Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2685-0540 / 2685-4252
Published by: LPPM Universitas Lancang Kuning (10.31849)
Total articles ≅ 70
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Nuryadi Nuryadi, Nafida Hetty Marhaeni, Anik Soviyati
Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, Volume 4, pp 64-75; https://doi.org/10.31849/utamax.v4i1.9698

Abstract:
Realistic mathematics learning by utilizing culture as well as integrating technology can be used as an ideal starting point for learning. This study was intended to develop a mobile learning-based mathematics device with a realistic learning approach in the context of the Tedhak Siten ceremony to improve students' critical thinking skills. This type of research was development research that refers to the ADDIE model (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation). The study used the mobile learning application, the pretest, and post-test questions, in accordance with the expert validation questionnaire, the media expert validation questionnaire (3 experts), and the student response questionnaire from 32 students. The results revealed that the validity aspect obtained a good category from the media and material expert validator. It obtained a good category from the media expert validators and material experts. It turned out that the media expert's score was 58 and the material expert's 192. Both scores were in a Good category, thus the application was declared valid to be used. Furthermore, the practical aspect of students as users obtained a total score of 2055 and was included in the good category. The effectiveness aspect obtained a significant increase in pretest to posttest scores. It was obtained that the increase in the results of the pretest to the results of the posttest was 24.46. Since there is an increase in testing, it can be concluded that the mobile learning developed is effectively used for learning mathematics. Based on the results, mobile learning has met all the product quality criteria, namely valid, practical, and effective. Therefore, mobile learning with a realistic approach to mathematics using the Tedhak Siten ceremony can improve students' critical thinking skills and can be used for learning.
Hiranaya Lal Lamsal
Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, Volume 4, pp 29-38; https://doi.org/10.31849/utamax.v4i1.7794

Abstract:
In the Nepalese education system, synchronous teaching has not been practiced severely. Due to COVID-19 crisis, many schools are compelled to conduct the classes through virtual mode which is really a challenging phenomenon for the teachers especially in community schools. The main purpose of this study was to explore challenges and opportunities of remote teaching for teachers at Community Secondary Schools in Nepal. Whether they take this as a challenge of teaching or chance for learning. Employing a phenomological design of qualitative research, the researcher selected 26 teachers from 13 community secondary schools of Devdaha Municipality in Rupandehi district. From each of the schools, 2 secondary level teachers were chosen as the population purposively. The researcher designed a set of open-ended questions and conducted semi-structured interview to the teachers of each school in order to collect data for the research. In this study, the researcher focuses on the effectiveness and significance of remote teaching by exploring its obstacles, challenges, and opportunities for the teachers. The result of the study asserted that remote teaching is effective if the designated challenges and obstacles are addressed in an expected manner. The majority of the teachers responded that online teaching is such a platform that makes every teacher familiar with different kinds of resources and it always provides an opportunity for developing innovation and creativity. Similarly, virtual mode provides ample chances to boost communication towards various national and international conferences, online sessions, and so on. Online teaching creates opportunities to access and share information more easily and readily for the teachers at community schools in Nepal.
Aisha Rahat Khan, Farida Lodhi, Rizwan Muneer, Huma Mahmood
Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, Volume 4, pp 39-49; https://doi.org/10.31849/utamax.v4i1.7017

Abstract:
Coronavirus pandemic had not only affected the physical health of people but also the mental health of people globally. It has developed a fear in the minds of people regarding their selves as well as their loved ones. The essential change in the lifestyles of people and the need for social distancing has stopped the normal activities of people which caused mental disturbance among them. The present quantitative survey-based research has been led to know the impression of COVID 19 on the mental pressure of the students regarding their academic progress. The hypothesis were developed from which one was a null hypothesis; H1, was to find that whether there is a positive relationship between mental stress and COVID and third, H2, was to find whether there is any negative relationship between mental stress and academic progress. Both, H1 and H2, were accepted through conducting quantitative research by circulating an online survey that consists of 14 close-ended questions regarding the 2 research questions made. Respondents were taken from 5 universities of Karachi, Iqra university, Jinnah university for women, NED university of Engineering and Technology, University of Karach, and ZABIST university. The samples was consist of 90 students (54) were females and (36) were male selected by simple random sampling. The statistical method used to analyze the results was the simple percentage method as it clearly defines what percentages of the students were affected by COVID and how it impacted their mental pressure. It was found that there was a positive relationship of COVID on mental pressure that means the complex spread of COVID 19, higher the mental pressure and there was a negative relationship between COVID 19 and academic performance that means that high mental pressure was the cause of the lower performance.
Leah Mae F. Farillon
Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, Volume 4, pp 51-63; https://doi.org/10.31849/utamax.v4i1.8284

