Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research

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EISSN : 2582-3760
Published by: Sciencedomain International (10.9734)
Total articles ≅ 341
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Asep Agus Handaka Suryana, Dien Hasna Amalia
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research pp 30-42; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2021/v15i530343

Abstract:
The fisheries sector is an important sector for the people of Indonesia and can be used as a prime mover for the national economy. Indonesia is a country that has a fairly high level of fish production every year, that Indonesia provides a large supply of fish for foreign countries. This study aims to analyze the competitiveness of the provincial fisheries processing industry in Indonesia. The study was conducted in February – June 2021. The method used was a literature survey to determine the competitiveness of the fisheries processing industry in 34 provinces in Indonesia. After all the data is processed, the data will be analyzed descriptively. Primary data are expert judgments consisting of 11 people regarding the proportion of competitiveness of the fishery processing industry. Secondary data in the form of statistical data on the Indonesian Fisheries Processing Industry in 2010-2017 Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries. The results showed that the competitiveness profile of the fishery processing industry in 2017 in Indonesia with the first rank of very high competitiveness was occupied by the Province of East Java because it excels in production, infrastructure, and Science and Technology the second rank is very high competitiveness. occupied by DKI Jakarta Province because it excels in production and science and technology, the third rank of very high competitiveness is occupied by Central Java Province because it excels in production and infrastructure.
O. A. Idam, M. Rowaida S. Musa, Ramy A. Yousif
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research pp 20-29; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2021/v15i530342

Abstract:
The current study was conducted in two different localities have been selected in Western Kordofan State (Elsonout and Abu-zabad Localities) to evaluate some heavy metals concentrations (Copper, Cadmium, Zinc, and Lead) in three parts (liver, gills and muscles) of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) cultured in Dams, also to evaluate the same heavy metals concentrations in Dams water where Nile Tilapia is cultured. The evaluation was included the correlation of heavy metals accumulation between fish organs and water samples were compared. Finally, the results were compared with recommended levels by FAO, WHO and other international organizations. A total of 54 samples has been taken from marketable size Nile Tilapia parts (gills; livers and muscles) and subjected to analysis of heavy metals accumulations. Also, a total of 18 water samples were taken from Dams (shallow, middle and deep water). The data was subjected to SPSS using ANOVA. The findings of this work were revealed that, there were a highly significant differences (P≤0.01) in all heavy metals among gills, liver and muscles of Nile Tilapia cultured in Dams. And there was a highly significant difference (P≤0.01) in all heavy metals among gills, liver and muscles of Nile Tilapia according to localities. Anyway, when compared fish organs; we found that, gills were recorded the maximum figures in all heavy metals followed by livers and the minimum figures were recorded by muscles. The results of this study were in the permissible levels recommended by international organizations.
, Iis Rostini, Ayi Yustiati, Rusky Intan Pratama
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2021/v15i530340

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the best concentration of red ginger essential oil addition (Zingiber officinale var. Rubrum) edible coating to chitosan on the organoleptic quality of pempek. The research method was experimental which consisted of 5 treatments, namely control, addition of red ginger essential oil with concentrations of 0%, 0.5%, 1%, and 1.5% with 20 panelists as replicates. Parameters observed included organoleptic characteristics (appearance, texture, aroma, taste, tooth test, and folding test) based on the panelists' preference level using hedonic tests and chemical analysis (moisture content and fat content) and the shelf life of pempek. The data from the water content and fat content tests were analyzed descriptively, while the organoleptic test results were analyzed using non-parametric statistics with the test Friedman, if the test Friedman gave a rejection, multiple comparisons were performed and test was performed Bayes for decision making. The results showed that the best treatment in extending the shelf life of pempek was treatment D with the addition of 1% red ginger essential oil with a moisture content of 55.30% on the first day and 55.31% on the fourth day. While the fat content on the first day was 1.42% and on the fourth day it rose to 2.72% with the characteristics of appearance, texture, aroma, and taste still favored by the panelists.
, Zahidah Hasan, Asep Agus Handaka, Herman Hamndani
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research pp 10-19; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2021/v15i530341

