Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports
EISSN : 2582-0370
Published by: Asploro Open Access Publications (10.36502)
Total articles ≅ 120
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 22 February 2022
Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 38-41; https://doi.org/10.36502/2022/asjbccr.6260
As recommended pharmacological agents for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 receptor agonist (GLP-1Ra) is highly evaluated for its various beneficial effects. Among them, semaglutide (Rybelsus) has been in focus for useful oral formation with useful oral hypoglycemic agent (OHA). Administration per os is possible due to the developed technique of absorption enhancer sodium N-(8-[2-hydroxybenzoyl] amino) caprylate. Clinical efficacy was shown by a series of Peptide Innovation for Early Diabetes Treatment (PIONEER) with enough weight reduction and decreased HbA1c. From the results of several PIONEER programs, oral semaglutide 14 mg/day had reduced HbA1c values by approximately 1.0-1.4%.
Published: 21 February 2022
Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 33-37; https://doi.org/10.36502/2022/asjbccr.6259
Background: As an oral hypoglycaemic agent (OHA), imeglimin (Twymeeg) has been recently introduced to clinical practice for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as Twymeeg. It has beneficial pharmacological mechanisms, which are improving insulin secretion, increasing insulin sensitivity, and decreasing insulin resistance. Case Presentation: The case is 84-year-old man with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) for 3 years. He visited late August, 2021 our clinic for general malaise and was pointed out to have post-prandial blood glucose 336 mg/dL and HbA1c 8.6%. He was diagnosed with T2DM. Results: He was started to be given imeglimin 1000mg twice a day, and then HbA1c value was decreased to 7.3% in 4 weeks and 5.7% in 8 weeks. During 9-12 weeks, he felt loss of appetite and reduced food intake. Biochemical examination on 12 weeks showed decreased values of TP, Alb, HbA1c, glucose, free T3, and normal values of TSH, free T4. Doses of imeglimin were 500 mg twice a day for 9-12 weeks and discontinued after 12 weeks. Discussion: Regarding appetite loss, possible causes may include MCI, previous history of gallbladder dyskinesia, adverse effect of imeglimin, and so on. Further development of research will be expected for imeglimin in the future.
Published: 15 January 2022
Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.36502/2022/asjbccr.6255
Background: Anaplastic multiple myeloma (AMM) is a very rare but distinct subtype of multiple myeloma (MM) with an extremely poor prognosis. Due to its rarity, AMM lacks detailed descriptions and clear definitions. Moreover, there is no consensus on the treatment and evidence suggests that AMM responds poorly to several novel therapies. We conducted a literature review and retrospective case series to determine clinical characteristics, pathological features, and outcomes of AMM. Case Presentation: Published case reports and case series of AMM since 1983 were systematically extracted and reviewed. A total of 52 patients with AMM were reported in the PUBMED since 1983, including 26 males (50%) and 26 females (50%). The age ranged from 29 years old to 85 years old, with a mean age of 57.02 years old. Most of the patients presented with bone pain (23, 44.2%), fatigue (18, 34.6%), plasmacytoma (18, 34.6%) and weight loss (7, 13.5%). The median survival of the patients was 4 months. To investigate the outcomes of patients with AMM in the current era of treatment, a series of 14 patients with AMM diagnosed at our institute between December 2012 and July 2021was retrospectively analyzed. Our retrospective case series consisted of 12 males (85.7%) and 2 females (14.3%), with a mean age of 59 years old. Most of our AMM patients displayed bone lytic lesions as a common manifestation. The common cytogenetic abnormality was 1q amplification. All patients received standard combination chemotherapy consisting of proteasome inhibitors and/or immunomodulatory agents, and half of the patients underwent autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for our 14 AMM patients were 0.84 years and 1.52 years, respectively, which was significantly worse than the regular MM patients treated at our institute from 2003-2013 who had a PFS of 2.28 years and OS of 4.92 years. Conclusions: AMM is a very rare, morphologically distinct variant of MM. It has adverse cytogenetics and an aggressive course. It is often resistant to standard chemotherapy and presents with an extremely low survival rate.
Published: 30 December 2021
Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 195-198; https://doi.org/10.36502/2021/asjbccr.6254
The authors and collaborators have continued practice of hospital art in the university and community hospitals and various research with experts. The material for hospital art is masking tape which is easily made and attached for everyone. Formerly, we have conducted artwork in front of the wall, which took a long time. Currently, we have tried to take the most advantage of the thin-film sheet. Our staff can prepare artwork with a size of 20 cm square in advance. Many square parts with double-sided attachment tape can be gathered together, which is completed and useful in a short time.
Published: 16 November 2021
Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 191-194; https://doi.org/10.36502/2021/asjbccr.6253
The impact of COVID-19 can be shown by life expectancy, excess death and total years of life lost (YLL). United States showed life expectancy minus 1.67 years, excess deaths 375,235 and total YLL 7,362,555. The excess death of Japan has remained minus value for long, in which long-term care facilities (LTCF) may contribute. LTCF has characteristic points as i) mutual interrelationships between hospitals, medical societies and prefectural offices, ii) rapid communication channels for regulatory official authorities, iii) high degree of citizenship and cooperation of all Japanese people for daily life and iv) mild lockdown without any punishment with declaration.
