ISSN / EISSN : 2774-6119 / 2580-2941
Published by: Universita Tulang Bawang Lampung (10.37090)
Total articles ≅ 72
Latest articles in this journal
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 6, pp 113-123; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.616
The purpose of this study is to find out how much antioxidant content combination maggot (Hermetia illucens), turmeric (Curcuma domestica) and Indigofera zollingeriana to be used as an alternative feed additive for poultry. This study used a complete randomized design with 6 treatments 3 replays using DPPH method with treatment P0 vitamin C (positive control), P1 (2,5% turmeric + 5% Indigofera + 25% larva BSF), P2 (2,5% turmeric+ 10% Indigofera + 20% larva BSF), P3 (2,5% turmeric + 15% Indigofera + 15% larva BSF), P4 (2,5% turmeric + 20% Indigofera + 10% larva BSF), P5 (2.5% turmeric + 25% Indigofera + 5% larva BSF). The observed parameters are antioxidant activity using orthogonal contrast tests and orthogonal polynomial tests. The results showed that the treatment had a very real effect (P<0.01) on antioxidant activity. Orthogonal contrast test results showed that the treatment of P0 (control) with the treatment of P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5 had a very noticeable effect (P<0.01) on antioxidant activity. Further tests of orthogonal polynomials showed that the highest antioxidant was in the P5 treatment (2,5% turmeric + 25% Indigofera + 5% larva BSF) 115.67%. It was concluded that a combination of 25% larva BSF (Hermetia illucens), 2,5% turmeric (Curcuma domestica) and 5% Indigofera zollingeriana can be used as an alternative feed additive source of antioxidants for poultry livestock. Keywords: Antioxidants, larva BSF, turmeric, Indigofera zollingeriana.
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 6, pp 54-61; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.552
Smallholder farmers maintain beef cattle based on previous experience and information from fellow farmers. Success in livestock business is influenced by several aspects, both internally and externally. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of resource support on the development of smallholder beef cattle farming business. The research was conducted in Jetis Village, Curahdami Sub-District, Bondowoso District. The research variables consist of livestock farming business development (Y), economical resources (X1), social resources (X2), and environmental resources (X3). Methods of data collection is done by observation and survey. Data analysis was performed using the Partial Least Square (PLS) method using the SmartPLS 2.0 application. The results showed that livestock farming business development consisted of 4 (four) indicators, economical resources consisted of 5 (five) indicators, social resources consisted of 5 (five) indicators, and environmental resources consisted of 4 (four) indicators. The conclusion of the study shows that economical resources, social resources, and environmental resources have a positive and significant 38.9% effect on the development of smallholder beef cattle farming business. Keywords: Resources, Beef Cattle, Smallhoulder Farming. Livestock Farming Business Development.
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 6, pp 84-91; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.586
Chicken Cemani is a local Indonesian chicken that has been worldwide. The potential of Cemani chicken is very good, apart from being a chicken used for traditional ceremonies, Cemani chicken has good production potential and has very large export prospects. However, the population is still limited causing many requests that cannot be fulfilled. Maintenance that has not implemented an integrated and traditional supply chain system causes the development of Cemani chicken agribusiness to be slow. The supply chain management system (SCM) is an integrated marketing system that includes the integration of products and actors to provide satisfaction to customers. In the Cemani chicken commodity, the actors and those involved are not clearly known. This study aims to determine the actors involved in the Cemani chicken supply chain and to find out the product flow, as well as the finances contained in the supply chain in Pakis, Malang, East Java. The study was conducted at the Cemani chicken farm in Pakis, Malang, East Java. The location selection was done purposively based on the consideration that the center of the Cemani chicken farm in Indonesia was in Pakis, Malang City, East Java. The research was conducted in November 2020. The research method used is a descriptive survey method. The method of determining respondents is purposive sampling which is based on the supply chain of a farm owned by Mr. Ihsan and Mr. Sigit. Determination of the respondents of traders and consumers in this study was carried