Abasyn Journal Life Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2616-9754 / 2663-1040
Current Publisher: Abasyn University (10.34091)
Total articles ≅ 6
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Articles in this journal

Published: 10 October 2019
Abasyn Journal Life Sciences; doi:10.34091/ajls

Muhammad Nazir Uddin, Nasrullah, Muddasir Khan
Published: 9 October 2019
Abasyn Journal Life Sciences; doi:10.34091/ajls.2.2.6

Abstract:
Onion is an important vegetable and a source of income for formers in District Swat, Pakistan. However, the crop is attacked by several pathogens i.e. fungi, bacteria, viruses, and nematodes. Therefore, a study was carried out for the estimation of fungal diseases of onion crop in district Swat. Within this study, about 50 samples of diseased onion crop were collected from 17 different regions of District Swat. The most prevalent fungal borne onion diseases were black mold (38%), onion rust (32%), Blue Mold Rot (10%) and seedling. Fungal species were consistently isolated from all infected samples. In which Aspergillus was isolated from 82% samples, Puccinia Alli was from 70%, Alternaria porri from 52%, Fusarium spp from 42% Penicillium spp from 40%, Peronospora destructor from 35%, Pyhtaium from 23% and Rhizoctonia solani from 18% of samples. These fungal species consistently isolated and cultured from diseased onion plants of different fields in Swat. Keywords: Onion crop, Fungal diseases, Aspergillus.
Shoaib Ali, Waheed Ali Panhwar, Sardar Azhar Mehmood, Shabir Ahmed, Nek Muhammad Mangi
Published: 29 August 2019
Abasyn Journal Life Sciences; doi:10.34091/ajls.2.2.2

Abstract:
Grasshoppers are generally phytophagous insects and regarded as major pests of agricultural crops in the world including Pakistan. At the present extensive survey was carried out to collect the grasshoppers from Hazara Division. A total of 421 samples were collected and identified into Family Acrididae, Subfamily Calliptaminae, genus Calliptamus and species Calliptamus barbarus barbarus (Costa, 1836). Moreover, the distribution and incidence data will be used for a Red List assessment. Optimistically, finding of present study will be helpful for the future researchers in near future. Besides this, the ecological account of species has been given to determine the pest status of the species. Keywords: Calliptamus, Phytophagous, Ecology, Distribution, Pakistan
Zia Alam, Mubassir Shah, Mudassir Khan, Kainat Hazrat, Waqar Ali, Farzana Khan, Aziz Ahmad, Fazal Jalil
Published: 28 August 2019
Abasyn Journal Life Sciences; doi:10.34091/ajls.2.2.1

Abstract:
Hepatitis B viral infection (HBV) is a genuine worldwide general medical issue. The aim of this study was to find the epidemiology of HBV infection with common risk factors among the people of Nowshera Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. A camp was conducted for HBV screening in Nowshera City (September 2018) in which 1180 volunteers participated. Blood (5ml) was taken from volunteers in medical camp and was transported to Aziz Biotech Medical Lab and Research Center Mardan, Pakistan. All the samples were initially screened for HBV surface antigen using ICT device kit (Accurate Diagnostics Canada). Positive samples were then subjected to Real time PCR to check active hepatitis B infection amongst positive ICT samples. Out of 1180 volunteers 58 (4.91%) were found positive including 22 (4.82%) females and 36 (4.97%) males. The ICT positive samples were than refined by real-time PCR for active hepatitis B virus out of that 26 (44.82%) were found active by PCR which comprises 8 (36.36%) females and 18 (50%) males. The HBsAg ratio was greater in the Age-limit 21-30 years (5.67%) and 41-50 years (5.20%). The Sero-prevalence of HBV infection is higher in Nowshera region. The prevalence ratio among males is greater than females and mostly infected females were married which shows that sexual interaction is the probable risk factor for HBV infection. The rural communities are illiterate and unaware of the causative agents, spreading and the consequences of HBV infection. Thus, to overcome the incidence of HBV infection, we must educate the ordinary citizens about Hepatitis B virus. Keywords: HBV Infections, Nowshera, Pakistan, Risk Factors
Sahar Munir, Syeda Hafsa Ali, Syeda Ayesha Ali
Published: 27 August 2019
Abasyn Journal Life Sciences; doi:10.34091/ajls.2.2.4

Abstract:
Foodborne diseases are increasing at an alarming rate, thereby eliciting constant threat to public health worldwide. Approximately, 200 foodborne cases are caused due to ingestion of contaminated food each year. In developing countries, unhygienic practices are main reasons for foodborne diseases. Precise estimate of population-based data on food borne illnessesare scarce in Pakistan. This review focuses to elucidate etiological cause of foodborne diseases dominant in Pakistan from 1990 to 2018. Various databases were searched, and 88 articles related to foodborne diseases were identified. Around 59 articles were included on quality assessment criteria. We determined dominant pathogens associated with foodborne diseases among all provinces of Pakistan. High numbers of foodborne diseases were reported in Sindh. Whereas, Salmonella was determined asprimary cause of foodborne ailments. Most of the reported data on antibiotic resistance was unavailable. Shagella spp were first reported for antibiotic resistance in 1990, and E. coli was reported for multi-drug resistance in 1998. Nevertheless, S. aureus was reported for Methicillinresistant in 2015-16. This study summarize various sources responsible forfood-borne illness, of which unhygienic conditions, poor sanitation systems, lack of proper infrastructure and continuous influx of refugees plays key role in escalation of morbidity rate in the region. We emphasize need of active surveillance system in reducing foodborne outbreaks in future and enable policy makers to set appropriate goals in food safety area. Keywords AFood control, drug resistance, food safety, Pakistan
Rathod Balaji Ulhas, Channarayappa
Published: 27 August 2019
Abasyn Journal Life Sciences; doi:10.34091/ajls.2.2.5

Abstract:
Root exudates composition and pattern of biochemical expression is genotype specific and highly influenced by both by abiotic and biotic factors. During this investigation, various attempts made to standardize the techniques to construct LC-MS maps using cotton as a plant system. Construction of root exudates maps by LC-MS analysis found as very unique and having high utility in genotype identification through genotypic maps, detecting the presence/absence of specific chemicals of interest, and for rhizosphere engineering. As expected each sample (root exudates of a particular genotype) produced very distinct peaks-spectra. Each peak in the peak-spectral map (Y-axis) provides very useful information, the peak intensity (peak height), which represents the percent of each chemical/analyte present in the sample. The total number of peaks in each spectrum indicates the number of biochemicals present in that sample. The root exudates samples were probed in both positive and negative LC-MS mode, since some acidic compounds could not be detected in positive mode. The peaks displayed in the negative mode spectra maps indicates most of them are belong to the compounds in acidic groups. This distinction also provides additional chemical diversity and chemical specificity to include in the genotypic maps. By this way, the diversity present in all these parameters for each cotton genotype was included and the information presented was used to establish a very high-resolution maps. These peak spectral maps directly depend on the biochemicals produced by a specific genotype and genetically controlled; therefore, they can be called as genotypic maps or root exudates maps. Keywords: Root Exudates, Silica sand, Liquid Chromatography mass spectroscopy (LC-MS)
D.R Menghwar, S.A Bhutto, T. Ahmed
Published: 25 August 2019
Abasyn Journal Life Sciences; doi:10.34091/ajls.2.2.3

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