Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika

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EISSN : 2615-6881
Total articles ≅ 93
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DOAJ
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Eko Susetyarini, Endrik Nurohman, H. Husamah
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 6, pp 33-42; https://doi.org/10.36312/esaintika.v6i1.584

Abstract:
Students' collaborative, critical thinking, creative thinking, and communication skills need to be trained using problem-based learning on sharing and jumping tasks, which has never been studied. This study aimed to analyze students' collaborative, communication, critical, and creative thinking skills using Problem-Based Learning (PBL). This type of research is descriptive. The research design uses a Lesson Study-based case study. The population in this study were all 5th-semester students who attended lectures on Human and Animal Anatomy Physiology at the Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, the Academic year 2021/2022. The sample of this study was students of class 5C with 38 people (total sampling). Data were collected by observation by eight observers using an assessment rubric. Aspects that are measured include critical thinking, creative, collaborative, and communication skills through descriptive quantitative data analysis with percentages. The results showed that students' collaborative, critical thinking, creative thinking, and communication skills were in the good category. There was an increase in the first and second cycles through problem-based learning. The findings of this study are problem-solving-oriented learning can improve classical 4C skills.
Kiki Septaria, Atika Fatharani, Arnelia Dwi Yasa
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 6, pp 18-32; https://doi.org/10.36312/esaintika.v6i1.561

Abstract:
Countless research has been published on the impact of covid-19 on improvements in teaching techniques, activities, and motivational beliefs. Most research refers to a human's response before learning without testing students' comprehension and literacy linked to covid-19. This study adopted a qualitative approach, with a questionnaire serving as the primary research tool. Alternatively, the current study looks into students' cognitive and portrays their mental model of COVID-19. At the Islamic University of Lamongan, 30 students from the science education department and 30 students from the environmental health department took part. Students are chosen as transformational leaders and liaisons between society's academic and social environments. The researchers gather data based on an open-ended assessment that evaluates the concepts, causation, methods, and strategies that must be implemented to prevent the transmission of COVID-19. Participants completed questionnaires prepared for educational purposes before and after learning. Inductive and iterative investigation of the descriptions of students' answers revealed cognitive outcomes and mental models. Each questionnaire form is then checked for validity using the SPSS v24 program. The authenticity of the questionnaire responses for each questionnaire > rcount (N = 60), indicating that each question is valid, whereas the reliability test using Cronbach's Alpha provides a score of 0.78 > 0.60, indicating that the questionnaire employed is trustworthy. Regarding educational, cognitive processes, the analysis shows that some colleagues believe that COVID-19 is a conspiracy, while others need to add sufficient scientific literacy to validate that COVID-19 is a disease. Even after learning, they can only make general ways to mitigate the propagation of COVID-19. The findings for student mental models revealed considerable changes in clarity and coherence, such as models at levels 1 through 5 with the highest student mental models. This study culminates with the implication that students require scientific literacy to effectively communicate about COVID-19 and check out false information in public.
Mohd Dzul Hakim Wirzal, Nur Syakinah Abdul Halim, Nik Abdul Hadi Md Nordin, Mohamad Azmi Bustam
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 6, pp 43-60; https://doi.org/10.36312/esaintika.v6i1.665

Abstract:
The main objective of this study was to map (1) the research of metacognition in science learning; (2) learning interventions used and metacognition’s key components that learned, integrated, and investigated; and (3) future research recommendations of metacognition research in science learning. We analyzed 438 scientific documents published in journals and books indexed in the Scopus database using VOSviewer software to visualize research trends and main keywords investigated of metacognition in science learning. The research findings show that research in the field of metacognition in science learning through the metacognition as attribution that integrated into learning interventions and as a learning outcome has increased in the last two decades. Scientific concepts understanding, critical thinking skills, motivation, and attention are the main goals in metacognition research. Inquiry-based learning, such as problem-based learning, is the most frequently used intervention to teach students metacognition. The research gaps found are (1) the cognitive regulations are the most investigated aspect, while cognitive aspects such as declarative knowledge, procedural knowledge, and conditional knowledge have not been widely investigated in science learning; (2) metacognition research on college students has a high frequency compared to school students; and (3) the integration of metacognition in online learning is still less investigated, this is indicated by the recommendations of several research results that encourage the integration of self-regulated learning into online learning.
Melikhaya Skhephe
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 6, pp 11-17; https://doi.org/10.36312/esaintika.v6i1.577