Abstract:
This study conducted to determine the water quality of Situ Ciburuy based on the structure of the gastropod community as a bioindicator. The survey method used in this study based on collecting data directly at the research area (purpose sampling method). For instance, species and density of gastropods were descriptively analyzed, using diversity index and evenes index. For instance, The findings showed that level of water quality in Situ Ciburuy based on gastropods bioindicators was lightly polluted. That is indicated by the low to moderate diversity of gastropods, which ranges from 1.31-1.98. The Shannon evenness index (0,73-0.95) revealed low gastropod species diversity in Situ Ciburuy, indicating low evenness of gastropod in Situ Ciburuy.
, Iis Rostini, Junianto, Rusky Intan Pratama
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research pp 37-43; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2021/v15i430338

Abstract:
This research aims to determine the best concentration of surimi made from mackerel tuna dark muscle to produce edible film with characteristics according to JIS (Japanese Industrial Standard) and to determine the characteristics of edible film product. This research was carried out in March to April 2021 at the Fishery Product Processing Laboratory, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Padjadjaran University and Soil Chemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Padjadjaran University. The method used was experimental with Completely Randomized Design (CRD), and treatment with surimi concentration consisted of three treatments with three replications including 8%, 10% and 12%. Parameters observed were thickness, tensile strength, percent elongation and transparency. The resulting data were analyzed using ANOVA and continued with Duncan's test (α=5%). The results showed that an increase in the concentration of surimi made from dark muscle of mackerel tuna had a significant effect on thickness and percent elongation, but an increase in surimi concentration had no significant effect on tensile strength and transparency. Edible film with the addition of 8% concentration of surimi made from mackerel tuna dark muscle had the best characteristics based on the Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) and statistical analysis, with a thickness of 0.096 mm, tensile strength 486.78 kgf/cm2 percent elongation 211.67%, transparency 5, 72 and 94.28% clarity.
, Achmad Rizal, Walim Lili, Atikah Nurhayati
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research pp 31-36; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2021/v15i430337

Abstract:
The fisheries sector is one of the agricultural sub-sectors that has a role in providing food for the people of Indonesia. Consumers have behavior in purchasing fish in meeting their needs or desires to obtain a product. This study aims to analyze consumer preferences for the type of fish and the order of attributes. The method used in this research is a case study. The research location was carried out at the Muara Baru Modern Fish Market (PIM) DKI Jakarta. The data used are primary data and secondary data. The primary data collection technique used accidental sampling with a sample of 100 respondents while the secondary data were obtained from Perum Perikanan Indonesia as the manager of the Muara Baru Modern Fish Market, the Library, the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) DKI Jakarta, the National Statistics Agency (BPS). Consumer preference analysis used attitude measurement analysis measured by Chi-square and based on rank orders analysis to determine the order of attribute importance. Based on the study results, it was shown that all the attributes observed in this study were significantly different at the 95% confidence level. In contrast, the analysis of the level of importance of the attributes showed that the priority of consumers' interests in fish in the Muara Baru Modern Fish Market (PIM) was price, freshness, cleanliness, texture, and fish scent.
Asep Agus Handaka Suryana, Wanda Nur Litundzira
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research pp 24-30; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2021/v15i430336

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to analyze the competitiveness profile of floating net cage aquaculture in Indonesia. The research was conducted in February – June 2021 at the Directorate General of Aquaculture, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia. The data collection method used in this study is the literature survey method. Primary data in the form of questionnaires with expert judgment respondents as many as 13 people consisting of 11 Lecturers of the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Padjadjaran University, and 2 employees of the Directorate General of Aquaculture, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia regarding the proportion of competitiveness of floating net cage aquaculture fisheries. Secondary data in the form of statistical data on floating net cage aquaculture in 2017 was obtained from the Directorate General of Aquaculture, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia. Data analysis was carried out by using quantitative descriptive analysis. The results showed that Central Java Province which was supported by facilities and infrastructure variables, West Java Province which was supported by human resources and production variables, and North Sulawesi Province which was supported by science and technology variables were in the top three with very high competitiveness category, while the Riau Islands Province and the Bangka Belitung Islands Province are in the bottom two ranks with the low competitiveness category.
, Zulham Apandy Harahap, Tifani Zianida
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research pp 11-23; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2021/v15i430334

