International Journal of Language and Literary Studies

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 27045528 / 27047156
Total articles ≅ 63

Latest articles in this journal

Hessa Alkahlan, Afnan Al-Dossari, Leena Al-Qahtani
International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, Volume 2, pp 242-255; doi:10.36892/ijlls.v2i2.243

The paper tackles Earnest Hemingway’s theory “The Iceberg Theory”, with an emphasis on the omission technique, through which the tip of the Iceberg is seen; omitting what is underneath the surface, the undetected mass. The study examines the possible influence of Edgar Allan Poe, who is known to be conscious of the "Theory of Omission" before Hemingway. Sigmund Freud’s psychological perspective, as well, for he studied the different levels of the unconscious entity of his patients. The research concludes with an analysis of the life of A.A Milne and his tale “Winnie the Pooh”, its characters’ true nature, and a possibility of each one of them having underlying purposes unintentionally set by the author to represent different psychological disorders.
Charles Ogazie
International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, Volume 2, pp 220-230; doi:10.36892/ijlls.v2i2.259

It is very obvious that newspapers do not just report news, make known governmental policies or educate people on the happenings in societies among other things (Ogazie 2012). It however, serves as a watch dog in society. As the press beams its search light on the activities of government through its reportage, the public is made to participate in the process of governance and at the same time, aligns the governed to come to terms with the state of the nation. In a pluralistic nation like Nigeria where the heterogeneous populace is exposed to diverse media content, senders of information, especially those of the print media, convey socio-political, economic, educational coupled with religious messages in a unique, blunt, creative but satirical manner without naming names. This paper asserts that this unique function is best left at the door step of the editorial cartoonists who through their metaphorical codification sketches, drawings or impressions, tell a verisimilitude tale of the state of the nation. Through content analysis of selected cartoons in New Telegraph Newspaper, the paper concludes that editorial cartoons can be seen as a viable and powerful reflective medium via which national issues are raised in an imaginary court for public debate and as such erect a positive signpost towards reconstructing, developing and sustaining the polity for the betterment of all.
Juland Salayo, Arceli M. Amarles
International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, Volume 2, pp 191-209; doi:10.36892/ijlls.v2i2.237

This present study attempted to investigate the status of language anxiety and motivation orientation of the young Filipino learners of English and how these constructs are related to one another. To address these research goals, a quantitative approach was employed using Liu and Cheng’s (2014) Factor Loadings for three-Component Solution for the Anxiety and Jin, Jiang, Juan, Zhang, Liang and Xie’s (2013) motivation in language. Participated by 39 Grade 3 pupils from a premier basic education school in the province of Cavite, these instruments were simplified and translated to their first language (L1) to suit the understanding of the young learners of English. Results showed that the respondents are highly motivated in learning the second language, but the ‘general anxiety in English class’ is evident on one hand. These two significant factors showed strong correlation between anxiety and ‘negative evaluation’ and motivation. On the other hand, there is a significant negative correlation of both ‘anxiety in self-confidence in speaking English’ and ‘general anxiety about English class’ to language motivation. Among the components of motivation, only ‘learning situations’ is considered to be a predictor of students’ assessed anxiety. Findings suggest that motivation needs to be sustained in order to build positive second language learning; otherwise, anxiety may threaten the dynamics of learning processes which impedes their learning in English as a second language.
Abderrahim Mimouni, Youssef Tamer
International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, Volume 2, pp 210-220; doi:10.36892/ijlls.v2i2.303

Several studies have investigated students’ perceptions toward technologies that add game elements to gamify learning content in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom. Yet, identifying what specific game elements in these technologies have a significant impact on students’ perceptions has not received much attention. This quasi-experimental study aimed at exploring the effect of Kahoot music on Moroccan students’ acceptance of Kahoot gamified quizzing in the EFL classroom. Two intact groups of secondary school students were recruited for this study. One group played Kahoot Gamified Quizzes without music, while the other group played the same quizzes with music. The results of the independent samples t-test showed that the students in both groups perceived Kahoot gamified quizzing positively and that music had no significant effect on their perceptions.
Anna Riana Suryanti Tambunan, Fauziah Khairani Lubis, Widya Andayani, Elisa Betty Manullang, Sisila Fitriany Damanik
International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, Volume 2, pp 168-177; doi:10.36892/ijlls.v2i2.233

This study aims to examine the figurative language used in two translated chapters taken from Friedrich Nietzsche's novel, Zarathustra. The two chapters chosen are namely Kebajikan yang Mengecilkan and Tiga Hal yang Jahat. This is a qualitative research which involves the stylistic approach in order to bring out the stylistic devices used in the chosen chapters; simile and personification. The data of this study were collected from the two translated chapters of the novel. In this study, it is found that a total of nine figures of speech were investigated: seven figures of simile and two other figures of personification respectively. The results of this study revealed that the simile device focused on illustrating the author's visual reality for the readers about the protagonist's situations, life-story, and imagination. On the other hand, the personification device illustrated the protagonist's visual aspects, ideas, and imagination which are very analogous to the author's perspective.
Dedy Setiawan
International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, Volume 2, pp 210-210; doi:10.36892/ijlls.v2i2.292

