Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika

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EISSN : 2615-6881
Total articles ≅ 69
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Nik Nurul Ain Nabilah Razak, Muhammad Roil Bilad
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v5i1.424

Microalgae biomass is an attractive feedstock for biofuels and other applications. Prior utilization the microalgae biomass must be harvested, a step that contributes largely to the overall energy and production costs. Membrane filtration is seen as a viable option for microalgae concentration. It is mainly attractive as primary step treating the diluted broth. However, its application is largely limited by membrane fouling that lowers overall process efficiency and productivity. This study provides an overview on the recent progress of the membrane technology particularly on technology to address the membrane fouling issue in microalgae filtration and upconcentration. Firstly, brief introduction of potential of microalgae biomass and membrane technology is provided. It followed by comprehensive overview of membrane fouling control approach. The membrane fouling control approaches are classified into optimization of operational parameters, membrane material development, hydrodynamic manipulation, improved module design and lastly module spacer development. Lastly, perspective on future research direction is also provided.
Sunday Obro
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v5i1.425

The Internet has its fundamental prerequisite needed by all to outlive the challenges of the 21st century. Quality Social Studies Education for sustainable development is significantly necessary for today’s Nigeria in post-covid-19. The paper pointed out that the Internet can be used for quality Social Studies Education for sustainable development in Nigeria. Suggestions on how to use the Internet for quality Social Studies Education for sustainable development were made. The paper employed a qualitative study approach. It discussed the Internet and quality Social Studies Education for sustainable development. It further discusses Social Studies Education and the concept of the Internet. It also looked at various scholars’ views on sustainable development. It went further to x-rayed the interaction with the Internet and the Internet for quality Social Studies Education for sustainable development. These include, among others, exposure of Social Studies teachers to internet usage for quality Social Studies Education for sustainable development and making school Net, Nigeria Dig Net a reality in Nigeria.
Rosiady Husaenie Sayuti, Oryza Pneumatica Inderasari, Azhari Evendi
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v5i1.381

This research is motivated by the awareness of the importance of community preparedness against disasters, especially for island communities whose locations are in disaster-prone areas. Maringkik Island, East Lombok Regency was chosen as the research location because the island is included in the southern part of Lombok Island which has the potential for megathrust with earthquakes above 8 SR. The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) the level of community education in Maringkik Island and its effect on community readiness in dealing with current disasters, (2) the level of understanding of disaster preparedness in the community in patron-client relationships, and (3) the level of disaster preparedness in the local social system of community in Maringkik Island, East Lombok Regency. The method used in this research is mixed methods, a combination of quantitative and qualitative research. The data were collected using in-depth interviews and surveys using a questionnaire that had been prepared. The results obtained from this study are that community preparedness in facing disasters is influenced by several factors, namely the level of education and knowledge as well as existing socio-cultural values. In addition, the existing patron-client pattern actually contributes to the community's low understanding of disaster preparedness. Community behavior and preparedness in the event of a disaster are still traditional, instinctive and natural, not based on modern science. Therefore, this study recommends the importance of disaster-specific subjects in schools and routine disaster mitigation-related training from related institutions.
Muhammad Amir Nasrin Mohd Asri, Nur Syakinah Abd Halim, Mohd Dzul Hakim Wirzal, Abdull Rahim Mohd Yusoff, Muhammad Roil Bilad
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v5i1.395

As the forefront in fiber materials development, electrospun nanofiber membrane (NFM) is potentially reliable for wastewater treatment due to its excellent properties for instance; large surface area, high porosity, tuneable pore size, and has great flux as compared to other conventional membranes. However, fouling issue will lead to degradation of membrane performance. Fouling issue can be alleviated by applying membrane surface modification. In this study, thermal annealing is applied onto nylon 6,6 nanofiber membrane with three different temperatures (60°C, 80°C and 120°C). Results show that annealing causes membrane shrinkage and reduction of membrane fiber diameter where the fiber reduced from 138.5 nm to 108.5 nm when annealed at 120°C. The optimum annealing temperature for the membrane was found to be at 60˚C as the membrane shows the highest flux at 1200 L/m2.h at 75 minutes filtration time and took longer time to get fouled (>75 minutes) compared with un-annealed membrane (55 minutes). Nylon 6,6 nanofiber membrane is also proven to give more than 90% of COD and turbidity rejection.
M. J. Dewiyani Sunarto
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v5i1.379