Abstract:
Accounting education is crucial because it establishes the core knowledge required for education and growth in any country. During COVID-19, teachers in Accounting schools, like those in other educational institutions, were expected to adopt virtual classroom to continue their educational activities. This study aimed to demonstrate the virtual classroom readiness of Accounting school teachers in South Africa during the Covid-19 pandemic. The study employed qualitative research methods in this study, and the case study research design was used to explore the reality about virtual classroom readiness of Accounting school teachers and semi-structured interviews and thematic content analysis were employed to generate data. Results show that teachers are not prepared to implement virtual classroom during the Covid-19, according to the findings, and no one is assisting them. Another result indicated that virtual classroom facilities are lacking in schools. Education officials should offer ongoing virtual classroom courses for teachers, according to the study. In this study author concludes that, in order for instructors to be prepared for virtual classroom, educational administrators must oversee its implementation. In this study the author recommends that teachers must notify people in charge of education about what needs to be done in order to provide high-quality instruction.
Onamrewho Favour Atubi
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 6, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.36312/esaintika.v6i1.579

Abstract:
Introducing Information Communication Technology (ICT) resources and skills to Social Studies as instructional materials and aids can provide an accessible and flexible Social Studies education at the primary and secondary school levels in Delta State. Hence the aims of this study were to consider various ICT resources that can be harnessed and used by Social Studies teachers for social studies instructions; outline the benefits of ICT to students and teachers of Social Studies and identify the challenges affecting its usage for Social Studies instructions in Delta State. The study employed the survey research design, a sample of sixty (60) Social Studies teachers from six primaries and six Junior Secondary Schools selected randomly from six Local Government Areas of the state. The main instrument for data collection was a well- structured questionnaire designed to obtain data and centered around the main objectives of the study. Sixty (60) copies of the questionnaire were distributed and sixty (60) copies were retrieved and used for data analysis. While data gathered were analyzed using statistical tools of mean and percentages. The result revealed that ICT resources and skills such as android phones, internet browsing, power point projection, virtual learning and computers assist in teaching Social Studies concepts. Secondly, the study revealed that ICT skills and facilities contribute meaningfully to Social Studies instructions when used by teachers, students will derive holistic knowledge when taught with ICT tools. Meanwhile the findings showed that there exist many setbacks and challenges in ICT usage such as funding, capacity building and lack of electricity supply amongst others. Based on these findings, one of the recommendations made was that stakeholders in the education sector both government and private organizations, should be concerned with the provision of ICT facilities in primary and junior secondary schools across Delta State.
Nur Ihsan Halil, Takwa, Musliha
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5, pp 195-211; https://doi.org/10.36312/esaintika.v5i3.484

Abstract:
This research aims to investigate the implementation of politeness in the language of lecturers and students as well as students and students through online lectures at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka on the WhatsApp application. The research methodology used is descriptive qualitative with a focus on research, namely the fulfillment and violations of the principles of politeness in the language contained in online lecture conversations on WhatsApp. The data collection technique uses documentation or screenshots, and the data analysis technique uses content analysis methods with inductive procedures. The results indicate that the communication of lecturers to students and students to students based on the WhatsApp social network still pays attention to the principles of linguistic politeness in communication discourse. Based on the WhatsApp social network, students and lecturers can meet the principles of linguistic politeness, including maxim of wisdom, generosity, appreciation, simplicity, compatibility, and sympathy. However, there were also still some violations of the principle of politeness.
Shafiq Mohd Hizam, Muhammad Roil Bilad, Nik Abdul Hadi Md Nordin, Norazanita Shamsuddin
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5, pp 253-272; https://doi.org/10.36312/esaintika.v5i3.542

