Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA)
ISSN / EISSN : 2337-9847 / 2686-2883
Published by: LPPM Akper Yapenas 21 Maros (10.36590)
Total articles ≅ 76
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA), Volume 4, pp 220-231; https://doi.org/10.36590/jika.v4i2.296
Mothers as the main caregivers of children in providing feeding practices must be based on knowledge, attitudes, and good practices. The purpose of this study was to see the effect of stunting prevention through participatory counseling regarding the application of balanced nutrition to toddlers by involving local preachers on the mother's knowledge, attitudes, and nutritional intake of stunting toddlers in the stunting locus village, Gedong Tataan district. This researchwasquasi-experimental with a pre and post-test control group design. The research subjects were 21 stunted children under five in the treatment group and 21 stunted children under five as controls.The treatmentgroup was given participatory counseling intervention involving posyandu cadresand local preachers, while the control group was given counseling about balanced nutrition by posyandu cadres. Counseling was carried out for 3 weeks in a row onthe subjects of the treatment and control groups. Wilcoxon Rank Test and Mann Whitney were used to seedifferences in each group on knowledge, attitudes, and nutrient intake. This study showed that there were significant differences in knowledge (p=0,000), attitudes (p=0,000), energy intake (p=0,008), and protein (p=0,000). Stunting prevention interventions through participatory counseling on balanced nutrition involving local preachers have proven effective in increasing mothers' knowledge and attitudes about balanced nutrition as well as the nutritional intake of stunted children under five.
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA), Volume 4, pp 202-209; https://doi.org/10.36590/jika.v4i2.313
Prolonged labor is a complication that increases maternal and fetal mortality. Hypnopressur is a therapy that is being developed to treat pain and length of labor. The aim of this study was to prove that hypnopressur is more effective in shortening the duration of active phase I primigravida labor.The study design was randomized control trial. The research subjects were 80 divided into 4 groups: hypnopressure group (HP) n=20, hypnotherapy (HA) n=20, acupressure (AK) n=20 and control group (K) n=20 Intervention in the active phase of the first stage of labor. Statistical test using Wilcoxon, Kruskal Wallis, and Treatment Effect Analysis Test (RR, RRR, ARR). Hypnopressur (HA) was effective in shortening the length of labor compared to hypnoaudio, acupressure and deep breathing supported by the median value of labor duration in the HP group of (120). The 4 groups showed a significant difference (p=0,032). The results showed that the test difference between the 2 treatment groups were as follows, the HP VS HA group had a difference but not significant (p=0,171), the HP VS AK group had a significant difference (p=0,031), there was a significant difference in the HP VS K group (p=0,006). HP was compared to the control group with an RR of 2,5 (CI 1,739 -28,174), meaning that the RR number was statistically significant and had 2,5 times shorter labor duration than the control group. ARR of 45% means that the difference in the ability of HP treatment in shortening the length of labor is 45% compared to the control group.Conclusion HP is more effective in shortening the duration of the first stage of labor in the active phase of primigravida.
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA), Volume 4, pp 252-258; https://doi.org/10.36590/jika.v4i2.354
Knowledge about handwashing is important as an effort to prevent Covid-19 in children. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of handwashing with soap (CTPS) counseling on children's knowledge and attitudes in the era of the Covid-19 pandemic. This research was designed as a quasi-experimental approach with a pre-test,post test group design approach. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling. The sample for the study consisted of children aged 12 to 14 years, for a total of 30 people.The instrument used was a questionnaire with a meter using the Guttman scale. The data were analyzed using a statistical test (Wilcoxon test). The results of this study showed that based on the statistical test results of the ranking test signed by Wilcoxon, a p-value = 0,000 was obtained, which means that the p value is less than 0,05. There was an effect of counseling on handwashing with soap (CTPS) on the knowledge and attitudes of MTS class VII students. Based on the discussion, it can be concluded that there was an effect of hand washing counseling on the hand washing attitude and knowledge. Therefore, students should apply hand washing with soap (CTPS) in preventing the transmission of Covid-19.
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA), Volume 4, pp 232-238; https://doi.org/10.36590/jika.v4i2.339
Pregnancy accompanied by anemia was still a public health problem in Indonesia in recent years. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the formulation of Moringa oleifera on increasing hemoglobin levels in pregnant women. This type of research wasquasy experimental with the One-Group Pre-Posttest approach. The study was conducted for 6 months in Parepare City with a total sample of 33 pregnant women. Data was collected by measuring hemoglobin levels 2 times and filling out a questionnaire. Data analysis used paired sample t-test. The results showed that 33 subjects had hemoglobin levels of 10,86 mg/dl before treatment and after being given the formulation, the subjects' hemoglobin levels were 12,25 mg/dl with p value = 0,002. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the administration of Moringa leaf formulation is effective in preventing the incidence of anemia in pregnant women.
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA), Volume 4, pp 193-201; https://doi.org/10.36590/jika.v4i2.243
Nowadays, the franchise business is growing very rapidly, one of which is sweet beverages. The characteristics of the berverages have a high sugar content that exceeds the recommended limit for daily consumption, which is 6-12 g. Excess sugar consumption can lead to being overweight. This study aimed to know the sugar content and total calories contained in franchise beverages. This research was an observational study with descriptive analysis design. The sugar content was tested using the Nelson-Somogyi method and total calories were tested using a bomb calorimeter. The number of beverage samples were 8 samples of drinks and toppings based on the best-selling drinks. The average total sugar contained in selected franchise beverages were 39,81 g/serving size and total calories were 389,75 kcal/serving size. The conclusion that total sugar contained in the selected drink topping was 2,47 g/serving size and total calories was 60,72 kcal/serving size. The average sugar content and total calories were exceeded the recommended daily sugar intake, so it was necessary to limit daily consumption of these drinks.
