) had inadequate knowledge, therefore, H1:1 Hypothesis was accepted while H0:1 Hypothesis was rejected; 23 (46.0%) of the respondent had high level of practices towards prevention of COVID-19, but majority 27 (54.0%) had low level of practices towards prevention of COVID-19. Hence, the H0:2 Hypothesis was accepted while H1:2 Hypothesis was rejected. There was statistically significant between their level of knowledge with their selected socio-demographic variables such as family history of COVID-19, yes (P = 0.089), no (0.000). Therefore, the H1:3 Hypothesis was accepted while H0:3 Hypothesis was rejected. Conclusion: Recommendation was given to conduct a similar study in different setting using large sample so that to generalize the findings.
Published: 23 May 2022
Adesh University Journal of Medical Sciences & Research pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.25259/aujmsr_44_2021
Objectives: The objectives of the study were as follows: 1. To determine the effect of reconditioning exercise program on hospital-acquired deconditioning in elderly hospitalized patients. 2. To compare the conventional therapy and reconditioning exercise program training on the hospital-acquired deconditioning in elderly hospitalized patients. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two elderly hospitalized patients from the inpatient hospital setup were randomly allocated into two groups. Group A received conventional therapy and Group B received reconditioning exercise program. Outcome assessment was done using the visual analog scale, manual muscle testing, spirometry, and range of motion. Later, both the protocols were implemented 5 times a week for a total period of 4 weeks, that is, a total of 20 sessions. Results: Statistically significance was found to be present in Group B in terms of pain (P < 0.0001), respiratory capacities (P = 0.033), muscle strength (P = 0.025), and joint range of motion (P = 0.027). Conclusion: Reconditioning program shows significant improvement and is also beneficial in the reduction of pain, improving muscle strength and range of motion, and also in increasing lung capacities in hospital-acquired deconditioning in hospitalized elderly patients.
Published: 16 May 2022
Adesh University Journal of Medical Sciences & Research pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.25259/aujmsr_10_2022
In order that learning of the students is enhanced, it is necessary that teachers practice the FAIR principles. These include: Giving effective feedback to the students regularly, practicing active learning approaches in the classroom, making an endeavor to tailor learning to the needs of individual students, and making the basic sciences relevant. This paper discusses these FAIR principles.
Published: 16 May 2022
Adesh University Journal of Medical Sciences & Research pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.25259/aujmsr_45_2021
Dysmenorrhea is a common gynecological problem among females and it is classified into primary and secondary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women with normal ovulatory patterns and no apparent pelvic pathologies. Although, most women manage the pain of primary dysmenorrhea using NSAIDs and other pain-relieving techniques, treatment options for dysmenorrhea ranges from medicinal therapeutic options, non-medicinal therapeutic options, surgical options, and complementary/alternative medicines. However, this review focused on the exercise as a form of non-medicinal therapeutic option for dysmenorrhea. In recent times, studies have identified exercise as a very important method of managing primary dysmenorrhea. Although, little information is available on the effectiveness of this intervention. The purpose of this study was to review the available literature on the effectiveness of aerobic exercise on primary dysmenorrhea.
Published: 29 December 2021
Adesh University Journal of Medical Sciences & Research, Volume 3, pp 57-58; https://doi.org/10.25259/aujmsr_43_2021
Published: 29 December 2021
Adesh University Journal of Medical Sciences & Research, Volume 3, pp 59-63; https://doi.org/10.25259/aujmsr_40_2021
It is important to carry out the assessment of students correctly and in an unbiased way; but more importantly, the assessment decisions should also be conveyed to the students in an unbiased manner, even if the decisions are negative ones. But here lies the catch – many a times, assessors tend to shy away from conveying such negative decisions properly to the students due to various reasons. This article is an effort to identify such reasons and their implications in the education scenario.
Published: 15 December 2021
Adesh University Journal of Medical Sciences & Research, Volume 3, pp 108-112; https://doi.org/10.25259/aujmsr_31_2021
The aim of this article is to describe our experience in a tertiary care medical college hospital with secukinumab in the treatment of various types of psoriasis as a case series of 10 patients. All the patients showed significant improvement in psoriasis area severity index and dermatology life quality index scores with no major adverse event reported during the period of study for 6 months duration. Secukinumab may be effective and safe for the treatment of all types of psoriasis with rapid onset of action and improvement in the quality of life.
Published: 10 December 2021
Adesh University Journal of Medical Sciences & Research, Volume 3, pp 64-68; https://doi.org/10.25259/aujmsr_29_2021
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive developmental movement and posture disorder that occurs during fetal or infant development. It results from an insult to the developing brain before birth, during delivery, or after birth. CP is regarded as the leading cause of childhood disability in all parts of the world. The hallmark of CP is a motor disability, thus, physiotherapy has long been central to the clinical management of children with this disorders. Physiotherapy intervention in the management of this condition focuses on function, movement, and optimizing the child’s potential. Some of the approaches used are neurodevelopmental technique, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, exercise therapy, hydrotherapy, body weight support tread mill training, sensory integration training, and constraints induced therapy. Although, physiotherapy is generally recommended by all members of the health-care team. However, the effectiveness of physiotherapy is inconsistent. The objective of this review was to summarize the proven effectiveness of the most commonly used physiotherapy intervention in the management of children with CP.
Published: 25 November 2021
Adesh University Journal of Medical Sciences & Research, Volume 3, pp 79-84; https://doi.org/10.25259/aujmsr_28_2021
Objectives: Our medical school followed the traditional curriculum earlier, and due to a large amount of content embedded in each discipline, which had less scope for active and deep learning. To overcome this, we adopted an integrated curriculum and introduced a few active teaching/learning (T/L) methodologies, which promote deep learning and problem-solving skills. One such T/L methodology we introduced was team-based learning (TBL). Before implementing this active T/L methodology in the integrated curriculum, we evaluated the effectiveness of TBL in medical students from the traditional curriculum and aimed to determine students’ perceptions. Furthermore, we aimed to explore the perception of TBL in students who underwent integrated curriculum to evaluate the difference in their perception compared to the traditional curriculum. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in RAK Medical and Health Sciences University on the 1st year medical students from the traditional and integrated curriculum. Institutional ethical committee clearance and informed consent were obtained before starting the study. A pre-validated 5-item survey questionnaire comprising questions related to the content, process, and teamwork was used to obtain perceptions of students’ on TBL. Results: The students positively perceived the teaching-learning experience using TBL and understood the concepts better. Even the students with integrated curriculum had the same positive impact on their learning attitudes. The majority of students in both cohorts agreed that discussion among their teams helped them to learn better. Around two-thirds (66%) of students from the traditional curriculum and one-third (39%) of students from integrated curriculum wanted TBLs as T/L methodology over didactic lectures. Conclusion: TBL helped to learn better and understand the subject and promoted self and peer engagement, which facilitated their learning by clarifying the doubts with peers. Due to this positive TBL experience, most students from both curriculums recommended its use as a T/L method over lecture. Hence, TBL sessions in medical schools can be used as an effective T/L method to facilitate meaningful learning.