Gulustan-Black Sea Scientific Journal of Academic Research

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ISSN / EISSN : 1987-6521 / 2346-7541
Total articles ≅ 28
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Latest articles in this journal

Aynur Badalova
Gulustan-Black Sea Scientific Journal of Academic Research, Volume 57, pp 9-12; doi:10.36962/gbssjar5706202009

If psychologism artistic method has reached to the high level of development in Azerbaijani literature from the second half of the twentieth century, the development of psychologism in world literature dates back to the beginning of the previous century. Thus, the development of psychologism in Azerbaijani prose associates its roots to world literature. There are many artists in the world literature who write with psychologism method. Many of them can be named. But I would like to focus on the great classic writer Leo Tolstoy. He had influenced to readers' spirit and heart with his works, had an irresistible influence on the development of their personalities by cultivating in them the best human qualities, aroused love to the motherland, people, language, nature and the world. I think that Tolstoy, used the most unique methods of psychologism, also had an impact on Azerbaijani literature. It is more correct to evaluate the manifestation features of psychologism in Azerbaijani prose by conducting comparative analysis. And in this article research has been conducted on the subject of psychologism in L.N. Tolstoy and in the Azerbaijani prose of 1960-1980 within the comparative typological aspect. It had been considered legitimate here identification of not only similarities, but also inconsistencies during the interpretation of the analysis. In the article, in both Azerbaijani prose and Tolstoy's creativity the heroes' spiritual world have been characterized through expression possibilities of psychologism: internal monologues, dialogues, actions and behaviors, dreams and fantasy, writer's prose, etc., and the heroes' appearance have also been shown as part of the image, to create a fuller imagination. As a result, in both Azerbaijani prose and Tolstoy's creativity, different and similar features in the expression methods of psychologism have been extensively analyzed. Keywords: hero, psychologism, character, trait, spiritual world.
Mzia Tsiklauri, Paata Gudushauri, Iamze Taboridze
Gulustan-Black Sea Scientific Journal of Academic Research, Volume 57, pp 04-08; doi:10.36962/gbssjar5706202004

Objective: The one of the most important issues in traumatology is prevention and treatment of purulent-septic complications of traumatic diseases. The aim of our study was to establish correlations between osteomyelitis caused by bacterial flora and immunological factors. Methods: On the basis of a comprehensive study of bacteriological and immunological data in 100 patients with various etiologies osteomyelitis, using correlation analysis was determined: that the types of microbial complications following trauma and the date of the body's immune system depends on etiological factors. The frequency of microbes is different and depends on the localization of the injury and the surgical intervention. Results: frequency of the etiological factors in the contingent we studied, was distributed as follows: S. aureus-36,9%, S.Epidermidis-52,4, Ps. aeruginosa 27,4%, E. coli- 13,1%, Proteus- 27,4%. Associated infection (or co-infection e.g. S. aureus+S. Epidermidis, or St.Epidermidisis+Ps. Aeruginosa and etc) occurred in 22.6% of cases. A significantly high correlation coefficient was observed in patients who came to the clinics spontaneously or with delay, as well as with the early onset of the infectious process (up to two weeks) and surgical treatment. It also correlates positively with a decrease of following immunological parameters: NK, CD4+, CD8+ and CD 19+, the leucocytes phagocytic index is reduced and the blast transformation reaction of lymphocytes rate was increased. There is a significant correlation with benign outcome of treatment, which indicates that, the patient was sent for outpatient treatment (R=0, 79). Keywords: Trauma, Osteomyelitis, Microorganism, Etiological factor, Immune system data.
Vusale Hajiyeva
Gulustan-Black Sea Scientific Journal of Academic Research, Volume 57, pp 13-17; doi:10.36962/gbssjar5706202013