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA), Volume 4, pp 210-219; https://doi.org/10.36590/jika.v4i2.266
The number of toddlers experiencing stunting was still quite high and can have an impact on their growth and development. This study aims to analyzed the factors that influence the incidence of stunting in children aged 6-59 months in Parepare City. This type of research was observational with a cross-sectional study approach. The sample that became the subject of this study were children aged 6-59 months in Parepare city. Sampling was done by simple random sampling method as many as 49 people. Data were analysed using Chi-square test and Fisher Exact Test. The results showed that 49% of children under five were stunted. Birth length (p=0,425), low birth weight (p=1,000), mother's education (p=0,889), socioeconomic (p=0,667), age of complementary feeding (p=0,680) and type of food (p=0,951) were not significant effect on the incidence of stunting in children under five in the City of Parepare. It was suggested the need for education in increasing the knowledge of mothers of toddlers, especially in preparing first 1000 days of life .
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA), Volume 4, pp 239-251; https://doi.org/10.36590/jika.v4i2.315
Premarital sexual behavior in adolescent is currently a concern because it may have negative impacts for the health of the teenagers. This study’s aim was to obtain factors associated with premarital sexual behavior (intercouse) in adolescent girls aged 15-19 years old in Indonesia. This study used the 2017 IDHS data with a cross sectional design. The research sample was 7213 respondents who was taken based on the research inclusion criterias. The results of this study explained that 79 female adolescents aged 15-19 years old who have had premarital sexual intercourse (1,1%). The results of the bivariate analysis used Chi-Square test revealed that the factors associated with premarital sexual behavior in adolescent girls were education (p-value 0,001), attitudes towards premarital sexual behavior (p-value 0,000), drug use (p-value 0,000), alcohol consumption (p-value 0,000), friends who have premarital sex (p-value 0,000), and having a boyfriend (p-value 0,000). The results of multivariate analysis with multiple logistic regression test, known factors related to premarital sexual behavior in adolescent girls, namely attitudes toward premarital sexual behavior (p-value 0,000) and alcohol consumption (p-value 0,002). The most dominant variable in this study is the attitude towards premarital sex behavior. In this study, knowledge about reproductive health and having a boyfriend are confounding variables. Knowledge about reproductive and sexuality health in adolescents has to be increased so adolescents have a positive sexuality behavior.
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA), Volume 4, pp 47-55; https://doi.org/10.36590/jika.v4i1.215
Stunting is a long-term abnormal condition experienced by children under five years with z-score values less than -2SD and less than -3SD. This study aims to determine the relationship between complementary feeding (MP-ASI) and the incidence of stunting in children under five years, exactly within 12-59 months. This type of research was using an analytic survey with a cross-sectional design of 30 samples selected by random sampling from September 2021 to November 2021. Meanwhile, data collection was carried out by measuring height, interviews, and filling out questionnaires. Whereas, for data analysis was using a chi-square test (p-value <0,05). The results showed that there was a relationship between the variable age of breastfeeding, indicated by a value of p=0,014, while the frequency variable for MP-ASI showed p=0,68 and for the type of complementary feeding variable, the results were p=0,22. Overall, this study concludes that there is a relationship between the age of complementary feeding and the incidence of stunting in children under five years of age 12-59 months, while the variable frequency of giving complementary feeding and the type of complementary feeding has no relationship with the incidence of stunting in children aged 12-59 months.
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA), Volume 4, pp 98-105; https://doi.org/10.36590/jika.v4i1.228
Tuberkulosis merupakan penyakit infeksi yang disebabkan oleh Mycobacterium tuberculosis yang telah menginfeksi hampir sepertiga penduduk dunia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan pengetahuan, status gizi dan kebiasaan merokok terhadap kejadian tuberkulosis. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dan desain cross sectional. Populasi adalah pasien yang berkunjung di dan terdaftar di register pasien di Puskesmas Garuda. Sampel diambil sebanyak 95 subjek. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik simple sandom sampling. Uji statistik yang digunakan adalah uji chi square. Variabel yang terbukti berhubungan dengan kejadian tuberkulosis adalah pengetahuan (p-value=0,018), status gizi (p-value=0,012), dan kebiasaan merokok (p-value=0,000), prevalensi tuberkulosis sebesar 41,1%. Faktor risiko terjadinya tuberculosis adalah pengetahuan, status gizi dan kebasaan merokok. Orang yang berpengetahuan rendah tentang uberkulosis. Disarankan pada tenaga kesehatan disarankan untuk meningkatkan upaya preventif dan promotif melalui penyuluhan tentang faktor risiko kejadian tuberkulosis kepada masyarakat tuntuk meningkatkan pengetahuan masyarakat agar bisa mengurangi risiko terinfeksi tuberkulosis.
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA), Volume 4, pp 174-181; https://doi.org/10.36590/jika.v4i1.254
During the Covid-19 pandemic, the community's physical activity decreased while fast food is preferable. The imbalance in energy intake could lead to triggering an excess nutritional status. The purpose of the study was to analyze the association between fast-food consumption and physical activity on the nutritional status of students during the Covid-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional study with accidental sampling among 84 students at one of the private Universities located in East Jakarta was conducted. The data were nutritional status, fast-food consumption, and physical activity. Statistical analysis was a chi-square test. Almost one-third of students were overweight (29,8%), more than half of them had low physical activity levels (51,2%) and frequently consumed fast-food (57,2%). Both fast food consumption and physical activity were not different between students with a normal nutritional status and overweight during the Pandemic (p-value>0,05). This concluded that the trend of consuming fast food while performing low physical activity occurred not only for those with overweight but those who have normal nutritional status.