The Covid 19 pandemic period has changed the learning system, including the presence of online learning. Literature reviews from various sources state that the Flipped Learning model is an alternative model for planned online learning. Even so, the Flipped Learning model cannot be implemented directly, but it must be adapted to the conditions where students learn. The development of the Flipped Learning model in this study is supported by a Moodle-based e-learning campus, which is called MyBrilian, through the following syntax: (1) Introduction, (2) Exploration, (3) Study, (4) Exposure, and (5) Assessment. This study involved 66 students of Information System study program of Universitas Dinamika who took Basic Mathematics courses. The instrument used is the Lesson Plans, Student Learning Materials and Test Instruments. Data analysis through statistical descriptive and qualitative descriptive techniques. Based on the data analysis, it can be concluded that the learning is classified into increased knowledge on a high scale, namely N-Gain of 0.7, and based on student response questionnaire, it shows satisfactory results in each syntax. The conclusion is that the flipped learning model can be adopted as an implementation of planned online learning, by adjusting to local learning conditions and with the support of technology.
Khotim Maslikah, Utami Widiati
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v5i1.361

This article reports the effectiveness of student-initiated media in teaching speaking to ninth graders of a junior high school. Using a pre-experimental design, this study involved 85 students, being given an experimental treatment in the form of a freedom to choose and use their own media to present an English advertisement, one of the basic competences the students had to master in the semester when the data were being collected. A pre-test in the form of oral interview was given at the beginning of the study, followed by the implementation of the research treatment. At the end of the study, the students took a post-test of a similar format. In other words, the data in this study were in the form of the students’ speaking performance. With the help of SPSS, a test was employed to check the effectiveness of the media. Besides, informal interview with the students show that they felt more relaxed and less anxious when using the media while speaking. It is recommended that teachers make use of such media in the classroom for designing democratic classroom atmosphere so that students experience joyful learning and tend to speak more.
Agus Muliadi, Baiq Mirawati
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 342-351; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i3.307

Entrepreneurship learning in university becomes a bridge to build students' knowledge, interests, and skills in the entrepreneurial field. As it is to produce graduates who are creative, innovative, productive, reliable, quality, independent, having self-controlled, and competitive. This current research aimed to find out (1) the students' attitudes, subjective norms, and entrepreneurial interests; (2) the influence of subjective norms and attitudes on students’ entrepreneurial interests. It was an ex post facto research with associative descriptive approach. It was conducted in the even semester of 2020 with 56 samples of students of the Biology Education, FSTT Mandalika University of Education who were selcted using purposive sampling technique. The instrument administered was a closed questionnaire about attitudes, subjective norms, and entrepreneurial interests with a Likert scale and it had been validated by experts. The datawere analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with multiple linear regression tests. The results showed that the students’ entrepreneurial attitude had a mean of 3.13 in good category, the subjective norm was 3.13 in good category, and the entrepreneurial interest was 3.08 in good category. Next, the results of multiple linear regression namely (1) the F-test value fell in 16.036 and the significance value of 0.000 was greater than the alpha value of 0.05 (> 0.05). It meant that there was an influence of attitude and subjective norms simultaneously towards students’ entrepreneurial interest; (2) the t-test showed that the significance value of attitude (X1) was 0.033 and the subjective norm (X2) was 0.030 which meant greater than the alpha value 0.05 (> 0.05). It meant that there was a partial influence of attitude and subjective norms on students’ entrepreneurial interest; and (3) the coefficient of determination test showed the value of R Square was 0.377 or 37.7%. It meant that the attitude and subjective norms affected the entrepreneur's interest and the rest of the percentage was affected by other variables or factors.
Moch. Agus Krisno Budiyanto, Tien Aminah, H. Husamah
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 272-283; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i3.276