out by snowball sampling, namely tracing the supply chain channels of the livestock owned by Mr. Ihsan and Mr. Sigit from traders to consumers in the Java area. Respondents in this study were 2 breeders. The data for product flow obtained were analyzed descriptively while for financial flows were analyzed using margin and efficiency analysis. Based on the results of the study, it is known that the actors in the supply chain of grade I and grade I Cemani chickens are breeders, traders in the city, traders outside the city and consumers. There are three marketing channels in the marketing supply chain for Cemani chicken in Pakis Malang City, namely channel I consisting of Breeders → Traders Outside Malang City → Traders in the City → Consumers. Channel II consists of Farmers → Traders in the City → Consumers and channel III consists of Farmers → Consumers. Sales use online and offline systems. The flow of finance where the selling price is the highest is the out-of-town traders belonging to Mr. Sigit at a price of Rp. 350,000 – Rp. 531,250 / head with the age of 2-5 months. The most efficient marketing channel is that farmers distribute directly to consumers. Keyword : Products flow, financial flow, local chicken
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 6, pp 124-134; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.601
Nowadays, breeding captivity of white-rumped shama (Copsychus malabaricus) becomes a popular business among bird lovers in Bengkulu. It has been directed to create an independent livestock business. This captivity business aims to increase household income and gain profits. Captivity breeding has developed into a promising and potential business. This study aimed to analyze the profits of white-rumped shama breeding captivity business in Bengkulu city. The research was purposively conducted in Bengkulu City. A snowball sampling method was used to determine respondents. Total of 19 respondents were interviewed based on questionairres to determine the characteristics of respondents, total cost, total revenue and R/C ratio. The results showed that the majority of white-rumped shama breeders in Bengkulu city were male (95%) and classified into a productive age group. The average total revenue was Rp 150,744,354/year per respondent. The average of R/C ratio was 2.47, which means that white-rumped shama breeding captivity business in Bengkulu is feasible to be developed. Key words: Bengkulu City, Breeding Captivity, Profit Analyses, White-rumped Shama
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 6, pp 92-101; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.561
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of using Dwarf Elephant Grass -based pellets and the combination on the performance of male Rex Rabbits. This study used 20 male Rex rabbits with an average body weight of 1222.61 ± 49.39 g/head (cv ±4,04%). The design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with a unidirectional pattern with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The rations given were “Citra Feed” comercial pellets and Dwarf Elephant Grass -based pellets. The treatments were T0 (100% commercial pellet), T1 (70% commercial pellet + 30% Dwarf Elephant Grass pellet), T2 (30% commercial pellet + 70% Odot pellet), T3 (100% Dwarf Elephant Grass pellet). The results of statistical analysis showed that using Dwarf Elephant Grass -based pellets had a very significant effect on dry matter (P<0.01), and had a significant effect on ADG and feed cost per gain (P0,05). From the results of the study, it was concluded that using Dwarf Elephant Grass based pellets as much as 30% of the total ration increased the performance of male Rex Rabbits. Keywords: dwarf elephant grass, pellets, performance, Rex Rabbit
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 6, pp 49-53; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.511
This research aims to knowing how the success rate of IB limousine cattle based on S/C in Pekalongan District, East Lampung Regency and knowing the factors that influence the success of IB based on S/C in Pekalongan District, East Lampung Regency. The method in this study is a survey method and data obtained by census, all Limousin Cattle that received IB services by the inseminator were used as samples. The success rate of IB limousine cattle in Pekalongan District, East Lampung Regency seen from the S/C in Limousine cattle was included in the normal range of 1.64. The factors that influence the S/C value in Limousine cattle are the BCS score has a positive association with S/C with a value of 0.364, age at first mated has a positive association with S/C with a value of 1.82, the age of the parent is negatively associated with S/C with a value of 1.82 (-0.215) and the shape of the cage wall was negatively associated with S/C with a value of (-0.0643).
