Materials Physics and Chemistry

Journal Information
EISSN : 2661-412X
Published by: PiscoMed Publishing Pte Ltd (10.18282)
Total articles ≅ 26
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Yongqi Cheng, Yang Bai, Yuhang Chen, Peng Zhang
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 24-30; https://doi.org/10.18282/mpc.v1i4.841

Abstract:
During the spray forming process of die steel, the gas flow field of nozzle atomizer has an important influence on the atomization effect of metal solution and the shape and performance of deposited billet. In this paper, the finite element analysis method was used to study the flow field distribution of the annular slot type restricted nozzle. The results showed that the negative pressure area was formed at the front of the atomizing gas outlet of the nozzle; the negative pressure area was enlarged and the negative pressure value was increased with the increase of the extending position of the liquid guide pipe and the atomizing pressure; when the atomizing pressure was 0.5MPa and the extending position of the liquid guide pipe was 7mm, the negative pressure value of the front of the liquid guide pipe could reach-38650Pa and the gas flow rate could reach 191.4m/s; the back-injection could be effectively avoided by optimizing the appropriate process parameters. And the damage of atomizing nozzle could be reduced.
Houbao Liu, Renli Fu, Weisong Dong, Yingjie Song, Hao Zhang
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 18-23; https://doi.org/10.18282/mpc.v1i4.846

Abstract:
As electronic components develop toward high power, high package density, and device size miniaturization, heat dissipation and electromagnetic interference between electronic components are becoming more and more serious. In order to solve the adverse elec tromagnetic waves and heat radiation generated by electronic devices, people have high hopes for electronic packaging materials with high thermal conductivity and electromagnetic interference resistance. This paper summa rizes the research status of high thermal conductivity composite materials and electromagnetic shielding composite materials. Finally, the latest research results of high thermal conductivity and electromagnetic shielding composites are introduced, and the future development trend of new materials for microelectronic packaging is prospected.
Taixiang Liu, Yangguang Xu, Ke Yang, Lianghong Yan, Beicong Huang, Zhuo Zhang, Xiaodong Jiang, Hongwei Yan
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.18282/mpc.v1i4.844

Abstract:
Magnetorheological (MR) materials are a type of magnetoactive smart materials, whose physical or mechanical properties can be altered by applying a magnetic field. In usual, MR materials can be prepared by mixing magnetic particles into non-magnetic matrices. In this work, the electromagnet-induced (or non-uniform magnetic field-induced) normal stress of MR materials is studied. It shows that the stress does not vary monotonically along with the enhancement of the applied magnetic field. There exists a field-dependent reversal effect of the variation of the stress. The reversal effect is thought resulting from that the ratio of interparticle repellent of parallel magnetic particles to the particle-electromagnet attraction gets enlarged along with the enhancement of the field.
Jianfei Chen, Ranbo Yu, Zumin Wang
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 12-17; https://doi.org/10.18282/mpc.v1i4.845

Abstract:
Polyhedral BiVO4 was prepared by hydrothermal-calcination two-step method. The physicochemical properties of polyhedral BiVO4 were characterized by XRD, TG/DTA, SEM and UV-vis DRS. The photocatalytic properties of the samples were investigated by using 10 mg/L methylene blue (MB) as the target degradant. The experimental results showed that the prepared polyhedral BiVO4 is monoclinic. The morphology is about 10 μm polyhedral block. The pure phase BiVO4 has strong visible light absorption capacity. Under visible light irradiation, the prepared BiVO4 can degrade 90% of MB within 40 min. Moreover, the photocatalytic performance was further improved by forming a BiVO4/BiOCl heterojunction, and the kinetic reaction rate was 1.5 times that of the pure phase BiVO4
Yinbing Zhang
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.18282/mpc.v1i4.791

Abstract:
China is a major producer and consumer of chemicals. The production and use of chemicals play a role in the development of the entire national economy. Therefore, effective chemical management has a huge impact on the development of the national economy. At present, chemical management guidelines have achieved a lot in chemical operations, but there are still many shortcomings. Relevant institutions should further improve the standard system, strengthen the coordination of subjective institutions, the supervision and management, establish information standards, complete information sharing, build a feedback system, strengthen the transformation of experimental results and trust training.
Anitha P, Manik ChandraMajumder, Saravanan V, Rajakumar S
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 8-13; https://doi.org/10.18282/mpc.v1i3.582

Abstract:
In this paper, standard SS304 austenitic stainless steel and SS430 ferritic steel cylindrical rods were fabricated by friction welding process by varying the frictional pressure and forge pressure in order to understand the effect of process parameter. The tensile strength and Vickers micro hardness tests were conducted for each fabricated joint to evaluate the mechanical properties of the welded specimen. It was found that sample S5 with friction pressure of 90 MPa and forging Pressure of 120 MPa has the high tensile strength value of 637 MPa and 372HV at the interface region. A detailed microstructural analysis was performed at the interface to reveal interconnecting of dissimilar metals.
S. Vignesh Kumar, V. Kavimani
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 28-34; https://doi.org/10.18282/mpc.v1i2.574