Abstract:
During crude oil and natural gas extraction from a reservoir, a large amount of water is also produced. The water fraction contains oil, grease, organic and inorganic constituents, called produced water (PW). Over the years, efficient treatment of PW has been concerned. PW has been treated with various technologies, namely floatation, filtration, coagulation/flocculation, or biological processes. Those technologies were assembled to achieve discharge standards while minimizing the cost. Exploration of membrane-based technologies for the treatment of PW has recently been reported, including the emerging forward osmosis (FO) process. This paper reviews the research progress on the FO process for PW treatment. A brief introduction to the traditional treatment technologies is first provided. Next, the basics of the FO process and research progress on the application of FO on PW treatment are discussed. Finally, techniques for fouling control in FO are reviewed, namely osmotic backwashing, ultrasound, chemical cleaning, and air sparging.
Muhali Muhali, Binar Kurnia Prahani, Husni Mubarok, Nova Kurnia, Muhammad Asy’Ari
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5, pp 227-240; https://doi.org/10.36312/esaintika.v5i3.581

Abstract:
The current study describes how the guided-discovery-learning model impacts students' conceptual understanding (SCU) and students’ critical thinking skills (SCTS) on the topic of solubility. The quasi-experimental research with a posttest-only nonequivalent control group design was used in this study. The experimental group (45 students) and the control group (47 students) were selected by the saturated sampling technique. Data on SCU was collected using an objective true false test instrument with correction/proofing, while data on critical thinking skills was collected using an essay test instrument. The research data were analyzed descriptively and statistically (Mann-Whitney U). The research found the SCU (mean= 81.51 vs. mean= 72.81) and SCTS (mean= 70.46 vs. mean= 58.43) in the experimental group was better than the control group, both descriptively and statistically (p < 0.05). These findings indicate that the guided-discovery-learning model significantly impacted SCU and SCTS on the solubility topic.
Nune Wire Panji Sakti, Rusdiana Yusuf, Adi Suriatno, Johan Irmansyah
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5, pp 212-226; https://doi.org/10.36312/esaintika.v5i3.571

Abstract:
The physical education learning process through the scientific method emphasizes finding information about the basic techniques/skills taught and game rules to find solutions to every problem encountered. This study aims to determine the results of the implementation of the scientific method in learning physical education. The study design was a cross-sectional study. There were 386 students and three physical education teachers participants. The data collection procedure in this study used an assessment questionnaire for students and an interview protocol for physical education teachers. Two research instruments were used: student questionnaire sheets and teacher interview protocols. Student questionnaire data were analyzed using quantitative descriptive and physical education teacher interview data were analyzed using qualitative descriptive. The results of the assessment of the response of class students indicate that the implementation of the scientific method in physical education learning has been going very well. This is evidenced by the percentage value of the assessment of more than 75%, both in the initial, core, and final activity variables. This research has an impact on increasing the knowledge and competence of teachers related to scientific methods and improving the quality of physical education learning.
Amalia Firdausi, Fitria Eka Wulandari
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, Volume 5, pp 241-252; https://doi.org/10.36312/esaintika.v5i3.426

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the feasibility of the module in improving students' understanding of eco-literacy. This research is development research using the 4D development model with ten students as research participants. The learning module developed is validated by two competent validators from internal and external campuses. The feasibility of the module includes the validity and reliability of the module as measured by the validation questionnaire sheet. The validation results show that the module obtained an average score of 3.66 (very valid category), with the reliability score of 0.83 (real category). The research data were analyzed descriptively and quantitatively. Students' understanding was measured on the competency test in the module on the pretest and posttest after giving the treatment. The results of the module trial calculated using the N-gain formula indicate that the effectiveness was under the high category with a score of 0.703 with an average pretest and posttest values of 43.7 and 83.49, respectively. Based on the study results, it can be concluded that the web-based science learning module developed is valid, reliable, and effective in improving students' understanding of eco-literacy.
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