AION (filol.) Annali dell’Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale”

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ISSN / EISSN : 1128-7209 / 1724-6172
Published by: Brill Academic Publishers (10.1163)
Total articles ≅ 52
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Jacques Jouanna
AION (filol.) Annali dell’Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale”, Volume 43, pp 87-113;

The object of this communication is to contribute to a rehabilitation of the Presbeutikos of Hippocrates generally considered since Littré as a legendary writing on the life of Hippocrates. Since Littré, the archaeological and epigraphic discoveries on Delphi have provided the Presbeutikos with anchoring points in reality. Three stages were important : a first, dating from the first half of the 20th century, due to Hans Pomtow, a second in the second half of the 20th century, due to Jean Bousquet and a third stage at the start of the 21st century due to Denis Rousset. These advances due to archaeologists must be put in relation with the advances of philologists which are not negligible either on the edition of the Presbeutikos after Émile Littré, in particular by the examination of the Ionian vocabulary of this speech including the rare words, which are hapax in the Hippocratic Corpus and are also attested in Herodotus. The language of Presbeutikos, by its antiquity, differs from that of more recent Letters.
AION (filol.) Annali dell’Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale”, Volume 43, pp 227-227;

Klaus-Dietrich Fischer
AION (filol.) Annali dell’Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale”, Volume 43, pp 128-154;

The special part of Galen’s treatise on drug lore, i.e. books 6–11, known by its Latin title De simplicium medicamentorum facultatibus, were accessible to medieval readers first of all in the Latin versions of the second book of Oribasius’ Euporista. These deserve our interest not least because they transmit additional Galenic material not found in either of the two much later Greek mss. of Oribasius’ Euporista or in his Collectiones medicae, book 15, of which book 2 of the Euporista is usually considered an abridgment. Problems of the complex transmission are highlighted in the discussion of a few examples that sometimes go beyond Oribasius and extend to Odo of Meung’s extremely popular poem on drugs in Latin hexameters (11th c., known as Macer Floridus) and the herbal composed by Rufinus (13th c.).
Luigi Orlandi
AION (filol.) Annali dell’Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale”, Volume 43, pp 180-203;

This paper aims to shed light on the history of a book mentioned in the will of Theodoros Gazes, which has not been identified so far. It is a manuscript of Galen’s Methodus medendi. A combined palaeographic, philological, codicological and prosopographic analysis of some extant witnesses to the text leads to a tentative identification of the book belonged to Gazes, providing insights into the transmission of Galen’s work in the frame of the Italian Humanism.
Vito Lorusso
AION (filol.) Annali dell’Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale”, Volume 43, pp 204-225;

The article presents new information on the history of the Greek manuscript Vallicellanus B 93 and an essay of textual analysis of the Aristotelian and Galenic psychological texts it contains.
Lara Pagani
AION (filol.) Annali dell’Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale”, Volume 43, pp 50-70;

Through the analysis of selected passages from the Homeric scholia and an ancient hypomnema, this paper aims to show that in the Hellenistic Age the idea that literary texts had been formerly written using orthographic systems different from the current one triggered the discussion and favoured the solution of some textual issues. At the time of Aristarchus of Samothrace and Crates of Mallos the identification of potential corruptions on the basis of writing features of the exemplar was definitely one of the tools available for the textual constitution of the Homeric poems (maybe the same holds true already for Aristophanes of Byzantium). This suggests that the Hellenistic scholars based their editorial work on conceptual premises that are the fundamentals of an acquainted approach to the transmission of the texts.
Paolo Dainotti
AION (filol.) Annali dell’Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale”, Volume 43, pp 71-84;

Starting from an allusion to Eclogue 1 in Propertius 2.16, the article provides a new interpretation of the entire elegy in the light of the complex intertextual play which pervades the whole poem. Eclogues 1 and 10, the Georgics and even Horace are here combined with allusions to Comedy and evoked only to be subverted and parodied in a piece of Callimachean poetry, full of ‘metaliterary’ irony.
Vivian Nutton
AION (filol.) Annali dell’Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale”, Volume 43, pp 114-127;

Galen’s relationship to the sophist movement is a familiar theme. This paper looks at the development of modern ideas on the subject and offers some new ways of linking him with authors such as Plutarch and Lucian. Not only was he a public intellectual, but his position at court placed him as close to the centre of imperial power as did that of an ab epistulis, and to possible obloquy, not least in the years around 192.
Christina Savino
AION (filol.) Annali dell’Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale”, Volume 43, pp 35-49;

Crows and flatterers are compared in an ancient Greek saying because of their harmfulness and damage to human beings. The saying «it is better to fall amongst crows than flatterers» is attributed to the Cynic seem philosopher Antisthenes of Athens on the basis of several literary sources. All these seem to go back to Cynic doxography and ethics, relying on the Stoic thinker Hecaton of Rhodes. Previous witnesses are not extant, but a reference to the saying could possibly be found in Aristophanes’ Wasps. Indeed, Wasps 42–46 not only features the wordplay κόραξ/κόλαξ as a speech defect of Alcibiades, which seems to be rather a comic device, but also hints at a link between the crow and the flatterer. Performed in 422, before Antisthenes’ teaching as a Cynic, Aristophanes’ Wasps could represent the first literary attestation of the saying on crows and flatterers, which probably went back to the Greek sapiential heritage.
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