School strategies and perceptions of the school principals in utilizing the ecotourism potency is one of important things-which is used as an effort to support the improvement of the quality of learning, not much has been revealed yet. This study aimed at analyzing the school strategies and perspective of school principal in utilizing the ecotourism potency of Songgoroti and Cangar-Batu City tourisms as learning sources in High School. This study used a qualitative approach. Phenomenology was used as design of study. Teachers, school principals, and students of SMAN 3 Malang, SMA Sholahuddin Malang, and MAN 1 Malang were the informants of study. Sampling technique used was purposive sampling. Data collection methods used in this study were in-depth interview and questionnaires. The data of study obtained were analyzed by means of content analysis referred to Interactive Models Miles, Huberman and Saldana, and those were presented in a descriptive description. The results of study indicated that the school strategies in utilizing the ecotourism potency covered up 1) the analysis strategy of ecotourism potency as effective learning sources for High School in an effort to determine learning place, in which it consisted of two strategies, namely (a) Student- Teacher Centered Strategy and (b) Teacher -Student Centered Strategy; 2) The planning strategy in utilizing the ecotourism potency as effective learning sources consisted of three strategies, namely (a) initiator strategy, (b) planning policy-making process strategy, and (c) planning implementation strategy; and 3) The implementation strategy in utilizing the ecotourism potency consisted of two strategies, namely (a) Collaborative/Resource sharing Strategy, dan (b) Semi-collaborative Strategy. The perceptions of school principals in utilizing the ecotourism potency were that the school principals were very supportive, both through direct statements and through policies made. It can be concluded that there are various strategies to utilize the ecotourism potency of learning sources in High School. The principals reinforce the utilization effort through direct statements and policies that are made. In the future, a study is needed on the implementation of the utilization of ecotourism potency in learning.
D. Dwikoranto, Rahyu Setiani, Binar Kurnia Prahani, Husni Mubarok
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 259-271; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i3.314

This research aimed to produce a valid and effective mobile learning model and tools as an alternative to online learning solutions in the era of the Covid-19 pandemic. The tutorial tools are: tutorial activity design, tutorial activity unit, student activity sheet, and collaborative ability test. The trial design used a Pre-Experiment with a one group pre-test and post-test design. The research subject was the Pre-service Primary Teachers (PPTs) programming the elementary concept science course for the registration period of 2020. The data collection instruments included: (1) tutorial tool validity assessment sheet and (2) collaborative ability test. The research data were in the form of pre-test scores and post-test scores after going through a series of prerequisite tests: normality test and homogeneity test which were then analyzed using paired t-test. The mean level of improvement in the pre-test and post-test scores were calculated using the gain score. The results showed that: (1) the development of mobile learning which was included in the content and construct in the valid category, and supported by tutorial tools was included in the valid category and (2) the developed mobile learning was included in the effective category because of the significant increase in student collaborative abilities in limited trials and extensive trials in moderate criteria and students respond positively to the tools and tutorial processes. Based on the above, it can be concluded that the development of mobile learning was valid and effective to improve student collaborative abilities.
Dewi Arif Hidayati, H. Husamah, Diani Fatmawati, Fuad Jaya Miharja, Ahmad Fauzi
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 4, pp 319-331; doi:10.36312/e-saintika.v4i3.277

This study aimed to determine the attitude of concern for the environment among the students at Pondok Pesantren Ar-Rohmah Malang. This research was an ex post facto research where the researcher reveals and describes the facts about the environmental care attitude of the students at Ar-Rohmah Islamic Boarding School Malang. The population in this study were all students of Ar-Rohmah Senior High School Malang. The sample in this study were students of class 10, 11, and 12 SMA Senior High School Ar-Rohmah Malang who were randomly selected with the number of students in each class as many as 35 students and total as many as 210 students. The results showed that in general, the students of Ar-Rohmah Senior High School Malang tend environmental care / pro-environmental attitudes rather than social paradigm attitudes. Class differences indicate a difference in the percentage of caring attitudes towards the environment. If we look at each item, based on the percentage of responses to the NEP instrument, the students of AR-Rohmah Senior High School Malang is not understood holistically on several materials such as the balance of ecosystems, the right of natural resources not to be exploited continuously, and the obligation of humans to protect the environment and cultivate it wisely.
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