Published: 2 November 2021
Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 184-190; https://doi.org/10.36502/2021/asjbccr.6252
Delayed hemothorax is a potentially life-threatening complication of thoracic trauma that should be carefully considered in all patients presenting with thoracic injury. We report a case of delayed hemothorax in a 77-year-old male presenting eleven days’ status post multiple right mid- to high-rib fractures. His case was complicated by retained hemothorax after CT-guided chest-tube with subsequent video-assisted tube thoracostomy (VATS) revealing fibrothorax necessitating conversion to open thoracotomy. Known risk factors for development of delayed hemothorax include older patient age, three or more rib fractures, and presence of mid- to high-rib fractures, and should be used in risk stratification of thoracic trauma. Tube thoracostomy is often sufficient in management of delayed hemothorax. In rare cases, hemothoraces can be complicated by retained hemothorax or fibrothorax, which require more invasive therapy and carry greater morbidity and mortality.
Published: 27 October 2021
Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 179-183; https://doi.org/10.36502/2021/asjbccr.6251
Pilomatrical Carcinoma (PC) is a rare malignant adnexal tumor with matrical differentiation. Its benign counterpart (Pilomatrixoma) is diagnosed much more frequently in daily pathological practice. Both entities share genetic alterations but the malignant counterpart acquires mutations that make it develop an aggressive behavior . We describe a 33-year-old man who presented with a 7 x 6 cm nodular ulcerated lesion in the left ear with markedly accelerated growth in the last month. Incisional biopsy was referred to us with suspicion of squamous cell carcinoma versus pyogenic granuloma. Histologic sections showed ulcerated fragments infiltrated by a basaloid cell proliferation interspersed with groups of “ghost cells”. The neoplastic cells were arranged in irregular sheets with infiltrative borders. Groups of Squamous cells with trichilemmal keratinization and foci of necrosis were also identified. The biopsy was diagnosed as an adnexal neoplasm with pilomatrical differentiation, suggesting its complete resection with safety margins due to the presence of aggressive characteristics. The subsequent study of the excisional biopsy showed similar characteristics to those previously described. Notoriously, focal infiltration of the auricular cartilage was identified, leading us to the undoubted diagnosis of pilomatrical carcinoma.
Published: 26 October 2021
Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 170-178; https://doi.org/10.36502/2021/asjbccr.6250
Introduction: Congenital constriction band syndrome (CCBS) or amniotic band syndrome is a complex set of congenital malformations, mainly affecting the limbs, but also the craniofacial and thoraco-abdominal region. The Patients: The purpose of this work is to describe the clinical and diagnostic aspects of CCBS in Togo in relation to 03 clinical cases. The Primary Diagnoses, Interventions, and Outcomes: The first case is characterized by an asymmetric bilateral superficial constriction groove of the lower limbs, pseudosyndactylias and synostosis of the tibia and fibula on X-ray. The second has a deep strangulation in the left arm with an amputation of the fingers associated with hypochromic skin lesions, poorly hemmed polylobal ear and skin growths. The latter characterized by persistent bridle, strangulation and ischemia downstream of that of the left wrist with postnatal amputation of the left hand. Conclusion: The strengthening of antenatal diagnosis, the introduction of genetic counselling and the establishment of a national malformations register should make it possible to improve the management of cases of amniotic flange disease.
Published: 28 September 2021
Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 166-169; https://doi.org/10.36502/2021/asjbccr.6249
Transactional Analysis (TA) has been a personality theory beneficial to mutual communication associated with the research of egogram. Tokyo University Egogram (TEG) has been a reliable psychological battery. TEG ver3 was recently introduced, which was applied to 98 university students. The results for 5 egogram factors were compared to previous standard values. Similar data were observed in Critical Parent(CP), Nurturing Parent(NP), and Adult(A). Higher tendency values (vs standard value) were found in male Free Child (FC) 12.3 vs 10.6, male Adapted Child (AC) 13.6 vs 10.0, and female AC 14.8 vs 10.8. Further study for TEG will be expected in the future.
Published: 25 September 2021
Asploro Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 162-165; https://doi.org/10.36502/2021/asjbccr.6248
Introduction: Infectious endocarditis is a transplant of microorganisms in healthy endocardium, in injured endocardium or intracardiac material. The modes of revelation can be multiple and varied, the skin manifestations of an infectious although classical endocarditis, are rare. Observation: This was a young 20-year-old patient, admitted in our cardiac unit for the exploration of a cardiac murmur in a context of long-term fever evolving for nearly 3 weeks associated with a skin rash. The examination found fever at 39°C and tachycardia at 115 beats/min. The cardiac auscultation revealed tachycardia with a systolic breath apexian mitral insufficiency. The skin examination revealed Osler’s nodules, an erythema of Janeway on the soles of the feet and on the palms of the hands. In biology, there was a non-specific biological inflammatory syndrome. Blood cultures from three series of samples did not isolate a germ. The transthoracic echography showed large vegetations in the anterior and posterior leaflets of mitral valve associated with severe mitral regurgitation. In this context, the diagnosis of mitral endocarditis is retained according to the Duke criteria. A double intravenous antibiotic therapy based on ceftriaxone and gentamycin was administrated. The evolution was favorable with stable apyrexia, disappearance of skin signs, regression of non-specific biological inflammatory syndrome. A replacement surgery of mitral valve was proposed. Conclusion: Infectious endocarditis is a disease with multiple and varied modes of revelation. Although skin manifestations are rare, they are still a determining factor in the diagnosis of infectious endocarditis.