Abstract:
The east coast of North Sumatra is part of the Malacca Strait, a highly utilized fishing area. One of the commodities that can be harvested is the Yellowstripe Scad (Selaroides leptolepis). Through oceanography parameters, specifically temperature and chlorophyll-aconcentrations, it is possible to determine optimal fishing grounds which can be used as guidelines. One of the satellites that can detect sea surface temperature (SST) and chlorophyll-a concentrations is Aqua (EOS PM),which is equipped with a Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor. Data on the Yellowstripe Scad (Selaroide sleptolepis) were obtained from the Belawan Ocean Fishing Port (OFP). Based on the analysis of MODIS images from the Aqua satellite, the sea surface temperature of theeast coastal waters of North Sumatra in 2012 - 2016 ranged from 29oC – 32oC with chlorophyll-a concentrations ranging from 0.19 - 5.26 mg/m³. The largest harvest occurred during the west monsoon with a value of 143.46 tons and the lowest was during the east monsoon with a value of 139.87 tons. Yellowstripe Scad harvest has a negative correlation with the sea surface temperature with a correlation value of -0.365. Chlorophyll-a concentrations and harvest amount have a positive correlation value of 0.660. Yellowstripe Scad is predicted to yield the largest harvest during the west monsoon (December-February) between the Asahan and Labuhanbatu Regencies at coordinates 2.68oN - 2.74oN and 100.37oE - 100.44oE.
Walim Lili, , Asep Agus Handaka Suryana, Kiki Haetami
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2021/v15i430333

Abstract:
The low survival rate in Sumatran fish fingerlings transportation is a problem related to metabolic disturbances that cause death. The addition of nutmeg seed oil in the transportation medium is expected to reduce the rate of respiration and metabolism, so that fish mortality can be minimized. The purpose of this study was to determine the effective concentration of nutmeg seed oil to maintain the highest survival rate of Sumatran fish fry transported during treatment and to analyze its effect on induction time and recovery time. This research was carried out from January to March 2021 in the Ciparanje wet laboratory, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Padjadjaran University. This research was conducted experimentally using a factorial randomized group design (FRGD) consisting of two factors, namely the concentration of four levels (0.03, 0.06, 0.09 ml/L and control) and duration of three levels (3, 5, and 7 hours) which was repeated three times. This research uses a closed transportation system. Parameters observed were induction time and conscious recovery time of test fish, post-transportation and post-maintenance survival for 7 days and water quality consisting of temperature, DO, pH, and ammonia. The results showed that the effective nutmeg seed oil for the anesthesia of Sumatran fish fry transported was 0.03 ml/L with a transportation duration of 3 hours because it had an induction time of 08:07, recovery time of 02:41 and postoperative survival rate. transportation by 98.33% and post-maintenance for 7 days by 91.49%. Temperature parameters are 22.7oC, DO is ±10.3 mg/L, pH is ± 6.83 and ammonia is ±0.0010 mg/L.
Iwang Gumilar, , Yayat Dhahiyat, Asep Agus Handaka Suryana
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research pp 35-45; https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2021/v15i330332

Abstract:
Carp (Cyprinus carpio) hatchery cultivation is one of the business activities carried out by the community in Ciparay District, Bandung Regency. This research aims to analyze the financial feasibility of carp hatchery cultivation in Ciparay District, Bandung Regency. This research was conducted using a case study method consisting of primary data and secondary data. Primary data obtained from interviews with respondents and secondary data obtained from related agencies. This research uses 38 respondents as samples based on the sampling method (purposive sampling). The analysis used in this research is descriptive quantitative. The results obtained from this research are carp hatchery cultivation in Ciparay District has a profit value of 164,225,000 IDR/year, Profitability of 217%, R/C of 3.2 and Payback Period of 33 days so it is feasible to run and develop. Carp hatchery cultivators in Ciparay District, Bandung Regency are indicated to be prosperous because they have a higher income than the Regional Minimum Wage of Bandung Regency.
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