International Journal of Basic Sciences and Applied Computing

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EISSN : 2394-367X
Total articles ≅ 21
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International Journal of Basic Sciences and Applied Computing, Volume 3, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijbsac.d0465.103521

Abstract:
As occurred in many Universities worldwide, the response to the COVID-19 pandemic required us, professors at Western University (London, Canada), to quickly convert a first-year biology course with over 1200 enrolled students from an in-classroom format to an on-line format. This transition included the course exams. While the first multiple-choice exam in February 2020 was in-person and proctored, we changed the second multiple-choice exam in March 2020 so that it was completed by students online at home without a proctor. We had concerns about this online conversion, including whether the grades would represent student understanding of the course material when access to peers and other resources during the exam was not monitored. In this report we show student scores on the online exam were highly correlated with their prior in-person exam. A similar correlation was observed with prior first-year students who took similar exams in February and March 2019 which were both in-person and proctored. These results provide some reassurance that it is possible to rapidly transition the delivery of an exam from an in-person format to an online format without compromising the exam process.
Vipawadee Moonchaisook
International Journal of Basic Sciences and Applied Computing, Volume 3, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijbsac.d0216.083421

Abstract:
The Diophantine equation has been studied by many researchers in number theory because it helps in solving variety of complicated puzzle problems. From several studies, many interesting proofs have been found. In this paper, the researcher has examined the solutions of Diophantine equation (𝑴𝒑 − 𝟐) 𝒙 + (𝑴𝒑 + 𝟐) 𝒚 = 𝒛 𝟐 where 𝑴𝒑 is a Mersenne Prime and p is an odd prime whereas x, y and z are nonnegative integers. It was found that this Diophantine equation has no solution.
Mamta Dassani, Mukesh Kushwaha
International Journal of Basic Sciences and Applied Computing, Volume 3, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijbsac.b0201.033321

Abstract:
Present work of this paper deals with the unification of classical polynomials in which we have defined a generalized polynomial set analogous to that of associated Legendre polynomial P (x) m n by taking 5the use of Operator. Also we have derived explicit form, Operational Formulae generating functions for this function.
Krasimira Prodanova, Mariya Negreva
International Journal of Basic Sciences and Applied Computing, Volume 3, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijbsac.b0196.099320

Abstract:
Our previous studies showed activation of coagulation in the early hours of the clinical manifestation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Plasma coagulation activity of factor II, factor V, factor VII, factor VIII, factor IX, factor X, factor XI, factor XII, vWF, tissue factor levels, FVIII, vWF, prothrombin fragment 1+2(F1 + 2) and fibrinopeptide A (FPA) were significantly increased as early as the first twenty-four hours of the disease. The results suggest that there is a correlation between the studied parameters and development of the disease. Aim: To search for a statistical model that predicts coagulation activity in PAF patients. Materials and methods: Coagulation parameters were examined in 51 PAF patients (26 males, 25 females; mean age 59.84 ±1.60 years, onset of PAF episode < 24h prior to hospitalization). Controls included 52 individuals (26 males, 26 females; mean age 59.50 ± 1.46 years) with no prior anamnestic or ECG AF data, corresponding to patients in sex, age, BMI and comorbidities. A linear regression model was used to predict coagulation activity in PAF. Regression models showed good correlation between the duration of arrhythmia and six of the fourteen coagulation parameters studied: F1+2 (r = 0.83, p <0.001), FPA (r = 0.84, p <0.001), FVIII levels (r = 0.85, p <0.001) as well as activity of FII (r = 0.83, p <0.001), FVIII (r = 0.83, p <0.001) and FXII (r = 0.78, p <0.001). Changes in F1+2 plasma levels were most sensitive to PAF duration, where the contribution of duration to the values of the indicator is the greatest (b = 15.31). Conclusion: Linear regression analysis allowed us to create models with a high correlation coefficient for predicting the values of F1+2, FPA, FVIII levels, as well as activity of FII, FVIII and FXII in PAF patients. These models could allow for quantification of the procoagulatory process and thrombotic potential of the disease.
International Journal of Basic Sciences and Applied Computing, Volume 3, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijbsac.a0191.073120

