Materials Physics and Chemistry

Journal Information
EISSN : 2661-412X
Current Publisher: PiscoMed Publishing Pte Ltd (10.18282)
Total articles ≅ 26
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Yongqi Cheng, Yang Bai, Yuhang Chen, Peng Zhang
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 24-30; doi:10.18282/mpc.v1i4.841

Abstract:
During the spray forming process of die steel, the gas flow field of nozzle atomizer has an important influence on the atomization effect of metal solution and the shape and performance of deposited billet. In this paper, the finite element analysis method was used to study the flow field distribution of the annular slot type restricted nozzle. The results showed that the negative pressure area was formed at the front of the atomizing gas outlet of the nozzle; the negative pressure area was enlarged and the negative pressure value was increased with the increase of the extending position of the liquid guide pipe and the atomizing pressure; when the atomizing pressure was 0.5MPa and the extending position of the liquid guide pipe was 7mm, the negative pressure value of the front of the liquid guide pipe could reach-38650Pa and the gas flow rate could reach 191.4m/s; the back-injection could be effectively avoided by optimizing the appropriate process parameters. And the damage of atomizing nozzle could be reduced.
Houbao Liu, Renli Fu, Weisong Dong, Yingjie Song, Hao Zhang
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 18-23; doi:10.18282/mpc.v1i4.846

Abstract:
As electronic components develop toward high power, high package density, and device size miniaturization, heat dissipation and electromagnetic interference between electronic components are becoming more and more serious. In order to solve the adverse elec tromagnetic waves and heat radiation generated by electronic devices, people have high hopes for electronic packaging materials with high thermal conductivity and electromagnetic interference resistance. This paper summa rizes the research status of high thermal conductivity composite materials and electromagnetic shielding composite materials. Finally, the latest research results of high thermal conductivity and electromagnetic shielding composites are introduced, and the future development trend of new materials for microelectronic packaging is prospected.
Taixiang Liu, Yangguang Xu, Ke Yang, Lianghong Yan, Beicong Huang, Zhuo Zhang, Xiaodong Jiang, Hongwei Yan
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 1-6; doi:10.18282/mpc.v1i4.844

Abstract:
Magnetorheological (MR) materials are a type of magnetoactive smart materials, whose physical or mechanical properties can be altered by applying a magnetic field. In usual, MR materials can be prepared by mixing magnetic particles into non-magnetic matrices. In this work, the electromagnet-induced (or non-uniform magnetic field-induced) normal stress of MR materials is studied. It shows that the stress does not vary monotonically along with the enhancement of the applied magnetic field. There exists a field-dependent reversal effect of the variation of the stress. The reversal effect is thought resulting from that the ratio of interparticle repellent of parallel magnetic particles to the particle-electromagnet attraction gets enlarged along with the enhancement of the field.
Jianfei Chen, Ranbo Yu, Zumin Wang
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 12-17; doi:10.18282/mpc.v1i4.845

Abstract:
Polyhedral BiVO4 was prepared by hydrothermal-calcination two-step method. The physicochemical properties of polyhedral BiVO4 were characterized by XRD, TG/DTA, SEM and UV-vis DRS. The photocatalytic properties of the samples were investigated by using 10 mg/L methylene blue (MB) as the target degradant. The experimental results showed that the prepared polyhedral BiVO4 is monoclinic. The morphology is about 10 μm polyhedral block. The pure phase BiVO4 has strong visible light absorption capacity. Under visible light irradiation, the prepared BiVO4 can degrade 90% of MB within 40 min. Moreover, the photocatalytic performance was further improved by forming a BiVO4/BiOCl heterojunction, and the kinetic reaction rate was 1.5 times that of the pure phase BiVO4
Yinbing Zhang
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 1-5; doi:10.18282/mpc.v1i4.791

Abstract:
China is a major producer and consumer of chemicals. The production and use of chemicals play a role in the development of the entire national economy. Therefore, effective chemical management has a huge impact on the development of the national economy. At present, chemical management guidelines have achieved a lot in chemical operations, but there are still many shortcomings. Relevant institutions should further improve the standard system, strengthen the coordination of subjective institutions, the supervision and management, establish information standards, complete information sharing, build a feedback system, strengthen the transformation of experimental results and trust training.
Noha Ragab Elhalawany, Brian Enders, Ersin Bahceci, Munir Nayfeh
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 20-27; doi:10.18282/mpc.v1i2.573

Abstract:
We represent here a novel facile synthesis type route based on semiconductor procedure for growth of gold nanorods GNRs using infinitesimal silicon nanoparticles USSiN. The reaction takes place immediately upon mixing monodispersed hydrogen terminated USSiN of 2.9 nm diameter with auric acid HAuCl4 in presence and in absence of an emulsifier. The resulting colloids have been characterized via scanning electron microscope SEM, Energy dispersive spectrometry EDS and optical microscope OM. Photo-luminesence (PL) measurements have been also carried out. Our results show formation of gold nanorods GNRs, gold nanoplates GNPs, gold nanospheres GNSs and filaments. The formed GNRs have near uniform length of 1.5 µm and diameter of 300 nm (5 aspect ratio). The results are consistent with a seedless process in which the H-terminated silicon nanoparticles act as either the reducing as well as the directional growth agent, eliminating the need for toxic cetyl-trimethyl-ammonium bromide CTAB or, which is typically used as the directional growth agent.
B. T. Usubaliyev, D. B. Taghiyev, M. K. Munshiyeva, G. M. Aliyeva, F. B. Aliyeva, A. K. Rzayeva, M. M. Hasanova, P. S. Safarova, G. Z. Mammadova
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 23-28; doi:10.18282/mpc.v1i3.583