Abstract:
There are numerous studies reported on the usage of the Sapindus emarginatus (SE) fruit in cancer and other treatments in the past few years. In this study, crude SE fruit extract was prepared and it was further used to synthesis gold nanoparticles (Au Nps). The synthesized Au Nps were left embedded in the SE fruit extract. The Au Nps embedded in the SE fruit extract (SE-Au Nps) were characterized using UV Vis spectroscopy, Centrifugal particle size analyzer (CPS), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). MTT assay was carried out for both SE fruit extract and SE-Au Nps on MCF7 breast cancer cell line and compared. The UV- Vis Absorbance for the SE-Au Nps was obtained at 543nm. The centrifugal particle size analysis of the Au Nps embedded in SE fruit extract showed the size of the nanoparticles to be widely varying with higher fraction of particles between the size ranges of 15 to 20nm. The morphology of the Au Nps embedded in SE fruit extract was observed using SEM. The presence of Au Nps in SE fruit extract was confirmed using FTIR. The results of the MTT assay on MCF7 breast cancer cell line proved that the %cell viability was less for SE-Au Nps than that of the SE fruit extract alone. Thus the antiproliferative activity of the SE fruit extract was significantly enhanced by embedding it with Au Nps and it can be effectively used in therapeutic applications after further studies.
Biryukov Alexey Borisovich, Gnitiev P. A.
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 35-40; https://doi.org/10.18282/mpc.v1i2.575

Abstract:
Background: Nowadays on metal tempering and annealing its air cooling (AC) is realized inside furnace with forced coolant delivery. Scientific tools lack for metal AC study and design is substantiated. The aim of this work is to investigate technological and design furnace parameters influence on metal AC duration, as well as disclosure of metal AC heat engineering regularities. Materials and method: For study mathematical model of metal AC is used. It bases on solving the differential non-stationary heat conductivity equation in one-dimensional form for cylindrical ingots and lining. Results: For three lining design types and different technological parameters operation acceleration possibility due to lining design change was studied. It is found that with ceramic fibers on walls and roof acceleration is 31-45% and with all lining made of ceramic fiber it is 44-52% as compared with fireclay brick lining. For a furnace with hearth of fireclay bricks and ceramic fiber on the walls and roof, convective component varies from 10 to 30%; for lining completely consisting of ceramic fibers it is 10 - 25%. When using fireclay brick lining parts their inner temperature is higher than for ceramic fiber up to 50 °C. Conclusions: Significant furnace lining materials type influence on metal AC intensity is proved. Heat removal mechanism on metal AC in furnace is disclosed, by establishing heat proportion directly removed from metal by convection. It is found that radiant heat transfer between metal and fireclay brick part of lining goes less intensively than with ceramic fiber part.
Noha Ragab Elhalawany, Brian Enders, Ersin Bahceci, Munir Nayfeh
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 20-27; https://doi.org/10.18282/mpc.v1i2.573

Abstract:
We represent here a novel facile synthesis type route based on semiconductor procedure for growth of gold nanorods GNRs using infinitesimal silicon nanoparticles USSiN. The reaction takes place immediately upon mixing monodispersed hydrogen terminated USSiN of 2.9 nm diameter with auric acid HAuCl4 in presence and in absence of an emulsifier. The resulting colloids have been characterized via scanning electron microscope SEM, Energy dispersive spectrometry EDS and optical microscope OM. Photo-luminesence (PL) measurements have been also carried out. Our results show formation of gold nanorods GNRs, gold nanoplates GNPs, gold nanospheres GNSs and filaments. The formed GNRs have near uniform length of 1.5 µm and diameter of 300 nm (5 aspect ratio). The results are consistent with a seedless process in which the H-terminated silicon nanoparticles act as either the reducing as well as the directional growth agent, eliminating the need for toxic cetyl-trimethyl-ammonium bromide CTAB or, which is typically used as the directional growth agent.
B. T. Usubaliyev, D. B. Taghiyev, M. K. Munshiyeva, G. M. Aliyeva, F. B. Aliyeva, A. K. Rzayeva, M. M. Hasanova, P. S. Safarova, G. Z. Mammadova
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 23-28; https://doi.org/10.18282/mpc.v1i3.583

Abstract:
An α, α′-dipyridyl adduct of a complex compound hexaaquatribenzene-1,2,4,5-tetracarbonatotetra iron (III) with porous structure was synthesized for the first time. According to the results of elemental, X-ray, IR-spectroscopic and differential-thermal analyses the individuality, chemical formula, thermal destruction, and form of coordination of acid-ic anion and dipyridyl were established. During interaction of a complex compound with dipyridyl, it completely loses all crystallization molecule of water resulting in a compound with a chemical formula of Fe4(C6H2(COO)4)3(dpy)2 (dipyridyl). Using the identification of diffraction pattern the parameters of lattice cell of the complex compound were determined.
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