This article is devoted to the ways and means of establishing interdisciplinary communication between biology and natural sciences. The main purpose of the research is to explore ways to properly establish interdisciplinary communication in the learning process, as well as in the teaching of biology. In the field of integration in education, it is impossible to achieve success in teaching different subjects, especially without the use of interdisciplinary communication. Integration has become one of the main principles of training in modern period, as well as the basis of the educational process. Teaching subjects at a coherent pace will increase the effectiveness of the perceptual process, as well as accelerate the formation of motivation in the learning process. Teaching biology in conjunction with other natural sciences will help students to form a correct worldview, as well as create a complete and holistic view of the world. However, special attention should be paid to the establishment of interdisciplinary communication in accordance with the age and individual characteristics of students. For this, the right forms and methods must be used. The article provides information about these forms and methods, the mechanisms of their use. It is especially important to establish interdisciplinary links, as well as the form in which they are organized to increase the effectiveness of training. Form means the outward expression of the organized activity. Forms of work organized individually, in groups, in groups and in pairs are used during active learning. Depending on the level of difficulty of the topic and the interdisciplinary relationship created, as well as the age and perceptual characteristics of students, the forms of work should be chosen by the teacher at the stage of lesson planning. In addition, the use of teaching methods in establishing interdisciplinary links is of particular importance. The use of these teaching methods will be of particular importance in the formation of logical, creative, critical thinking in students. Teaching methods include both traditionally used oral, visual, and practical methods, as well as active learning methods used in modern education. Also, the organization of out of class, out of lesson activities and nature excursions is one of the main ways to establish interdisciplinary communication. It is known that it is impossible to fully establish the connection between biology and other natural sciences in the teaching process. The best way to deal with this problem is to turn to out of lesson, out of class activities. Significance Application: Can be used to properly organize interdisciplinary communication in biology classes in secondary schools. Keywords: Integration, training, biology, interdisciplinary communication, method
Maia Matoshvili, Davit Tophuria, Inga Kakhniashvili
Gulustan-Black Sea Scientific Journal of Academic Research, Volume 56, pp 37-40; doi:10.36962/5605202038

Maintaining healthy skin is important for a healthy body. Many people may develop skin diseases that affect the skin, including cancer, herpes and cellulitis. Some wild plants and their parts are frequently used to treat these diseases. It is also suitable raw material for production of new synthetic agents. A review of some plants for the treatment of skin diseases is provided that summarizes the recent technical advancements. The common medications for topical use include[7]: Antibacterials: These medicines, like bactroban or cleocin, are often used to treat or prevent infection, Anthralin (drithocreme, micanol and others): Although not often used, these help to reduce inflammation and can help treat psoriasis, Antifungal agents: Lamisil, lotrimin and nizoral are few examples of common topical antifungal drugs used to treat skin conditions such as ringworm and athlete's foot Benzoyl peroxide: Creams and other products containing benzoyl peroxide are used to treat acne Coal tar: This topical treatment is available with and without a prescription, in strengths ranging from 0.5% to 5%. Coal tar is used to treat conditions including seborrheic dermatitis (usually in shampoos) or psoriasis. Currently, coal tar is seldom used because it can be slow acting and can cause severe staining of personal clothing and bedding Corticosteroids: These are used to treat skin conditions including eczema and come in many forms including foams, lotions, ointments and creams Retinoids: These medications (such as retin-A and tazorac) are gels or creams derived from vitamin A and are used to treat conditions including acne Salicylic acid: This medication is available in the form of lotions, gels, soaps, shampoos and patches. It should be used sparingly as putting too much on one's body at once can cause toxicity. Salicylic acid is the active ingredient in many skin care products for the treatment of acne and warts.
Aytakin Hasanova
Gulustan-Black Sea Scientific Journal of Academic Research, Volume 55, pp 67-68; doi:10.36962/gbssjar

Reciprocal translocations are the most common structural chromosomal abnormalities in humans. In this study, the results of cytogenetic analysis performed on a couple with a reproductive history of three abortions and one intrauterine death referred to our laboratory are presented. Normal karyotype (46, XY) in male and reciprocal translocation 46XX t (6; 8) (q25-27; q23) in female were determined. In about 4% of couples with recurrent miscarriages, one of the parents is either a balanced reciprocal translocation or a robertsonian translocation carrier. Therefore, cytogenetic analysis should be recommended to couples with recurrent miscarriages. Keywords: Recurrent Abortions, Fetal Wastage, Reciprocal Translocation
Gazanfar Suleymanov, Sadaqat Ibrahimova, EmilyA Shakhverenova
Gulustan-Black Sea Scientific Journal of Academic Research, Volume 54, pp 32-37; doi:10.36962/gbssjar5403202032