Abstract:
An α, α′-dipyridyl adduct of a complex compound hexaaquatribenzene-1,2,4,5-tetracarbonatotetra iron (III) with porous structure was synthesized for the first time. According to the results of elemental, X-ray, IR-spectroscopic and differential-thermal analyses the individuality, chemical formula, thermal destruction, and form of coordination of acid-ic anion and dipyridyl were established. During interaction of a complex compound with dipyridyl, it completely loses all crystallization molecule of water resulting in a compound with a chemical formula of Fe4(C6H2(COO)4)3(dpy)2 (dipyridyl). Using the identification of diffraction pattern the parameters of lattice cell of the complex compound were determined.
Kusuma Manjunath, Prashanth Shivappa Adarakatti, Pandurangappa Malingappa, Gujjarahalli Thimmanna Chandrappa
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 11-19; doi:10.18282/mpc.v1i2.572

Abstract:
In this work, we are reporting the synthesis of porous SrTiO3 nanoparticles by using solution combustion route employing strontium nitrate and titanium-peroxo complex as oxidizer. The results of physico-analytical techniques revealed that SrTiO3 have a relatively small particle size, good dispersibility and diminished agglomeration. Powder X-ray diffraction pattern shows cubic perovskite structure (space group Pm3m) and the morphology was observed using a scanning electron microscope. The band gap of 3.24 eV was calculated using the diffuse reflectance spectrum. The surface area (~26.51 m2/g) of SrTiO3 was measured by BET method. SrTiO3 nanoparticles show violet-blue-green photoluminescence emission spectrum at room temperature. The photocatalytic degradation was carried out to investigate the photocatalytic activity of SrTiO3 under UV-light and evaluated for the electrochemical quantification of Hg(II) ions in aqueous solution using differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry. The results reveal that SrTiO3 nanoparticles show better quantification result for Hg(II) ions.
I. A. Khan, S. A. Hussain, A. S. Nadeem, M. Saleem, A. Hassnain, R. Ahmad
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 14-22; doi:10.18282/mpc.v1i3.584

Abstract:
Polycrystalline cuprous oxide (P-Cu2O) films are deposited on Cu substrates for various (0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 mbar) oxygen pressures (OP) by thermal evaporator. The XRD pattern shows the development of Cu (200), Cu2O (200) and Cu2O (311) diffraction planes which confirms the deposition of P-Cu2O films. The intensity of Cu2O (200) and Cu2O (311) planes is associated with the increase of OP. The crystallite size and microstrains developed in (200) and (311) planes are found to be 19.31, 21.18, 11.32 nm; 22.04, 23.11, 12.08 nm and 0.113, 0.103, 0.193; 0.099, 0.096, 0.181 with increasing OP respectively. The d-spacing and lattice constant are found to be 0.210, 0.128 nm and 0.421, 0.425 nm respectively. The bond length of P-Cu2O film is found to be 0.255 nm. The crystallites/unit area of these planes is found to be 12.21, 7.46, 45.16 nm-2 and 8.21, 5.75, 37.16 nm-2 respectively. The texture coefficients of these planes are found to be 1.22, 1.26, 1.11 and 0.78, 0.74 and 0.56 with increasing OP respectively. The O and Cu contents are found to be 5.31, 5.92, 6.94 wt % and 83.01, 82.44, 80.65 wt % respectively. The thickness and growth rate of P-Cu2O films are found to be 87.9, 71.9, 65.5 nm and 17.6, 14.2, 13.1 (nm/min) with increasing OP respectively. The SEM micro-structures reveal the formations of patches of irregular shapes, rounded nano-particles, clouds of nano-particles and their distribution depend on the increasing OP. The refractive index and energy band gap of P-Cu2O films are found to be 1.96, 1.89, 1.92 and 2.47, 2.44 and 2.25 eV with increasing OP respectively.
Belén Sotillo, María Esther Solana, Paloma Fernández
Materials Physics and Chemistry, Volume 1, pp 1-7; doi:10.18282/mpc.v1i3.581

Abstract:
In this work, a mixture of ZnO and CeO2 powders are subjected to a milling procedure to monitor the mechanical alloying processes. ZnO-CeO2 powders have been milled during 10 to 60 hours, and have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-Vis absorption, Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopies, in order to study the present phases, the tensional state of material and particle sizes. The evolution of the phases presents with the time of milling, and the possible changes in the lattice parameter will help us to estimate the efficiency of the grinding process for obtaining Ce doped ZnO.
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