International Research in Medical and Health Science

Journal Information
EISSN : 2581-771X
Published by: Academic and Scholar Publications (10.36437)
Total articles ≅ 32
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Siva Tharshini. K.R, V. Shanthi Serene Sylum, C. V Chandraja
International Research in Medical and Health Science, Volume 3, pp 12-16; https://doi.org/10.36437/irmhs.2020.3.1.d

Abstract:
Background: Constipation is a common complaint in clinical practice and usually refers to persistent, difficult, infrequent, or seemingly incomplete defecation. Irregular breakfast intake and skipping of breakfast is seen in constipated children. Childhood constipation is much more frequent when dietary fiber intake is restricted. Objective: To bring out the effectiveness of homeopathy in the treatment of constipation among school-going children. To give treatment in the early stages to avoid further complications. To implicate the dietary management among the affected children. Materials & Methods: A study was done at Sarada Krishna Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital in 15 school going children of either sex suffering from constipation were taken into consideration. They were assessed using the modified constipation assessment scale. Results: It was verified that Homoeopathic medicines along with dietary implications are effective in the management of Constipation.15 cases were selected from OPD & IPD of SKHMCH. Diet related questionnaire was useful to assess the cause of constipation. The cases were analyzed on the basis of Modified constipation assessment scale. The pre and post assessment scoring was done. Constipation is mostly distributed in the age group 6-17 years of age, mainly 6 years of age. Conclusion: Constipation continues to be a problem mostly in school going children age group. Skipping breakfast, inadequate consumption of healthy food and water are the main reasons for constipation in children.
Bassong Mankollo Olga Yvonne, Mbessoh Kengne Ulrich Igor, Fokou Marcus, Tchinda Fossi Cedric
International Research in Medical and Health Science, Volume 3, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.36437/irmhs.2020.3.1.c

Abstract:
Introduction: Obliterative Arteriopathy of the Lower Limbs (OALL) is one of the most prevalent cardiovascular diseases in the world with high morbidity and economic impact. In Cameroon, this condition is also present but little studied. For this purpose, this study aims to analyze the epidemiological profile and prognosis of patients operated for OALL at the Yaounde General Hospital (YGH). Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal study in the surgery department of the YGH relating to ninety-seven medical records of OALL operated patients between 2008 and 2018 (ten years) using a quantitative research approach. Results: It emerges from this study that the mean age was 67.1 ± 13.3 years. Male sex was predominant (57.7%). Stroke was the most frequent clinical past history (15.5%). The most frequent cardiovascular risk factors were arterial hypertension (63.9%), diabetes mellitus (41.2%) and smoking (32.9%). Grade III-IV and acute limb ischemia were the most prevalent OALL grades (41.2% and 32% respectively). Amputation was the most practiced surgical procedure (41.2%). The one-year mortality rate was 39.2%. We found no factor associated with one-year survival. Conclusion: We, therefore, suggest that public health actors develop actions and interventions to exercise in order to reduce this health indicator (mortality rate) and revalue the place of psychosocial care in amputees.
Abhimanyu Rohmetra, Niharika Gupta, Sakshi Mahajan, Abhimanyu Singh, Ishita Gupta
International Research in Medical and Health Science, Volume 3, pp 25-33; https://doi.org/10.36437/irmhs.2020.3.1.f

Abstract:
Introduction: Gender and age of subjects were correlated with the general attitude toward orthodontic treatment. Approximately, 90% to 95% of patients undergoing orthodontic treatment experience pain during the whole procedure. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between pain perception and attitude towards orthodontic treatment. Material and method: Total of 100 subjects were selected for the study from the age group of 21-25 years of age, they were divided into two groups according to gender that is 50 male and 50 females subjects, further divided into subgroups consisting 25 treated and 25 untreated. Result: There was a statistically significant difference (P = 0.003) in the attitude of untreated and treated groups. A two-sample t-test revealed, there was no statistically significant difference in pain perception of males and females in the untreated group (P = 0.64) and treated group (P = 0.23). Conclusion: Gender had no effect on the pain perception or attitude of the patients toward treatment. A more positive attitude was found in patients who experienced less pain during orthodontic treatment.
Akshay Kumar, Dhrittiman Pathak, Amit Kumar Verma, Pramod Kumar Yadav
International Research in Medical and Health Science, Volume 3, pp 17-24; https://doi.org/10.36437/irmhs.2020.3.1.e

Abstract:
Champy plates are becoming more and more accepted for the fixation of simple mandibular fractures. Champy plates have the following advantages over other metbods: the plates are small, flexible, easily adaptable and the monocortical screws allow a rapid surgical application. This case report and literature review examined the use of a locking bone plate/screw system for use in mandibular surgery. The use of a locking plate/screw system was found to be simple, and it offers advantages over conventional bone plates by not requiring the plate to be compressed to the bone to provide stability.
Christiana Asiedu, Augustine Darkwa Opoku, James Abankro, Jameela Bint Entsie
International Research in Medical and Health Science, Volume 2, pp 28-43; https://doi.org/10.36437/irmhs.2019.2.5.w

Abstract:
The future of every nation lies in the hands of the youth who are expected to be strong and healthy. Most youths put their future into jeopardy by indulging in risky health habits, particularly alcoholism. The purpose of this study was to find out the factors contributing to Alcoholism among the youth in New Edubiase. The study was quantitative with a descriptive cross-sectional design. The study population was a youth in New Edubiase. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select a sample size of 350. A questionnaire was used for collecting the data. The results were presented in frequencies, percentages and chi-square test. The study found out that the use of alcohol among the youth was low as most of them were uncertain of taking alcoholic beverages. Again, there was high knowledge about alcohol use and its implication on the health of abusers. Further, interventions for alcohol use include punishment of alcohol abusers, enforcement of laws on sales of alcoholic products and the prohibition of an advertisement on alcohol before 9:00 pm. In conclusion, the high knowledge of the youth about alcoholic products and the effect of the health of alcohol abusers could be due to the effort of a health care professional in educating the masses about the health implication. It was recommended that the Food and Drugs Authority must ensure that all media houses adhere to the new directive on the ban of advertisements on alcoholic beverages before 9:00 pm.
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