If should be noted that means gained as a result of development of oil industry have to be directed to develop non-oil industry due to the market requirements. Additionally we can emphasize that new economic models have been worked out to develop more effeciently industrial enterprises in the market relations. In connection with it strategical road map on the economic perspectives “State Program on the development of Azerbaijan Republic industry for 2015-2020-s” accepted on 6 December 2018, has been considered to speed industrializing process. Measurements plan is carried out. Due to the industrializing policy developing cosmic, defence, alternative energy, ship-building and other new fields have been created. Besides new industrial and refining enterprises began to be operated successfully.
Aytakin Hasanova
Gulustan-Black Sea Scientific Journal of Academic Research, Volume 53, pp 08-11; doi:10.36962/gbssjar5302202008

Heterochromatin of centromeric chromosome regions contains late replicating, largely repetitive DNA. It is suggested that heterochromatin participates in chromosome pairing, crossing-over and in chromosome disjunction control (1,3). Centromeric heterochromatin, a variety of heterochromatin, is a tightly packed form of DNA.Centromeric heterochromatin is a constituent in the formation ofactive centromeres in most higher-order organisms; the domain exists on both mitotic and interphase chromosomes. (4,5,6,8) Centromeric heterochromatin is usually formed on alpha satellite DNA in humans; however, there have been cases where centric heterochromatin and centromeres have formed on originally euchromatin domains lacking alpha satellite DNA; this usually happens as a result of a chromosome breakage event and the formed centromere is called a neocentromere.
Lyazzat Syrlybayeva
Gulustan-Black Sea Scientific Journal of Academic Research, Volume 52, pp 37-38; doi:10.36962/gbssjar5101202037

BACKGROUND According to the results of the researches common indexes of the prevalence of inherited metabolic diseases (IMD) varies from 1 to 800 on 1 to 2500 alive newborns. IMD are taking one of the first places among children pathology, early children death (40%) and disability[1]. According to systematic review of the 43 forms of the inborn errors of metabolism are related to unexpected death of newborns. For IMD it is common to have a wide spectrum of the unusual clinical manifestation, often they are not diagnosed, while well timed diagnoses and proper treatment are able to prevent severe systematic lesions, which lead to death and disability[2]. For that reason one of the most significant problems of the modern pediatrics is to early diagnosis of IMD. The only way to diagnosis of orphan metabolic diseases is the tandem mass spectrometry (TMS) [3]. AIM Scientifically substantiate the need for implementation of selective screening IMD of children using TMS method in Republic of Kazakhstan (RK) for early diagnosis, therapy of the inherited metabolic diseases, to reduce disability and death rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS Material of the research – dry blood spots, taken using standard methodology on filtered DBS papers, which are used in RK in the program of neonatal screening (for retrospective research – archived samples of the dry blood spots of the children dead during first year of life). Method of the research is tandem mass spectometry (QSight Perkin Elmer). RESULTS Analysis of the archived dry blood spot samples showed metabolic deviations in 20.4% of the cases. The detected changes are related to amino acids metabolic disorders, defects of -oxidation of the fat acids, decrease activity of the glucocerebrosidase (Gaucher’s disease) and sphingomyelinase (Nimman – Pick disease). Results of the selective screening have shown metabolic disorders in 5% of the cases (defects of -oxidation of the fat acids, aminoacidopathy, organic aciduria). CONCLUSIONS The preliminary results of the using TMS for the diagnosis of IMD have shown the need for implementation of selective screening IMD using TMS, which is able to conduct diagnosis of 75 metabolites of 49 IMD in single blood spot, which were not detected in RK previously. Taking into the consideration economic expenses of the government, related to the costs of the systematic treatment, medical service, life expectancy and lifelong support of the disabled children with IMD, early detection of orphan metabolic diseases is the vital condition of the decrease of newborn and children death rate, sickness rate and disability. This research study was carried out as a part of a scientific project funded by West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov Medical University.
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