Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports

Journal Information
EISSN : 26649837
Current Publisher: Kharkov National Pedagogical University (10.15561)
Total articles ≅ 32
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N.I. Stepanchenko, I.B. Hrybovska, M.V. Danylevych, R.V. Hryboskyy
Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports, Volume 24, pp 151-156; doi:10.15561/26649837.2020.0308

Abstract:
Purpose: As the latest research shows, psychomotor development and motor learning of deaf children is garnering a great deal of attention from scientists. Effectively correcting the psychomotor development of hearing-impaired kids requires a deep understanding of the disorders, structures, depth, and the children’s potential motor learning capabilities. We believe this understanding can be reached with the Bernstein approach. However, we were able to find only a handful of studies on psychomotor development of hearing-impaired children from the point of view of the theory of how motor skills are formed. Based on this theory, the purpose of this study was to create a diagnostic program that can evaluate and analyze psychomotor disorders and uncover their mechanism in hearing impaired kids compared to their peers with normal hearing. Methods: The study included 54 children from primary schools in Lviv with normal hearing and 94 primary school children with hearing loss from the Lviv Specialized Boarding School named after Maria Pokrova №101 and the Zhovkiv Training and Rehabilitation Center “Zlagoda” (51 children with hearing loss and 43 deaf children). The research sample we chose was random and the children ranged in age from 7-8 years old. To study a single motor skill based on the involvement of multiple levels of central nervous system control, the jump model was chosen. The study consisted of 10 tests, each of which was rated on a 5point scale. Gathered and analysed data were used for the quantitative method. Result: It was established that children with hearing loss had psychomotor retardation on all motor skill levels compared to their peers with normal hearing. Hearing impaired children had a low level of static and dynamic coordination, speed of movement, and motor memory. The lowest level of development was purposeful movement. Conclusions: We identified specific psychomotor disorders in primary school children with hearing loss compared to their peers with normal hearing on all levels of motor skill formation, and found correlations between the overall assessment of hearing impaired children and the studied components by level of movement construction: for any motor activity, there is a primary level, which forms the foundation of the movement and all other levels that are activated when performing the movement. The aspects of sensory-motor functions in primary school children with hearing loss depend on the level of hearing loss and consist of an absence of coordination on multiple levels of movement construction.
A.O. Roliak
Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports, Volume 24, pp 143-150; doi:10.15561/26649837.2020.0307

Abstract:
Purpose: Today physical training becomes an integral part of the European education system as it brings knowledge and insight centered on principles and concepts of the 21st-century learning skills. The article offers an analysis of the structural model, content and goals of the basic physical education projects in the professional teacher training system of Denmark. As this country has gained a positive experience in creating its own strategies for reforming of all the important teacher education components, based on the widespread use of modern motion-focused technologies in the learning process. Material: Data for this study were collected from multiple sources of Ukrainian, European and Danish educational environments at various time points from 1990 to 2019. Three cultural generations of 50 scientific articles that researched the topics of physical training teachers’ education have been chosen. Results: Our research reveals that the Danish strategy of “healthy nation” with the “sports-for-all” approach calls for the new generation teachers, pedagogically competent in their physical training subjects and able to promote healthy life thinking. Conclusions: Three major projects: “Learning in motion”, “Put the school into motion”, “Learning and Talent in Sport” brought considerable impact into physical training teacher education in the Danish environment, implementing innovative ideas of the close connection between learning abilities and physical activities. The research findings may be used in reforming physical training teacher education in Ukraine, especially its transformation from traditional to innovative type by means of the overall implementation of the modern strategies, assimilating movement and physical exercises into the teaching process.
R. Penov, L. Petrov, S. Kolimechkov
Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports, Volume 24, pp 137-142; doi:10.15561/26649837.2020.0306

Abstract:
Background and Study Aim : Karate is going to take part in the Olympic games, for the first time in Tokyo 2020. The aim of this study was to analyse the changes in heart rate (HR) and blood lactate concentration of karate practitioners performing different katas in competitive conditions. Material and Methods : This study consisted of five elite male athletes (26.80±5.97 years), members of the Bulgarian national team in Shotokan karate, competing in the kata discipline. The study was conducted in competitive conditions during national competitions, in which three katas were performed by each of the competitors. Capillary blood lactate concentration (La) was determined at rest and after each kata. Heart rate (HR) was registered and physical activity was monitored by using three-dimensional accelerometers. Results: The mean La increased progressively after each following kata: 1.4±0.32 mmol/L at rest, 4.7±1.91 mmol/L after the first, 6.8±2.59 mmol/L after the second, and 7.1±2.35 mmol/L after the third kata. This increase was significant after the second (р
R.S. Nagovitsyn, M.D. Kudryavtsev, A.Yu. Osipov, A.H. Altuvaini, K.K. Markov, S.A. Doroshenko, V.A. Kuzmin, A.N. Savchuk, T.L. Kamosa, I. I. Plotnikova
Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports, Volume 24, pp 129-136; doi:10.15561/26649837.2020.0305