Machine translation has been around for years. This application is now used frequently in social media with texts which are usually short and simple and found in daily lives. The machine translation has undergone a great progress from the time it was introduced to public in early 2000’s. However, there has been no research to see the performance of the machine translation work.The present research is intended to analyse the works of machine translation with the objects which are complicated scientific texts as found in journal articles. It is intended to see if the result of machine translation is comprehensible, accurate and reliable in translating documents. The result suggests that the works of machine translation are found to be comprehensible and reliable for obtaining the meaning of the translated texts, but it does not conform to the standards for publishable criteria. Further works are needed if the translated texts are aimed for publication.
Judy Bautista, Ilynne Samonte, Cecille Marie Improgo, Merry Ruth Gutierrez
International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, Volume 2, pp 18-29; doi:10.36892/ijlls.v2i2.283

This study investigated the performance of 150 Tagalog and 131 Sinugbuanong Bisaya grade three pupils with regard to solving mathematical word problems written in their mother-tongue (L1) and in English as their second language (L2). The respondents were subjected to a validated teacher-made parallel tests based on the competencies stipulated in the first and second quarter mathematics curriculum guide of the Philippines. Results of which were compared and analyzed using two-tailed t-test. Findings show that the Tagalog pupils performed better in their mother-tongue over English as their second language. On the other hand, Sinugbuanong Bisaya pupils performed better in English as their second language over their mother-tongue. While results appear contradictory, contextual discussions offer valuable insights into the situation, allowing avenues for more exploration and investigations. As implication to language policy development, this study offers the use of translanguaging in content area instruction and assessment, specifically in the teaching and learning of mathematical problem solving
Viet-Anh Thi Vu, Thu Nguyen Thi Hong
International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, Volume 2, pp 30-44; doi:10.36892/ijlls.v2i2.254

The paper provides an overview of the linguistic theory relevant to cognitive metaphor and shed light into ontological metaphors of love in songs. The writer found out typical metaphorical images of love in the famous English love songs of the late 20th century from cognitive prospective. There are 86 cited sentences from 68 love songs used with 16 metaphorical expressions of three types of metaphor: structural metaphors, orientational metaphors and ontological metaphors in which ontological metaphor was focused to analyze. That how these metaphorical images are explored in the songs with the cognitive and rhetorical value can offer a new look into literary and linguistics. In addition, the writer recommends strategies in finding out, comprehending and analyzing this type of metaphor in various contexts as well as suggests some suitable ways for readers to apply metaphor in writing texts more effectively.
Samuel Joshua Fubara
International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, Volume 2, pp 76-95; doi:10.36892/ijlls.v2i2.281

The aim of this study is to examine how memes peculiar to Nigerians on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram employ language to convey humour and irony. Memes can be aptly conceptualized as internet-based entertainment contents principally propagated through social networking and micro-blogging sites which come in varied forms like pictures and written texts, written texts that may or may not be conversational in nature, videos, animations and GIFs. This study adopts a qualitative eclectic approach in its analysis of conversational memes which served as data gathered from Twitter, Facebook and Instagram. Guided by the General Theory of Verbal Humour (GTVH), thirty (30) conversational memes were purposively selected for discussion using the guises or forms of humour as the unit of analysis on the one hand and discussions situated within empirical and theoretical postulations on the other hand. Findings from the study showed that all the reactions to the originating posts exhibit some form of incongruity and were also verbally ironical. The nature of the originating posts in line with the speech act classification were also found to be expressives and assertives. The study further revealed that three guises of humour namely sarcasm, witticism and pun were prominent in the reaction to the originating posts with sarcasm constituting the major guise of humour used while also pointing out that users on Twitter use humour more than those on Facebook and Instagram.
Said Oussou
International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, Volume 2, pp 156-167; doi:10.36892/ijlls.v2i2.278

Learner autonomy has been the concern of a number of researchers in English language teaching. The concept has begun life since the 1980s. It has been considered in the Moroccan EFL context among the priorities of education, which English language teachers try to implement in their classes. Studies revealed that there are correlations between learner autonomy and other variables related to learners, which makes autonomy a subject of interest and thus an ability that should be fostered. As such, the present study aims at investigating the extent to which secondary EFL teachers promote autonomy in their learners. To achieve this purpose, a quantitative research design was employed in the study, generating and analyzing quantitative data. Therefore, a sample of 96 (57 males and 39 females) EFL teachers completed the questionnaire. Drawing on the findings, it was found that EFL teachers promote learner autonomy to a great extent and that the results were conclusive among the teachers’ rates of levels of agreement and disagreement regarding the strategies for promoting learner autonomy. Thus, it is concluded that the study reported on the extent to which teachers employ a number of strategies to promote learner autonomy and that it does not necessarily mean that the study explained the degree to which teachers know how to implement those strategies, as this would be beyond the purpose of the present study.
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