Abstract:
The global burden posed by nosocomial diarrhea lead to the strong given attention by health practitioners science its morbidity and mortality rate hit about 500,000 rates annually in the United states. Diagnostic measures have been put in place to detect the presence of CD using different methods. Reliable prediction of the health status of patients is of paramount importance. This study aimed at investigating the status of stool samples collected to test the presence of clostridium difficile as either positive or negative from both inpatient and outpatient from the record units of Near East University Hospital using hybrid adaptive neuro fuzzy (known as ANFIS) model consisting of various combinations of membership functions and training Fis. In this context, the age of the patients, gender, results of the analysis conducted, the department in which the patient was admitted, the age category and the hospitalization were employed as the input variables. The performance accuracy of these membership functions and training FIS combinations were checked using two performance indices determination coefficient (R2) and mean square error (MSE). The obtained computation data driven models proves the reliability of the combination of subtractive clustering membership function and hybrid training FIS over the other three ANFIS combinations. Overall, the results indicated the reliability and satisfaction of hybrid adaptive neuro fuzzy in checking the status of stool samples collected to test the presence of clostridium difficile as either positive or negative from both inpatient and outpatient.
International Journal of Basic Sciences and Applied Computing, Volume 2, pp 7-13; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijbsac.l0177.0321120

Abstract:
The current experimental study has been conducted to analyze cladistic taxonomic aspects of the piscian cestode parasites including its morphological characters. Freshwater fishes caught on the spot at selected sampling stations with the help of local fishermen and collected for tapeworm investigations. Freshwater catfish Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus, 1758)[3] collected from Dehradun sampling stations and examined for tapeworm parasites as per experimental design. The collected fishes were brought to the Parasitology laboratory for experimental study and morphological as well as anatomical facts investigation. Parasites obtained from infected host fishes kept intact in 5% formalin for further investigation. Ten cestode (tapeworm) parasites were found from its infested Intestine. The morphological study of tapeworms indicates that parasitic diversity is accessible within the Ganga river at Dehradun (U.K.) region. Morphotaxonomic characterization reported as - H, butterfly flap shaped ovary, testes numerous and well developed, vitelline follicle - cortical and medullary. This study provides an overview of the piscian tapeworm parasites of some freshwater fishes inhabiting the Ganga river
International Journal of Basic Sciences and Applied Computing, Volume 2, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijbsac.l0171.0421220

Abstract:
Diagnostic tests are a cornerstone in modern medicine. They are used not only to confirm the presence of a disease but also to rule out the disease in healthy subjects. Tests with two outcome categories (i.e. presence/absence) are known as dichotomous tests. Their inherent validity is determined by sensitivity and specificity and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve is known to be a simple, yet complete plot that displays the full picture of trade-off between the sensitivity (true positive rate) and (1- specificity) (false positive rate) across a series of cut-off points. Our study found that, even in the early hours of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, there were significant changes in major indicators of fibrinolysis, namely plasminogen level, t-PA level, PAI-1 activity, α2-antiplasmin activity, vitronectin and D-dimer plasma levels. We believe that they are closely related and stem from the disease itself. This gave us reason, using these indicators as predictors, to search for a diagnostic option to rule out PAF. We used statistical models of logistic regression analysis and ROC to achieve this. Values of p
International Journal of Basic Sciences and Applied Computing, Volume 2, pp 4-7; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijbsac.k0164.0321120

Abstract:
From the stem bark of Samanea saman two new triterpenoid glycoside have been isolated and characterized as 3, 22 – dihydroxyolean -12-ene-24-0--D-xylopyranoside 1 and 1, 2, 3-trihydroxy-16-0-acetylolean-12-ene-28-oic-0 [--Darabinopyranosyl (13)] --D-arabinopyranoside 2 by spectral and chemical studies.
Ya. Rakhimov, Z. Abduqakhhorov, Sh. Imomkulov
International Journal of Basic Sciences and Applied Computing, Volume 2, pp 15-18; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijbsac.l0168.0321120

Abstract:
The Problem of increasing to wear capability and longevity material worker mechanism agricultural machines is actual Defining importance in shaping the features to constructive toughness material worker mechanism agricultural machines has, as is well known, variation of the structured condition. Defining importance in shaping the features to constructive toughness material worker mechanism agricultural machines has, as is well known, variation of the structured condition. For this purpose article is studied structured conversions become under different type of the thermal processing, which vastly affect the specified characteristic.
International Journal of Basic Sciences and Applied Computing, Volume 2, pp 8-14; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijbsac.l0165.0321120

Abstract:
In this paper, we are showing study of biorthogonal polynomials associated with generalization of Laguere polynomials of Srivastava and Singhal [14]. It happens to generalized Konhauser. here we are trying to obtain the generating functions, recurrence relations, biorthogonality relations, integral representations and also bilinear and bilateral generating relations for the new class of biorthogonal system.
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