Abstract:
Purpose: To develop a module of need-motivational training tasks of the section “Volleyball for students aged 11-12”. The experiment involved the schoolchildren aged 11-12 (n=43). The schoolchildren had no contraindication to the physical education. Classes according to the author’s module of need-motivational teaching tasks were conducted with the secondary school students of the fifth form “A” (n=22, experimental class). Pupils of the fifth form “B” (n=21) took a traditional training program during the physical education lesson of the “Volleyball” section. The study was conducted for two months (October-December 2018). Each pupil used a fitness bracelet during the class monitoring the heart rate at a physical education lesson. Special testing was used in three blocks. The first block is the calculation of the number of correctly performed technical actions with the ball without a partner. The second block is the calculation of the technical actions in pairs through the net. The third block is an educational game. Statistical analysis of the data was performed using t-student test. Results: A significant (p
M.F. Korkmaz, A. Cetin, O. Bozduman
Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports, Volume 24, pp 125-128; doi:10.15561/26649837.2020.0304

Abstract:
Backgrounds and Study Aim: To determine whether the limb length-to-body ratio in young basketball players (15-18 years) is different in comparison to those who do not play basketball, and to contribute to the hypothesis that those with which body type can be more successful in basketball . Materials and Methods: The measurements were performed on 42 individuals (29 boys, 13 girls) who have played basketball for at least three years and 41 individuals (31 boys, 10 girls) who did not play basketball. A standard form was prepared for these measurements and the measurements were made according to this form. The data were summarized using mean and standard deviation values, and their accordance with normal distribution was evaluated with the Shapiro-Wilk test. The t-test was used for evaluating the independent samples. Values of p
I. Eroğlu Kolayiş, P. Arol
Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports, Volume 24, pp 118-124; doi:10.15561/26649837.2020.0303

Abstract:
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in body composition-dynamic balance and functional movement capacity of 60 female high school students with body mass index (BMI) over 24.9 before and after the eight-week zumba exercise program. Material: The study included 60 volunteer healthy young women whose body mass index was higher than 24.9 (mean age: 16.75 ± 0.43 years, mean weight: 75.99±10.91 kg, mean body fat: 36.83 ± 6.1%, BMI: 29.56 ± 4.12). The portable stadiometer Seca-213 was used to determine the lengths of the study group. TANITA-Bc 545 N Innerscan Segmental Body Composition Analyzer, “Y-Balance Test was implemented to determine the dynamic balance values for the lower and upper extremities, Functional Movement Screen (FMS) test was used to determine functional movement capacity. To determine the number of heart beats during zumba exercises, Polar M430 Heart Rate Monitor was used and a total of 24 zumba exercise sessions were conducted from three days a week for eight weeks. Results: According to the findings of the study, during the 8-week zumba training program, it is seen that it provided statistically significant improvement in total body weight loss (p=.000), BMI parameter (p=.000), body fat % (p=.002), FMS values (p=.000) and lower an upper extremity dynamic balance parameters (p=.000). Conclusions: It was found that the eight-week zumba training program had positive effects body composition values, functional mobility assessment results and dynamic balance parameters of high school students with a high body mass index of 15-17 years of age.
M.R. Anjomshoa, Y. Fahim Devin, M.R. Esmailzadeh, M. Keshtidar
Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports, Volume 24, pp 111-117; doi:10.15561/26649837.2020.0302

Abstract:
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a neuro-linguistic programming course on job stress, positive organizational behavior and job motivation among physical education teachers of Khorasan Razavi province of Iran. Material: The statistical population of the study consisted 150 physical education teachers of Khorasan Razavi province. 40 physical education teachers were selected as statistical sample. At first, the questionnaires of job stress of Steinmetz (2002), Luthans Psychological Capital questionnaire (2007) and Hackman job motivation questionnaire (1976) were administered to the subjects and then the subjects received the presented protocol. At the end of the course questionnaires were re-presented. Data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc test at 5% error level. Results: The results showed that neuro-linguistic programming had a significant increase in job motivation and positive organizational behavior and a significant decrease in teachers' job stress (P
M. Acak, M.F. Korkmaz, C. Taskiran, E. Demirkan
Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports, Volume 24, pp 106-110; doi:10.15561/26649837.2020.0301

