Organic Polymer Material Research

Journal Information
EISSN : 2661-3875
Published by: Bilingual Publishing Co. (10.30564)
Total articles ≅ 16
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Paulraj Mosae Selvakumar, Rex Jeya Rajkumar Samdavid Thanapaul
Organic Polymer Material Research, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/opmr.v2i2.2639

Abstract:
Palmyra Palm (Borassus flabellifer Linn) is a native tree with various ecological, medicinal, economic, and sociological benefits from Asian countries. Palmyra Palm tree-based self-reliant lifestyle and Eco-friendly community living which leads to sustainable development can be called as palmyraculture. For each component, it is the most beneficial species that has economic and medicinal value that could sustain adverse climatic conditions and resist natural calamities. Non-edible, edible, and value add-based uses could be widely categorized into the utility of the plant. Palmyra palm tree is working like a non-stop biochemical factory, creates sugars and many other useful chemicals. They also produce many useful polymeric compounds such as pectin, cellulose, hemicellulose, galactomannan, pentosan, polyphenols, and lignin. The current review gives an insight into the structural, biological and polymeric elements of Asian palmyra. .
V. I. Kodolov, V. V. Kodolova-Chukhontseva, I. N. Shabanova, N. S. Terebova, Yu. V. Pershin, R. V. Mustakimov
Organic Polymer Material Research, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/opmr.v2i2.2587

Abstract:
The paper is dedicated to the consideration of the chemical mesoscopics notions application for the explanation of polymeric materials modification mechanism by the metal carbon mesoscopic composites. The main peculiarities of these nanosized particles are following: a) the presence of unpaired electrons on the carbon cover; b) the structure of carbon cover consists from poly acetylene and carbine fragments; c) the atomic magnetic moment of inner metal is equaled to more than 1,3 μB. The creation of reactive mesoscopic materials with regulated magnetic characteristics which can find the application as modifiers of materials properties is very topical. The present investigation has fundamental character. It’s based on the ideas concerning to the metal carbon mesocomposites reactivity depending on the medium and conditions influence because of the possible changes of the phase coherency and quantization of negative charges.
Festus Inegbedion, V. U. Okojie, F. Egharevba
Organic Polymer Material Research, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/opmr.v2i2.2592

Abstract:
Gum Arabic is harvested commercially from wild trees throughout the Sahel from Senegal and Sudan to Somalia and in the northern part of Nigeria. Clumps of gum Arabic were collected and dirt particles were removed, the samples were dried and grounded to fine powder. The Physicochemical properties of gum Arabic was determined using standard methods and the values obtained showed; Moisture content 6.9% ± 5, Soluble content 90.6%, Viscosity 5.45 ± 3Ns/m2, Ash content 3.2 ± 4%, Zinc 3mg/kg, Iron 41mg/kg ± 5, Manganese 48.2mg/kg ± 5 and Copper 33.3mg/kg ± 2. The gum also contains carbohydrate 0.3ppm ± 2, protein 0.75ppm ± 2, starch 0.0076 ± 10 and nitrogen 0.12ppm ± 5. It was observed that the gum does not contain cadmium and nickel.
Chen-Chen Fan, Qian Tang
Organic Polymer Material Research, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/opmr.v2i2.2384

Abstract:
This paper aims to develop a modified animal glue sand binder for foundry casting with improved water resistance and bonding strength. An efficient method is reported by using sodium hydroxide as the catalyst to improve the operability of animal glue binder and allyl glycidyl ether as the modifier to improve the water resistance and bonding strength. Sand specimens prepared using allyl glycidyl ether-modified animal glue binder were cured by compressed air at room temperature. The proposed method saves energy and is environmentally friendly and inexpensive. Compared with unmodified animal glue binder, standard dog bone sand specimens with allyl glycidyl ether-modified animal glue binder had higher tensile strength of 2.58 MPa, flowability of 1.95 g, better water resistance (a lower decrease in tensile strength at 25 °C and relative humidity of 60%), and good collapsibility. This allyl glycidyl ether-modified animal glue binder is suitable for practical application in the foundry industry.
, Yasemin Şimşek Türker
Organic Polymer Material Research, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/opmr.v2i1.1783

Abstract:
Wood material can be demolished over time due to different environmental factors. Structural elements may need to be strengthened over time as a result of possible natural disasters or during use. Beams are elements under load in the direction perpendicular to their axes. Therefore, they are basically under the effect of bending. When the studies on the behavior of beams against bending test are examined, it is known that the bottom surface of the material generally breaks. For this reason, fiber reinforced polymers (FRP) materials have been used in recent years to reinforce beam members. It is a scientific fact that it is necessary to prefer FRPs for the solution of this problem, as well as their properties such as lightness, corrosion and flexibility, their application without disrupting the appearance of wood.In this study, it was aimed to investigate the effect of reinforcing wooden beams with fiber reinforced polymer materials with different properties on different bending behaviors such as load bearing capacity, ductility, modulus of elasticity. It was observed that the ductility and bearing capacity of wooden beams reinforced with fiber reinforced polymer materials increased significantly compared to non-reinforced beams.
Bojian Wang, Xiaochen Ge, Qiang Liu
Organic Polymer Material Research, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/opmr.v2i1.1880

