Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education

Journal Information
EISSN : 2685-0591
Published by: Yayasan Ahmar Cendekia Indonesia (10.35877)
Total articles ≅ 73
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R. V. V. Ramana Murthy, K. S. R. Murthy, Murthy Chavali
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 203-210; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci165

Abstract:
The linear gel is prepared by treating bio-diesel with various water samples collected from different water bodies. The new biodiesel based linear gel was employed in the recovery of oil wells through hydrofracturing and pilot tests were conducted for the first time. The viscosity of gel was measured at various bottom hole-circulating temperatures and it was found to vary from 32 to zero dial reading in the range of 45ºC to 60ºC. The gel was observed to break at 45ºC and 60ºC in 120 min. So the final temperature was selected as 60ºC for the application of gel for coal bed methane (CBM) wells. It was observed that higher levels of salinity in water helped in optimum utilization of gel in real-time application.
Kanagasabai Lenin
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 114-118; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci112

Abstract:
This paper proposes Enhanced Frog Leaping Algorithm (EFLA) to solve the optimal reactive power problem. Frog leaping algorithm (FLA) replicates the procedure of frogs passing though the wetland and foraging deeds. Set of virtual frogs alienated into numerous groups known as “memeplexes”. Frog’s position’s turn out to be closer in every memeplex after few optimization runs and certainly, this crisis direct to premature convergence. In the proposed Enhanced Frog Leaping Algorithm (EFLA) the most excellent frog information is used to augment the local search in each memeplex and initiate to the exploration bound acceleration. To advance the speed of convergence two acceleration factors are introduced in the exploration plan formulation. Proposed Enhanced Frog Leaping Algorithm (EFLA) has been tested in standard IEEE 14,300 bus test system and simulation results show the projected algorithm reduced the real power loss considerably.
Egbo Walamam Mansi
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 151-159; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci131

Abstract:
Covid-19 is a severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) caused by a zoonotic virus in which bats have been identified as carriers. The disease outbreak was first reported on 1 December 2019, in Wuhan city in the Hubei province of China. It has infected more than eleven million persons worldwide and hundreds of thousands have died from the disease complications. It has spread across over 213 countries and territories globally. The global economic impact of the disease has been monumental. The impact cuts across global stock markets, aviation, tourism, entertainment and sports industries. Politics and governments have equally been impacted upon by the disease as legislative businesses have been suspended as a result of the disease. Many political leaders have tested positive and have got to undergone self quarantine and treatment. This paper have equally identified and itemized environmental health aspects of the disease which include: sneeze, cough, talk, touch and covid-19 control waste materials such as face mask, disposable hand glove, medical apron, used tissue papers. Conclusively, it is recommended that face mask should be produced with materials that will be comfortable to people in order to encourage the use. Disused materials should be disposing of properly and promptly.
, Harshit Rathore, Murthy Chavali, Deepshikha Rathore
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 171-180; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci151

Abstract:
This review article aims to create awareness towards COVID-19 epidemic and develop a basic responsibility in human beings to control and stop the transmission of COVID-19. It has been highlighted that disaster is imminent if we play with nanostructures unknowingly. The effect of COVID-19 on mankind and its detection and transmission have also been discussed briefly. The protection guidelines including treatment procedures have been illustrated. The utilization of nanoparticles to detect and cure COVID-19 has been described.
Dahir Abdi Ali, Muhammad Sani
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 211-216; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci142

Abstract:
Somalia has recorded the first confirmed Covid-19 case and first death case on March 16, and April 08, 2020, respectively. Since its arrival, it had infected 2,603 people and took the lives of 88 people while 577 patients were recovered as of 14 June, 2020. To fight this pandemic, the government requires to make the necessary plans accordingly. To plan effectively, the government needs to answer this question: what will be the effect of Covid-19 cases in the country? To answer this question accurately and objectively, forecasting the spread of confirmed Covid-19 cases will be vital. To this regard, this paper provides real times forecasts of Covid-19 cases employing Holt's linear trend model without seasonality. Provided that the data employed is accurate and the past pattern of the disease will continue in the future, this model is powerful to produce real time forecasts in the future with some degree of uncertainty. With the help of these forecasts, the government can make evidence based decisions by utilizing the scarce resource available at its disposal.
Pandu Adi Cakranegara
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 324–331-324–331; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci372

Abstract:
Indonesia is a country experiencing demographic growth, especially in the productive age. This growth has several consequences, among others, from income and consumption levels. The increase in the people's standard of living affects various industries, including the food and beverage industry. Apart from macroeconomic and demographic factors, technological factors play an essential role in increasing production. In this case, the availability of coffee machines on a home scale. This machine's existence enables small businesses to start their coffee cafe businesses to compete with large coffee companies. This research uses existing analytical tools between market potential analysis and boarding house structure analysis. This analysis found that there was a decrease in the barrier to entry to the ready-to-serve coffee industry. As a consequence, there are vast opportunities for small businesses to start a business using home-scale machines. This study explains the phenomenon of the rapid development of small-scale coffee in Indonesia in recent years.
Milton Muñoz, Remigio Guevara, , Juan Carlos Jiménez
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 181-194; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci159