Abstract:
Purpose: In this study, our aim was to determine the effects of wrestling shoes, wrestling mats and wrestling styles on postural deformation of the foot and to elaborate its possible causes. Material: Study group comprised of 158 athletes (109 males, 59 females) from 26 different countries who participated in the 12th World University Wrestling Championship. Of the athletes, 102 (59 females, 43 males) performed in freestyle and 56 performed in Greco-Roman style. The age range of the athletes was 19 to 31 years and they have done wrestling for 3 to 18 years. Were evaluated to determine the relationship between flatfoot deformity and gender, age, wrestling style and years in the sport. Footprint parameters were used to determine and evaluate the overall structure of the foot. The Staheli and the Chippaux-Smirak indexes were used in the study. Statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS v.21.0 software, with the significance level set at α=0.05. Results: No significant relationship was found either between the gender of the wrestlers or their age and their pes planus state. A significant relationship was detected between the wrestling style performed and the wrestlers’ pes planus state, and between the years in the sport and their pes planus state. Conclusion: The fact that wrestlers wear the wrestling shoes for a long time can be a cause of pes planus. The center of mass of freestyle wrestlers shifts during continuous feet movement, and the surface of their soles extends the contact surface on the mat to maintain balance. This situation can also lead to a higher prevalence of pes planus in wrestlers. In addition, the wrestling shoes wrap around the Achilles tendon and thus the stretching of this tendon is restricted. Such restriction strengthens the opinion that freestyle wrestlers experience pes planus more.
O. A. Vinogradova, S. P. Sovenko
Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports, Volume 24, pp 100-105; doi:10.15561/26649837.2020.0208

Abstract:
In race walking, the reliability of competitive activity, the risks of disqualification are determined by athlete's stable control of the key motion characteristics at a distance, especially in the face of fatigue. Therefore, the formation of specialized sensations in an athlete to control these movements is an important condition for sports technique improvement. Hypothesis of study: the use of special exercises to increase the analytical perception of motion key parameters will increase the effectiveness of race walking technique, control for fatigue development. Objective of study: to show the possibilities of increasing special fitness in race walking through the use of special exercises, improvement of the analytical perception of motion key parameters. Subjects and methods of study: 10 athletes aged 17-20 years and engaged in sports training for 4-6 years participated in the study. Special exercises, assessment of race walking technique (video shooting) before and after their performance within three weeks (10 sessions) were used. Results: it is shown that the targeted use of special exercises with the analysis of subjective sensations creates conditions for the activation in the athlete of specialized perceptions for the basic sports technique elements. After the use of special exercises, the increase in speed was due to an increase in the stride length - 1.14 m (S = 0.04), relative to the initial one - 1.09 m (S = 0.03) (p < 0.01). The stride length increase in athletes occurred at the expense of the length of the “rear” stride ( = 0.43 м; S = 0.02) at statistically significant differences from the initial indices. This created the prerequisites for improving athletic performance. Conclusions. Special exercises focusing on key parameters of movements contribute to increase of technical fitness of race walkers. The proposed approach creates the prerequisites for further research on the formation of the motor composition of the skill of body position accuracy, the development of sensations of free movement, inertia, liberation from excessive degrees of freedom in the parts of the body with account for the functional state of the athlete.
О. Омельченко, S.M. Afanasiev, V.G. Savchenko, O.S. Mykytchyk, O.V. Lukina, O.V. Solodka, O.S. Mischak
Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports, Volume 24, pp 93-99; doi:10.15561/26649837.2020.0207

Abstract:
The purpose of the study is to investigate the preparation of athletes in cyclic sports, taking into account the functional state of the external respiratory system and cardiovascular system (on the example of academic rowing). Material and methods. The study involved 13 athletes aged 19-22 years old. Athletes went for academic rowing in the Dnipropetrovsk region. A control and experimental group of 6 and 7 people were created, respectively. At the beginning of the experiment, there were no significant differences in fitness, physical development, and functional status between groups (p> 0.05). All study participants gave written consent to participate in the study. The studies were carried out at the specialized school of the Olympic reserve in rowing of the Dnepropetrovsk regional organization of the sports society "Ukraine", the regional school of higher sportsmanship. Medical and biological testing was conducted at the scientific laboratory of the Pridneprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports. Results . The dynamics of the indicators of the functional status of light weight rowers in rowing academic after using the experimental method was shown. It has been determined that under the influence of the experimental methods the cardiovascular system parameters underwent positive changes. These are the indices of variation range, vegetative rhythm index, pressure index, PWC170 test, maximal oxygen consumption, cardiovascular system response to exercise, recovery period. The introduced technique had a positive effect on the performance of athletes. In the experimental method, it was proposed to change the load in the complexes of exercises for the development of strength, maximum force, strength and speed endurance. The proposed technique of improving physical fitness was reflected in the formation of the plan of the annual training cycle. In accordance with the tasks of the period and mesocycles, exercises aimed at developing the leading qualities of light weight rowers were included. Conclusions. The analysis of the literature on the problem of research and generalization of the training of athletes in cyclic sports at the stage of preparation for higher achievements has revealed problematic issues. On the example of academic rowing these questions relate to the peculiarities of improving the process of physical preparation of rowers with light body weight, the peculiarities of functional state, the study of indicators of their physical and functional fitness. The dynamics of the functional state of the external respiratory system and cardiovascular system of athletes in cyclic sports (on the example of academic rowing) has been investigated. Some positive changes in the results of the vegetative index of the rhythm of the athletes were revealed. These indicators have approximated the value of the autonomic balance of athletes in the direction of parasympathetic regulation. There is a tendency to decrease the index of pressure. There was a decrease in heart rate, an increase in the maximum oxygen consumption and the level of physical performance.
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