Abstract:
This correlational study on quantitative in nature was conducted to determine the relationship of scientific reasoning skills, critical thinking skills, and performance in Science of senior high school (SHS) students at Tapaz National High School, Capiz, Philippines. The variables in this study are the six different strands in SHS, namely, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM); General Academic Strand (GAS); Accountancy, Business, and Management (ABM); Home Economics (HE); Information and Communications Technology (ICT); and Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW). The study used three instruments to quantify its goal with the statistical tools used to analyse data, i.e. the mean, standard deviation, and Pearson's r correlation coefficient. All inferential tests were set at 0.05 alpha level. The findings of the study revealed that the level of scientific reasoning skills of SHS students when taken as a whole was "high", and when grouped according to strand, the STEM, GAS, ABM, HE, and ICT were "high" while the SMAW was on “average” level of critical thinking skills. While when taken as a whole is found "developed" and when grouped according to strand, the STEM, GAS, ABM, HE, and ICT are "developed" while the SMAW is "moderately developed"; and their level of performance in Science, when taken as a whole, is "very satisfactory" and when grouped according to strand, the STEM, GAS, ABM, and HE were "very satisfactory" while the ICT and SMAW are "satisfactory". A significant relationship among the variables was taken as a whole and grouped according to strand. Students should learn to engage in scientific argumentation to develop their scientific reasoning and critical thinking skills. Also, the teachers should build up certain students' skills to better their performance in Science and other subjects. The school administration should also look for more sustainable programs and workshops for the teachers and students to improve their studies and lives.
Alexsander Yandra, , Wan Masyitah, ,
Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, Volume 4, pp 74-83; https://doi.org/10.31849/utamax.v4i1.9876

Abstract:
Educational research papers that explored Covid-19 have naturally focused on the problems of distance learning implementation but also underscores its severe impacts. This study aims to demonstrate the polemic against Covid-19 distance learning policies within news media outlet. The method of this qualitative study is a literature review on 5 newspaper media and 10 online media to obtain data of news items on Covid-19 distance learning that were published from April to December 2020 (9 months). This study tracked 82 news items from newspaper media and 191 news items from online media and determined three trends across all of the news items: obstacles, impact and policies of distance learning. Results showed that the implementation of distance learning is still far from expectations due to the lack of communication between the government and the school, the lack of human resources and supporting facilities, and the non-existent supervision towards schools that ignore the policies. This paper contributed in delivering the obstacles that arise from and because of distance education policies that news media report to the public.
Khaled Chowdhury, Fariza Binti Puteh Behak
Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, Volume 4, pp 15-28; https://doi.org/10.31849/utamax.v4i1.7818

Abstract:
Online higher education in Bangladesh has not gained expected popularity and a switch to it has always been seen as a challenge despite its potentials here. So, our research investigates the challenges in implementing online higher education and prospects for this for Bangladeshi universities. To do this we have explored the background and evolution of e-learning and online learning in Bangladeshi higher education and the potentials that it might offer in this area. This is a study which may also be called a systematic review. This study reviews research publications on the topic that were published during the last ten years. The research publications include fourteen newspaper articles, twenty two journal articles, four doctoral theses, four reports, three conference proceedings and nine websites. The study finds out that there are a number of problems in implementing online higher education such as, negative perception of teachers, parents and students about the online education, digital divide in the country. On the other hand, online or at least the blended education can be a good alternative to face-to-face higher education of Bangladesh that faces a number of constraints such as, crisis of seats and reputed higher education institutes, session backlog, cost of higher education in universities as well as the conducive factors such as, digitalization, digital literacy, widespread use of mobile phone and the internet. This study recommends that blended courses and programs may be offered in higher education of Bangladesh considering the prospects it offers to our higher education providers .
Ateerah Abdul Razak, Amanina Abdul Razak, Farhana Haji Shukor
Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, Volume 4, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.31849/utamax.v4i1.8355

