Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2663-7812 / 2663-7820
Published by: Universe Publishing Group - UniversePG (10.34104)
Total articles ≅ 38
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Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies pp 47-55; https://doi.org/10.34104/cjbis.022.047055

Abstract:
The massive outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic hit the world hard and Bangladesh is one the most affected countries by this pandemic. The condition of micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) in the tourism sector in Bangladesh was worse during the outbreak. This project aims to examine the possible impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on micro, small, and medium-sized tourism enterprises (MSMTEs) in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT), Bangladesh. This research is exploratory and descriptive in nature. Both primary and secondary data have been collected and analyzed to prepare this paper. Data were collected from 150 respondents and the collected data was analyzed by using SPSS (20) and MS Excel software. The outcome of the regression analysis shows that out of eleven independent variables seven of them have a significant influence on the dependent variable (overall impact of Covid-19 on small, medium, and micro-enterprises). These seven variables are employee turnover, challenges to new recruitment, decrease in income, business growth, a decrease in customers, business relationship hamper, and social stress on the entrepreneur. On the basis of the research findings, some of the strategies for the MSMTEs have been recommended at the end of this paper.
Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies pp 37-46; https://doi.org/10.34104/cjbis.022.037046

Abstract:
Previously we have seen computers as only the aiding tools for different human activities. Modern technological development created computers with Artificial Intelligence (AI) capable to perform works autonomously or with the least intervention of human beings. These Ai-generated works resemble human thought-created. The use of AI-capable computers is increasing in different fields of health, commerce, industries, arts, literature, music composition, scientific operations, etc. Consequent to this technological development, the claims for Intellectual Property rights ((IP) like copyrights and patents are being raised by several persons or institutions for the AI-generated works as they are produced with their investment and plan. Such claims raised the legal battle which is now at the peak in the 2020s between the modern necessity and the traditional legal base that conceived only the creative works of human intellect (or mind) are eligible for IP legal protection, and not the work machine-generated. This article attempted to analyze some important legal issues centering the IP to AI-generated works, indeterminacy, industrial and commercial necessity, and finding the legal way out to the emerging issues for granting IP to AI-generated works.
Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies pp 24-36; https://doi.org/10.34104/cjbis.022.024036

Abstract:
Robotics, artificial intelligence (AI), and the Internet of Things are new technologies that are changing the world and mainly logistics companies in increasing competitiveness and effective operation. However, these technologies bring about significant changes in many industries, including the logistics industry. A skilled workforce is vital to the industry's competitiveness. Therefore, insufficient skills are often considered a solid barrier to Industry 4.0 implementation. This paper assesses the requirements of logistics 4.0 Skills from an Omani industrial perspective by providing empirical evidence of Industry 4.0 skills requirement in the logistics industry in Oman. An experimental methodology based on a survey has been implemented to gather valid thorough evidence. The survey was distributed to approvability sample (random sample) of logistics companies in Oman. The findings recommend that critical stakeholders align education output with industry needs and outline policy directions to prepare the domestic workforce for the future in the logistics industry.
Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies pp 12-23; https://doi.org/10.34104/cjbis.022.012023

Abstract:
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has gotten a lot of study attention in the recent decade as a reflection of a company's beliefs and ethics. Consumer happiness is a growing area of research in this field. The study's goal is to learn how to measure the impact of corporate social responsibility on customer satisfaction in Cumilla city areas. The investigation gathers information from 150 banking customers in a personal interview using a structured questionnaire with five-point Likert scales from customers who have got service from a certain bank in Cumilla, Bangladesh. Data is gathered from customers and entered into an excel spreadsheet for analysis. Different forms of factor analysis are used to assess it. According to the findings of the survey, providing possibilities for rootless children to receive an education is more important than any other industry in terms of key variables that have a substantial impact on customer satisfaction. As a result, it is advised that the study raises awareness among potential customers, researchers, academicians, government officials, businessmen, legislators, and all other stakeholders and that the banking industry benefits from knowing the elements that influence customer happiness.
Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.34104/cjbis.022.01011

Abstract:
This study aims to present the discussion on the Interest Rate Spread (IRS) of the commercial banks in Bangladesh perspective. This paper also explains the interest rate spread in the commercial banks of Bangladesh using time series data of 60 banks covering the period of 1976 to 2020. The analysis shows that the higher the non-interest income as a ratio of total assets of a bank, the lower its spread. In this study, I tried to show the relationship among the lending interest rate with broad money, inflation, quasi money, official exchange rate, and personal remittance. Variables are using time series data. Here I used some proxy data of Bangladesh Bank based on the time series data from 1976-2020 periods from world development indicator and also collected data from various publications of Bangladesh Bank and other relative sources. In this paper, I used different statistical tools such as bar graph, pie chart, line bar, column, area, etc. The analyze the money supply and its effect on the interest rate spread in Bangladesh and analyze the official exchange rate and trend on interest rate spread. Here shows the efficiency of the commercial banking sector and hence the economic growth and development of Bangladesh.
Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies pp 137-153; https://doi.org/10.34104/cjbis.021.01370153