Abstract:
The titanium round wires could be prepared to the high precision flat wireswith the sizes of 0.63mm×5.03mm by nine-pass cold continuous rollingprocess.Mechanical property and metallograph analysis were used to analyze the possibilities of preparing flat wire. Results show that the grain keptequiaxed grain in the rolling processes,and a large number of dislocationand a small amount of twin existed in the microstructure of final rollingflat wire.During the whole rolling processes, when the accumulated rollingdeformation degree was at low degree, the deformation of titanium wascontrolled under the mutual control of dislocation slip and twinning. Whenthe accumulated rolling deformation degree was at high degree, the deformation of titanium was controlled by the dislocation slip.
Lijun Xu, Zhiwei Zheng, Zhenshan Yuan, Pengzhen Wang, Xu Zhang
Organic Polymer Material Research, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/opmr.v2i1.2158

Abstract:
摘要: 表面活性剂是一种常用的化学试剂,可提高油气开采的效率。由于现有的表面活性剂技术不能满足目前油气资源开发的要求,本文对前沿技术进行了深入的研究,并借鉴了国外的先进经验。旨在指出,通过技术创新,制备方法的改进和油田表面活性剂关键技术的掌握,可以满足中国油气开采需求。
Run Xu, Boyong Hur
Organic Polymer Material Research, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.30564/opmr.v2i1.1869

Abstract:
The superplasticity of Ti-46.7Al-2.2Cr(at.%) alloy was studied by mathematical induction. It is found that Zener Hollomon relative formula and there are serious deflections. According to the true superplastic stress and true strain curves, the deflection values of n=-7.46 and B=1439MPa are obtained, indicating that the limit of n>0 has been exceeded, which needs to be characterized by a negative sign. This shows that it conforms to the principle that the smaller n is, the better superplasticity is, but the problem that it has become a negative number needs to attract the attention of peers meantime B is a better match.
Padmanabhan Krishnan
Organic Polymer Material Research, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/opmr.v1i2.1754

Abstract:
As India is a world class producer of sugarcane, sugar beet, other tubers like potato and vegetables with starch, cashew and badam, castor oil and soybean, the quantum of bio resins and bio plastics that can be produced from these conventional, organic and genetically modified plants is immense. As on date, advanced and state of the art plastics and composites are being used in many applications as there is no incentive for farmers to produce plants and vegetables for the plastics and resins market exclusively. The use of advanced composites in varied applications escalates costs and shifts the material consumption that would deplete the natural resources, through excessive usage at one end and lack of demand for natural resources at the other end as bio derived composites become under-utilized. This review paper attempts to project the actual possibilities of the bio resin and bio plastic market in this country and provides the knowhow for the production of bio-phenolic cashew nut shell resin which are more than a substitute for the synthetically produced epoxies. Their true potentialities in composites product applications involving structural, thermal, electronic, pharmaceutical and petroleum engineering markets is discussed in this paper. A novel working model with an economically feasible option is also provided for those concerned about their safe disposal, recycling, reuse and conversion into useable fuel with virtually no impact to the environment. Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL) is an abundant natural source for synthesizing phenolic compounds. The excellent monomer, Cardanol is isolated from CNSL for polymer production. These are polymerized with aldehydes and acids at a particular mole fraction in the presence of catalysts like alkalis to convert into rigid resins. Differential Scanning Calorimetric (DSC) and Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) were studied for the thermal characterization of the synthesized CNSL Resins. Characterization of the synthesized resins was also carried out with respect to the evaluated mechanical properties such as hardness, strength, elastic modulus and fracture toughness. The synthesized CNSL resins yielded many interesting compositions with varied properties increasing the possibilities of various resin formulations which could be used for composites applications in vibrational damping. The electronic packaging applications of nano-composites with high dielectric strength produced with the CNSL matrix are also highlighted.
Pauline Uchechukwu Ofora, Rosemary Arinze, Pauline Uchechukwu Chris-Okafor
Organic Polymer Material Research, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.30564/opmr.v1i2.1641

Abstract:
The study investigated the effect of eggshell and groundnut husk as fillers on flexible polyether foam. The fillers with the mesh sizes of 50µm respectively were mixed in the ratio of 50-50. Varying percentages of the mixed fillers ranging from 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% were incorporated into the polyether recipes in the appropriate foam formulations and foam samples were produced. The unfilled foam (0%filler) served as the standard control sample. The physico-mechanical test carried out on the foam showed increase in the properties such as density, compression set test, indentation hardness test, tensile strength test and decrease for elongation at break test as compared to the unfilled foam. The scanning electron microscopy result showed the cell sizes became smaller and concentrated with an irregular shape as the filler load increased, thereby making it denser and thicker. Eggshell and groundnut husk can be used in the production of flexible polyether foam since they are organic materials. They can enhance the mechanical properties and biodegradability of polyurethane product. The use of fillers in polymer composite will help in sanitizing the environment by reducing landfills and producing eco-friendly waste and also it influences cost positively.
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