Abstract:
This paper presents and evaluates a continuous recording system designed for a low-cost seismic station. The architecture has three main blocks. An accelerometer sensor based on MEMS technology (Microelectromechanical Systems), an SBC platform (Single Board Computer) with embedded Linux and a microcontroller device. In particular, the microcontroller represents the central component which operates as an intermediate agent to manage the communication between the accelerometer and the SBC block. This strategy allows the system for data acquisition in real time. On the other hand, the SBC platform is used for storing and processing data as well as in order to configure the remote communication with the station. This proposal is intended as a robust solution for structural health monitoring (i.e. in order to characterize the response of an infrastructure before, during and after a seismic event). The paper details the communication scheme between the system components, which has been minutely designed to ensure the samples are collected without information loss. Furthermore, for the experimental evaluation the station was located in the facilities on a relevant infrastructure, specifically a hydroelectric dam. The system operation was compared and verified with respect to a certified accelerograph station. Results prove that the continuous recording system operates successfully and allows for detecting seismic events according to requirements of structural health applications (i.e. detects events with a frequency of vibration less than 100 Hz). Specifically, through the system implemented it was possible to characterize the effect of a seismic event of 4 MD reported by the regional seismology network and with epicenter located about 30 Km of the hydroelectric dam. Particularly, the vibration frequencies detected on the infrastructure are in the range of 13 Hz and 29 Hz. Regarding the station performance, results from experiments reveals an average CPU load of 51%, consequently the processes configured on the SBC platform do not involve an overload. Finally, the average energy consumption of the station is close to 2.4 W, therefore autonomy provided by the backup system is aroud of 10 hours.
Kanagasabai Lenin
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 145-150; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci113

Abstract:
In this work Chaotic Predator-Prey Brain Storm Optimization (CPS) algorithm is proposed to solve optimal reactive power dispatch problem. Predator–Prey Brain Storm Optimization position cluster centers to execute as predators, accordingly it will progress towards enhanced positions, although the left over thoughts do as preys; consequently they move far from their neighboring predators. In the projected algorithm chaotic theory has been applied to enhance the quality of the exploration. Ergodicity and indiscretion are utilized in the CPS algorithm, such that projected algorithm will not get trapped in the local optimal solution. Chaotic predator-prey brain storm optimization (CPS) algorithm has been tested in standard IEEE 30 bus test system and results show the projected algorithm reduced the real power loss effectively.
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 195-202; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci163

Abstract:
This study aimed to determine how much the increase in the ability of implementing fun-based learning for the mathematics teachers of SMA Negeri I Barru through structured clinical supervision. The method used in this study was a school action research. The population of this study were all mathematics teachers at SMA Negeri 1 Barru which consisted of 6 teachers: 3 males and 3 females. This study was conducted in the odd semester of the 2019/2020 school year for 6 meetings. Data in this study were collected by using observation sheets and structured clinical supervision observation instruments ranging from pre-observation, the observation of learning implementation to the observation of feedback implementation for each supervised teacher. The data were analyzed by using qualitative and quantitative descriptive analysis. The overall results of this study were based on the implementation of structured clinical supervision starting from the results of pre-observation of the teaching and learning preparation: syllabus, lesson plans for teaching materials and assessment instruments, as well as the results of observation of the assessment of the learning process.
Abdelhamid M. Abdelhamid, Ahmed A. M. Abdel Hamid, Mahmoud A. E. Hassan, Manar A. Almnsy, Adel E. M. Ibrahim
Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, Technology, and Education, Volume 3, pp 119-134; https://doi.org/10.35877/454ri.asci129

Abstract:
A feeding experiment was conducted with rabbits as experimental animals for 2 months at 4 treatment groups under the same environmental conditions. The aim was to study the toxic effects of dietary graded levels of polyethylene (PE, 0, 1, 2, and 4 g/ton diet). The main effects were that some animals fed the PE-contaminated diets suffered from mange, diarrhea, weakness, and/or loss of weight. Post-mortem examination of the contaminated-diets fed rabbit revealed presence of bad smell liquids in its abdomen, residues of collective PE in the small intestine, collective feces in one part of the intestine and the parts were filled with aqueous accumulation, the color of one hepatic lobule was pale, and the lungs' color was bloody red. Yet, feed intake and water consumption increased by feeding the contaminated diets. Moreover, animals offered the contaminated diets reflected heavier body weight. However, the feed conversion (utilization) was negatively affected by the PE- contaminated diet; since, dietary PE-inclusion increased apparently feed consumption than the real body weight gain. Slaughter test of the PE-treated animals reflected many remarks including loss of rabbit's weight; increased skin weight, skin was thick and dough, changes in the color and quality of the carcass flesh, easy broken bone. When these animals were eviscerated, it were observed white-colored lungs, with necrosis and bloody infiltration, small-sized liver, with blackly-red color, enlarged gall bladder, narrow diameter of the small intestine, presence of collective mass of PE on the internal wall of the small intestine. The presence of PE in the experimental diets was responsible for significant lowering the specific gravity of the treated animals' bone, as well as their flesh moisture and fat; yet, their crude protein increased besides their edible parts and boneless meat percentages increased too, but not significantly. Dietary contamination with PE reflected its residues in the rabbits' flesh and increased the flesh content of ash (P>0.05). The contaminated diets were responsible for significantly (P≤0.05) evaluating lymphocytes %, MCV, MCH, and PLT and lowering both monocytes and granulocytes % as well as RBCs count. Significant (P≤0.05) increases in albumin, creatinine and uric acid concentrations and decreases of ALT activity were recorded with feeding rabbits the PE-contaminated diets; but, Cho. and Trig. concentrations were decreased (P≤0.05). There was a significant increase of scores of hepatic congestion and necrosis in liver from rabbits group received 0.4 PE when compared with control group. Statistical analysis shows significant increase of scores of renal congestion, fibrosis and acute tubular necrosis in group received 0.4 PE when compared with control group. Hence PE negatively affected rabbits' performance, health and quality, and may affect the consumers' health too.
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