Abstract:
This research aims to investigate the impact of globalization on women’s empowerment in Bangladesh. Like many other countries, Bangladesh also integrated with the rest of the world through globalization. Empirical studies on the impact of globalization on women’s empowerment in Bangladesh circumstances are rare. Many studies to date have adjudicated to review the positive and negative effects of globalization on women. The study highlights the impact of globalization on women’s empowerment in Bangladesh in three ways. Firstly, the study draws application to traverse the testimony of women's empowerment by examining the initiatives (National Women Development Policy) taken by the government to levitate the status of women in society through their participation in economic and social activities and discusses the limitations and pivotal suggestions for the policy. Secondly, the study explains the positive and negative effects of globalization on women’s lives in Bangladesh. And finally, for the quantitative analysis, the study shows different scatter plots to establish the relationship between globalization and women empowerment as the KOF Index and the GGG Index, and the SIGI Index using time series data for the period of (2007-2017).
Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies pp 120-136; https://doi.org/10.34104/cjbis.021.01200136

Abstract:
The microcredit sector in Bangladesh has flourished over the past few years by providing financial services to poor women who were previously unreachable, and it has been successful in meeting their fundamental needs, empowering them. This paper is an attempt to find out the role of microcredit on the empowerment of women borrowers in the context of some regions of the Chattogram district. These three Upazillas were surveyed cross-sectionally. A well-structured questionnaire was used to collect data during face-to-face interviews with 50 microcredit women borrowers and 50 non-borrowers from two major microcredit providers in Bangladesh. Participants were randomly selected. Data were summarized in tabular form. As a result of the chi-square test and ANOVA, significant results were observed. The paper analyzes the role of microcredit in women's empowerment from three perspectives: psychological, social, and economic. As a result of the study, BRAC and ASA microcredit have a significant role in reducing the vulnerability of poor women in the study region by generating income, improving the living standards of borrowers, and enabling these women to become more empowered by: (a) psychological empowerment by acquiring decision-making power in household activities, (b) economic empowerment by making a contribution to living standard & control over assets, (c) social empowerment by getting freedom of voice and mobility.
Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies pp 109-119; https://doi.org/10.34104/cjbis.021.01090119

Abstract:
The contagious virus (COVID-19) has severely affected the tourism and hospitality industry all over the world, including Bangladesh. It has affected both inbound and outbound tourism of the country. All kinds of tourism firms like hotels, motels, resorts, and transportations have been closed down. Many people have become jobless. The objective of the study includes the challenges that the tourism and hospitality industry will face after the COVID pandemic. Two-phased data collection methods are utilized to achieve their search aim. Primarily, ten variables are identified to measure post-COVID challenges to tourism based on available literature and informal qualitative interviews. Later, a questionnaire is developed for conducting a formal survey to identify post-COVID challenges. Based on empirical findings, this study has identified some post-COVID tourism challenges such as managing health security, dealing with congestions, charging higher prices for securing health safety, managing skilled employees, and arranging developed tourism management technologies. The study further finds that challenges may remain for the industry even after the pandemic. In order to mitigate the post-COVID challenges, it offers a few suggestions such as understanding the new needs of tourists after the pandemic, developing an information system for satisfying the requirements of new-normal situations, and building awareness to tourism stakeholders.
Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies pp 101-108; https://doi.org/10.34104/cjbis.021.01010108

Abstract:
The economy of Bangladesh is experiencing sustained economic growth. Thus, the purpose of this study is to analyze how human capital and material, or physical capital interacts to influence the economic growth of Bangladesh. As a response to analyzing mechanisms of economic growth from 2000 to 2019, the present paper conducts quantitative research into the link between human capital, material capital, and economic growth in Bangladesh with the use of a Vector Autoregression Model (VAR). The study discovered that both human capital and physical capital can contribute to economic growth in different time dimensions, but their respective efficiency varies. As a result of the research, recommendations are made for policy development.
Canadian Journal of Business and Information Studies pp 91-100; https://doi.org/10.34104/cjbis.021.0910100

Abstract:
This paper aims to explore whether seaweeds from the Bay of Bengal are available for commercial biofuel production. Seaweeds provide various ecosystem services from marine ecosystems that can be utilized as food, cosmetics, fertilizers, industrial chemical, or biofuel. Other than diversified usefulness, seaweeds could be used in a running vehicle. It can be used as an alternative source of non-renewable energy along with a high potential to produce environment-friendly fuel for the next generations. Developed countries are utilizing seaweeds as essential resources of biofuel with advanced technology, machinery, and skilled manpower. From the physiography of the ocean of Bangladesh, it can be found that seaweeds have a high potential to produce biofuel from the coast and offshore areas. Among different types of seaweeds, biofuel can be produced from lipid & fatty acid, carbohydrate, or protein in them. Therefore, a sustainable SWOT analysis has been conducted to explore the availability and potential of seaweeds for biofuel production. To produce biofuel in Bangladesh due to the lack of investment, advanced technology, well-equipped machinery, and skilled manpower are still in shade. However, if investment and technical equipment are embraced for producing raw material (such as specific species of seaweeds) for the biofuel production those could be exported to the nearest market.
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