Abstract:
Amidst the Covid-19 Pandemic is still with us, the teaching and learning process has undergone a revolution towards digital academia. Educators doubt whether large online classes are effective because virtual classrooms hinder good communication as learners do not interact meaningfully to class lectures. This study aims to examine the ways that self-efficacy can help to enhance online interaction in terms of student-content, student-student, student-teacher and student-medium and to investigate whether these interaction types are influential in the moderating effect of the perceived harm of getting COVID-19.This is a cross-sectional study which employs quantitative methods using a questionnaire that is designed based on the Social Capital Theory and consists of two domains. A sample of 641 learners who have experienced Online Distance Learning whether in secondary school, foundation, diploma, or degree programme reported their virtual learning experience. This study reveals that most of the participants agree that they obtained an effective online learning, nevertheless several issues related to a competent virtual learning needs to be solved such as the need to acknowledge students’ personality traits that are proactive could empower internet self-efficacy and online interaction quality. These research findings encourages for proactive interactions from all parties involved and the call for more relevant classroom activities and material that could ensure the success of virtual academia.
Prakash Bhattarai
Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, Volume 3, pp 198-206; https://doi.org/10.31849/utamax.v3i3.7780

Abstract:
This phenomenological study explores how English language teachers become information and communication technology (ICT) literate and why they make use of ICT in English language class and find out challenges in integrating ICT in English language teaching (ELT). For this purpose, two secondary-level English teachers were selected purposively, and in-depth interviews were conducted to collect data. The collected data were analyzed using the thematic analysis technique. The findings drawn from the lived experience of the teachers reveal that teachers become ICT literate and updated by taking formal classes, training, and teaching their students; they make use of ICT in ELT for students' language development, motivation, and autonomy. The challenge of keeping the students on the right track is the major challenge English language teachers encounter while integrating ICT in ELT. Though there are challenges, every English language teacher should try to teach the English language integrating ICT.
Trilok Datt Tiwari
Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, Volume 3, pp 187-197; https://doi.org/10.31849/utamax.v3i3.8242

Abstract:
Throughout the history of second/foreign language teaching, several methods and approaches have been developed. Among them, Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) has been a popularly practiced method in the modern context as there are a large number of teachers around the world who claim that they are using CLT. However, previous studies revealed that there is a discrepancy between their claim and their performance in real practice. Therefore, this research aims at exploring the perceptions of Secondary-level English teachers towards the CLT method along with the activities they use and the challenges they encounter. Using a qualitative descriptive inquiry, a close-ended questionnaire was sent via e-mail to the four purposively selected teachers teaching in public Secondary-schools in Kanchanpur, Nepal. In addition, an interview protocol was used with Four of the teachers. The findings of the study revealed that the teachers had positive perceptions towards the CLT method. However, the present study also highlighted that the teachers did not involve many communicative activities which are essentially needed for the successful implementation of the method. This study further exposed that the participants seem encountered several challenges while implementing the CLT method which is quite similar to the challenges faced by the teachers in the region. These results emphasized that the teachers should try to contextualize and maximize communicative activities amidst the challenges.
Laila Syafrina Nasution
Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, Volume 3, pp 176-186; https://doi.org/10.31849/utamax.v3i3.6510

Abstract:
This article aimed to study Experiential and Interpersonal Meaning which was found in the discourses of the New Zealand Prime Minister. Jacinda Ardern on March, 23rd 2020, and President of Taiwan, Tsai Ing-wen on January, 30th 2020 related to covid-19. The objective of this study is to discover Experiential and Interpersonal Meaning in the discourse analysis context. This present study tried to highlight the best method to adopt for this investigation by employing the four steps proposed by Miles, Huberman, and Sadana's qualitative research method (2014), i.e., data collection, data condensation, data display, and conclusion drawing and verification. The results of the study showed that the Material process was prominent in the Experiential Meaning in discourses by 67.23%, The elements of participant's material process in participants were dominant by 54.61%, and location (27.435) was prominent in circumstances elements. Meanwhile, Subject was prominent in the Interpersonal Meaning in Mood Types by 52.47%, and Predicator (52.01%) was dominant in Residue Types. These highlighted how we can learn from these two female leaders in delivering suggestions, reminders, and persuading society during this Covid 19 pandemic.
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