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 6, pp 102-107; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.596
Limousin cattle (Bos Taurus) are beef cattle that have a large, long, body shape, with have advantages of fast body growth, high fertility and easy reproducibility. Myostatin gene is a family of TGF-β which plays a role in muscle growth and meat quality. This study aims to identify diversity of the Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNPs) Myostatine gene in the coding region in limousine cattle. Blood samples were taken from 15 limousine cattle from BPTU-HPT Padang Mangatas, West Sumatra Province. SNPs identification is finish by amplifying the coding region using the sequencing method. This study revealed 12 SNPs spread over 2 SNPs in exon 1 (c.400 G>A, c.415 C>A), 8 SNPs in exon 2 (c.2411 C>T, c.2477 G>A, c. .2489 G>A, c.2503 G>A, c.2521 G>A, c.2577 C>T, c.2609 G>A, c.2636 G>A), and in exon 3 find 2 SNPs (c .5107 C>A, c.5113 T>C) are polymorphic with allele frequencies in general being in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium except for SNP c.2411 C>T which is not in balance. SNPs identified in the MSTN gene of limousine cattle are expected can fungtion as candidate genetic markers, especially for the perfection of beef cattle in Indonesia. Key words: Limousin Cattle, MSTN, SNP
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 6, pp 69-77; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.587
This study aims to evaluate the level of Indigofera zollingeriana with Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott in ration on rumen fermentation characteristics (total VFA, NH3 and protozoa population) in vitro. The study used a completely randomized design (CRD), consisting of 5 treatments and 4 replications. P1 = 60% Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott, P2 = 45% Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott + 15% Indigofera zollingeriana, P3 = 30% Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott + 30% Indigofera zollingeriana, P4 = 15% Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott + 45% Indigofera zollingeriana, P5 = 60% Indigofera zollingeriana. All treatments received an additional 40% fine ricebran. The results showed that the level of Indigofera zollingeriana flour with Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott had no significant effect on total VFA and NH3. Total VFA and NH3 ranged from 131.65 mM-143.24 mM and 12.61 mM-13.74 mM, respectively. Meanwhile, the population of protozoa had a significant effect (P<0.05). DMRT further test results showed that P3 was significantly (P<0.05) lower than P1, P2, P4 and P5. The average population of the protozoa ranged from 53.125 cells/ml to 90,625 cells/ml. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the administration of Indigofera zollingeriana leaves by 30% was able to reduce the protozoan population in the rumen of FH cattle but had no significant effect on total VFA production and ammonia (NH3) concentration. Keywords: Rumen Fermentation Characteristics, Indigofera zollingeriana, In Vitro
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 6, pp 78-83; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.592
Grazing with a free range system uses a forage cropping pattern aimed at providing feed throughout the year. This study aims to study forage quality and pasture productivity managed by UPT. Agroscience Teknopark Faculty of Animal Husbandry Lamongan Islamic University by taking forage samples from 3 pastures. Forage samples in fresh form were collected at 3 different sampling points in each paddock by using a metered quadrant plate measuring 0.5x0.5 m. Fresh samples were weighed and then sorted by plant species for identification of the botanical composition. The sample is then mixed again, to be dried. Parameters measured include forage mass production, botanical composition, and capacity. The results showed that there are 7 types of species that grow in the pasture, namely 5 gramineae, 1 leguminosae and 1 type of weed. The average mass production of forage in fresh form is around 22.70 t/year, and forage in dry form is around 20.25 t/year, with a capacity of 6.52 AU Keyword : Fresh Forage Production, Dry Forage Production and Holding Capacity.
Wahana Peternakan, Volume 6, pp 108-112; https://doi.org/10.37090/jwputb.v6i2.614
This study aimed to determine the Body Condition Score (BCS) in Pesisir cattle. The Pesisir cattle used were 200 heads, which were located in Lengayang District, Pesisir Selatan Regency, Sumatera Barat Province. Research data was collected using a survey method by direct observations in the field and interviews with farmers. The research variable that was observed was the Body Condition Score (BCS). BCS value was measured using a scale of 1-3 (thin/medium/fat). The proportion of Pesisir cattle with BCS 1, 2, 3 was 14.5%, 70.5% and 15.0%, respectively. The BCS value of Pesisir cattle owned by farmers in the research location was in the normal range which refers to the standard BCS value of 1-3. Keyword: Body Condition Score, Pesisir cattle